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suspicion of its having been occasioned by his for Adam's holiday hose and doublet were of no better own hand. In his epitaph at Oxford, written by stuff than plain fig-leaves, and Eve's best gown of the

same piece ; there went but a pair of shears between them. An antiquary of this town has yet some of the powder of those leaves to show, Tailors then were none of the twelve companies; their hall, that now is larver than some dorfes among the Netherlanders, was then no bigger than a Dutch butcher's shop : they durst not strike down their customers with large bills : Adam cared not an apple-paring for their lousy henis. There was then neither the Spanish slop, nor the skipper's galligaskin, nor the Danish sleeve, nor the French standing collar : your treblequadruple ruffs, nor your stiff-necked rabatos, that have more arches for pride than can stand under five London bridges, durst not then set themselves out in point ; for the patent for starch could by no means be signed. Fashion was then counted a discase, and horses died of it; but now, thanks to folly, it is held the only rare physic, and the purest golden asses live

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[How a Gallant should behave himself in Paul's Walks." ]

He that would strive to fashion his legs to his silk stockings, and his proud gait to his broad garters, let him whiff down these observations : for, if he once get to walk by the book, and I see no reason but he may. as well as fight by the book, Paul's may be proud of him ; Will Clarke shall ring forth encomiums in his honour; John, in Paul's churchyard, shall fit his head for an excellent block; whilst all the inns of court rejoice to behold his most handsome calf.

Your mediterranean isle is then the only gallery, wherein the pictures of all your true fashionate and complimental gulls are, and ought to be hung up.

Into that gallery carry your neat body; but take heed Tomb of Burton, in the Cathedral.

you pick out such an hour, when the main shoal of himself, he is described as having lived and died by islanders are swimming up and down. And first obmelancholy.

serve your doors of entrance, and your exit ; not much

unlike the players at the theatres ; keeping your deTHOMAS DEKKER.

corums, even in fantasticality. As, for example, if

you prore to be a northern gentleman, I would wish It may be observed, that there was no absolute;

you to pass through the north door, more often espewant of the lighter kind of prose during this age. :

cially than any of the other; and so, according to Several of the dramatists and others amused them- |

your countries, take note of your entrances. selves by throwing off small works of a satirical and

Now for your venturing into the walk. Be circumhumorous cast, but all of them in a style so far from

spect, and wary what pillar you come in at; and take pure or elegant, and so immediately referring to be

heed in any case, as

ovet passing manners, that they have, with hardly an honour

honour, that you avoid the serving-man's log, and exception, sunk into oblivion. THOMAS DEKKER,

Ni approach not within five fathom of that pillar; but who has already been spoken of as a writer of plays,

plays, bend your course directly in the middle line, that the produced no fewer than fourteen works of this kind.

ind. whole body of the church may appear to be yours; În one, entitled The Gull's Hornbook, published in

where, in view of all, you may publish your suit in 1609, he assumes the character of a guide to the

| what manner you affect most, either with the slide of fashionable follies of the town, but only with the

rith the your cloak from the one shoulder; and then you design of exposing them to ridicule. The following

owing | must, as 'twere in anger, suddenly snatch at the extracts may serve as specimens of the light writing middle of the inside, if it be taffeta at the least; and of the period :

so by that means your costly lining is betrayed, or

else by the pretty advantage of compliment. But [Against Fine Clothes.)

one note by the way do I especially woo you to, the

neglect of which makes many of our gallants cheap Good clothes are the embroidered trappings of

H and ordinary, that by no means you be seen abore pride, and good cheer the very root of gluttony. Did

four turns ; but in the fifth make yourself away, either man, think you, come wrangling into the world about

in some of the semsters' shops, the new tobacco no better matters, than all his lifetime to make privy

office, or amongst the booksellers, where, if you cannot searches in Birchin Lane for whalebone doublets, or for pies of nightingales' tongues in Heliogabalus his

read, cxercise your smoke, and inquire who has writ

against this divine weed, &c. For this withdrawing kitchen! No, no; the first suit of apparel that ever mortal man put on, came neither from the mercer's

yourself a little will much benefit your suit, which shop nor the merchant's warehouse : Adam's bill

else, by too long walking, would be stale to the whole would have been taken then, sooner than a knight's

spectators: but howsoever, if Paul's jacks be once up

with their elbows, and quarrelling to strike eleven; bond now; yet was he great in nobody's books for Batin and velvets. The silk-worms had something

as soon as ever the clock has parted them, and ended else to do in those days than to set up loons, and be

the fray with his hammer, let not the duke's gallery free of the weavers. His breeches were not so much

contain you any longer, but pass away apace in open worth as King Stephen's, that cost but a poor poble ;/ * St Paul's Cathedral was then a public promenade.

view; in which departure, if by chance you either ineans, am less cheerful and confident ; reason and encounter, or aloof off throw your inquisitive eye upon faith have not done so much in me, as in thee mere any knight or squire, being your familiar, salute him instinct of nature ; want of foresight makes thee more not by his name of Sir such-a-one, or so ; but call him inerry if not inore happy here, than the foresight of Ned, or Jack, &c. This will set off your estimation better things maketh me. with great men; and if, though there be a dozen coin O God, thy providence is not impaired by those panies between you, 'tis the better, he call aloud to powers thou hast given me above these brute things ; you, for that is most genteel, to know where he shall | let not my greater helps hinder me from a holy find you at two o'clock; tell him at such an ordinary, security, and comfortable reliance on thee. or such; and be sure to name those that are dearest, and whither none but your gallants resort. After

l'pon the Kindling of a Charcoal Fire. dinner you may appear again, having translated your

There are not many creatures but do naturally self out of your English cloth cloak into a light

affect to diffuse and enlarge themselves ; fire and Turkey groyrain, if you have that happiness of shift

water will neither of them rest contented with their ling; and then be seen, for a turn or two, to correct

own bounds ; those little sparks that I see in those U your teeth with some quill or silver instrument, and

coals, how they spread and enkindle their next brands! !! to cleanse your gums with a wrought handkerchief :

It is thus morally both in good and evil ; either of it skills not whether you dined, or no; that is best

them dilates itself to their neighbourhood ; but espeknown to your stomach, or in what place you dined;

cially this is so much more apparent in evil, by how though it were with cheese, of your own mother's

much we are inore apt to take it. Let but some spark making, in your chamber, or study.

of heretical opinion be let fall upon some unstable,

proud, busy spirit, it catcheth instantly, and fires JOSEPH HALL.

the next capable subject ; they two have easily inJOSEPI ILAL. bishop of Norwich, whose poetical flamed a third ; and now the more society the more satires have already been mentioned, was the author speed and advantage of a public combustion. When of many controversial tracts in defence of episcopacy; we see the church on a flaine, it is too late to complain and, like many other churchmen, he suffered for his of the flint and steel ; it is the holy wisdom of supeopinions during the ascendancy of the Presbyterians. riors to prerent the dangerous attritions of stubborn He published also a variety of sermons, meditations, and wrangling spirits, or to quench their first sparks epistles, paraphrases, and other pieces of a similar

in the tinder. character. This distinguished prelate died in 1656.

But why should not grace and truth be as success. From the pithy and sententious quality of his style,

ful in dilating itself to the gaining of many hearts? he has been called the English Seneca' many | Certainly these are in themselves more winning if parts of his prose writings have the thought, feel

our corruption had not made us indisposed to good : ing, and melody of the finest poetry. The most

0 God, out of a holy envy and eniulation at the popular of his works is that entitled Occasional Me

speed of evil, I shall labour to enkindle others with ditations, a few extracts from which are here sub- / these heavenly flames; it shall not be my fault if they joined.

spread not. l'pon the Sight of a Tree Full-blossomed.

l'pon the Sight of two Snails. Here is a tree overlaid with blossoms ; it is not

There is much variety even in croatures of the saine possible that all these should prosper; one of them

kind. See there, two snails; one hath an house, the must needs rob the other of moisture and growth; I

hill other wants it; yet both are snails, and it is a ques.

tion, whether case is the better: that which hath a do not love to see an infancy over-hopeful ; in these

house hath more shelter, but that which wants it hath pregnant beginnings one faculty starves another, and at last leaves the mind sapless and barren : as, there

more freedom; the privilege of that cover is but a

burden ; you see, if it hath but a stone to climb over, fore, we are wont to pull off some of the too frequent

with what stress it draws up that beneficial load ; and blossoms, that the rest may thrive, so, it is good wis

if the passage prove strait, finds no entrance; whereas dom to moderate the early excess of the parts, or progress of orer-forward childhood. Neither is it other

the empty snail makes no difference of way. Surely wise in our Christian profession ; a sudden and lavish

it is always an ease and sometimes a happiness to :

have nothing; no man is so worthy of envy as he that ostentation of grace inay fill the eye with wonder,

can be cheerful in want. and the mouth with talk, but will not at the last fill the lap with fruit. Let me not promise too much, nor raise too high

l'pon Hearing of Music by Night. expectations of my undertakings ; I had rather men How sweetly doth this music sound in this dead should complain of my small hopes than of my short season! In the day-time it would not, it could not, performances.

80 much affect the ear. All harmonious sounds are

advanced by a silent darkness; thus it is with the Upon Occasion of a Red-breast coming into his Chamber. plad tidings of salvation ; the gospel never sounds so

sweet as in the night of preservation, or of our own Pretty bird, how cheerfully dost thou sit and sing, lo

ing, private affliction; it is ever the same, the difference and yet knowest not where thou art, nor where thou

| is in our disposition to receive it. O God, whose shalt make thy next meal ; and at night must shroud

I praise it is to give songs in the night, make my prothyself in a bush for lodging! What a shame is it

sperity conscionable, and my crosses cheerful. for me, that sec before me so liberal provisions of my God, and find myself sit warm under my own roof,

Upon the Sight of an Owl in the Twilight. yet am ready to droop under a distrustful and unthankful dulness. Had I so little certainty of my What a strange melancholic life doth this crcature harbour and purveyance, how heartless should I be, lead; to hide her head all the day long in an ivy how careful ; how little list should I have to make bush, and at night, when all other birds are at rest, music to thee or myself! Surely thou comest not to fly abroad, and vent her harsh notes. I know not hither without a providence. God sent thee not so why the ancients have sacred this bird to wisdom, exmuch to delight, as to shame me, but all in a convic-cept it be for her safe closeness and singular perspi.. tion of my sullen unbelief, who, under more apparent I cuity ; that when other domestical and airy creatures.

275

are blind, she only hath inward light, to discern the Now, there is no more betraying, agonies, arraign. least objects for her own advantage. Surely thus ments, scourgings, scothing, crucifying, conflicts, termuch wit they have taught us in her ; that he is the rors ; all is finished.' Alas! beloved, and will we wisest man that would have least to do with the mul- not let the Son of God be at rest ? Do we now again titude ; that no life is so safe as the obscure ; that re. go about to fetch him out of his glory, to scorn and tiredness, if it have less comfort, yet has less danger crucify him! I fear to say it: God's spirit dare and and vexation ; lastly, that he is truly wise who sees doth ; . They crucify again to themselves the Son of by a light of his own, when the rest of the world sit God, and make a mock of him :' to themselves, not in an ignorant and confused darkness, unable to ap- in himself; that they cannot, it is no thank to them; prchend any truth, save by the helps of an outward they would do it. See and consider : the notoriously illumination.

sinful conversations of those that should be Christians, Had this fowl come forth in the day-time, how had offer violence unto our glorified Saviour ; they stretch all the little birds flocked wondering about her, to see their hand to hcaren, and pull bim down from his her uncouth visage, to hear her untuned notes; she likes throne to his cross ; they tear him with thorns, pierce her estate never the worse, but pleaseth herself in her hiin with nails, load him with reproaches. Thou own quiet reservedness; it is not for a wise man to be hatest the Jews, spittest at the name of Judas, railest much affected with the censures of the rude and un-on Pilate, condemnest the cruel butchers of Christ; skilful rulgar, but to hold fast unto his own well- yet thou canst blaspheme, and swear him quite over, chosen and well-fixed resolutions ; every fool knows curse, swagger, lie, oppress, boil with lust, scoff, what is wont to be done; but what is best to be done,

and livest like a debauched man ; yea, like a human is known only to the wise.

beast ; yea, like an unclcan devil. Cry Hosanna as

long as thou wilt ; thou art a Pilate, a Jew, a Judas, l'pon the sight of a Great Library.

an executioner of the Lord of life ; and so much

greater shall thy judgment be, by how much thy light What a world of wit is here packed up together! I

and his glory is more. Oh, beloved, is it not enough know not whether this sight doth more dismay or

that he died once for us! Were those pains so light, coinfort me; it dismays me to think, that here is so

that we should every day redouble them! Is this the much that I cannot know ; it comforts me to think

entertainment that so gracious a Saviour hath dethat this variety yields so good helps to know what I

what 'served of us by dying Is this the recompense of should. There is no truer word than that of Solomon that infinite love of his that thou shouldest thus -there is no end of making many books; this sight cruelly vex and wound him with thy sins! Every Ferifies it--there is no end ; indeed, it were pity there of our sins is a thorn, and nail, and spear to him ; should ; God hath given to man a busy soul, the agi- | while thou pourest down thy drunken carouses, thou tation whereof cannot but through time and expe

givest thy Saviour a portion of gall ; while thou derience work out many hidden truths; to suppress

spisest his poor servants, thou spittest on his face ; these would be no other than injurious to mankind, while thou puttest on thy proud dresses, and liftest whose minds, like unto so many candles, should be

up thy vain heart with high conceits, thou settest a kindled by each other : the thoughts of our delibera- crown of thorns on his head ; while thou wringest and tion are most accurate; these we vent into our papers;

oppressest his poor children, thou whippest him, and what a happiness is it, that, without all oflence of drawest blood of his hands and feet. Thou hypocrite, necromancy, I may here call up any of the ancient | how darest thou offer to receive the sacrament of God worthies of learning, whether hunan or divine, and

with that hand which is thus imbrued with the blood confer with them of all my doubts !-that I can at of hin whom thou receivest! In every ordinary thy pleasure summon whole synods of reverend fathers,

profane tongue walks, in the disgrace of the religious and acute doctors, from all the coasts of the earth, to

and conscionable. Thou niakest no scruple of thine gire their well-studied judgments in all points of

own sinx, and scornest those that do; not to be wicked, question which I propose ! Neither can I cast my

is crime enough. Hicar him that saith, “Saul, Saul, eye casually upon any of these silent masters, but I

why persecutest thou met Saul strikes at Damascus; must learn soinen hat: it is a wantonness to complain Christ sutiers in heaven. Thou strikest ; Christ Jesus of choice.

smartcth, and will revenge. These are the afterings No law binds me to read all; but the more we can

of Christ's sufferings. In himself it is finished ;' in take in and digest, the better liking must the mind's his members it is not, till the world be finished. We needs be: blessed be God that hath set up so many must toil, and croan. and bleed, that we may reign : clear lamps in his church.

if he had not done so, 'It had not been finished.' Now, none but the wilfully blind can plead dark- | This is our warfare ; this is the religion of our sorrow ness; and blessed be the memory of those his faithful and death. Now are we set upon the sandy pavement servants, that have left their blood, their spirits, their l of our theatre, and are inatched with all sorts of evils : lives, in these precious rapers, and have willingly evil men, evil spirits, evil accidents, and, which is wasted themselves into these during monuments, to worst, our own evil hearts ; temptations, crosses, pergive light unto others.

secutions, sicknesses, warts, infamies, death : all The sermons of Bishop Mall display an uncom- these must in our courses be encountered by the law monly rapid and vehcment species of eloquence, well of our profession. What should we d) but strive and fitted to arouse and impress even the most listless suffer, as our general hath done, that we may reign audience. As a specimen, we give the following as he doth, and once triumph in our Consummatuon extract from a discourse on the text, . It is finished,' est !! God and his angels sit upon the scaffolds preached at Paul's Cross, on Good Friday, 1009. of heaven, and behold us: our crowo is ready ; our

day of deliverance shall come ; yea, ur redemption (Christ Crucified Afresh by Sinners.]

is near, when all tears shall be wiped from our eyes, Behold, this storm, wherewith all the powers of

and we that have sown in tears shall reap in joy. In the world were shaken, is now over.

the incan time, let us possess our souls not in patience

The elders, Pharisees, Judas, the soldiers, priests, witnesses,

only, but in comfort : let us adore and magnify our

Saviour in his sufferings, and imitate him in our own. judges, thieves, executioners, devils, have all tired

Our sorrows shall have an end ; our joys shall not : themselves in vain with their own malice ; and he triumphs over them all, upon the throne of his cross : 1

our pains shall soon be finished ; our glory shall be his enemies are vanquished, his Father satisfied, his

finished, but never ended. soul with this world at rest and glory; * It is finished.'

I It is finished

The writing of characters was a favourite species yet ever in pretence of love. No news can stir but by of composition among the authors of this period. his door ; neither can he know that which he must How successfully Bishop Hall could portray human not tell. What every man ventures in a Guiana nature, will appear from his character of

voyage, and what they gained, he knows to a hair.

Whether Holland will have peace, he knows ; and on The Hypocrite.

what conditions, and with what success, is familiar to An hypocrite is the worst kind of player, by so much him, ere it be concluded. No post can pass him withthat he acts the better part ; which hath always two

out a question; and, rather than he will lose the news, faces, ofttimes two hearts ; that can compose his fore

he rides back with him to apposel him of tiding; head to sadness and gravity, while he bids his heart and then to the next man he meets he supplies the be wanton and careless within, and, in the mean time, wants of his hasty intelligence, and makes up a laughs within himself to think how smoothly he hath fect tale ; wherewith he so haunteth the patient cozened the beholder. In whose silent face are written auditor, that, after many excuses, he is fain to endure the characters of religion, which his tongue and ges

| rather the censures of his manners in running away, tures pronounce, but his hands recant. That hath a

than the tediousness of an impertinent discourse. clean face and garment, with a foul soul ; whose mouth

llis speech is oft broken off with a succession of long belies his heart, and his fingers bely his mouth. / parentheses, which he ever vows to fill up ere the conWalking early up into the city, he turns into the

clusion ; and perhaps would effect it, if the other's great church, and salutes one of the pillars on one

ear were as unweariable as his tongue. If he see but knee, worshipping that God which at home he cares

two men talk, and read a letter in the street, he runs not for, while his eye is fixed on some window or some

to them, and asks if he may not be partner of that passenger, and his heart knows not whither his lips vo. secret relation ; and if they deny it, he offers to tell, lle rises, and, looking about with adıniration, com- | since he may not hear, Wonders ; and

since he may not hear, wonders ; and then falls upon plains of our frozen charity, commends the ancient. the report of the Scottish mine, or of the great fish At church he will ever sit where he may be geen best. taken up at Lynn, or of the freezing of the Thames ; and in the midst of the scrmon pulls out his tables in

and, after many thanks and disinissions, is hardly haste, as if he feared to lose that note; when he writes

intreated silence. He undertakes as much as he either his forgotten errand, or nothing. Then he turns

performs little. This man will thrust himself forward his Bible with a noise, to seek an omitted quotation,

to be the guide of the way he knows not ; and calls and folds the leaf as if he had found it, and asks aloud

at his neighbour's window, and asks why his servants the name of the preacher, and repeats it, whom he

and repeate it whom he are not at work. The market hath no commodity publicly salutes, thanks, praises in an honest mouth.

which he prizeth not, and which the next table shall He can command tears when he speaks of his youth,

not hear recited. His tongue, like the tail of Sampindeed, because it is past, not because it was sinful: son's foxes, carries firebrands, and is enough to set himself is now better, but the times are worse.Authe whole field of the world on a flame. Himself other sins he reckons up with detestation, while he begins table-talk of his neighbour at another's board, loves and hides his darling in his bosom ; all bis to whom he bears the first news, and adjures hin to speech returns to himself, and every occurrent draws

conceal the reporter: whose choleric answer he returns in a story to his own praise. When he should give,

to his first host, enlarged with a second edition : so, he looks about hiin, and says, Who sces me! no alms

as it uses to be done in the fight of unwilling mastiffs, nor prayers fall from him without a witness ; belike

he claps each on the side apart, and provokes theni lest God should deny that he hath received thein ;

to an eager conflict. There can no act pass without his and when he hath done (lest the world should not coinment ; which is ever far-fetched, rash, suspicious, know it), his own mouth is his trumpet to proclaim it.

dilatory. His ears are long, and his eyes quick, but With the superfluity of his usury he builds an hos

most of all to imperfections ; which, as he easily sees, pital, and harbours them whom his extortion hath

so he increases with intermeduling. He harbours spoiled ; so when he makes many beggars, he keeps

another man's servant ; and, amidst his entertainsome. He turneth all gnats into camels, and cares

ment, asks what fare is usual at home, what hours not to undo the world for a circumstance. Flesh on are kept, what talk passeth at their meals, what his

iday is more abominable to him than his nejch master's disposition is, what his government, what bour's bed; he abhors more not to uncover at the

his guests : and when he hath, by curious inquiries, name of Jesus than to swear by the name of God.

extracted all the juice and spirit of hoped intelliWhen a rhymer reads his poem to him, he begs a

gence, turns him off whence he came, and works on a copy, and persuades the press. There is nothing that

new. He hates constancy, as an earthen dulness, he dislikes in presence, that in absence he censures

unfit for men of spirit ; and loves to change his work not. He comes to the sick bed of his step-mother and and his place: neither yet can he be so soon weary of weeps, when he secretly fears her recovery. He greets

any place, as every place is weary of him : for, as he his friend in the street with a clear countenance, so

sets himself on work, so others pay him with hatred ; fast a closure, that the other thinks he reads his heart

I and look, how many masters he hath, so many enein his face ; and shakes hands with an indefinite invi

mies ; neither is it possible, that any should not hate tation of-When will you come? and when his back

him, but who know him not. So, then, he labourg is turned, joys that he is so well rid of a guest ; yet if

without thanks, talks without credit, lives without that guest visit him unfcared, he counterfeits a smiling

love, dies without tears, without pity--save that welcome, and excuses his cheer, when closely he frowns

some say, 'It was pity he died no sooner.' on his wife for too much. He shows well, and says well, and himself is the worst thing he hath. In brief,

SIR THOMAS OVERBURY. he is the stranger's saint, the neighbour's disease, the SIR THOMAS OVERBURY was another witty and blot of goodness, a rotten stick in a dark night, the ingenious describer of characters. He at one time popry in a corn field, an ill-tempered candle with a

was an intimate associate of Robert Car, the mi. great snuff, that in going out smells ill; an angel nion of James I. ; but having opposed the favourabroad, a deril at home; and worse when an angel than

ite's marriage with the infamous Countess of Essex, when a devil.

he incurred the hatred of the abandoned pair, and The Busy-Body.

| through their influence was confined and poisoned

in the Tower. The way in which this murder was His estate is too narrow for his mind; and, therefore, he is fain to make himself room in others' affairs,

I Question.

277

screened from justice, leaves a foul blot on the the year long of June, like a new-made hay-cock. She memory of the king, and on the history of the age makes her hand hard with labour, and her heart soft Overbury wrote two didactic poems, called The with pity; and when winter evenings fall early, sitWife, and The Choice of a Wise, but, though popular ting at her merry wheel, she sings defiance to the at the time, these are now held in no estimation, giddy wheel of fortune. She doth all things with so either as preceptive or as literary productions. Some sweet a grace, it seems ignorance will not suffer her to of his prose Characters, or · Witty Descriptions of do ill, being her inind is to do well. She bestows her the Properties of Sundry Persons,' are, however, I year's wages at next fair, and in choosing her garexcellent, though, like many other productions of meuts, counts no bravery in the world like decency, James's reign, disfigured by far-fetched conceits. The garden and bee-hire are all her physic and sur.

gery, and she lives the longer for it. She dares go Thc Tinker.

alone, and unfold sheep in the night, and fears nc

manner of ill, because she means none; yet, to say A tinker is a moveable, for he hath no abiding in truth, she is never alonc, but is still accompanied with one place; by his motion he gathers heat, thence his old songs, honest thcughts, and prayers, but short ones; choleric nature. lle seems to be very devout, for his yet they have their etlicacy, in that they are not palled life is a continual pilgrimage; and sometimes in humi- with ensuing idle cogitations. Lastly, her dreams are lity goes barefoot, therein making necessity a virtue. so chaste, that she dare tell them; only a Friday's His house is as ancient as Tubal Cain's, and so is a dream is all her superstition; that she conceals for renegade by antiquity; yet he proves himself a gal- fear of anger. Thus lives she, and all her care is, she lant, for he carries all his wealth upon his back; or a may die in the spring-time, to hare store of flowers philosopher, for he bears all his substance about him. stuck upon her winding-sheet. From his art was music first invented, and therefore is he always funished with a song, to which his ham

A Franklin. mer keeping tune, proses that he was the first founder of the kettle-drum. Note, that where the best ale is,

Ilis outside is an ancient yeoman of England, though there stands his music most upon crotchets. The his inside may give arms (with the best gentleman) companion of his travels is some foul sun-burnt qucan ;

and never see the herald. There is no truer servant that, since the terrible statute, recanted gipsvism, and

in the house than himself. Though he be master, he is turned pedlarcsa. So marches he all over England says not to his scrrants, go to tieki, but let us go, with his bag and baygage; his conversation is irre- and with hi

verbis conversation is irre, and with his own eve doth both fatten his flock, and proveable for he is ever inonding le observes truly set forward all manner of husbandry. He is taught the statutes, and therefore had rather steal than bec by nature to be contented with a little ; his own fold in which he is irremovenbly constant, in spite of whips yields him both food and raiment; he is pleased with

I imprisonment; and so strong an enemy to idleness, any nourishment God sends, whilst curious gluttony that in mending one hole, he had rather make three ransacks, as it were, Noah's ark for food, only to feed than want work; and when he hath done, he throws the riot of one meal. Ile is never known to go to the wallet of his faults behind him. He embraceth law; understanding to be law-bound among men, is naturally ancient customs, conversing in open fields like to be hide-bound among his bcasts; they thrive and lowly cottages; if he visit cities or towns, 'tis

not under it, and that such men sleep as unquietly but to deal upon the imperfections of our weaker res

as if their pillows were stuffed with lawyers' pensels. Ilis tongue is very voluble, which, with canting,

knives. When he builds, no poor tenant's cottage proves him a linguist. He is entertained in every hinders his prospect; they are, indeed, hisa ins-houses, place, but enters no farther than the door, to avoid though there be painted on them no such superscripsuspicion. Some would take him to be a coward, but. tion. He never sits up late, but when he hunts the believe it, he is a lad of mettle; his valour is com

badger, the vowed foe of his lambs; nor uses he any monly three or four yards long, fastened to a pike incruelty, but when he hunts the hare ; nor subtlety, the end for flying off. lle is very provident, for he

but when he setteth snares for the snipe, or pitfalls will fight with but one at once, and then also he had for the blackbird ; nor oppression, but when in the rather submit than be counted obstinate. To con- month of July he goes to the next river and shears clude, if he 'scape Tyburn and Banbury, he dies a

his sheep. He allows of honest pastime, and thinks beggar.

not the bones of the dead anything bruised, or the

worse for it, though the country lasses dance in the The Fair and llappy Milkmaid.

churchyard after eren-song. Rock-Monday, and the Is a country wench, that is so far from making her

| wake in summer, shrovings, the wakeful catches on

Christmas-eve, the hoky, or sced-cake, these he yearly self beautiful by art, that one look of hers is able to

keeps, yet holds them no relies of Popery. He is not put all face-physic out of countenance. She knows a

so inquisitive after news derived from the privy-closet, fair look is but a dumb orator to commend virtue.

when the finding an cyery of hawks in his own ground, therefore minds it not. All her excellences stand in ber so silently, as if they had stolen upon her without

or the foaling of a colt come of a good strain, are tidings her knowledge. The lining of her apparel, which is

more pleasant and more profitable. He is lord para

mount within himself, though he hold by never so herself, is far better than outsides of tissue ; for though

mean a tenure, and dies the more contentedly (though she be not arrayed in the spoil of the silk-worm, she

he leave his heir young), in regard he leaves him is decked in innocence, a far better wearing. She doth not, with lying long in bed, spoil both her com- I him, he cares not when his end comes; he needs not

not liable to a covetous guardian. Lastly, to end plexion and conditions : nature hath taught her, too, immoderate sleep is rust to the soul ; she rises, there

fear his audit, for his quietra is in heaven. fore, with Chanticleer, her dame's cock, and at night makes the lamb her curfeu. In milking a cow, and

JOHN EARLE. straining the teats through her fingers, it seems that John EARLE, bishop of Worcester, and afterwards 80 sweet a milk-press makes the milk whiter or sweeter; of Salisbury, was a very successful writer in the for never came almond-glore or aromatic ointment on same department. He was a man of great learning her palm to taint it. The golded ears of corn fall and and eloquence, extremely agreeable and facctious in kiss her feet when she reaps them, as if they wished conversation, and of such excellent moral and relito be bound and Ind prisoners by the same hand that gious qualities, that (in the language of Walton) deiiod them. Her breath is her own, which scents all there had lived since the death of Richard Hooker

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