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be forward to assent to spiritual raptures and revela- in experimenters, if, while they deny any wonders tions; because he is truly acquainted with the tem that are falsely attributed to the true God, they should pers of men's bodies, the composition of their blood, approve those of idols or false deities. But that is and the power of fancy, and so better understands the not objected against them. They make no comparidifference between ween diseases and inspirations.
son between his power and the works of any others, But in all this he commits nothing that is irre- | but only between the several ways of his own maniligious. 'Tis true, to deny that God has heretofore festing himself. Thus, if they lessen one heap, yet warned the world of what was to come, is to contra- they still increase the other; in the main, they dimidict the very Godhead itself; but to reject the sense nish nothing of his right. If they take from the prowhich any private man shall fasten to it, is not to digies, they add to the ordinary works of the same disdain the Word of God, but the opinions of men Author. And those ordinary works themselves they like ourselves. To declare against the possibility that do almost raise to the height of wonders, by the exact new prophets may be sent from heaven, is to insinuate discovery which they make of their excellences ; that the same infinite Wisdom which once showed while the enthusiast goes near to bring down the itself that way is now at an end. But to slight all price of the true and primitive miracles, by such a pretenders, that come without the help of miracles, is vast and such a negligent augmenting of their not a contempt of the Spirit, but a just circumspec- number. tion that the reason of men be not over-reached. To By this, I hope, it appears that this inquiring, this deny that God directs the course of human things, is scrupulous, this incredulous temper, is not the disstupidity: but to hearken to every prodigy that men grace, but the honour of experiments. And, therefore, frame against their enemies, or for themselves, is not I will declare them to be the most seasonable study to reverence the power of God, but to make that serve for the present temper of our nation. This wild the passions, the interests, and revenges of men. amusing men's minds with prodigies and conceits of
It is a dangerous mistake, into which many good providence has been one of the most considerable men fall, that we neglect the dominion of God over | causes of those spiritual distractions of which our the world, if we do not discover in every turn of country has long been the theatre. This is a vanity human actions many supernatural providences and to which the English seem to have been always submiraculous events. Whereas it is enough for the ject above others. There is scarce any modern histohonour of his government, that he guides the whole rian that relates our foreign wars, but he has this creation in its wonted course of causes and effects: as objection against the disposition of our countrymen, it makes as much for the reputation of a prince's wis- that they used to order their affairs of the greatest dom, that he can rule his subjects peaceably by his importance according to some obscure omens or preknown and standing laws, as that he is often forced dictions that passed amongst them on little or no to make use of extraordinary justice to punish or foundations. And at this time, especially this last reward.
year (1666], this gloomy and ill-boding humour has Let us, then, imagine our philosopher to have all prevailed. So that it is now the fittest season for slowness of belief, and rigour of trial, which by some experiments to arise, to teach us a wisdom which is miscalled a blindness of mind and hardness of springs from the depths of knowledge, to shake off the heart. Let us suppose that he is most unwilling to l shadows, and to scatter the misty which fill the minds grant that anything exceeds the force of nature, but of men with a vain consternation. This is a work well where a full evidence convinces him. Let it be becoming the most Christian profession. For the most allowed, that he is always alarmed, and ready on his apparent effect which attended the passion of Christ, guard, at the noise of any miraculous event, lest his was the putting of an eternal silence on all the false judgment should be surprised by the disguises of faith. oracles and dissembled inspirations of ancient times. But does he by this diminish the authority of ancient miracles? or does he not rather confirm them the more, by confining their number, and taking care that
[Cowley's Love of Retirement.] every falsehood should not mingle with them! Can' Upon the king's happy restoration, Mr Cowley was he by this undermine Christianity, which does not past the fortieth year of his age; of which the greatest now stand in need of such extraord
ies part had been spent in a various and tempestuous from heaven! or do not they rather endanger it, who condition. He now thought he had sacrificed enough still venture its truths on so hazardous a chance, who of his life to his curiosity and experience. He had require a continuance of signs and wonders, as if the enjoyed many excellent occasions of observation. He works of our Saviour and his apostles had not been had been present in many great rerolutions, which in sufficient? Who ought to be esteemed the most car- that tumultuous time disturbed the peace of all our nally-minded-the enthusiast that pollutes religion neighbour states as well as our own. He had nearly with his own passions, or the experimenter that will beheld all the splendour of the highest part of mannot use it to datter and obey his own desires, but to kind. He had lived in the presence of princes, and subdue them? Who is to be thought the greatest familiarly conversed with greatness in all its degrees, enery of the gospel-.e that loads men's faiths by so which was necessary for one that would contemn it many improbable things as will go near to make the aright; for to scorn the pomp of the world before a reality itself suspected, or he that only admits a few man knows it, does commonly proceed rather from ill arguments to confirm the evangelical doctrines, but manners than a true magnanimity. then chooses those that are unquestionable? It can- ! He was now weary of the vexations and formalities not be an ungodly purpose to strive to abolish all of an active condition. He had been perplexed with holy cheats, which are of fatal consequence both to a long compliance to foreign manners. He was the deceivers and those that are deceived: to the satiated with the arts of court; which port of life, deceivers, because they must needs be hypocrites, though his virtue had made innocent to him, yet having the artifice in their keeping; to the deceived, nothing could make it quiet. These were the reasons because, if their eyes shall erer be opened, and they that moved him to forego all public employments, and chance to find that they have been deluded in any to follow the violent inclination of his own mind. one thing, they will be apt not only to reject that, but which in the greatest throng of his former business even to despise the very truths themselves which they had still called upon him, and represented to him the had before been taught by those deluders.
true delights of solitary studies, of temperate pleasures, It were, indeed, to be confessed, that this severity and of a moderate revenue, below the malice and flatof censure on religious things were to be condemned l teries of fortune.
In his last seven or eight years he was concealed in the first generations of mankind; it had the beauty his beloved obscurity, and possessed that solitude of youth and blooming nature, fresh and fruitful, which, from his very childhood, he had always most and not a wrinkle, scar, or fracture in all its body; no passionately desired. Though he had frequent invita rocks nor mountains, no hollow caves nor gaping tions to return into business, yet he never gave ear to channels, but even and uniform all over. And the any persuasions of profit or preferment. His visits to smoothness of the earth made the face of the heavens the city and court were very few; his stays in town so too; the air was calm and serene; none of those were only as a passenger, not an inhabitant. The tumultuary motions and conflicts of vapours, which places that he chose for the seats of his declining life the mountains and the winds cause in ours. "Twas were two or three villages on the bank of the Thames. suited to a golden age, and to the first innocency of During this recess, his mind was rather exercised on nature.' By degrees, however, the heat of the sun, what was to come than what was past ; he suffered no penetrating the superficial crust, converted a portion more business nor cares of life to come near him than of the water beneath into steam, the expansive force what were enough to keep his soul awake, but not to of which at length burst the superincumbent shell, disturb it. Some few friends and books, a cheerful | already weakened by the dryness and cracks occaheart, and innocent conscience, were his constant sioned by the solar rays. When, therefore, the companions. *
'appointed time was come that All-wise Providence I acknowledge he chose that state of life, not out of had designed for the punishment of a sinful world, any poetical rapture, but upon & steady and sober ex- the whole fabric brake, and the frame of the earth perience of human things. But, however, I cannot was torn in pieces, as by an earthquake; and those applaud it in him. It is certainly a great disparage
great portions or fragments into which it was ment to virtue and learning itself, that those very divided fell into the abyss, some in one posture, and things which only make men useful in the world some in another.' The waters of course now apshould incline them to leave it. This ought never to
peared, and the author gives a fine description of be allowed to good men, unless the bad had the same
their tumultuous raging, caused by the precipitation moderation, and were willing to follow them into the
of the solid fragments into their bosom. The preswilderness. But if the one shall contend to get out of
sure of such masses falling into the abyss, could employment, while the other strive to get into it, the
not but impel the water with so much strength as affairs of mankind are like to be in so ill a posture, that even the good men themselves will hardly be able
would carry it up to a great height in the air, and
to the top of anything that lay in its way; any emito enjoy their very retreats in security.
nency, or high fragment whatsoever : and then roll
ing back again, it would sweep down with it whatDR THOMAS BURNET.
soever it rushed upon — woods, buildings, living
creatures—and carry them all headlong into the Dr THOMAS BURNET (1635–1715), master of the great gulf. Sometimes a mass of water would be Charter-house in London, and who probably would quite struck off and separate from the rest, and have succeeded Tillotson as archbishop of Canter- | tossed through the air like a flying river; but the bury, had not his heterodoxy stood in the way, ac-common motion of the waves was to climb up the quired great celebrity by the publication of a work hills, or inclined fragments, and then return into the entitled The Sacred Theory of the Earth; containing | valleys and deeps again, with a perpetual fluctuation an Account of the Original of the Earth, and of all the going and coming, ascending and descending, till General Changes which it hath already undergone, or is the violence of them being spent by degrees, they to undergo, till the Consummation of all Things. The settled at last in the places allotted for them; where first edition, which was written in Latin, appeared | bounds are set that they cannot pass orer, that they in 1680; but an English translation was published return not again to cover the earth. * * by the author in 1691. In a geological point of “Thus the flood came to its height; and it is not view, this treatise is totally worthless, from its easy to represent to ourselves this strange scene of want of a basis of ascertained facts; but it abounds things, when the deluge was in its fury and exin fine composition and magnificent description, tremity; when the earth was broken and swallowed and amply deserves perusal as an eloquent and in-up in the abyss, whose raging waters rose higher genious philosophical romance. The author's atten- than the mountains, and filled the air with broken tion seems to have been attracted to the sub-waves, with an universal mist, and with thick darkject by the unequal and ragged appearance of the ness, so as nature seemed to be in a second chaos; earth's surface, which seemed to indicate the globe and upon this chaos rid the distressed ark that bore to be the ruin of some more regular fabric. He the small remains of mankind. No sea was ever so tells that in a journey across the Alps and Apen- tumultuous as this, nor is there anything in present nines, the sight of those wild, vast, and indigested nature to be compared with the disorder of these heaps of stones and earth did so deeply strike my waters. All the poetry, and all the hyperboles that fancy, that I was not easy till I could give myself | are used in the description of storms and raging seas, some tolerable account how that confusion came in were literally true in this, if not beneath it. The nature. The theory which he formed was the fol ark was really carried to the tops of the highest lowing :--The globe in its chaotic state was a dark mountains, and into the places of the clouds, and fluid mass, in which the elements of air, water, and thrown down again into the deepest gulfs; and to earth were blended into one universal compound. this very state of the deluge and of the ark, which Gradually, the heavier parts fell towards the centre, was a type of the church in this world, David seems and formed a nucleus of solid matter. Around this to have alluded in the name of the church (Psal. xlii. floated the liquid ingredients, and over them was 7.) “Abyss calls upon abyss at the noise of thy the still lighter atmospheric air. By and by, the cataracts or water-spouts; all thy waves and billows liquid mass became separated into two layers, by have gone over me." It was no doubt an extraordi. the separation of the watery particles from those of nary and miraculous providence that could make a an oily composition, which, being the lighter, tended vessel so ill-manned live upon such a sea ; that kept upwards, and, when hardened by time, became a it from being dashed against the hills, or overwhelmed smooth and solid crust. This was the surface of in the deeps. That abyss which had devoured and the antediluvian globe. “In this smooth earth,' says swallowed up whole forests of woods, cities, and proBurnet. .were tre first renes of the world, and I vinces, nay, the whole earth, when it had conquered
all, and triumphed over all, could not destroy this and transient glory of all this habitable world ; how, by single ship. I remember in the story of the Argo- the force of one element breaking loose upon the rest, nautics (Dion. Argonaut, l. i. v. 47.), when Jason set all the varieties of nature, all the works of art, all the out to fetch the golden fleece, the poet saith, all the labours of men, are reduced to nothing ; all that we gods that day looked down from heaven to view the admired and adored before, as great and magnificent, ship, and the nymphs stood upon the mountain-tops is obliterated or vanished ; and another form and face to see the noble youth of Thessaly pulling at the of things, plain, simple, and everywhere the same, oars; we may with more reason suppose the good overspreads the whole earth. Where are now the great angels to have looked down upon this ship of Noah's, empires of the world, and their great imperial cities? and that not out of curiosity, as idle spectators, but Their pillars, trophies, and monuments of glory? with a passionate concern for its safety and deliver- Show me where they stood, read the inscription, tell ance. A ship, whose cargo was no less than a whole me the victor's name! What remains, what impresworld; that carried the fortune and hopes of all pos- sions, what difference or distinction do you see in this terity; and if this had perished, the earth, for any- mass of fire ? Rome itself, eternal Rome, the great thing we know, had been nothing but a desert, a city, the empress of the world, whose domination and great ruin, a dead heap of rubbish, from the deluge superstition, ancient and modern, make a great part to the conflagration. But death and hell, the grave
of the history of this earth, what is become of her now! and destruction, have their bounds.
She laid her foundations deep, and her palaces were We cannot pursue the author into further details, strong and sumptuous : she glorified herself, and nor analyse the ingenious reasoning by which he lived deliciously, and said in her heart, I sit a queen, endeavours to defend his theory from some of the and shall see no sorrow. But her hour is come; she is many insuperable obiections which the plainest facts wiped away from the face of the earth, and buried in of geology and natural philosophy furnish against it. perpetual oblivion. But it is not cities only, and The concluding part of his work relates to the final works of men's hands, but the everlasting hills, the conflagration of the world, by which, he supposes,
mountains and rocks of the earth, are melted as wax the surface of the new chaotic mass will be restored
before the sun, and their place is nowhere found. to smoothness, and leave a capacity for another
Here stood the Alps, a prodigious range of stone, the world to rise from it.' Here the style of the author
load of the earth, that covered many countries, and rises into a magnificence worthy of the sublimity of
reached their arms from the ocean to the Black Sea ; the theme, and he concludes with impressive and
this huge mass of stone is softened and dissolved, as a appropriate reflections on the transient nature of
tender cloud into rain. Here stood the African mounearthly things. The passage is aptly termed by
tains, and Atlas with his top above the clouds. There Addison the author's funeral oration over his globe.
was frozen Caucasus, and Taurus, and Imaus, and the
mountains of Asia. And yonder, towards the north, [The final Conflagration of the Globe.]
stood the Riphæan hills, clothed in ice and snow. All
these are vanished, dropped away as the snow upon their But 'tis not possible, from any station, to have a heads, and swallowed up in a red sea of fire. (Rev. xv. 3.) full prospect of this last scene of the earth, for 'tis a Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Al. mixture of fire and darkness. This new temple is mighty ; just and true are thy ways, thou King of filled with smoke while it is consecrating, and none can | Saints. Hallelujah. enter into it. But I am apt to think, if we could look down upon this burning world from above the clouds, Dr Burnet is led by his subject into the following and have a full view of it in all its parts, we should I energetic think it a lively representation of hell itself ; for fire and darkness are the two chief things by which that
[Rebuke of Human Pride.] state or that place uses to be described ; and they are both here mingled together, with all other ingredients We must not, by any means, admit or imagine that make that tophet that is prepared of old (Isaiah | that all nature, and this great universe, was made only xxx.) Here are lakes of fire and brimstone, rivers of for the sake of man, the meanest of all intelligent melted glowing matter, ten thousand volcanos vomiting creatures that we know of ; nor that this little planet flames all at once, thick darkness, and pillars of smoke where we sojourn for a few days, is the only habitable twisted about with wreaths of flame, like fiery snakes; I part of the universe : these are thoughts so groundless mountains of carth thrown up into the air, and the and unreasonable in themselves, and also so derogatory heavens dropping down in lumps of fire. These things to the infinite power, wisdom, and goodness of the First will all be literally true concerning that day and Cause, that as they are absurd in reason, so they that state of the earth. And if we suppose Beelzebub deserve far better to be marked and censured for. and his apostate crew in the midst of this fiery fur- heresies in religion, than many opinions that have nace (and I know not where they can be else), it will been censured for such in former ages. How is it be hard to find any part of the universe, or any state possible that it should enter into the thoughts of vain of things, that answers to so many of the properties man to believe himself the principal part of God's and characters of hell, as this which is now before us. creation; or that all the rest was ordained for him,
But if we suppose the storm over, and that the fire for his service or pleasure? Man, whose follies we hath gotten an entire victory over all other bodies, | laugh at every day, or else complain of them ; whose and subdued everything to itself, the conflagration pleasures are vanity, and his passions stronger than will end in a deluge of fire, or in a sea of fire, cover- | his reason ; who sees himself every way weak and iming the whole globe of the earth ; for, when the ex- | potent; hath no power over external nature, little terior region of the earth is melted into a fluor, like over himself; cannot execute so much as his own good molten glass or running metal, it will, according to the resolutions ; mutable, irregular, prone to evil. Surely, nature of other fluids, fill all vacuities and depressions, if we made the least reflection upon ourselves with and fall into a regular surface, at an equal distance | impartiality, we should be ashamed of such an arroeverywhere from its centre. This sea of fire, like the gant thought. How few of these song of men, for first abyss, will cover the face of the whole earth, make whom, they say, all things were made, are the sons of a kind of second chaos, and leave a capacity for an-wisdom! how few find the paths of life! They spend other world to rise from it. But that is not our present a few days in folly and sin, and then go down to the business. Let us only, if you please, to take leave of regions of death and misery. And is it possible to this subject, reflect, upon this occasion, on the vanity I believe that all nature, and all Providence, are only, or principally, for their sake? Is it not a more reason to vindicate and give antiquity its due praise, and able character or conclusion which the prophet hath to show that neither were our ancestors dunces, nor made, Surely every man is vanity ? Man that comes was wisdom or true philosophy born with us. His into the world at the pleasure of another, and goes opinion of the ancient philosophers, however, seems out by a hundred accidents ; his birth and education to have been considerably exalted by his finding in generally determine his fate here, and neither of those their views some traces of his own favourite theory. are in his own power ; his wit, also, is as uncertain as In this work he gave much offence to the orthodox, his fortune ; he hath not the moulding of his own by expressing some free opinions concerning the brain, however a knock on the head makes him a fool, Mosaic account of the creation, the fall of man, and stupid as the beasts of the field ; and a little excess the deluge; he even considered the narrative of the of passion or melancholy makes him worse, mad and fall to be an allegorical relation, as many of the frantic. In his best senses he is shallow, and of little fathers had anciently taught. In a posthumous work understanding ; and in nothing more blind and igno-On Christian Faith and Duties, he gives the preferrant than in things sacred and divine; he falls down ence to those parts of Christianity which refer to before a stock or a stone, and says, Thou art my God; human conduct over the disputed doctrinal portions. he can believe nonsense and contradictions, and make | Another posthumous treatise, On the State of the Dead it his religion to do so. And is this the great creature and Reviving,* is remarkable as maintaining the which God hath made by the might of his power, and finity of hell torments, and the ultimate salvation of for the honour of his majesty ? upon whom all things the whole human race. It is said that, in consemust wait, to whom all things must be subservient ?
quence of holding these views, Dr Burnet, notwithMethinks, we have noted weaknesses and follies enough standing the patronage of Tillotson, and the favour in the nature of man ; this need not be added as the
of King William, was shut out by a combination of top and accomplishment, that with all these he is so his clerical brethren from high ecclesiastical prefer. vain as to think that all the rest of the world was ment. made for his sake. Figuring to himself the waters of the sea dried up,
DR HENRY MORE. he thus grandly describes the appearance of
The last of the divines of the established church
whom we shall mention at present is DR. HENRY [The Dry Bed of the Ocean.]
MORE (1614–1687), a very learned cultivator of the
Platonic philosophy. He devoted his life to study That vast and prodigious cavity that runs quite and religious meditation at Cambridge, and strenuround the globe, and reacheth, for ought we know, ously refused to accept preferment in the church, from pole to pole, and in many places is unsearchably which would have rendered it necessary for him to deep—when I present this great gulf to my imagi- leave what he called his paradise. The friends nation, emptied of all its waters, naked and gaping of this recluse philosopher once attempted to decoy at the sun, stretching its jaws from one end of the him into a bishopric, and got him as far as Whiteearth to another, it appears to me the most ghastly hall, that he might kiss the king's hand on the octhing in nature. What hands or instruments could casion; but when told for what purpose they had work a trench in the body of the earth of this vastness,
brought him thither, he refused to move a step and lay mountains and rocks on the side of it, as farther. Dr More published several works for the ramparts to inclose it ? * *
promotion of religion and virtue; his moral doctrines But if we should suppose the ocean dry, and that we are aimirable, but some of his views are strongly looked down from the top of some high cloud upon the tinged with mysticism, and grounded on a philosophy empty shell, how horridly and barbarously would it which, though considerable attention was paid to it look ! And with what amazement should we see it at the time when he lived, has now fallen into geneunder us like an open hell, or a wide bottomless pit!
ral neglect as visionary and absurd. He was one of So deep, and hollow, and vast ; so broken and con- those who held the opinion that the wisdom of the fused; so everyway deformed and monstrous. This Hebrews had descended to Pythagoras, and from him would effectually awaken our imagination, and make
to Plato, in the writings of whom and his followers us inquire and wonder how such a thing came in he believed that the true principles of divine philonature; from what causes, by what force or engines,
sophy were consequently to be found. For such a could the earth be torn in this prodigious manner ?
theory, it is hardly necessary to remark, there is no Did they dig the sea with spades, and carry out the
good foundation, the account given of Pythagoras's moulds in hand-baskets? Where are the entrails
travels into the east being of uncertain authority, laid? And how did they cleave the rocks asunder?
and there being no evidence that he had any comIf as many pioneers as the army of Xerxes had been
munication with the Hebrew prophets. Dr More at work ever since the beginning of the world, they
was an enthusiastic and disinterested inquirer after could not have made a ditch of this greatness.
truth, and is celebrated by his contemporaries as a According to the proportions taken before in the second
man of uncommon benevolence, purity, and devotion. chapter, the cavity or capacity of the sea-channel will
He once observed to a friend, that he was thought amount to no less than 4,639,090 cubical miles. Nor is it the greatness only, but that wild and multifarious
by some to have a soft head, but he thanked God he
| had a soft heart.' Among his visionary notions was confusion which we see in the parts and fashion of it,
the idea that supernatural communications were that makes it strange and unaccountable. It is another chaos in its kind; who can paint the scenes of
made to him, under the direction of God, by a parti
cular genius or demon like that of Socrates; that it ? Gulfs, and precipices, and cataracts ; pits within pits, and rocks under rocks: broken mountains, and he was unusually gifted with the power of explaining ragged islands, that look as if they had been countries pulled up by the roots, and planted in the sea.
* The two works mentioned above were originally published in Latin, under the titles De Fide et Officiis Christianoruin, and
De Statu Mortuorum et Resurgentium. Both have been transBesides his 'Sacred Theory of the Earth,' Burnet
lated; though the author, apprehensive of bad consequences wrote a work entitled Archæologia Philosophica, giving from the publication of an English version of the latter, strongly an account of the opinions of the ancients concern- | protested, in a note, against its being rendered into the verna. ing the nature of things; with the design, as he says, | cular tongue.
the prophecies of Scripture ; and that, when writing
[Nature of the Evidence of the Existence of God.] on that subject, he was under the guidance of a spe. cial providence. He was, moreover, credulous as to When I say that I will demonstrate that there is apparitions and witchcraft, but in this differed little a God, I do not promise that I will always produce from many intelligent and learned contemporaries. such arguments that the reader shall acknowledge so His works, though now little read, were extremely strong, as he shall be forced to confess that it is utterly popular in the latter half of the seventeenth century. unpossible that it should be otherwise ; but they shall The principal of them are, The Mystery of Godliness, be such as shall deserve full assent, and win full as. The Mystery of Iniquity, À Discourse on the Immorta- sent from any unprejudiced mind. lity of the Soul, Ethical and Metaphysical Manuals, For I conceive that we may give full assent to that several treatises against atheism and idolatry, and a which, notwithstanding, may possibly be otherwise ; dull and tedious poem, entitled A Platonic Song of which I shall illustrate by several examples :-Supthe Soul. The following two stanzas are a favourable pose two men got to the top of Mount Athos, and specimen of the last-named work :
there viewing a stone in the form of an altar with ashes on it, and the footsteps of men on those ashes.
or some words, if you will, as Optimo Maximo, or To [The Soul and Body.]
agosto Theo, or the like, written or scrawled out upon Like to a light fast lock'd in lanthorn dark,
the ashes; and one of them should cry out, Assuredly Whereby by night our wary steps we guide
here have been some men that have done this. But In slabby streets, and dirty channels mark,
the other, more nice than wise, should reply, Nay, it
may possibly be otherwise ; for this stone may have Some weaker rays through the black top do glide, And flusher streams perhaps from horny side.
naturally grown into this very shape, and the seeming But when we've pass'd the peril of the way,
ashes may be no ashes, that is, no remainders of any Arrir'd at home, and laid that case aside,
fuel burnt there; but some unexplicable and unper. The naked light how clearly doth it ray,
ceptible motions of the air, or other particles of this
fluid matter that is active everywhere, have wrought And spread its joyful beams as bright as summer's day.
some parts of the matter into the form and nature of Even so the soul, in this contracted state,
ashes, and have fridged and played about so, that they Contin'd to these strait instruments of sense,
have also figured those intelligible characters in the More dull and narrowly doth operate ;
same. But would not anybody deem it a piece of At this hole hears, the sight must ray from thence, weakness, no less than dotage, for the other man one Here tastes, there smells: but when she's gone from whit to recede from his former apprehension, but as hence,
fully as ever to agree with what he pronounced first, Like naked lamp she is one shining sphere, notwithstanding this bare possibility of being otherAnd round about has perfect cognoscence
wise ? Whate'er in her horizon doth appear:
So of anchors that have been digged up, either in She is one orb of sense, all eye, all airy ear.
plain fields or mountainous places, as also the Roman
urns with ashes and inscriptions, as Sererianus Pul. Of the prose composition of Dr More, the sub
| Linus, and the like, or Roman coins with the effigies joined extracts, the first from his 'Mystery of God
and names of the Cæsars on them, or that which is more liness,' and the second from "An Antidote against
ordinary, the skulls of men in every churchyard, with Atheisin,' will serve as specimens :
the right figure, and all those necessary perforations for
the passing of the vessels, besides those conspicuous [Devout Contemplation of the Works of God.]
hollows for the eyes and rows of teeth, the os stylocides,
ethoeides, and what not. If a man will say of them, Whether, therefore, our eyes be struck with that that the motions of the particles of the matter, or more radiant lustre of the sun, or whether we behold some hidden speriatic power, has gendered those, both that more placid and calm beauty of the moon, or be anchors, urns, coins, and skulls, in the ground, he doth refreshed with the sweet breathings of the open air, | but pronounce that which human reason must admit or be taken up with the contemplation of those pure is possible. Nor can any man ever so demonstrate sparkling lights of the stars, or stand astonished at that those coins, anchors, and urns, were once the the gushing downfalls of some mighty river, as that artifice of men, or that this or that skull was once a of Nile, or admire the height of some insuperable part of a living man, that he shall force an acknowand inaccessible rock or mountain ; or with a plea- ledgment that it is impossible that it should be othersant horror and chillness look upon some silent wood, wise. But yet I do not think that any man, without or solemn shady grove; whether the face of heaven doing manifest violence to his faculties, can at all smile upon us with a cheerful bright azure, or look suspend his assent, but freely and fully agree that upon us with a more sad and minacious countenance, this or that skull was once a part of a living man, dark pitchy clouds being charged with thunder and and that these anchors, urns, and coins, were certainly lightning to let fly against the earth ; whether the lonce made by human artifice, notwithstanding the air be cool, fresh, and healthful ; or whether it be possibility of being otherwise. sultry, contagious, and pestilential, so that, while we And what I have said of assent is also true in disgasp for life, we are forced to draw in a sudden and sent ; for the mind of man, not crazed nor prejudiced, inevitable death ; whether the earth stand firm, and will fully and irreconcilably disagree, by its own prove favourable to the industry of the artificer; or natural sagacity, where, notwithstanding, the thing whether she threaten the very foundations of our that it doth thus resolvedly and undoubtedly reject, buildings with trembling and tottering earthquakes, no wit of man can prove impossible to be true. As accompanied with remugient echoes and ghastly mur- if we should make such a fiction as this--that Archi. murs from below; whaterer notable emergencies happen medes, with the same individual body that he had for either good or bad to us, these are the Joves and when the soldiers slew him, is now safely intent upon Vejoves that we worship, which to us are not many, his geometrical figures under ground, at the centre but one God, who has the only power to save or destroy. of the earth, far from the noise and din of this world, And therefore, from whatever part of this magnificent that might disturb his meditations, or distract him temple of his--the world-he shail send forth his in his curious delineations he makes with his rod upon voice, our hearts and eyes are presently directed thither the dust; which no man living can prove impossible. ward with fear, love, and veneration.
| Yet if any man does not as irreconcilably dissent from