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surance that there were none Inrpmpatible with the friendship sublisting between us and the crown of Spain. Our astonishment and concern was great when we learnt, that so far from gi\ ing satisfaction upon so reasonable an application, the Spanish ministers had declined answering ; with reasonings and insinuations of a very hostile tendency: and as at the lame time we had intelligence, that great armaments were making in Spain, by sta and land, we thought it absolutely necessary to try, once more, isa rupture could be avoided; we therefore directed our ambassador toalk, in a firm, but friendly manner, whether the court of Madrid intended to join" the French, our enemies, to acthostilely against Great Britain, or to depart from its neutrality ; and ifhe found the Spaniflr ministers avoided to give a clear answer, to insinuate, in the most decent manner, that the refusing, or avoiding to answer' a question so 'reasonable, could only arise from the king of Spain's having already engaged, ot resolved to take part against us, and must be looked upon as an avowal of such hostile intention, and equivalent to a declaration of war; and that he had orders immediately to leave the court of Madrid. The peremptory refusal by the court"of Spain, to p>ve the least satisfaction, with regard to any of those reasonable demands on our part, and the solemn declaration at the same time made by the Spanilh minister, that they fonsidered the war as then actually declared, prove to a demonstration, ttist their resolution to act offensively, vM so absolutely and irrevocably taker, that if could not be any longer diiicmbltd, or denitd.
.The king os Spain, therefore, having been induced, without any provocation on our part, to consider the war as already commenced against us, which has in effect been declared at Madrid ; we trust, that by the blessing of Almighty God on the justice os our cause, and by the assistance of our loving subject', we shall be able to defeat the ambitious designs, which have formed this union between the two branches of the house of Bourbon; having now begun a new war; and portend the most dangerous consequences to all Europe. Therefore, we have thought sit to declare, and do hereby declare, war against tha said king os Spain; and we will, in pursuance of such declaration, vigorously prosecute the said war, wherein the honour of our crown, the welfare os our subjects, and the prosperity of cur nation, which we are determined at all times with our utmost power to preserve and support, are so greatly concerned. Aud we do hereby will and require our generals and commanders of our forces, our commissioners for executing the office of our hij^h admiral of Grr,at Britain, our lieutenants of our several counties, governors of our forts aud garrisons, and all other officers and soldiers, under them, by sea and land, to do, and execute all acts of hostility, in the prosecution os this war* against the said king os Spain, his vassals, and subjects, and tooppote their attempts; willing and requiring all our subjects to take notice of thcsivme, whom we henceforth, strictly forbid to hold any correspondence, or communication, with the said king of Spain, or bis subjects: and we do hereby command our own subjects, and advertise all
other other persons, of what nations soever, not to transport, or carry any soldiers, arms, powder, ammunition, or other contraband goods to any of the territories, lands, plantations, or countries of the said king of Spain; declaring that whatsoever ship or vessel shall be met withal, transporting or carrying any soldiers, arms, powder, ammunition, or other contraband goods, to any of the territories, lands, plantations, or countries of the said king of Spain, the same being taken, (hall be condemned as good and lawful prize. And whereas there may be remaining in our-kingdom divers of the subjects of the king of Spain, we do hereby declare our royal intention to be, that all the Spanish subjects, who (hall demean themselves dutifully towards us, shall be safe in their persons and effects.
Given at our court at St. James's,
The king os Spain's declaration of tsar, which wos published at Madrid cm the 18/A of January. The King.
ALTHOUGH I have already taken for a declaration of war by England against Spain, the incon-. fiderate step of lord Bristol, the Britannic king's ambassador at my court, when he demanded of Don Richird Wail, my minister of state, what engagements 1 had contracted with France, making this the condition of his demand, or rather adding this threat, That if he did not receive a' categorical answer, fce would leave my court, and take
tiie denial for an aggression : and although, before this provocation was received, my patience wa* tired out with suffering and beholding, on many occasions, that the English government minded no other law, but the aggrandizement of then nation by land,, and universal despotism by sea; 1 was nevertheless desirous to fee whether this menace would be carried into execution ; ot whether the court of England, lensible of the inefficacy of such methods towards my dignity, and that of my crown, would not employ otheis that should be more suitable to me, and make me overlook all those insults. But the haughtiness of the English was so far from containing itself within jutt bounds, that I have just learnt, that on the second instant a resolution wa» taken by the Britannic king in council, to declare war against Spain. Thus, seeing myself under the bard necessity of following this example. which 1 would never have given, because it is so horrible, and so contrary to humanity, 1 have ordered by a decree of the 15th instant, that war should likewise be immediately declared, on my part, against the king of England, bis kingdoms, estates, and subjects; and that in consequence thereof, proper orders should be sent to all parts of my dominions, where it should be neceuary, for their defence and that of my subject, »» well as for acting offensively against the enemy.
For this end, I order my council of war to take the requisite measures that this declaration of war mrv be published at my court, and in my kingdoms, with the formalities usual uprai inch occasions; ans that in consequence all kinds of boitilities may be exercised towards me English, that those of them who are not naturalized in Spain, mayleave my kingdom; that they may carry on, no trade there; and that only those who are employed as artisans may be suffered to remain; that for the future my subjects may have1 no dealings with those of England, nor with the estates of that crown, for any of their productions or fisheries, particularly cod, or their manufactures or merchandize; so that the inhibition of this trade may be understood to be, and may be in fact/-- absolute and effective, and stamp a vicious quality, and a prohibition of sale on the aforesaid effects, productions, fisheries, cod, merchandizes, and manufactures of the dominions of England ; that no vessels whatsoever, with the above-mentioned effects on board, may be admitted into my harbours, ana that they may not be permitted to be brought in by land, being illicit and prohibited in my kingdoms, though they may have been brought or deposited in buildings, baggage, warehouses, (hops, or bouses of merchants, or other private persons, my subjects or vassals, or subjects or vassals of provinces and states, with whom I am in peace or alliance, or have a free trade, whom, nevertheless, I intend not to hurt, or to infringe the peace, the liberty, and privilege which they enjoy, by treaty, of carrying on the legal trade in my kingdoms with their ships, and the proper and peculiar productions of their lands, provinces, and conquests, or the produce of their manufactories.
I also command that all merchants who shall have in their pos
any rod, or other fish, or
produce of the dominions of Eng V«U|V.
land, shall, in the space of fifteen days from the date of this declaration, declare the fame, and deliver an account thereof, either at my court, or elsewhere, to the officers who shall be appointed by the marquis de Squilace, super-intendant-general of my revenues, that the whole may be forthcoming: and such of the said effects of which a list shall not be so delivered in the space of fifteen days, shall be immediately confiscated ; two months, and no more, being allowed, for the consumption of those which shall be declared ; after which time the merchants shall be obliged to carry the said effects to the custom-houses, and, where there is no customhouse, to the houses that serve instead thereof, that they may be publickly sold by an officer or officers nominated for that end, or, if none should be appointed, by the judges, who should give the produce of the sale to the proprietors; but none of the said merchandizes, prohibited in the manner just prescribed, shall return to their warehouse.- or shops."
I have given a separate commission, with all the necessary powers, to the marquis de Squilace, superintendant-general of my revenues, that in that quality he may see that this prohibited trade be rsot suffered, and that he may immediately issue such orders and instructions, as he shall think necessary for this important end; taking cognizance^ m the first instance, in person, and, by his sub-delegates, of the dis-"" putes which shall arise on occasion os this contraband, with an appeal to the council of finances m the hall of justice; except howevef what relates to contraband military stores, arms, and other effects, fie»' s,Lr] longing
longing to'war, particularized in treeties of peace, the cognizance of disputes on the articles belonging to the council of war, and the military tribunals.
And I command that all that is above be observed, executed, and accomplished, under the heavy penal tV.i contained in the laws, pragmatiques, and royal cedules, issued on like occasion's in times past; which are to extend also to all my subject*, and the inhabitants of my Kingdoms and estates, without any exception, and notwithstanding any privileges; my will being, that this declaration of war shall come as soon as possible to the knowledge of my soWecls, as well that they rnay guard their persons rmd effects from the insults of the English, as that they may lahour to molest them by naval armaments, and by other methods authorized by the law of arms.
Given at Buen-Retiro, Jan. 16, 1762.
I The King.
Papers refitting U) the surrender of
Translatingof Mr. Lolly's proposals for the delivery of the garrison.
THE taking of Chandcrnagore, contrary to the faith of treaties, and of that neutrality which has always subsisted between all European nations, and namely, between the two nations in this part of India; and that immediately after a signal service which the French ration had rendered the English, not only in talcing no part against thorn with the nabob of Bengal, but in receiving, them into their settlements, to give thr-m time to
recover from their first toffe* sis appears by the' letters of thank? from Mr. Pigot himself, and from the council os Madras to that of Pondichcrry) added to the forma! refusal^ of fulfilling the condition. of a cartel, agreed upon between our respective masters, though it was at first.accepted by Mr. Pigot, and the commissaries were nitrid on both fides to go to Sadrest, to settle amicably the difncttUiwwlitA might occur in its execution, put it out of my power with respect to my court to make or'propose to Mr. Coote any capitulation sortie town of PondWicrry.
The king's troops, and tboseflf the company, surrender themselves, for want of provisions, prisoners of war of his Britannic ma-efiv, upon the terms of the cartel, which I reclaim equally for all the inhabitantof Pondiqherry, as welt ai for lit exercise of the Roman religion, the religious houses, hospitals, chaplains, surgeons, servants, &e. referring myself to .the decision of our two centrts for reparation proportioned to the violation of so solemn a ^treaty. .
Accordingly Mr. Coote may U>posi'esston to morrow niornin? i' eight o'clock of the gate of Vilknour; and after to-morrow at tie seme hour of that effort St. Louis: and as he has the power in his oira hands, he will dictate such triwr dispositions to be made, as he fl*! jutlge proper.
I demand, merely from a principle of justice afld humanity, that 'the mother and sifters of RcfflCsil be permitted to seek - an afjhw where they pleiise, or that thev remain prisoners.among the FngHSu and be not delivered up into Mahomet Ally Caua's hands, whici'*' siill red with the blood of the husband and.Jat.her, that he has spilt, to the (hame indeed of those who gave them up to him ; but not leG» to tlw shame of the commander of the English army, who (hould not have allowed such a piece ot" barbarity to be committed in his tamp.
A& I,am tied up by the cartel in the declaration which I make to M,r.. Coote, I consent that the gentlemen of the council of PonJicheriv, may make their own representations to him, with regard to what may more immediately concern their own private interests, as well as the interelh of the inhabitants of the colony.
Done at Fort Louis of Pondiche/ry, the 16th of January, 1761.
To Colonel Coote, commander in chief of his Uritannic majeliv's forces before i'ondichcrry.
A true copy. Franc. Rowland, Sec.
Colonel* Civiles answer to Mr, Lally s proposals.
THF. particulars of the capluro of Chandemagore having baen long since transmitted to his Britannic- majesty, by the officer to whom that place surrendered, colonel Coote ennnot take cognizance os what pnss.-d on that occasion; nor can he admit the s::;r.e as any way relative to the surrender of Ponsh'sherry.
The disputes that have a.isen concerning the'cart.'I utu'.jui.d between their Britannic and moll . Christian nwjdlie-, being Sis yet undecid ..I, colonel Coete bus it not u> his power to admit, that the
troops of his moll Christian ma" jelly, and those of the French EastIndia company, shall be deemed prisoners of war to his Britannic majesty upon the l.Tms of that cartel; but requires that they surrender themselves prisoners of war, to be used as he shall think consistent with the interests of the king his master. And colonel Coote will shew all such indulgencies as are agreeable to humanity.
Colonel Coote will send the grenadiers of his regiment, between the hours of eight and nine o'clock to-morrow morning, to take possession of the Vilienour gate; and the next morning between the same hours, he will also take possession of the gate of fort St. Louis.
The mother and sisters of Raza Saib (hall be escorted to Madras, where proper care shall be taken, for their safety; and they shall not, on any account, be delivered into the hands of nabob Mahomud Ally Cawn.
Civen at the head quarters at the camp before Pondkherry, this ffith ot January, 1761.
Signed, E\ Re Coote.
Articles prr<hosed to colonel Coote ly the chief of the Jesuits, to which no answer was returned.
HE superior council of Pondicherry authorized by the count de Lally, lieutenant-general of the armies of his most Christian majesty, and his commissary in India, to treat for the slid town and its inhabitants, present the following articles to colonel Coote, commander of his Britannic ma'esty's troops on thy coast of Cor^mandel. I U'\ 2 Abticli