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Of justice, in reference to the rights of men acquired by
CHAP. VIII. Of the eternal reasons whereon justice is founded, and which render it morally good; which are these four, 383. first, the eternal proportion and congruity of justice to the nature of things, ibid. secondly, the eternal conformity of it to the nature of God, 386. thirdly, the agreement and correspondency of it with the divine providence and disposals, 389. fourthly, the everlasting necessity of it to the happiness of men, 392.
CHAP. IX. Some motives and considerations against the sinfulness and unreasonableness of injustice; viz. first, the great repugnancy of it to the terms and conditions of the Christian religion, 397. secondly, the great vanity or desperateness of it, 400. thirdly, the manifest inexcusableness of it in itself, 403. fourthly, the fruitfulness and mischievousness of it to ourselves, 406. fifthly, the high provocation it gives to God, 410.
CHAP. I. Of mercy, as it relieves the miseries of the souls of men, 414. which miseries are, first, sorrow and dejection of mind, ibid. secondly, errors and mistakes in matters of less importance, 417. In which case the proper acts of mercy are, first, forbearance and toleration, 419. and secondly, to endeavour by all prudent and peaceable ways to rectify one another's mistakes, 420. thirdly, another of the miseries of the soul which mercy relieves, is blindness and ignorance in things of the greatest moment, 421. fourthly, malice and obstinacy of will in mischievous and destructive courses, 424. fifthly, impotency, or want of power to recover themselves out of their vicious courses, 429. For the enforcement of which duty are subjoined the following considerations: first, the inestimable worth of those souls upon which our mercy is to be employed, 432. secondly, the great interest we have in the fate of the souls of others, 433. thirdly, the mighty influence our mercy may have upon their welfare, 435.
CHAP. II. Of mercy, as it relieves the miseries of the bodies of men, which are reduced to five heads: first, natural blemishes and defects, 438. secondly, sickness and diseases, 439. thirdly, outward force and violence from those in whose power they are; such as bondage and captivity, 441. imprisonment, 443. bodily torments and persecutions, ibid. fourthly, civil or arbitrary punishments inflicted on them for injuries received, 445. In which the law of mercy requires us, in punishing offenders, first, that we do it with good intention, 447. secondly, not to exact punishment for small and trifling offences, ibid. thirdly, not to punish an offender, when we can do no good by it, either to ourselves, or to him, or to others, ibid. fourthly, not to punish an offender, so long as the end of punishing him is fairly attainable by gentler means, 448. fifthly, to inflict no more punishment than what is absolutely necessary to the obtaining those good ends we design by it, 449. sixthly, always to punish short of the offence, ibid. fifthly and lastly, another of the miseries which affect men's bodies is want of the outward necessaries of this present life, wherein is shewn the proper remedies which are to be applied to them, 451.
CHAP. III. Of almsgiving, as to the manner of performing it: first, that it ought to be performed with a good and merciful intention, 454, secondly, with justice and righteousness, 455. thirdly, readily and cheerfully, 457. fourthly, liberally and bountifully, 458. fifthly, timely and seasonably, 459. sixthly, discreetly and prudently, 461. which ought more particularly to guide and direct our alms; first, in the method of provision of them, 462. secondly, in the choice of the objects of them, 453. thirdly, in the nature and quality of them, 464. fourthly, in stating the proportions of them, 465. fifthly, in the manner of bestowing and conveying them, 467. The practice of this duty is pressed and enforced with some motives and arguments, viz. first, that it is imposed upon us as a necessary part of our religion, 469. secondly, that it is highly recommended to us by the examples of God and our Saviour, 471. thirdly, that it is a most substantial expression of our love and gratitude to God and our Saviour, 473. fourthly, that it charges an high obligation to us, upon the account of God and our Saviour, 475.
CHAP. IV. Of the eternal reasons and grounds of mercy, upon which it is founded and rendered morally good. This shewn in five particulars: first, the suitableness of it to the nature of God, 478. secondly, the convenience of it with the frame and constitution of human nature, 481. an objection against cruelty answered, 482. thirdly, the near and intimate relation of those persons to us, upon whom our mercy is to be exercised, 485. fourthly, the equitableness of it to our own state and circumstances, 487. fifthly, the necessity of it to the tolerable well-being of human societies, 489.
CHAP. I. - Of mortification, 492. wherein it doth consist, shewn in three particulars : first, in abstinence from the outward acts of sin, 495. secondly, in not consenting to any sin, ibid. thirdly, in a constant endeavour to subdue our involuntary inclinations to sin, 497.
CHAP. II. Of the means and instruments of mortification, which are reduced to these six : first, faith, 500. secondly, consideration, 503. thirdly, resolution, 506. fourthly, discipline, which consists in three things: first, in a frequent repetition of it, 510. secondly, in frequent reflection upon, and examination of ourselves, 511. thirdly, in keeping ourselves at as great a distance from sin as prudently and conveniently we can, 513. fifthly, frequent receiving of the sacrament, 515. sixthly, constant prayer, 520.
CHAP. III. Of motives to mortification drawn from the present mischiefs and inconveniencies which our sins bring us into; which are, first, either outward and bodily; or, secondly, inward and spiritual, 524. The outward and bodily inconveniencies are four: first, that sin destroys our health and shortens our lives, ibid. secondly, that it stains our reputation, 527. thirdly, it consumes our estates, 528. fourthly, it disturbs our sensual pleasures, 530. The second sort of motives to mortification are drawn from the present mischiefs and inconveniencies that sin brings upon our souls, which are chiefly three: first, it spoils our understandings, 534. secondly, it subverts the natural subordination of our faculties, 539. thirdly, it disturbs the tranquillity of our minds, 541.
CHAP. IV. Of helps to mortification, given us by the Spirit of God, viz. first, the external arguments and motives of the gospel, 545. secondly, the external providences of the divine Spirit by which he excites us to our duty, 547. thirdly, the aids and assistances which the holy angels give us, who are the agents and ministers of the Holy Ghost, 548. fourthly, the