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PRO(EMIUM

DE

CONFIRMATION INSTITUTIONUM.

IN NOMINE DOMINI NOSTRI JESU CHRISTI.

Imperator, Cjssar FLAVIUS JUSTINIANUS, Alemanicus, GotThicus, Francicus, Germanicus, Anticus, Alanicus, Vandalicus, Africanus, Pius, Felix, Inclytus, Victor Ac TriumphAtor, Semper AugustusCupid.e Legum Juventuti S.

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$ III. Cumque hoc, Deo propitio, peractum est, Triboniano, viro magnifico, magistro, et exquaestore sacri palatii nostri, et exconsule, nec non Theophilo et Dorotheo, viris illustribus, antecessoribus, (quorum omnium solertiam, et legum scientiam, et circa nostras jussiones fidem, jam ex multis rerum arguments accepimus,) convocatis, mandavimus specialiter, ut ipsi nostra auctoritate, nostrisque suasionibus, Institutionescomponerent; ut liceat vobis prima legum cunabula non ab antiquis fabulis discere, sed ab imperiali splendore appetere: et tam aures, quam animi vestri, nihil inutile, nihilque perperam positum, sed quod in ipsis rerum obtinet arguments, accipiant: et quod priore tempore vix post quadriennium prioribus contingebat, ut tune consti

$ 3. So soon as by the blessing of God this was accomplished, we summoned Tribonian, our fonner chancellor, with Theopilus and Dorotheus, men of known learning and tried fidelity, whom we enjoined by our authority to compose the following Institutes, that the rudiments of law might be more effect ually learned by the sole means of our imperial authority; and that your minds for the future should not be burdened with obsolete and unprofitable doctrines, but instructed in those laws only which are allowed of and practised; and, whereas Students formerly could scarcely sit down to the imperial constitutions under four years previous study, they may now (having been thought worthy of our princely care, to which they are indebted for the beginning and end of

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Ex quibus libris composites sunt Institutiones, atque earum recognitio, et confirmatio.

$ VI. Quas, ex omnibus antiquorum Institutionibus, et praecipue ex commentariis Caii hostri, tam institutionum, quam rerum quotidianarum, aliisque multis commentariis compositas, cum tres viri prudentes praedicti nobis obtulerunt, et legimus, et recognovimus, et plenissimum nostrarum constitutioniun robur eis accommodavimus.

$ 6. The four books of Institutes thus compiled by Tribonian, Theophilus, and Dorotheus, from all the institutions of the ancient law, but chiefly from the commentaries, institutions, and other writings of Caius, being presented to us, we read and diligently examined their contents; and, in testimony of our approbation, we have now given them our fullest constitutional authority.

Adhortatio ad studium juris.

$ VII. Summa itaque ope, et alacri studio, has leges nostras accipite: et vosmetipsos sic eruditos ostendite, ut spes vos pulcherrima foveat, toto legitimo opere perfecto, posse etiam nostram rempublicam, in partibus ejus vobis credendis, guberuari.

$ 7. Receive therefore and study these our laws with diligence and alacrity; and show yourselves so competent therein, that when your studies shall be finished, you may entertain a cheering hope of having a part of the government committed to your charge.

D. CP. XI. Kaleud. Decemb. D. Justiniano PP. A. III. COS.

Given at Constantinople on the eleventh day before the calends of December, in the third consulate of the Emperor Justinian, always august. (21st Nov. 533.)

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