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February 720, near Aleppo, now in Syria), pious and respected caliph who
attempted to preserve the integrity of the Muslim Umayyad caliphate (660–750)
by emphasizing religion and a return to the original principals of the Islámic faith.
s - % - cyPauscar " PALESTINE Damascus The expansion of the caliphal empire
through the conquests of the Umayyads Adapted from R Treharne and H. Fullard
(eds). Muir's Historical Atlas Ancient Medieval and Modern, 9th ed (1965), ...
'Uthmān was born into the rich and powerful Umayyad clan of Mecca, and he
became a wealthy merchant. When the prophet Muhammad began preaching in
Mecca in c. 615, he soon aroused the hostility of the Umayyads; and about five ...
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This is the 198215th Edition, in two halves, with the Macropaedia and the Micropaedia. First published in 1768, the publisher is the oldest English-language encyclopedia still in print. Two Scottish ... Read full review