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1. I was born on the side of a mountain, near a village of Peru, and made a voyage to England in an ingot, under the convoy of Sir Francis Drake.

2. The people favored my disposition and shifted me so fast from hand to hand, that, before I was five years old, I had travelled into almost every corner of the nation.

3. The Mound-builders knew how to model in clay a variety of objects, such as birds, quadrupeds, and human faces. They practised farming, though they had no domestic animals to help them.

4. Livingstone's example and death have acted like an inspiration, filling Africa with an army of explorers and missionaries, and raising in Europe a powerful feeling against the slave-trade.

5. When the prisoners were ordered to enter the cell, they imagined the soldiers were joking; and being in high spirits on account of the promise of the Nabob to spare their lives, they laughed and jested at the absurdity of the notion.

6. Mr. Pickwick paused, considered, pulled off his gloves, and put them in his hat, took two or three short runs, balked himself as often, and at last took another run and went slowly down the slide.

7. On the ad April, Francis Drake sailed from Plymouth with four vessels belonging to the Queen, and with twenty-four furnished, by the merchants of London, and other private individuals.

8. After the Restoration the entire control of printing was placed in the hands of the Government by the Licensing Act of 1662, which, though originally passed only for three years, was continued by subsequent renewals until 1679.

9. Of nervous fire, indeed, he had an abundance, though it was not the fire which flames up in the radiant colors of a strong imagination. It was rather the glow of a thoroughly convinced reason, of intellectual ingenuity, of argumentative keenness.

10. The new and fair lady of Castlewood found the sad, lonely little occupant of this gallery busy over his great book, which he laid down when he was aware that a stranger was at hand.


BALANCED SENTENCES. 1. Construct balanced sentences containing parallel statements about, - genius and wealth, hope and expectation, honor and dignity, bravery and courage, wit and humor, pleasure and profit, promising and performing, grammar and rhetoric, poetry and painting, advice and money, shrewdness and hard work, fame and fortune, sympathy and support.

2. Form balanced sentences containing statements about the opposites, - love and hate, virtue and vice, labor and rest, summer and winter, pride and humility, knowledge and ignorance, innocence and guilt, friend and enemy, violence and moderation, wisdom and folly, pleasure and pain, right and wrong, flattery and detraction, reward and penalty, sobriety and drunkenness, ornament and blemish, taste and vulgarity, beauty and ugliness, contentment and discontentment, perspicuity and obscurity.

3. Draw up a series of contrasts about — North and South America, Italy and Switzerland, France and England, Canada and the United States, history and geography, mathematics and classics, reading and writing, Scott and Byron, Pope and Cowper, Irving and Goldsmith.

4. Make the parts of the following balanced sentences similar in form:

a. A wise son maketh a glad father ; but a son that is foolish causes his mother much sorrow.

b. The errors of young men are the ruin of business; but when aged men err it is in not doing more or in not acting sooner.

c. I do not think that a broken heart is fatal to many of my own sex; but it is easy for me to believe that it withers many a lovely woman into an early grave.

d. The character of Milton was distinguished by loftiness of thought; Dante had intensity of feeling.

e. It never occurred to Southey that a rumor does not always prove a fact; that a theory may not always be established by facts.



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Capitals are used in the following cases :-
1. The first word of a sentence.
2. The first word of every line of poetry.
3. Nouns personified; as, “Come, gentle Spring.”
4. The words I and O.
5. Every proper name.

This includes: a. The chief parts of a compound; as, “New York,”

Alexander the Great." b. The names of the months and the days of the week. C. All names of the Deity; as, “The Supreme Ruler,” “The

Most High.” Practice varies in the case of pronouns. d. All the names of the Bible and of its books. If the Bible

is thought of merely as a book, a small letter is used;

as, “ He sold bibles and other books.” e. The names of the cardinal points, except when used to

express mere direction; as, “He went north." f. Titles of honor, respect, or office when joined to a

proper name of which they really form a part; as, “It was Queen Elizabeth that beheaded Lord Bur

leigh.” 8 Common nouns that are closely joined with proper

names ; as, “ The Lake of the Woods," “ The Chesa

peake Bay,” “Simcoe Street.” h. Any word that for the time being is used as a proper

name; as, “The Wars of the Roses,” “The Declaration

of Independence." i. Every adjective derived from a proper name; as, Roman,

American. Adjectives that have assumed a general meaning are written with a small letter; as, mercurial, herculean.

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6. Words that have some special importance; as, “When a woman is introduced into the Director's presence.” A capital is not used when the words have their ordinary application; as, “He is a director in the company." 7. The first word of a direct quotation ; as,

“ He inquired, •Where did your father live?!" If the quotation falls in with the grammatical construction of the sentence, a small letter is used.

8. The principal word in the name of a book or in the title or heading when in the body of discourse; “The Position and Influence of Lord Byron's Poetry."

9. The titles of books, the headings, chapters, and sections are generally written entirely in capitals. This is on the principle that in fancy printing capitals are placed wherever they add to the appearance.

10. To denote emphasis ; as, “He cried out, ‘Strike ! Strike ! STRIKE! STRIKE!'"

II. With the first word in each part of an enumeration when the numbers are followed by a period. If the numbers are enclosed in parentheses, small letters are used.

12. The first word of a sentence embodied in another sentence; as, “The question is, Who will be elected ?”

13. To begin the real statement after an introductory word; as, "Resolved, That we, etc."

14. In some special cases in letters. See below.

15. Any important word that is repeated in the body of discourse. This rule should not be carried too far.



Write out the following, with capitals in the proper places.

DIRECTION. Give reasons.

1. mr. partridge, secretary of the discharged prisoner's aid society.

2. ben-hur: or, the days of the messiah, by lew wallace.


3. richard whately, lord archbishop of london, and sir joshua jebb, k.c.b.

4. when it was said to anaxagorus, "the athenians have condemned you to die,” he said again," and nature them."

5. the first works from caxton's press were “the game of chess" and “the poems of chaucer.”

6. and freedom shrieked when kosciusko fell. 7. The poem is entitled english bards and scotch reviewers. 8. The lake of the woods is a fine sheet of water.

9. The committee drew up the following by-laws : 1. that 110 cattle be allowed on the streets; 2. that the lights be put out at midnight. 10. The

queen of sheba came to see king solomon's glory. 11. The last book of the old testament is called the book of malachi.

12. He looked north and said, “the north is to be our future home."

13. On coming back to maine on tuesday, november the 3d, he found himself without a dollar in his pocket.

14. An invitation was sent to william, prince of orange, to come and take the english throne.

15. He entered the lists against luther with an “assertion of the seven sacraments," for which he was rewarded with the title of “ defender of the faith."

16. He travelled from new hampshire to nova scotia.

17. We have had our “revolutions of eighty-eight” officially called “glorious"; and our other revolutions not yet called glorious.

18. Alas ! for the rarity of christian charity in the old world.

19. He set out on a friday early in the month of april and travelled due north, hoping to reach the north pole.

20. The question, “whence are we and whither are we going?" has re-echoed all down the ages.

21. The works of the creator of the universe could not have existed without the wisdom of a creator.

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