Page images
PDF

no man whom God had blessed with more inno- three children, and that his father was a Suffolkman. cent wisdom, more sanctified learning, or a more The date of the first publication of the Resolves' pious, peaceable, primitive temper. He was at one is uncertain; but the second edition appeared in period chaplain and tutor to Prince Charles, with i 1628, and so popular did the book continue during whom he went into exile during the civil war, after the seventeenth century, that it had reached the being deprived of his whole property for his adhe-twelfth edition in 1709. Subsequently, it fell into rence to the royal cause. Bishop Earle was a native oblivion, till reprinted in 1806, by Mr Cumming, of of York, where he was born in 1601; and his the Board of Control. It consists of essays on relideath took place in 1665. His principal work is gious and moral subjects, and seems to derive its entitled Microcosmography, or a Piece of the World name from the circumstance, that the author, who Discorered, in Essays and Characters, published about wrote for his own improvement, generally forms 1628, and which is a valuable storehouse of parti- resolutions at the end of each essay. Both in subculars illustrative of the manners of the tiines.stance and in manner, the work in many places Among the characters drawn are those of an Anti-bears a considerable resemblance to the essays of quary, a Carrier, a Player, a Pot-poet, a University Bacon. Felltham's style is, for the most part, vigoDun, and a Clown. We shall give the last.

rous, harmonious, and well adapted to the subjects;

sometimes imaginative and eloquent, but occasionThe Clown.

ally chargeable with prolixity, superabundance of The plain country fellow is one that manures his illustration, and too great familiarity and looseness ground well, but lets himself lie fallow and untilled. of expression. His sentiments are distinguished by He has reason enough to do his business, and not good sense, and great purity of religious and moral enough to be idle or melancholy. He secins to have , principle. the punishment of Nebuchavinezzar, for his conversation is among beasts, and his talons none of the

[ Jloderation in Grief ] shortest, only he eats not grass, because he loves not I like of Solon's course, in comforting his constant Ballets. His hand guides the plough, and the plough friend ; when, taking him up to the top of a turret, his thoughts, and his ditch and land-mark is the very overlooking all the piled buildings, he bids him think mound of his meditations. He expostulates with his how many discontents there had been in those houses oxen very understandingly, and speaks gee, and ree, since their framing-how many are, and how many better than English. Ilis mind is not much distracted will be: then, if he can, to leave the world's calamiwith objects; but if a good fat cow come in his way, / ties, and mourn but for his own. To mourn for none he stands dumb and astonished, and though his haste else were bardness and injustice. To mourn for all be never so great, will fix here half an hour's con- were endless. The best way is to uncontract the brow, templation. His habitation is some poor thatched and let the world's mad spleen fret, for that we smile roof, distinguished from his barn by the loop-holes in woes. that let out smoke, which the rain had long since Silence was a full answer in that philosopher, that washed through, but for the double ceiling of bacon being asked what he thought of human life, said on the inside, which has hung there from his grand nothing, turned him round, and vanished. sire's time, and is yet to make rashers for posterity. His dinner is his other work, for he sweats at it as

[Limitation of II uman Knowledge.] much as at his labour; he is a terrible fastener on a piece of beef, and you may hope to stare the guard

Learning is like a river, whose head being far in the off sooner. His religion is a part of his copyhold,

į | land, is, at first rising, little, and easily viewed; but, which he takes from his landlord, and refers it wholly

still as you go, it gapeth with a wider bank; not withto his discretion : yet if he give him leave, he is a good

out pleasure and delightful winding, while it is on Christian, to bis power (that is). comes to church in his both sides set with trees, and the beauties of various best clothes, and sits there with his neighbours, where

flowers. But still the further you follow it, the deeper he is capable only of two pravers, for rain and fair

and the broader 'tis ; till at last, it inwaves itself in weather. He apprehends God's blessings only in a

the unfathomed ocean ; there you see more water, but good year, or a fat pasture, and never praises him but

no shore--no end of that liquid fluid vastness. In on good ground. Sunday he esteems a day to make

many things we may sound Nature, in the shallows of merry in, and thinks a bagpipe as essential to it as

her revelations. We may trace her to her second evening prayer, where he walks very solemnly after

causes ; but, beyond them, we meet with nothing but service with his hands coupled behind hiin, and cen

the puzzle of the soul, and the dazzle of the mind's sures the dancing of his parish. Ilis compliment with

dim eyes. While we speak of things that are, that his neighbour is a good thump on the back, and his

we may dissect, and bave power and means to find salutation commonly some blunt curse. lle thinks

the causes, there is some pleasure, some certainty. nothing to be vices but pride and ill husbandry, from

But when we come to metaphysics, to long buried which he will gravely dissuade the youth, and has

antiquity, and unto unrevealed divinity, we are in a

sca, which is deeper than the short reach of the line some thrifty hob-nail proverbs to clout his discourse. He is a niggard all the week, except only market-day,

of man. Much may be gained by studious inquisiwhere, if his corn sell well, he thinks he may be drunk

tion ; but more will ever rest, which man cannot diswith a good conscience. He is sensible of no calamity

cover, but the burning a stack of corn, or the overflowing of

[Against Readiness to Take Offence.] a meadow, and thinks Noah's flood the greatest plague that ever was, not because it drowned the world, but

We make ourselves more injuries than are offered spoiled the grass. For death he is never troubled, and / us ; they many times pass for wrongs in our own if he get in but his harvest beforc, let it come when it thoughts, that were never meant so by the heart of will, he cares not.

him that speaketh. The apprehension of wrong hurts more than the sharpest part of the wrong done. So, by

falsely making ourselves patients of wrong, we beOWEN FELLTHAM.

come the true and first actors. It is not good, in Owen FELLTHAM, the author of a work of great matters of discourtesy, to dive into a man's mind, bemerit, entitled Resoltes ; Divine, Moral, ant Pulitical, yond his own cominent; nor to stir upon a doubtful is a writer of whose personal history nothing what- indignity without it, unless we have proofs that carry ver is known, except that he was one of a fumily of weight and conviction with them. Words do some

es pure

times fly from the tongue that the heart did neither a very little time will change it to a wilderness, anå hatch nor harbour. While we think to revenge an turn that which was before a recreation for men into injury, we many times begin one ; and, after that, a habitation for vermin. Our life is a warfare ; and repent our misconceptions. In things that may have we ought not, while passing through it, to sleep witha double sense, it is good to think the better was in-out a sentinel, or march without a scout. Ile who tended ; so shall we still both keep our friends and neglects either of these precautions, exposes himself quietness.

to surprise, and to becoming a prey to the diligence

and perseverance of his adversary. The mounds of Of being Over-valued.

life and virtue, as well as those of pastures, will decay ; Let me hare but so much wisdom as that I may or- and if we do not repair them, all the beasts of the derly mannge myself and my means, and I shall never field will enter, and tear up everything good which care to be pointed at, with a that is he. I wish not to be grows within them. With the religious and well-dinesteemed wiser than usual ; they that are so do better posed, a slight deviation from wisdom's laws will disin concealing it than in telling the world of it. Iturb the mind's fair peace. Macarins did penance for hold it a greater injury to be over-valued than under; only killing a gmat in anger. Like the Jewish touch for when brought to the touch, the one shall rise with l of things unclean, the least misca praise, while the other shall decline with shame. The fication. Man is like a watch ; if evening and mornformer has more present honour, but less safety: the ing he be not wound up with prayer and circumspeclatter is humbly secure, and what is wanting in re- tion, he is unprofitable and false, or serves to mislead. nown is made up in a better blessing, quiet. There If the instrument be not truly set, it will be harsh is no detraction worse than to over-praise a man : for and out of tune; the diapason dies, when erery string if his worth prore short of what report doth speak does not perform his part. Surely, without a union him, his own actions are ever giving the lie to his to God, we cannot be secure or well. Can he be happy honour.

who from happiness is divided ! To be united to God,

we must be intluenced by his goodness, and strive to Against Detraction.

imitate his perfections, Diligence alone is a good In some dispositions there is such an envious kind patrimony; but neglect will waste the fairest fortune. of pride, that they cannot endure that any but them- One preserves and gathers; the other, like death, is selves should be set forth as excellent ; so that, when the dissolution of all. The industrious bee, by her they hear one justly praised, they will either openly sedulity in summer, lives on honey all the winter. But detract from his virtues, or, if those virtues be like a the drone is not only cast out from the hire, but beaten clear and shining light, eminent and distinguished, so and punished. that he cannot be safely traduced by the tongue, they will then raise a suspicion against him by a myste.

No Man Can be Good to All. rious silence, as if there were something remaining to be told, which over-clouded even his brightest glory.

I nerer yet knew any man so bad, but soine have Surely, if we considered detraction to proceed, as it

thought him honest and atloriled him lore; nor ever does, from envy, and to belong only to deficient minds,

any so good, but some have thought him evil and we should find, that to applaud virtue would procure

hated hiin. Few are so stigmatical as that they are us far more honour, than underhandedly seeking to

not honest to some; and few, again, are so just, as disparage her. The foriner would show that we loved

that they seem not to some unequal : either the ignowhat we commended, while the latter tells the world,

rance, the envy, or the partiality of those that judge, we grudge that in others which we want in ourselves.

do constitute a various man. Nor can a man in hiinIt is one of the basest offices of man to make his self always appear alike to all. In some, nature hath tongue the lash of the worthy. Even if we do know

invested a disparity; in some, report hath fore-blinded of faults in others, I think we can scarcely show our

judgment; and in some, accident is the cause of disselves more nobly virtuous, than in having the charity post

I posing us to love or hate. Or, if not these, the variato conceal them; so that we do not flatter or encou

|tion of the bodies' hunours; or, perhaps, net any of rage them in their failings. But to relate anything

these. The soul is often led by secret motions; and we may know against our neighbour, in his absence. I loves, she knows not why. There are impulsive priis most unbeseeming conduct. And who will not con- Vacies which urge us to a liking, even against the pardemn him as a traitor to reputation and society, who liamental acts of the two Houses, reason, and the tells the private fault of his friend to the public and common sense ; as if there were some hidden beauty, ill-natured world! When two friends part. they of a more magnetic force than all that the eye can see ; should lock up one another's secrets, and exchange and this, too, more powerful at one time than another. their keys. The honest man will rather be a grave to

Undiscovered influences please us now, with what we his neighbour's errors, than in any way expose them.

would sometimes contemin. I have come to the same

man that hath now welcomed me with a free expression Of Neglect.

of love and courtesy, and another time hath lett me

unsaluted at all ; yet, knowing him well, I have been There is the same difference between diligence and certain of his sound atfection, and have found this, neglect, that there is between a garden properly cul- not an intended neglect, but an indisposedness, or a tivated and the slugeard'field which fell under Solo- mind seriously busied within. Occasion reins the mo. mon's view, when overgrown with nettles and thorns. tions of the stirring mind. Like men that walk in The one is clothed with beanty, the other is unplea-their sleep, we are led about, we neither know whither sant and disgusting to the sight. Negligence is the nor how. rust of the soul, that corrodes through all her best reHolutions. What nature made for use, for strength,

Meditation. and ornament, neglect alone converts to trouble, weakness, and deformity. We need only sit still, and dis

Meditation is the soul's perspective glass ; whereby, eascs will arise from the mere want of exercise.

in her long remove, she discerneth God, as if he were How fair soever the soul may be, yet while con

nearer hand. I persuade no man to make it his whole nected with our fleshy nature, it requires continual

life's business. We have bodies as well as souls ; and care and vigilance to prevent its being soiled and dis

even this world, while we are in it, ought sonic what coloured. Take the weeders from the Floruliuin 1 and

to be cared for. As those states are likely to fluurish

where execution follows sound advisements; so is inan, Flower-garden. when contemplation is seconded by actiuni. Contein. plation generates; action propagates. Without the (for I have held him too long), he is a waiking vanity first, the latter is defective ; without the last, the in a new fashion. first is but abortive, and embryous. Saint Bernard I will give you now a taste of his table, which you compares conternplation to Rachel, which was the shall find in a measure furnished (I speak not of the more fair; but action to Leah, which was the more peasant), but not with so full a manner as with us. fruitful. I will neither always be busy, and doing ; Their beef they cut out into such chops, that that nor erer shut up in nothing but thought. Yet that which goeth there for a laudable dish, would be which some would call idleness, I will call the sweetest thought here a university commons, new served from part of my life, and that is, my thinking.

the hatch. A loin of mutton serves amongst them for

three roastings, besides the hazard of making pottage PETER HEYLIN.

with the rump. Fowl, also, they have in good plenty,

especially such as the king found in Scotland ; to say Among those clerical adherents of the king, who, truth, that which they have is sufficient for nature like Bishop Earle, were despoiled of their goods by and a friend, were it not for the mistress or the the parliament, was PETER HEYLIN, born near Ox-kitchen wench. I have heard much fame of the ford in 1600. This industrious writer, who figures French cooks, but their skill lieth not in the neat at once as a geographer, a divine, a poet, and a handling of beef and mutton. They have (as genehistorian, composed not fewer than thirty-seven rally have all this nation) good fancies, and are publications, of which one of the most celebrated special fellows for the making of puff-pastes, and the is his Microcosmus, or a Description of the Great ordering of banquets. Their trade is not to feed the World, first printed in 1621. As a historian, he belly, but the palate. It is now time you were set displays too much of the spirit of a partisan and down, where the first thing you must do is to say biyot, and stands among the defenders of civil and your grace ; private graces are as ordinary there as ecclesiastical tyranny. Ilis works, though now almost private masses, and from thence I think they learned forgotten, were much read in the seventeenth cen them. That done, fall to where you like best ; they tury, and portions of them may still be perused with observe no method in their eating, and if you look for pleasure. After the Restoration, his health suffered a carver, you may rise fasting. When you are risen, so much from disappointment at the neglect of his l if you can digest the sluttishness of the cookery clainis for preferment in the church, that he died (which is most abominable at first sight), I dare trust soon after, in 1662. In a narrative which he pub- you in a garrison. Follow him to church, and there lished of a six weeks' tour to France in 1625. he he will show himself most irreligious and irreverent: gives the following humorous description of

I speak not of all, but the general. At a mass, in

Cordeliers' church in Paris, I saw two French papists, [The Prench.]

even when the most sacred mystery of their faith was

celebrating, break out into such a blasphemous and The present Frerich is nothing but an old Gaul, atheistical laughter, that even an Ethnic would have moulded into a new name: as rash he is, as head- hated it; it was well they were Catholics, otherwise strong, and as hair-brained. A nation whom you some French hothead or other would have sent them shall win with a feather, and lose with a straw; upon laughing to Pluto. the first sight of him, you shall have him as familiar The French language is, indeed, very sweet and deas your sleep, or the necessity of breathing. In one lectable : it is cleared of all harshness, by the cutting hour's conference you may endear him to you, in the and leaving out the consonants, which maketh it fall second unbutton him, the third pumps him dry of all off the tongue very volubly ; yet, in my opinion, it is his secrets, and he gives them you as faithfully as if rather elegant than copious ; and, therefore, is much you were his ghostly father, and bound to conceal troubled for want of words to find out paraphrases. It them sub sigillo confessionis'- [* under the seal of expresseth very much of itself in the action; the head, confession'] ; when you have learned this, you may body, and shoulders, concur all in the pronouncing of lay him aside, for he is no longer serviceable. If it; and he that hopeth to speak it with a good grace, you have any humour in holding him in a further must have something in him of the mimic. It is enacquaintance (a favour which he confesseth, and I riched with a full number of significant proverbs, believe him, he is unworthy of), himself will make which is a great help to the French humour in scoffing; the first separation: he båth said over his lesson and very full of courtship, which maketh all the now unto you, and now must find out somebody else people complimental. The poorest cobbler in the vilto whom to repeat it. Fare him well; he is a gar- lage hath his court cringes, and his eau benite de cour; ment whom I would be loath to wear above two days bis court holy-water as perfectly as the prince of together, for in that time he will be threadbare. Condé.

Familiare est hominis omnia sibi remittere'- [ It is usual for men to overlook their own faults'), saith

[French Love of Dancing.] Velleius of all; it holdeth most properly in this At my being there, the sport was dancing, an exerpeople. He is very kind-hearted to himself, and cise much used by the French, who do naturally thinketh himself as free from wants as he is full ; so affect it. And it seems this natural inclination is so much he hath in him the nature of a Chinese, that he strong and deep rooted, that neither age nor the abthinketh all men blind but himself. In this private sence of a smiling fortune can prerail against it. For self-conccitedness he hateth the Spaniard, loveth not on this dancing green there assembleth not only youth the English, and contemneth the German ; himself is and gentry, but also age and begyary ; old wives, the only courtier and complete gentleman, but it is which could not set foot to ground without a crutch his own glass which he seeth in. Out of this conceit in the streets, had here taught their feet to amble; of his own excellency, and partly out of a shallowness you would have thought, by the cleanly conveyance of brain, he is very liable to exceptions; the least and carriage of their bodies, that they had been distaste that can be draweth his sword, and a minute's troubled with the sciatica, and yet so eager in the pause sheatheth it to your hand; afterwards, if you sport, as if their dancing-days should never be done. beat him into better manners. he shall take it kindly. Some

Some there was so ra

iard would and cry, serriteur. In this one thing they are wonder- almost have shaken them into nakedness, and they, fully like the devil; meekness or submission makes also, most violent to have their carcasses directed in a thein insolent ; a little resistance putteth them to measure. To have attempted the staying of them at their hecls, or makes them your spaniels. In a word | home, or the persuading of them to work when they

heard the fiddle, had been a task too unwieldy for by the publication of a Latin work on the idolatry Hercules. In this mixture of age and condition, did of the Syrians, and more especially on the heathen we observe them at their pastime; the rags being so deities mentioned in the Old Testament. In his next interwoven with the silks, and wrinkled brows so in- performance, A History of Tithes (1618), by leaning terchangeably mingled with fresh beauties, that you would have thought it to have been a mummery of fortunes ; as for those of both sexes which were altogether past action, they had caused themselves to be carried thither in their chairs, and trod the measures with their eyes.

[graphic]

[Holland and its Inhabitants.]

The country for the most part lieth very low, Wusomuch that they are fain to fence it with banks and ramparts, to keep out the sea, and to restrain rivers within their bounds : so that in many places one may see the sea far above the land, and yet repulsed with those banks : and is withal so fenny and full of marshes, that they are forced to trench it with innumerable dikes and channels, to make it firm land and fit for dwelling ; yet not so firm to bear either trees or much grain. But such is the industry of the people, and the trade they drive, that having little or no corn of their own growth, they do provide themselves elsewhere ; not only sufficient for their own spending, but wherewith to supply their neighbours : having no timber of their own, they spend more timber in building ships, and fencing their watercourses, than any country in the world : having no wine, they drink more than the people of the country where it groweth naturally ; and, finally, having neither flax nor wool, they make more cloth, of both sorts, than in all the countries in the world, except France and England.

The present inhabitants are generally given to seafaring lives, so that it is thought that in Holland, Zealand, and West Friesland, there are 2500 ships of war to the side of those who question the divine right of and burden ; the women for the most part laborious the church to that fund, he gave great offence to the in making stuffs. Nay, you will hardly see a child of clergy, at whose instigation the king summoned the four years of age that is not kept to work, and made author to his presence and reprimanded him. He to earn its own living, to the great commendation of was, moreover, called before several members of the their government. The greatest of their natural formidable high commission court, who extracted commodities is butter and cheese ; of which, besides from him a written declaration of sorrow for what that infinite plenty which they spend in their own he had done, without, however, any retraction of his houses, and amongst their garrisons, they sell as much opinion. Several replies appeared, but to these he unto other countries as comes to ten thousand crowns was not allowed to publish a rejoinder. During the per annum. By which means, and by the greatness subsequent part of his life, Selden showed but little of their fish trade, spoken of before, they are grown so respect for his clerical contemporaries, whose conwealthy on the land, and so powerful at sea, that as duct he deemed arrogant and oppressive. Nor did Flanders heretofore was taken for all the Netherlands, he long want an opportunity of showing that civil 80 now Holland is taken generally for all the pro- | tyranny was as little to his taste as ecclesiastical vinces confederated in a league against the Spaniard. being consulted by the parliament in 1621, on occa

sion of the dispute with James concerning their JOHN SELDEN.

powers and privileges, he spoke so freely on the po

pular side, and took so prominent a part in drawing One of the most learned writers, and at the same up the spirited protestation of parliament, that he time conspicuous political characters of the time, suffered a short confinement in consequence of the was JOHN SELDEN, a lawyer of active and vigorous royal displeasure. As a member of parliament, both character. He was born of reputable parentage in in this and in the subsequent reign, he continued 1584. After being educated at Chichester and Ox- | to defend the liberty of the people, insomuch that ford, he studied law in London, and published in on one occasion he was committed to the Tower on the Latin language, between 1607 and 1610, seve | the charge of sedition. In 1640, when the Long ral historical and antiquarian works relative to his Parliament met, he was unanimously elected one of native country. These acquired for him, besides the representatives of Oxford university; but though considerable reputation, the esteem and friendship still opposing the abuses and oppressions of which of Camden, Spelman, Sir Robert Cotton, Ben Jon- | the people complained, he was averse to extreme son, Browne, and also of Drayton, to whose ‘Poly- | measures, and desirous to prevent the power of the olbion' he furnished notes. By Milton he is spoken of | sword from falling into the hands of either party. as the chief of learned men reputed in this land.'| Finding his exertions to ward off a civil war unavailHis largest English work, A Treatise on Titles ofing, he seems to have withdrawn himself as much as Honour, was published in 1614, and still continues a possible from public life. While in parliament, he standard authority respecting the degrees of nobility constantly employed his influence in behalf of learnand gentry in England, and the origin of such dis- ing and learned men, and performed great services to tinctions in other countries. In 1617 his fame was both universities. In 1643 he was appointed keeper greatly extended, both at home and on the continent, I of the records in the Tower. Meanwhile, his politi

cal occupations were not suffered to divert his mind to the language of antiquity ; but in his conversa. altogether from literary pursuits. Besides an action he was the most clear discourser, and had the count, published in 1628, of the celebrated Arunde- best faculty of making hard things easy, and present

ing them to the understanding, that hath been known. Mr Hyde was wont to say, that he valued himself upon nothing more than upon having had Mr Sel. den's acquaintance from the time he was very young, and held it with great delight as long as they were suffered to continue together in London; and he was much troubled always when he heard him blamed. censured, and reproached, for staying in London, and in the parliament after they were in rebellion, and in the worst times, which his age obliged him to do; and how wicked soever the actions were which were every day done, he was confident he had not given his consent to them, but would have hindered them if he could with his own safety, to which he was always enough indulgent. If he had some infir

mities with other men, they were weighed down House of Selden at Salvington, Sussex.

with wonderful and prodigious abilities and excel

lences in the other scale.' lian marbles, which had been brought from Greece

Many of the apophthegms to be found in Selden's the previous year,* he gave to the world various

• Table Talk' are exceedingly acute; many of them works on legal and ecclesiastical antiquities, parti

are humorous; while some einbody propositions cularly those of the Jewish nation; and also an ela

which, though uttered in familiar conversation, he borate Latin treatise in support of the right of probably would not have seriously maintained. As British dominion over the circumjacent seas. This might be expected, satirical remarks on the clergy last appeared in 1635, and found great favour with

abound, and there are displays also of that cautious all parties. A defence of it against a Dutch writer spirit which distinguished him throughout his career. was the last publication before his death-an event | Marriage, for example, he characterises as 'a despewhich took place in 1654. His friend Archbishop

| rate thing: the frogs in Æsop were extreme wise; Usher preached his funeral serion, and his valuable

they had a great mind to some water, but they library was added by his executors to the Bodleian at

would not leap into the well, because they could Oxford. After his death, a collection of his sayings, I not get out again. The following are additional entitled Table Talk, was published by his amanuensis,

extracts from the · Table Talk :'-who states that he enjoyed for twenty years the opportunity of hearing his employer's discourse, and

Eril Speaking. was in the habit of committing faithfully to writing 'the excellent things that usually fell from him.' 1. He that speaks ill of another, commonly before It is more by his • Table Talk' than by the works he is aware, makes himself such a one as he speaks published in his life-time, that Selden is now gene- against ; for if he had civility or breeding, he would rally known as a writer ; for though he was a man of forbear such kind of language. great talent and learning, his style was deficient in 2. A gallant man is above ill words. An example we ease and grace, and the class of subjects which he have in the old lord of Salisbury, who was a great wise chose was one little suited to the popular taste. The man, stone had called some lord about court fool; following eulogy of him by Lord Clarendon, whose the lord complains, and has stone whipped ; S politics were opposite to his, proves how highly cries, I might have called my lord of Salisbury fool he was respected by all parties : He was a person

often enough, before he would have had me whipped.' whom no character can flatter, or transmit any

3. Speak not ill of a great enemy, but rather give expressions equal to his merit and virtue. He was

him good words, that he may use you the better, if

you chance to fall into his hands. The Spaniard did of so stupendous a learning in all kinds and in all languages (as may appear in his excellent writings),

this when he was dying; his confessor told him, to that a man would have thought he had been entirely

work him to repentance, how the devil tormented the conversant amongst books, and had never spent an

wicked that went to hell; the Spaniard replying, called hour but in reading and writing; yet his humanity,

the devil, my lord: 'I hope my lord the devil is not affability, and courtesy, were such, that he would

80 cruel.' His confessor reproved him. 'Excuse me,'

host said the Don, 'for calling him so ; I know not into what have been thought to have been bred in the best courts, but that his good-nature, charity, and de

hands I may fall; and if I happen into his, I hope light in doing good, exceeded that breeding. His

he will use me the better for giving him good words.' style in all his writings seems harsh, and sometimes

Humility. obscure, which is not wholly to be imputed to the abstruse subjects of which he commonly treated, out 1. Humility is a virtue all preach, nane practise, of the paths trod by other men, but to a little under- and yet everybody is content to hear. The master valuing the beauty of style, and too much propensity thinks it good doctrine for his servant, the laity for

| the clergy, and the clergy for the laity. * Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, who was a zealous 2. There is humilitas quedam in vitio. If a man patron of the fine arts, sent agents into Italy and Greece to does not take notice of that excellency and perfection collect and transmit to England interesting remains of anti-that is in himself, how can he be thankful to God, quity. Among other relics so procured were the above-men- who is the author of all excellency and perfection! tioned marbles, brought by Mr (afterwards Sir William) Petty Nay, if a man hath too mean an opinion of himself, from Smyrna, and on which were found certain Greek inscrip- it will render him unserviceable both to God and man. tions including that called the Parian Chronicle, from its

1 3. Pride may be allowed to this or that degree, else being supposed to have been made in the isle of Paros, about

a man cannot keep up his dignity. In gluttous there 263 years before Christ. This Chronicle, by furnishing the

must be eating, in drunkenness there inust be drinkdates of many events in ancient history, proved of very great use in chronological investigations.

1 Such a thing as a faulty excess of humility.

[ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »