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old hereafter be brought face to and on the whole, perhaps, the 'road e with the prisoner, and examined was rendered better by the change. iis presence."
By Stowe's account there was not in inquiry here follows, as to the any current of water under this Idings that were demolished, to bridge ; “for," says he, in the autoke room for the intended edifice. graph remaining in the British Mu
Those which occupied the space seum, “ Then had ye, in the high which Somerset House originally street, a fair bridge, called Strandod, were, principally, l. an inn bridge, and under it a lane, which
chancery, promiscuously called went down to the Strand, so called and Inn and Chester's Inn"; 2. from being a babque of the river of : episcopal house of the bishop of Thames $." But here Stowe speaks chfield and Coventry, then also of it as if it were in his own time, own by the name of the Bishop of and not with reference to the reign hester's inn; 3. the episcopal house of king Edward VI. or to any prior
the bishop of Landafft; 4. the period. Mr. Maitlandil, on the other iscopal house of the bishop of band, tells us, that there was a rivu'orcester; 5. the church of St. let under the bridge; “ for,” says he, ary-le-Strand, and its cemetry I; "a little to the east of the present the Strand bridge."
Catherine Street, and in the High Mr. Pegge gives a particular ac- Street, was a handsome bridge, desunt of these places respectively; nominated, from its situation, Strand od then proceeds
Bridge, through which ran a small " Wbat is now a street, called water-course from the fields, wbich, The Strand, was at that time no gliding along a lane below, had its ore than a highway, leading from influx to the Thames near Somersetondon westward to the village of Stairs.”—In this account I should in"haring, where stood queen Elea, cline to believe Mr. Maitland; belor's cross, and a few houses; from cause lanes do not often become Thence, in a right line, you was led rivers, though the beds of rivers, by n, through open fields, to St. a diversion of their courses, may belaines's house, lately an hospital, but come lanes." ben a royal house. This high-way, Our author now enters upon the being the property of the crown, as regular history of Somerset House, such was easily modified to accom- as follows:modate the king's uncle, and conse- “ Very little can be said of this quently there was little difficulty or house in the reign of queen Mary; hardship upon the subject in the for, though it had become the prochange it underwent by levelling; perty of the crown upon the duke of
* " Maitland confounds Chester Inn and Strand Inn; “ which, from its neighbourhood to the bishop of Chester's house and the Strand, was indifferently denominated Chester's, or Strand Inn,” p. 739.
+“ Almost contignous to this inn, on the west, was the city mansion of the bishop of Landaff." Maitland, History of London, edit, 1759, p. 739.
I“ The new church is in the patronage of the bishop of Worcester, the west end being opposite to the place where the old church stood.
« Bibl. Hatl. No. 538." | Ubi supra.
Somerset's attainder, yet had king bis uncle, he was lodged in Soad Edward given it to his sister the Places. Again, in the year 1573 | princess Elizabeth; and it was during Francis duke of Montmorency, De this reign ber independent residence shal of France, visiled England with when she came to visit the court. the similar purpose of negociating a Thus, on the queen's accession, marriage between the queen and the Strype says, that as the lady Eliza- duke of Alençon, the youngest bro beth came out of the country to be ther of Charles the IXth, king si ready to congratulate her sister, and Francell. The marshal continerd. now ber sovereign; riding through here nearly a month, where be London, along Fleet-street, and so entertained at the queen's expeace, to the duke of Somerset's Place,which had an escort of thirty of the queens now belonged to her t." In the pro- yeomen of the guard to attend him, gresses made by Elizabeth while priu- and was lodged in Somerset Place cess, I find it styled “Her Place The count palatine of the Rhine, a called Somerset Place, beyond Strand ally of the queen, came over hitbes Bridge 1."
upon political business, and was hoQueen Elizabeth, on her way to nourably received. His stay was from Westminster, at her accession to the the 22d of January to the 14th of crown, resided nearly three weeks at February; when, exceptivg a fer Somerset House.
days on his arrival, in which he #3 “Queen Elizabeth baving two pa- entertained by Sir Thomas Gresham, laces more commodious for her esta- in Bishopsgate-street, he was lodged blishment as a sovereign (Whitehall in Somerset House**. Again: the and St. James's), Somerset House still queen herself is found here for a no remained a secondary mansion for ment in person, in the year 1588, occasional purposes, and a moment. when she went in state to St. Paul's ary residence for the queen herself, church, to return thanks for the de It operated very well for the recep- feat of the Spanish Armada. If the tion of the great personages of a cer- procession did not begin from hence, tain rank and description; and the it at least terminated here; for by queen was not wanting in accommo- authority says, that the queen * redating soine of her own subjects, who turned in the same order by torchwere nearly allied to the royal family, light to Somerset House it." with the use of it."
In Norden's MS. copy of bå “ In the second year of this reign “ Speculum Britanniæ," is the folwe find, that when the duke of Hol- lowing passage, omitted in the core stein, Depliew to Frederick II. king of that valuable work printed in of Denmark, came hither to treat of 1593: a marriage between the queen and “ Somerset Howse, scytuate in the
Strond, ** See the Progresses." + « Memorials III. p. 14."
“The term beyond has reference to Hatfield; for the house was a little westward of the bridge, as appears by a Plan of London, about 1558, in the Progresses."
" Strype's Annals, vol. I. p. 195." il Sully's Memoirs." Í“ Progresses, from the Lambeth MSS." ** « Ibid. from Stowe's Chronicle." #“ Ibid. in the Preface, p. xxiji.”
ind, gere the Thamise, buylded sand pounds, lately granted by the the late duke of Somerset, not parliament for the necessary and ury finished, yet, a most stately gent deinands of his household I. At se, and of great receyte; havinge this time the king maintained three fe prospecte towardes the southe, distinct conrts, at an incredible exthe sweete river of the Thamise, pence: his own, at Whiteball; the reth mavie pleasinge delightes. queen's, at Somerset House ; and
right honorable lord Hunsedon, prince Henry's, at St. James's; all I chamberlayne to her majestie, upon large establishments §. His 1, under her majestie, the use Danish majesty liked his reception so reof."
well, in the year 1606, that, unsoliord Hunsdon died here, in 1596. cited and unexpectedly, he repeated "lu the reign of King James . his visit A.D. 1614, when King James house before us became, ipso fac- lavished away about fifty thousand a royal residence on the part of pounds in excessive feasting, &c.
queen, and even changed its which he had obtained from his subne; and it appears that her ma- jects under the specious title of a bety repaired it, at her own charge, nevolence ll. On both these occa.
the reception of her brother, sions the two monarchs were guilty of ristian IV. king of Dennrark, who great internperance; the Dane being ited England A. D. 1606; from much addicted to drunkenness, to ich time, it is said, that the queen which Jaiaes had not the least objecected to call it Denmark House. tion. To this, Christian added se're at least her majesty kept her veral indelicate traits of manners to art, which was celebrated for its the ladies about the court, and pariely, whereof the king occasionally ticularly in his indecent behaviour to rtook. Her courtiers often appear- the wife of the high adiniral, the
in masquerade, not a little favour- countess of Nottingham, who resentle to the intriguing spirit of the ed it in a very spirited manner to the ne; and the queen herself does not Danish ambassador, in a letter which em to have escaped all cenzuret. is preserved in Dr. Harris's Life of le visit of the king of Denmark was King Jame3, p. 67. Such of these ry flattering to king James, who scenes as are on record, lay, for the is glad of the company of a most part at Theobald's, though the anger, to whom he might display same writers who mention then leave 3 wit and magnificence; which last sufficient insinuations to suspect that is carried to so great an excess, that, some of them were repeated at So.
this occasion, added to another merset House. Dr. Fuller tells us, sit, which immediately followed that, on the first visit of the king of om the priuce de Vaudemont, son Denmark, A. D. 1606, it was order
the duke of Lorrain, his majesty ed, by king James Vinself, that Soonsumed nearly the whole of a sub- merset House should be thenceforth dy of four hundred fifty-three thou. called Denmark Honse, in honour of
#“ Harleian MS. No. 570.'
his brother-in-law; and goes so far beautified, and improved, by me as to add, that the name was con- buildings and enlargements, by the firmed by the king's proclamation *. queen, who also brought bither wale On the other hand, Arthur Wilson, from Hyde Park in pipes. To the though he seldom, if ever, gives this same period we may therefore rebe house any other title than The Queen's the erection of those apartments to Palace in the Strand, says, underwards the river, which were bort the year 1610, that her majesty af- over a colonnade, and those to the fected to call her palace Denmark west of them, which are allowed b House, in compliment to her brother; have been planned and executed from but that this appellation obtained the designs, and under the eye of chiefly by courtesy among the queen's Inigo Jones). As to the chapel, wtia domestics and dependents t. As to I conceive to have been the work of the point of time, however, when the same master, I take it to Lave this house changed its name, I rather been posterior to the former adăchuse to rely on the continuators of tions. On the accession of time Stowe's Survey of London, as histo- James, it may well be supposel, rians professedly topographical; who, from what we have said, that the having told us that the queen of king house was to be considered (if not James made this house her usual ipso facto sellled) as a dotarial presidence, add, that, « On Shrove lace in case Apne of Denmark Lad Tuesday, 1616, she feasted the king survived the king; a circumstance here, at which time the king changed which might induce the queen tbas the name of this house, appointing to enlarge and embellish it. Althook it to be thenceforth called Denmark her design was not seemingly cosHouse 1." This, then, seems to carry pleted, yet it is probable, had she with it the most exact date of the outlived the king, she might bare confirmation of the new title given to been induced to have made the east Somerset House. It was a moment end of the front to the river to cofor the queen to second her wishes; respond with the west end, leaving and her majesty was sufficiently ac- the principal state apartments in the quainted with the king's uxorious dis- centre between them. From the end position to distinguish and improve of this reign, however, it has always the mollia tempora fandi. If this been reputeri as peculiarly approprprivilege was any great indulgence to ated even to queens consort, and, as the queen, she did not live long to soon as occasion rendered it peces enjoy it; for, on the next mention of sary, became a jointure-house, eller it, we find that her majesty expired by marriage treaties or by act of at Hampton Court, 1618, when her parliament; and such it was intendremains were conveyed to Denmark ed contingently to have been when House, previously to their interment its fate was changed early in the prein Westminster Abbey."
· sent reign. King James died at “ This house was much repaired, Theobald's, 1625; whence the royal
corpse * " Church History, book VII. p. 410.” + " History of King James, fol. p. 53.”
“ Stowe's Survey, Mr. Strype's edition, 1720."
pse was removed to Denmark person, and the nuptials were per. use, for so we must continue to fected at Canterbury; after which, 1 it, where it remained in state on the arrival of their majesties in on the 23d of April till its inter- London, the queen was put into nt on the 17th of May."
possession of Denmark House, which We find, that writers in the time was fitted up for the receptiou of
Charles J. when speaking of this herself and her household, and, by lace, use, indiscriminately, the ap- grant dated Feb. 15, 1626, was setllations of Somerset House and of tled on the queen for her life *. umark House.
“ By the articles of marriage it “ Dr. Fuller suggests, that the was stipulated that the queen should mory of the Duke of Somerset enjoy the free exercise of her reli. evailed so much traditionally, at gion to a greal extent; and the esis time, as to have soon banished tablishment brought with it a little e new name, and to have recalled convent of Capuchin friars, who e old one; but, perbaps, if any were lodged as near her chapel as ason is to be given, it might be might be. A list of her majesty's puted to the unpopular cha- household, in both the civil and cter of king James, who wanted ecclesiastical branches, having been ery quality requisite to preserve preserved by the abovementioned y degree of respect longer than writer of her life, I have added it is personal authority existed. On in an appendix, as not iinproperly le other hand, king Charles might making a collateral part of this meatertain a predilection for the name moir, f Denmark House, in honour of his “I am very much inclined to imrother; and it is observable, that pute the building of the chapel at rchbishop Laud, no bad courtier, Somerset house to the early part of lways styles it so when he mentions the reign of gueen Henrietta-Maria. ; in his diary, which it seems to It is acknowledged to have been ave retained till the death of the erected by Inigo Jones; and there. ing; when the parliament, from fore must have been done either by heir balred to the family of Stuart, command of queen Anne of Denpight be unwilling to preserve any mark or of queen Henrietta ; behe sinallest oblique trace of its ex- cause this celebrated architect, after stence.
serving both king James and king “ The marriage of king Charles Charles I. died during the commonvith Henrietta-Maria, a daughter of wealth, 1652. Anne of Denmark, france, took place as soon as de- being a protestant, had no occasion ency would permit after the fune- for a separate chapel of a different al of his father was solemnized, communion, and most probably fre. According to a treaty agreed upon quented the king's chapel at Whiten the life-time of king James. She hall, without the parade of a diswas met at Dover by the king in tinct place of worship, unless she
*" Rymer's Fadera, tom. XVIII. The queen also possessed the palace at Greenwich, rebuilt, as it now stands, by Inigo Jones, for her residence in the summer months, where she was found, with her court, on the king's return from Scotland, in July, 1633."