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dress and undress himself, to spin, to The Europeaus at the Cape of poke the fire, to push a wheel-barrow, Good Hope sometimes catch yourer or play on a tambouririe. He will apes by stratagem, or by previously wash earthen vessels or glasses with killing their dam, and bring them up out breaking them, and carry light with care for the purpose of rendering burthens froin place to place, when- them afterwards serviceable. When ever he is ordered to do so. A monkey they have attained their growth, they of this species has been observed to are taught to guard the house of their turn á spit with one hanil, whilst with owner, during the night, and on all the other he held a piece of bread occasions of his absence. This they tunder the meat to receive the gravy: do with great fidelity; but as they it is perhaps needless to remark, that increase in age, their mischievous prohe immediately afterwards devoured pensities develope themselves, and it. .

they oftentimes become extremely A wanderu was exhibited at Bour- ill-tempered and ferocious. These deaux, in the year 1762, which by his apes, which are of the ursine species, actions excited much astonishment in are so much inclined to imitation, that the spectators. When mounted on an they seldom see any thing done withextended cord, he first stretched out out attempting to do the same. Some each of bis fect to have them chalked; of them are very stubborn and perthen, taking in his hand a pole weight- verse; but many are readily susceped at each end (similar to the balance tible of education, learning, without employed by rope- lancers), he walked difficulty, almost every thing that is backward and forward, cut capers, taught them. and executed numerous other tricks, Condamine and Bouger saw, ini with infinitely greater ease and cele- Peru, some domesticated monkies of rily than the most expert rope-dancer large size, which bad been admitted that had before been seen.

into the apartments of the academiThe monkies, however, that are cians, during the time they were emtrained and educated by some of the ployed in making observations in the Indian buffoons, are reported to be by mountains. These animals greatly far the most agile and adroit of all excited the astonishment of the acaanimals that are reared in captivity. demicians, by afterwards, of their own

Some of the apes, such as the oran accord, going through a series of olans, the patas and the dog-faced imitations. They planted the signals, apes, are said always to place a cen- ran to the pendulum, and then immetinel on the top of a tree, or on some diately to the table, as if for the purother elevated situation, to keep watch pose of committing to paper the obwhen the rest are either about to sleep servations they had made. They or to engage in any inarauding ex- occasionally pointed the telescopes pedition. The motions or the cry of towards the heavens, as if to view the this animal are a signal of danger, planets or stars, and performed and immediately the whole troop numerous other feats of a similar scampers off with the utmost rapidity. nature. It has been asserted, but few persons The whimsical occurrence which will be inclined to credit the assertion, took place before the troops of Alex that the centinels are often punished ander the Great, is too singular and with death for neglecting their duty. too amusing to be passed over in si


lence. The soldiers under command Monkies are seldom known to proof this monarch always marcbed in duce young ones, except in hot cliorder of battle.' They happened one mates. The Barbary apes, howerer, night to encamp on a mountain that (Simia inuuis of Linnæus), which are was inhabited by a numerous tribe of found wild at Gibraltar, bring young monkies. On the following morning, ones in great abundance amongst the they saw at a distance what appeared inaccessible precipices of the rock. to be an immense body of troops ap: A female of this species has also been proaching them, as if with the inten- known to produce offspring in a state tion of coming to an engagement.- of captivity, at one of the hotels in The commanders, as well as the sol- Paris. A striated monkey (Simia jardiers, were in the almost astonishment. chus) brouglıt forth young ones in the llaving entirely subdued the prince of house of a merchant at Lisbon, and the country, they could not conceive another in that of a lady at Paris. from whence this new force could Female monkies generally carry have come; Illey had not previously their young ones nearly in the same been informed of any thing of the inander as negresses do their children, kind. The alarm was immediately The little animals cliug to the back of given, and in a short time the whole their dam by their hind feet, and emMacedonian army was drawn up in brace the neck with their paws.ballle-array, to combat with this un- When the females suckle them, it is expected enemy. The prince of the said that they hold them in their arms, country, who was a prisoner in the and present the teat as a woman camp, was interrogated respecting it. would to a cbild. He was surprised to be informied of Monkies usually live in much more such a force in the neighbourhood, extensive troops than apęs. The and requested permission to behold troops of patas, or red monkies of it himself. He smiled at the mistake; Senegal, are reported to annount and the Macedonians were not a little sometimes to as many as tlıree or four chagriner, that they should have been thousand. Some naturalists believe such fools as to take a troop of these that they form a sort of republic, in imitative animals for a band of armed which a great degree of subordimen.

naliou is kept up; that they always All the apes and monkies are re- travel in good order, conducted by ported to entertain a natural aversion chiefs, the strongest and most expeand antipathy to the crocodile. It is rienced animals of their troop; and said, that some of them will even that on these occasious, some of the faint at seeing or smelling the skin of largest monkies are likewise placed in these frightful reptiles.

the rear, the sound of whose voice The animals of that subdivision of immediately silences that of any of the tribe denominated sapajous have the others that happen to be too noisy. long tails, which they can coil up, and Tlie orderly and expert retreat of employ in some respects, but par- these creatures from danger, is an aticularly in descending trees, asa hand, musing sight to Europeans, unaccusBy means of their tails, they are also tomed to the native manners of such able to swing themselves backward animals. The negroes believe them and forward amongst the branches to be a vagabond race of men, who of trees.

are tuo indolent to construct habi


ations to live in, or to cultivate the should on no account have any coinround for subsistence. They some- munication with the invalid. The reunes commit dreadful havoc in the quest was made too late. One of the ields and gardens of persons who sick person's sisters, and at the same nhabit the countries where they time also the monkey, which had boud.

been accustomed to sleep at the foot The different species of monkies are of her bed, was attacked by the diseldom kyown to intermix or associate ease. The monkev, in consequence, ogether, but each tribe generally in- was treated in the saine manner as a babits a different quarter. The ne- human subject. M. Paulet, on exagroes who have not been taught the mining the state of the animal's pulse, line of fire-arms, are said to kill them found it so quick that it wa, is rcely by shooting them in the face with possible to count the pulsations. In arrows. But it often happens, when the auxillary artery, these were much the sapajous are shot, that in the act more sensible than in any other; and of falling from the tree they seize he declared that, as nearly as he could hold of a branch with their tai!, and, count them, they were about five hundving in this situation, continue sus- dred in a miuute. We ought to repended even for a long time after mark, that this monkey was of very death. Wheu a monkey of some of low stature, and that, in all animals, the larger species is wounded, the the shorter they are the quicker is rest will frequently collect together, their pulse. These facts, which are and with great fury pursue the hun- well authenticated, sufficiently prove ters to their buts or lodgments. (independently of others) that the

It was formerly supposed, that nian small-pox audi measles are not diswas the only animal which could be eases entirely confined to the human infected by the small-pox and mea- species; but that animals, as well as sles; but it is now ascertained that men, are liable to receive the infection wonkjes, kept in houses where these from them. Numerous instances have complaints prevail, are also liable to occurred of the small-pox being comreceive the infection."

municated to and from animals. In the year 1767, the inliabitants Those from cattle are now well of St. Germain-en-Laie, near Paris, known. A shepherd infected with were witnesses to a monkey's catching the small-pox has been known to the small-pox, by playing with chile communicate the disease to his sheep, dren who were infected, nod the ani- and these sheep to those of another mal bore the marks of it for a con- Pock. A horse has been observed to siderable time afterwards. A circum- be covered with the pustules of the stauce nearly similar was observed small-pox. Goats are sometimes atalso ai Paris. M. Paulet, a medical tacked by it, and, wixen ibis is the man of some eminence, was called case, great numbers generally perish. upon, in 1770, to attend a person (See Roder. à Castro, lib. 4. de Mewhio bad the measles. As the disease teor. Microc. cap. 6.) This dreadful was contagions, he requested that contagion is likewise frequently known every precaution might be taken to to extend to the flocks of rein deer prevent it from spreading; and par- in Lapland. ticularly that a monkey, accustomed Such is a summary of the principal to play with the children of the house, observations that have been transmit


ted to us by different Travellers, re- the most part exceedingly tractabl. specting the manners and habits of and receive a certain degree of it life of the animals which constitute struction without much difficul this interesting tribe ; and from what But some of the apes, and babaen has been said, it appears that they with long muzzles, are so savage 2 have a nearer alliance than any other ferocious as to be incapable ofers quadruped (in the general conform- education whatever. ation of their bodies ) to the human The monkies of the new continet race. They, consequently, have the as might naturally be supposed, ditie: art of imitating buman actions bet. (at least in some degree) in their la ter than any others, since they are bits of life from those of the able use their fore-feet as hands. world. The Great Author of Nature From the general organization of has assigned to them several charar. the monkies, they are likewise capa- teristics that are peculiar to themble of an education nearer allied to selves: such, amongst others, are lthat of man, than any other animal. situation and separation of the mass. Some naturalists have attributed infi- orifices; and the presence of lui nitely too much sagacity to them, additional grinders in each jaw. We wbilst others have certainly not al- likewise, are acquainted with no spelowed enough. The monkies seem cies of monkey, belonging to the 3 to do those things which mankind do cient world, that has a preheusile tal, before their reason is matured by or the bony pouch observable in tk age; and in this respect there is no throat of the preacher monkey and other quadruped which bears any re- the arabata, ( Simia beelzebul and Hsemblance to them. Most animals mia seniculus of Linnæus). seem at times to be actuated by the In some countries, monkies, eter spirit of revenge: by the different in their wild state, are rendered sermeans that are employed to gratify viceable to mankind. It is said, tlat this passion, we may in a measure in districts where pepper and cocca judge of the different degrees of their grow, the inhabitants, availing theminstinct; and every one knows how selves of the imitative faculties, ad greatly the monkey exceeds all other the agility of the monkies, are able brutes in its vindictive malice. There to procure an infinitely greater quan. appears, in some measure, an analo- tity of these articles than they coll gy even betwixt the vices (if we may do by any other means. They mount so call them ) of the monkies, and some of the lowest branches of the the disgusting brutality too often ob- trees, break off the extremities where servable in the vicious and degraded the fruit grows, and then descend and part of mankind.

carefully range them together on the The animals of the monkey tribe ground. The animals afterwards asdiffer very essentially from each other cend the same trees, strip the branch in their general manners and habits es all the way to the top, and dispose of life. The oran otan is susceptible them in a similar manner. After the of inore considerable attainments monkies have gone to rest, the Ifithan any of the others. The short dians return and carry off the spoil. muzzled monkies, with long tails, In some places it is this inclinasuch as the greater part of the gue- tion to imitate human actions which nons, sapajous, and sagoins, are for leads to their destruction. The In.

ians carry in their hands vessels fil- which they spread a quantity of maize, d with water, and rub their faces They place on the pile some substance, ith it, in the presence of the mon- which, on being exposed to heat, exies; then substituting a kiod of glue plodes with tremendons noise. This istead of water, leave the vessels be- is contrived to explode during the ind them, and retire. ' The obser- time that the monkies are employed ant creatures seize the vessels, and in devouring the maize, and, in the o the same; when the glue, adher- terror and astonishment, the old ani. ng strongly to their hair and eyelids, als scamper off on all sides with the ompletely blinds them, and prevents utmost rapidity, leaving their young very possibility of their effecting an ones a prey to the liunters.' scape.

The dexterity of monkies is such, In other places, the natives take to that, although burthened by their he habitations of the monkies a kind offspring clinging to their backs, they f boots, which they put on and pull can leap from tree to tree, it the disoff their legs several times succes. tance is not very great, and secure ively. These are then rubbed over their hold among the branches with n the inside with a strong glue; and the greatest certainty, When they when the monkies attempt to do the perceive any person taking aim at ame, they are unable to disengage them, either with a gun or bow, they themselves, and, consequently, are cry out and grind their teeth somecaught withons difficulty.

times in the most horrible manier, Sometimes the inhabitants carry in They are often able to avoid the artheir hands a mirror, and appear to rows that are shot at them, and someamuse themselves by looking at it in times they even catch them in their different attitudes. In place of these lands. When any one of their comthey leave a kind of traps, not unlike munity is shot, and falls to the ground, the glasses in external appearance, all the rest set up a dismal and trewhich, when the animais take them mendous howl, which makes all the up, seize and secure thein by the paws. adjacent mountains and woods rea

The inhabitants of St. Vincent le sound. If a monkey is woup led, Blanc catch monkies in several kinds and does not fall, it frequently hanof traps and snares. Sometimes, when pens that his companions will seize they have caught the young ones, they and carry it off far beyond the reach put them into a cage, and appear to of their enemy: and miserable is the teaze and torment them, in order that fate of that bunter who is imprudent they may likewise catch the parents. enough to venture near their haunts

The hunters of some countries during that same day. When the place near the haunts of monkies animals re-ascend the trees, they each · vessels containing strong and intoxi- carry a stone in their hands, and geçating liquors. The animals drink nerally another in their months; and, of them, and in a short time become in such case these are thrown at their so drunk as to lie down on the spot adversary with a correctness of ainu and fall asleep

that is truly astonishing. Some of the Indians ascend to the The inliabitants of several couns sunnits of the mountains in which tries derive a means of subsistence the animals breed, and construct there from the flesh of these animals. We pile of wood, round the base of are assured by Condamine, that in VOL. XLIX.


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