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First, the gates being open, and the drawbridge letten him twice or thrice through with a stag-sword : and down, for receiving of lime and stones, and other so he fell, never word heard out of his mouth, but, I things necessary for building (for Babylon was almost am a priest, fie, fie, all is gone. finished), first, we say, essayed William Kirkcaldy! While they were thus busied with the cardinal, the of Grange, younger, and with him sis persons, and fray rose in the town; the provost assembles the comgetting entry, held purpose with the porter, If my monalty, and comes to the house-side, crying, What lord was waking? who answered, No. While the have ye done with my lord cardinal ? where is my said William and the porter talketh, and his ser- lord cardinal! have ye slain my lord cardinal? vants made thein to look at the work and workmen, They that were within answered gently, Best it were approached Norman Lesley with his company ; and for you to return to your own houses, for the man ye because they were in great number, they easily gat call the cardinal hath received his reward, and in his entry. They address to the midst of the court; and own person will trouble the world no more. But then immediately came John Lesley, somewhat rudely, more enragedly they cry, We shall never depart till and four persons with him. The porter fearing, would that we see him. And so was he brought to the east have drawn the bridge; but the said John, being en-block-house head, and showed dead over the wall to tered thereon, stayed it, and leaped in; and while the faithless multitude, which would not believe bethe porter made him for defence, his head was broken, fore they saw, and so they departed without Requiem the keys taken from him, and he cast into the ditch, æternam, et requiescat in pace, sung for his soul.• * and so the place was seized. The shout ariseth ; the These things we write merrily, but we would that the workmen, to the number of more than a hundred, ran reader should observe God's just judgments, and how off the walls, and were without hurt put forth at the that he can deprehend the worldly-wise in their own wicket gate. The first thing that ever was done, Wil-wisdom, make their table to be a snare to trap their own liam Kirkcaldy took the guard of the privy poster, feet, and their own purposed strength to be their own fearing lest the fox should have escaped. Then go the destruction. These are the works of our God, whereby rest to the gentlemen's chambers, and without violence he would admonish the tyrants of this earth, that in done to any man, they put more than fifty persons to the end he will be revenged of their cruelty, what the gate : the number that enterprised and did this, strength soever they make in the contrary, was but sixteen persons. The cardinal, wakened with the shouts, asked from his window, What meant that DAVID CALDERWOOD—SIR JAMES MELVIL. noise! It was answered, that Norman Lesley had taken his castle : which understood, he ran to the In the reign of James VI., a work similar to that postern, but perceiving the passage to be kept without, of Knox, but on a much more extensive scale, more he returned quickly to his chamber, took his two-minute, and involving many public documents, was handed sword, and caused his chamberlain to cast written by DAVID CALDERWOOD, another zealous chests and other impediments to the door. In this | Presbyterian divine. An abridgment of this work meantime came John Lesley unto it, and bids open. has been printed under the title of The True History The cardinal asking, Who calls ? he answered, My of the Church of Scotland : the original, in six folio name is Lesley. He demanded, Is that Norman? volumes of manuscript, reposes in the library of The other saith, Nay, my name is John. I will have the university of Glasgow. For his resolute oppoNorman, saith the cardinal, for he is my friend. Con- sition to Episcopacy, Calderwood was imprisoned tent yourself with such as are here, for other you shall in 1617, and afterwards banished from Scotland. have none. There were with the said John, James On his return, he became minister of Pencaitland, Melvin, a man familiarly acquainted with Master in Haddingtonshire. The style of his work deserves George Wishart, and Peter Carmichael, a stout gen- little commendation; but though tinged with partytleman. In this meantime, while they force at the feeling, it has always been valued as a repertory of door, the cardinal hides a box of gold under coals historical facts. that were laid in a secret corner. At length hc Sir JAMES MELVIL, privy councillor and gentleasketh, Will ye save my life! The said John an- man of the bed-chamber to Mary Queen of Scots, swered, It may be that we will. Nay, saith the car. was born at Hall-hill, in Fifeshire, in the year 1530, dinal, swear unto me by God's wounds, and I will | and died in 1606. He left in manuscript a historical open to you. Then answered the said John, It that work, which for a considerable time lay unknown was said is unsaid ; and so cried, Fire, fire (for the in the castle of Edinburgh, but having at length door was very strong), and so was brought a chimley-been discovered, was published in 1683, under the full of burning coals; which perceived, the cardinal title of Memoirs of Sir James Melvil of Hall-hill, or his chamberlain (it is uncertain) opened the door, containing an Impartial Account of the Most Remarkand the cardinal sat down in a chair, and cried, I able Affairs of State during the Last Age, not menam a priest, I am a priest; ye will not slay me. The tioned by other Historians ; more particularly Relating said John Lesley (according to his former vows) struck to the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, under the him first once or twice, and so did the said Peter. Reigns of Queen Elizabeth, Mary Queen of Scots, and But James Melvin (a man of nature most gentle and King James. In all which Transactions the Author was most modest), perceiving them both in choler, with | Personally and Publicly Concerned. This work is esdrew them, and said, This work and judgment of God teemed for the simplicity of its style, and as the sole (although it be secret) ought to be done with greater authority for the history of many important events. gravity. And presenting unto him the point of the sword, said, Repent thee of thy former wicked life,

JOHN LESLEY. but especially of the shedding of the blood of that notable instrument of God, Master George Wishart, John LESLEY, bishop of Ross, was a zealous which albeit the flame of fire consumed before men, partisan of Queen Mary, whom he accompanied yet cries it for vengeance upon thee, and we from on her return from France to Scotland in 1561, God are sent to revenge it. For here, before my God, and in whose behalf he actively exerted himself I protest, that neither the hatred of thy person, the during her imprisonment in England. Forced by love of thy riches, for the fear of any trouble thou Elizabeth to withdraw to the continent on account couldst have done to me in particular, moved or of the conspiracies against her in which he enmoveth me to strike thee; but only because thou last gaged, he was appointed bishop of Constance in been, and remainest, an obstinate enemy against 1593, and in that situation employed his wealth Christ Jesus and his holy gospel. And so he struck | and influence in founding three colleges for the in

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struction of his countrymen, at Rome, Paris, and to be registered in the book of fame, gave up and Douay. Being now, however, advanced in years, rendered his spirit into the hands of Almighty God, he shortly afterwards resigned the mitre, and re- where I doubt not but he has sure fruition of the joy tired to a monastery in the Netherlands, where that is prepared for these as shall sit on the right he died in 1596. His chief publications are, a hand of our Saviour. treatise in defence of Queen Mary and her title to the English crown; a Description of Scotland and the

[Burning of Edinburgh and Leith by the English Scottish Isles; and a work on the Origin, Manners, and Erploits of the Scotch. All these are in Latin ; the last two forming a volume which he published at

Now will I return to the earnest ambition of King Rome in 1578. He wrote in the Scottish language

Henry of England, who ceased not to search by all a History of Scotland from 1436 to 1561, of which

means possible to attain to his desire, and therefore only a Latin translation (contained in the volume

sent a great army by sea into Scotland, with the Earl just mentioned) was published by himself; the ori

of Hertford, his lieutenant, and the Viscount Lisle, his

nadmiral, with two hundred great ships, besides boats ginal, however, was printed by the Bannatyne Club in 1830. In 1842 appeared a work entitled Vestia

and crears that carried their victuals, whereof there rium Scoticum,* the body of which consisted of a

was great number; and the whole fleet arrived in the

firth fornentLeith the third day of May, and landed catalogue of the tartans peculiar to Scottish families,

at the New Haven about xx thousand men, with great composed by Bishop Lesley in the Scottish language, and which had long been preserved in manuscript

artillery and all kind of munition, the fourth of May.

In the meantime, the Governor being in the town of in the college of Douay.

Edinburgh, hearing of their sudden arrival, departed

forth of the town toward Leith, accompanied with the (Character of James V.]

Cardinal, Earls of Huntly, Argyll, ‘Bothwell, and (From Lesley'sHistory of Scotland.']

others, with their own household men only, purposing (Original Spelling.---Thier wes gryt dule and meane maid for

to stop the landing of the enemy; but frac3 they were

surely advertised of the great number of their enemies, him throw all the partis of his realme, because he was a nobill

wherethrough they were not able to withstand their prince, and travaillet mekill all his dayis for maintening of his subjectis in peace, justice, and quietnes. Ile was a man, &c.]

forces, they returned to Edinburgh, and sent Sir Adam

Otterburne, provost of the town, and two of the bailies, There was great dole and moan made for him through to the said Earl Hertford, lieutenant, desiring to know all the parts of his realm, because he was a noble for what cause he was come with such an army to prince, and travailed mickle all his days for main- invade, considering there was no war proclaimed betaining of his subjects in peace, justice, and quietness. twixt the two realms; and if there was any injuries He was a man of personage and stature convenient, or wrongs done whereupon the King of England was albeit mighty and strong therewith, of countenance offended, they would appoint commissioners to treat amiable and lovely, specially in his communication ; with them thereupon, and to that effect thankfully his eyes gray and sharp of sight, that whomsoever he would receive them within the town of Edinburgh. did once see and mark, he would perfectly know in The said Earl of Hertford answered, that he had no all times thereafter; of wit in all things quick and commission to treat upon any matters, but only to prompt; of a princely stomach and high courage in receive the Queen of Scotland, to be convoyed in Eng. great perils, doubtful affairs, and matters of weighty land to be married with Prince Edward ; and if they iinportance: he had, in a manner, a divine foresight, would deliver her, he would abstain from all pursuit, for in such things as he went about to do, he did them otherwise he would burn and destroy the towns of advisedly and with great deliberation, to the intent Edinburgh, Leith, and all others where he might be that amongst all men his wit and prudence might be master within the realm of Scotland, and desired noted and regarded, and as far excel and pass all therefore the haill4 men, wives, bairns, and others, others in estate and dignity. Besides this, he was being within the town of Edinburgh, to come forth of sober, moderate, honest, affable, courteous, and so far the same, and present them before him as lieutenant, abhorred pride and arrogance, that he was ever sharp and offer them into the king's will, or else he would and quick to them which were spotted or noted with

proceed as he had spoken. To the which the provost, that crime. He was also a good and sure justiciar,' by the command of the Go

by the command of the Governor and council, answered, by the which one thing he allured to him the hearts that they would abide all extremity rather or they ful. of all the people, because they lived quietly and in filled his desires ; and so the Governor caused furnish

filled his desires. and so rest, out of all oppression and molestation of the nobi- the castle of Edinburgh with all kind of necessary furlity and rich persons; and to this severity of his was

niture, and departed to Striveling. In the meantime, joined and annexed a certain merciful pity, which he

the English army lodged that night in Leith. Upon did ofttimes show to such as had offended, taking

the morn, being the fifth of May, they marched for rather compositions of money nor? men's lives ; which ward toward Edinburgh by the Canongate, and or their was a plain argument that he did use his rigour only entering therein, there came to them six thousand (as he said himself) to bow and abate the high and horsemen of English men from Berwick by land, who wrongous hearts of the people, specially Irishmens joined with thein, and passed up the Canongate, of and borderers, and others, nursed and brought up in purpose to enter at the Nether Bow; where some reseditious factions and civil rebellions; and not forsistance was made unto them by certain Scottish greedy desire of riches or hunger of money, although men, and divers of the English men were slain, and such as were afflicted would cry out; and surely this some also of the Scottish side, and so held them that good and modest prince did not devour and consume day occupied skirmishing, till the night came, which the riches of his country; for he by his high policy mar compelled them to return unto their camp. And on vellously riched his realm and himself, both with gold the next day, being the sixth of May, the great army and silver, all kind of rich substance, whereof he

came forward with the haill ordinances, and assailed left great store and quantity in all his palaces at his

the town, which they found void of all resistance, departing. And so this king, living all his time in saving the ports of the town were closed, which they the favour of fortune, in high honour, riches, and glory, and, for his noble acts and prudent policies, worthy

1 To enforce a marriage between his son and the infant

Queen Mary of Scotland. * Edited by Jolin Sobieski Stuart. 4to. Tait: Edinburgh. * Opposito. 3 When, from the time when. Wholo. i Criminal judge ? Than. 3 Ersemen, or Highlanders. ! 5 Ere.

6 Stirling.

7 W nolo ordnance.

305

20

broke up with great artillery, and entered thereat,

JOHN SPOTISWOOD, carrying carted ordinances before them till they came in sight of the castle, where they placed them, pur

JOHN SPOTISWOOD, successively archbishop of posing to siege the castle. But the laird of Stane

Glasgow and of St Andrews in the reign of James house, captain thereof, caused shoot at them in so

VI., was born in 1565. A strenuous and active progreat abundance, and with so good measure, that

moter of James's scheme for the establishment of they slew a great number of English men, amongst

Episcopacy in Scotland, he stood high in the favour whom there was some principal captains and gentle

of that king, as well as of Charles I., by whom he was men ; and one of the greatest pieces of the English

made chancellor of Scotland in 1635. His death took ordinances was broken ; wherethrough they were constrained to raise the siege shortly and retire them.

place four years afterwards in London, whither the The same day the English men set fire in divers places of the town, but was not suffered to maintain it, through continual shooting of ordinance forth of the castle, wherewith they were so sore troubled, that they were constrained to return to their camp at Leith. But the next day they returned again, and did that they could to consume all the town with fires. So likewise they continued some days after, so that the most part of the town was burnt in cruel manner; during the which time their horsemen did great hurt in the country, spoiling and burning sundry places thereabout, and in special all the castle and place of Craigmillar, where the most part of the whole riches of Edinburgh was put by the merchants of the town in keeping, which not without fraud of the keepers, as was reported, was betrayed to the English men for a part of the booty and spoil thereof.

When the English men of war was thus occupied in burning and spoiling, the Governor sent and reliered the Earl of Angus, Lord Maxwell, master of Glencairn, and Sir George Douglas, forth of ward, and put them to liberty ; and made such speedy preparation as he could to set forward an army for expelling the English men forth of the realm ; who hearing thereof, upon the xiiij day of May, they broke down the pier of Leith haven, burned and destroyed the same ; and

Archbishop Spotiswood. shipping their great artillery, they sent their ships away homeward, laden with the spoil of Edinburgh

popular commotions had obliged him to retire. He and Leith, taking with them certain Scottish ships

wrote, at the command of James, a History of the which was in the haven, amongst the which the ships

Church of Scotland, from A.D. 203 to 1625. When called Salamander and the Unicorn were carried in

the king, on expressing his wish for the composition England. Upon the xv day of May their army and

of that work, was told that some passages in it might their fleet departed from Leith at one time, the town

possibly bear too hard upon the memory of his mother, of Leith being set in fire the same morning; and their

he desired Spotiswood to write and spare not;' and said army that night lodged at Seaton, the next night yet, sa

night yet, says Bishop Nicolson, the historian ventured beside Dunbar, the third night at Renton in the not so far with a commission as Buchanan did withMerse, and the 18 day of May they entered in Ber- out one.'* The liistory was published in London in wick. In all this time, the borderers and certain 1655, and is considered to be, on the whole, a faithothers Scottish men, albeit they were not of sufficient (ful and impartial narrative. number to give battle, yet they held them busy with daily skirmishing, that sundry of their men and horse [Destruction of Religious Edifices in 1559.] were taken, and therefore none of them durst in any wise stir from the great army in all their passage

Whilst these things passed, John Knox returned

from Geneva into Scotland, and, joining with the confrom Edinburgh to Berwick.*

gregation, did preach to them at Perth. In his ser* As some of our readers may be pleased to see Bishop Lesley'e mon, he took casion to speak against the adoration Latin version of this atrocious narrative, we here transcribe of images, showed that the same tended to God's disthe greater part of it from his volume printed at Rome in 1578. honour, and that such idols and monuments of superIt will be observed that the style is much more concise than in the original :

per quatuor dies miserabili incendio conflagravit. Foris ab Anglorum copia Leythi pernoctant. Postero autem die equite, aliisque militibus tam Anglis quam Scotis, tanquam à Edinburgum versus per vicum qui à canonicis nomen habet furiis omnia vastata et diruta fuerunt. Gubernator hoc temprogredientes, sex millibus equitum, qui terrestri itinere Ber-pore Comitem Angusium, D. Maxuellum, ac Georgium Dougvico venerant, se conjungunt. Ad inferiorem urbis portam lasium educi ex custodiis jubet ; exercitum quam accuratissimè Angli tota die levibus præliis a Scotis lacessiti sistere coguntur. cogit, ut Anglos regno ejicint. Quod cum illi cognovissent Repulsi, nocte appetente, se in castra recipiunt ; sequenti die pridie Id. Maii castra movent; aggerem portus Leythi diruunt, ad oppidum jam desertum ab omnibus oppugnandum universi et alios in adverso littore portus, oppidaque incendio consumunt, prodeunt. Portis igitur, quæ clausæ erant, diruptis, in urbem ac naves spoliis onustas in Angliam traducunt. Quasdam irruunt, ac tormentis, qua ex arce prospici potest, dispositis, etiam Scoticas naves, inter quas duæ præcipuæ et insignes erant, obsidionem parant. Interea D. Stanhousius arcis præfectus Salamander et Unicornis dictae, secum auferunt. Id. Maii sol

ormenta bellica displodens, rupta ingenti hostium , vunt. Exercitus, qui terra ducebatur, prima nocte, Setonii machina, Anglos circiter quingentos transverberat. Quam ob castra locat, secunda Dumbarri: tertia Rentoni in Merchia ; rem soluta obsidione, Angli eadem die in varias oppidi partes quarta ad xv Kal. Junii Bervicum pervenit. Scoti hostes inignes injecerunt. Verum illud incendium latius spargere non sequi, infestare, aliquos etiam capere, illos denique ita agitare, poterant ; quod propter assiduam castri ejaculationem ita fue ut toto itineris hujus spatio vix quisquam segregare se à toto rant disturbati, ut coacti pedem in castra retulerint. Postero agmine auderet.' tamen die oppidum summa hostium diligentia inflammatum * Nicolson's Scottish Historical Library, 1736, p. 68

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stition as were erected in churches ought to be pulled temple; and applying the corruption which was at down, as being offensive to good and godly people. that time in Jerusalem to the present estate in the The sermon ended, and the better sort gone to dinner, church, and declaring what was the duty of those to a priest, rather to try men's affections than out of any whom God had given authority and power, he did so devotion, prepared to say mass, opening a great case, incite the auditors, as, the sermon being ended, they wherein was the history of divers saints exquisitely went all and made spoil of the churches, rasing the carved. A young boy that stood by, saying that such monasteries of the Black and Gray Friars to the boldness was unsufferable, the priest gave him a blow. ground. The boy, in an anger, casting a stone at the priest, happened to break one of the pictures, whereupon stir [James VI. and a Refractory Preacher.] was presently raised, some of the common sort falling upon the priest, others running to the altar and break

The king' perceiving by all these letters that the ing the images, so as in a moment all was pulled down

death of his mother was determined, called back his in the church that carried any mark of idolatry. The ambassadors, and at home gave order to the ministers people. upon the noise thereof, assembled in great to remember her in their public prayers : which they numbers, and, invading the cloisters, made spoil of all de

denied to do, though the form prescribed was most they found therein. The Franciscans had store of pro

Christian and lawful ; which was, “That it might vision, both of victuals and household stuff; amongst

| please God to illuminate her with the light of his the Dominicans the like wealth was not found, yet so

truth, and save her froin the apparent danger wherein much there was as might show the profession they

she was cast.' Upon their denial, charges were dimade of poverty to be feigned and counterfeit. The

rected to command all bishops, ministers, and other Carthusians, who passed both these in wealth, were

office-bearers in the church, to make mention of her used in like manner; yet was the prior permitted to

distress in their public prayers, and commend her to take with him what he might carry of gold and silver

God in the form appointed. But of all the number, Mr plate. All the spoil was given to the poor, the rich

David Lindsay at Leith, and the king's own ministers, sort forbearing to meddle with any part thereof. But

gave obedience. At Edinburgh, where the disobedience that which was most admired was the speed they made

was most public, the king, purposing to have their in demolishing these edifices. For the Charterhouse

fault amended, did appoint the 3d of February for (a building of exceeding cost and largeness) was not

solemn prayers to be made in her behalf, commandonly ruined, but the stones and timber so quickly ing the bishop of st Andrews to prepare himsel taken away, as, in less than two days' space, a vestige

s in less than two days' space. a restice that day; which when the ministers understood, they thereof was scarce remaining to be seen. They of stirred up Mr John Cowper, a young man not entered Cupar in Fife, hearing what was done at Perth, went as yet in the function, to take the pulpit before the in like manner to their church, and defaced all the

time, and exclude the bishop. The king coming at images, altars, and other instruments of idolatry;

the hour appointed, and seeing him in the place, which the curate took so heavily, as the night follow

called to him from his seat, and said, “Mr John, that ing he put violent hands on himself.

place was destinate for another ; yet, since you are The noblemen remained at that time in St Andrews ;

there, if you will obey the charge that is given, and and because they foresaw this their answer would not

remember my mother in your prayers, you shall go be well accepted, and feared some sudden attempt

on.' He replying, ‘he would do as the Spirit of God (for the queen with her Frenchmen lay then at Falk

should direct him,' was commanded to leave the land), they sent to the lords of Dun and Pittarrow. place. And making as though he would stay, the and others that favoured religion in the countries of captain of the guard went to pull him out ; whereAngus and Mearns, and requested them to meet at upon he burst forth in these speeches, ‘This day shall St Andrews the 4th day of June. Meanwhile, they

| be a witness against the king in the great day of the themselves went to the town of Crail, whither all

Lord :' and then denouncing a woe to the inhabitants that had warning came, showing great forwardness

of Edinburgh, he went down, and the bishop of St and resolutions; and were not a little encouraged by

Andrews entering the pulpit, did perform the duty John Knox, who, in a serrnon made unto them at the required. The noise was great for a while amongst same time, put them in mind of that he foretold at

the people; but after they were quieted, and had Perth, how there was no sincerity in the Queen Re

heard the bishop (as he was a most powerful preacher) gent's dealing, and that conditions would not be kept,

out of that text to Timothy, discourse of the duty of as they had found. Therefore did he exhort them not

Christians in praying for all men,'-they grieved sore to be any longer deluded with fair promises, seeing

to see their teachers so far overtaken, and condemned there was no peace to be hoped for at their hands, who

their obstinacy in that point. In the afternoon, took no regard of contracts and covenants solemnly

Cowper was called before the council, where Mr Walsworn. And because there would be no quietness till

ter Balcanquel and Mr William Watson, ministers, one of the parties were masters, and strangers expulsed

| accompanying him, for some idle speeches that esout of the kingdom, he wished them to prepare them

caped them, were both discharged from preaching in selves either to die as men, or to live victorious.

Edinburgh during his majesty's pleasure, and Cowper By this exhortation the hearers were so moved, as sent prisoner to Blackness. they fell immediately to the pulling down of altars and images, and destroyed all the monuments which

GEORGE BUCHANAN. were abused to idolatry in the town. The like they did the next day in Anstruther, and from thence came GEORGE BUCHANAN is more distinguished as a directly to St Andrews. The bishop hearing what writer of classical Latinity than for his producthey had done in the coast-towns, and suspecting they tions in the English tongue. He was born in Dumwould attempt the same reformation in the city, came bartonshire in 1506, studied at Paris and St Anto it well accompanied, of purpose to withstand them ; drews, and afterwards acted as tutor to the Earl but after he had tried the affections of the townsmen, of Murray. While so employed, he gave offence and found them all inclining to the congregation, he to the clergy by a satirical poem, and was obliged went away early the next morning towards Falkland to take refuge on the continent, from which he did to the queen.

not return to Scotland till 1560. Though he had That day being Sunday, John Knox preached in embraced the Protestant doctrines, his reception at the parish church, taking for his theme the history of the court of Mary was favourable: he assisted her the Gospel touching our Saviour's purging of the l in her studies, was employed to regulate the uni.

versities, and became principal of St Leonard's said Beist, nor na perfyte Portraict of it, wald beleif college in the university of St Andrews. He joined, sick? thing not to be trew. I will thairfore set furth however, the Earl of Murray's party against the schortlie the Descriptioun of sic an Monsture not lang queen, and was appointed tutor to James VI., whose ago engendrit in Scotland in the Cuntre of Lowthiane, pedantry was probably in some degree the result of not far from Hadingtoun, to that effect that the forme his instructions, and on whom he is said to have knawin, the moist pestiferus Nature of the said Monoccasionally bestowed a hearty whipping. In 1571 sture may be moir easelie evited :2 For this Monsture he violently attacked the conduct and character of being under coverture of a Manis Figure, may easeliar the queen, in a Latin work entitled Detectio Mariæ endommage 3 and wers be eschapit4 than gif it wer Regina. After the assassination of his patron, Regent moir deforme and strange of Face, Behaviour, Schap, Murray, he still continued to enjoy the favour of and Membris. Praying the Reidar to apardoun the the dominant party, whose opinion that the people Febilnes of my waike Spreit and Engyne, gif it can are entitled to judge of and control the conduct of not expreme perfytelie ane strange Creature, maid by their governors, he maintained with great spirit and Nature, other willing to schaw hir greit Strenth,6 or ability in a treatise De Jure Regni, published in 1579. be sum accident turnit be Force frome the common Having by this book offended his royal pupil, he | Trade and Course. spent in retirement the last few years of his life, during which he composed in Latin his well-known

WILLIAM DRUMMOND. • History of Scotland,' published in Edinburgh in 1582, under the title of Rerum Scoticarum Ilistoria.

WILLIAM DRUMMOND of Hawthornden, who has He died in the same year, so poor, that his funeral | already been introduced as an eminent Scottish poet. took place at the public expense. Buchanan's re

wrote several pieces in prose, the chief of which are, putation as a writer of Latin stands very high; the

The History of the Five Jameses, and A Cypress Grove, general excellence of his poetical compositions in

or Philosophical Reflections against the Fear of Death. this language has been already adverted to. As a

In the former, which has very little merit as a historian, his style is held to unite the excellences of historical production, he inculcates to the fullest Livy and Sallust. Like the former, however, he is extent the absolute supremacy of kings, and the sometimes too declamatory, and largely embellishes / duty of passive obedience of subjects. The • Cypress his narrative with fable. If his accuracy and im- |

Lim Grove' is written in a pleasing and solemn strain, partiality,' says Dr Robertson, had been in any and contains much striking imagery; but the audegree equal to the elegance of his taste, and to the thor's reflections are frequently trite, and his posipurity and vigour of his style, his history might tions inconsistent. He thus argues be placed on a level with the most admired compositions of the ancients. But, instead of rejecting

[Against Repining at Death.) the improbable tales of chronicle writers, he was at

If on the great theatre of this earth, amongst the the utmost pains to adorn them; and hath clothed numberless number of men, to die were only proper with all the beauties and graces of fiction, those to thee and thine, then, undoubtedly, thou hadst legends which formerly had only its wildness and

reason to repine at so severe and partial a law: but extravagance.'

since it is a necessity, from which nerer any age byIn those who are accustomed to peruse the ele

past hath been exempted, and unto which they which gant Latin compositions of Buchanan, a specimen of

be, and so many as are to come, are thralled (no his vernacular prose is calculated to excite great consequent of life being more common and familiar), surprise. One exists in a tract called the Chamæleon, why shouldst thou, with unprofitable and noughtwhich he designed as a satire upon the slippery availing stubbornness, oppose so inevitable and nestatesman, Secretary Maitland, of Lethington, whose | cessary a condition? This is the high way of morfinal desertion to the queen's party he could never

tality, and our general home: behold what millions forgive. A glance at this work, or even at the brief | have trode it before thee! what multitudes shall extract from it here subjoined, will suffice to extin after thee, with them which at that same instant run! guish all lamentation for the fact of his other writ | In so universal a calamity (if death be one), private ings being in a dead language. Yet this ungainly complaints cannot be heard: with so many royal strain must have been that of the familiar daily palaces, it is no loss to see thy poor cabin burn. Shall speech of this rival of Horace and of Virgil.

the heavens stay their ever-rolling wheels (for what

is the motion of them but the motion of a swift and [The Chamæleon.)

ever-whirling wheel, which twincth forth, and again

uprolleth our life), and hold still time to prolong thy Thair is a certane kynd of Beist callit Chamæleon,

!, miserable days, as if the highest of their working engenderit in sic Countreis as the Sone hes mair

were to do homage unto thee. Thy death is a pace Strenth in than in this Yle of Brettane, the quhilk?

of the order of this all, a part of the life of this world; albeit it be small of Corporance, noghttheless it is of

for while the world is the world, some creatures must ane strange Nature, the quhilk makis it to be na less die, and others take life. Eternal things are raised celebrat and spoken of than sum Beastig of greittar far above this sphere of generation and corruption, Quantitie. The Proprieties? is marvalous, for quat Thing evir it be applicat to, it semis to be of the

is, for quat | where the first matter, like an ever-flowing and ebbing samyn3 Cullour, and imitatis all Hewis, excepte onelie

| sea, with divers waves, but the same water, keepeth a the Quhyte and Reid; and for this caus anciene

restless and never tiring current ; what is below, in Writtaris commonlie comparis it to ane Flatterare,

the universality of the kind, not in itself doth abide : quhilk imitatis all the haill Maneris of quhome he

man a long line of years hath continued, this man fenzeiss him self to be Freind to, except Quhyte,

erery hundred is swept away. * * This earth is as quhilk is taken to be the Symboll and Tokin gevin

a table-book, and men are the notes ; the first are commonlie in Devise of Colouris to signifie Sempil

washen out, that new may be written in. They who nes and Loyaltie, and Reid signifying Manliness and

fore-went us did leave a room for us ; and should we heroyicall Courage. This Applicatioun being so usit,

grieve to do the same to those who should come after Zit5 peradventure mony that hes rowther sene6 thé

us? Who, being suffered to see the exquisite rarities Such.

More easily avoided.

voided. 3 Damage.. 1 Which. 2 Properties. 8 Same. Whom he feigns * Worse be escaped.

5 Weak spirit and ingine. Yet. • Has neither seen.

* Either willing to show her great strength.

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