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viation from the usual course of ve- bably not have been a crop at all; getation. The native place of growth and their present numbers promis of each plant, aud its usual time of them an abundant harvest next vear. blooming in this climate, has been All insects, as well of the beetle 25 inserted; and as the blooming of some the butterfly tribe, previous to their of them at this season seems to bor- appearance in the winged stale existe der on the marvellous, the place in as caterpillars or grubs. The inillioa which the observation was made has of ladybirds which lately swarmed on been added, as giving all the addi- the coasts of Kent have previously tional weight to the facts in my power been grubs, or larvæ, for that is the to offer; where no such information nest proper name. These larvæ ferd is given, the remark was made in my entirely upon the insects, which, unown garden. Two observations only der the name of “the fiy," or "plant are recorded which did not fall under lice," have this year made such havoc my own notice, but for which most among the hops apd pease ; and when respectable authority is given." it is considered that each larvæ de

stroys soine hundreds of these insects a day, for some months, it may be

easily calculated what an inmense Usefulness of Ladybirds. vumber must have been destroyed by

them, and consequently that, but for The imniense fight of ladybirds their services, our crops would hare which has recently appeared in Kent, sustained much greater damage than has excited great curiosity: and the they already have done. The vast phænomenon has cansed some degree number of these ladybirds which have of alarm to the superstitious of both this year appeared, promise that next the great and small vulgar who fre- year their services will be more effecquent the watering-places on that tual; as each female will deposit coast; where, it appears, so multitu- some hundreds, if not thousands of dinous bave been the swarms of this eggs, which, when hatched into larvæ, insect, that the streets base literally in the ensuing spring, will probably been covered with them, and the be able completely to destroy so gowns of the ladies, after an evening's many of the plant-lice or aphides walk, spotted with them from top to (for this is their proper name), as to bottom. Wishing to relieve the minds prevent their doing any serious inof your fair readers at Ramsgate, jury. Margate, South-End, &c. from the In this point of view, the swarmus dread that these ladybirds portend a of ladybirds ought to be regarded as pestilence, I shall communicate a few harbingers of joy by the farmer and particulars respecting the natural his- hop-planter; and by the visitants of tory of this insect; from which it will the watering places, as proofs of the appear, that we ought to hail its bat- benevolence of the deity, who has by talions as we should soldiers who are this means provided a remedy for the on their return from a glorious victory destructive voracity of the aphis, whose --at least the liop-planters of Kent prolific powers are so immense, that ought so to regard them ; for, though from ove female, in the course of a their crop may not now be half a crop, summer, many hundreds of millions of but for these defenders it would pro. individuals may be produced ! Io their


erfect state as beetles also, these information, I set out on my expedybirds live upou aphides; and thus dition. I had obtained a recommenrobably, the myriads which have dation fronu an old Malayan priest to Itely visited the coasts of Kent, may another priest, who lives on the nearave saved the hop-planters from the est habitable spot to the tree, which ntire loss of their crop. '

is about fitteen or sixteen miles disThe neglect of the study of Ento- tant. This recommendation proved nology in this country is much to be of great service to me ; as the latter egretted. If that most interesting priest is appointed by the emperor to cience were attended to as it ought reside there, in order to prepare for o be, and as it is on the Continent, eternity the souls of those who, for ve should not hear of people's fancy- different crimes, are sentenced to apng a flight of ladybirds a sign of pes. proach the tree, and to procure the ilence or offence, or enquiring what poison. can be the meaning of such a phæ- The Bohun Upas is situated in the Domenon.

island of Java, about twenty-seven Yours, &c. ENTOMOLOGUS. leagues from Batavia, fourteen from Aug. 25.

Soura Charta, the seat of the emperor, and between eighteen and twen

ty leagues from Tinckjoc, the present The Bohun Upas.--The following residence of the sultan of Java. It is

Account of the celebrated Poison surrounded on all sides by a circle of
Tree of Java, which has been the higlı hills and mountains, and the
Subject of so much dispute among country round it, to the distance of
Naturalists, is translated from a ten or twelve miles from the tree, is
Memoir written by M. Foeresch, entirely barren. Not a tree, nor a
a Man of Letters, and a Surgeon shruh, por even the least plant or
in the Service of the Dutch East grass, is to be seen. I have made
India Company.

the tour all round this dangerous spot,

at about eighteen miles distant from In the year 1774, I was stationed the centre, and I found the aspect of at Batavia, as a surgeon, in the ser- the country on all sides equally dreavice of the Dutch East India compa- ry. The easiest ascent of the hills, ny. During my residence there, I is froir that part where the old ecclereceived several different accounts of siastic dwells. From his house the a tree, called in the Malayan tongue, criminals are sent for tbe poison, into the Bohun Upas, and the violent ef- which the points of all warlike instrufects of its poison. They all, then, ments are dipped. It is of high vaseemed incredible to me; but they lue, and produces a considerable reraised my curiosity to such a degree, venue to the emperor. that I resolved to investigate this sub- The poison which is procured from ject thoroughly, and to trust only to this tree is a gum, that issues out bemyown observations. In consequence tween the bark and the tree itself, of this resolution, I applied to the like the camphor. Malefactors, who governor general, M. Petrus Alber- for their crimes are sentenced to die, tus Van der Parra, for a pass to travel are the only persons who fetch the through the country: my request was poison; and this is the only chance granted; and having procured every they have of saving their lives. After

sentence sentence is pronounced upon them the tree. He shews them a bill, which by the judge, they are asked in court, they are told to ascend, aud that on whether they will die by the hands of the other side they will find a rivaki, the executioner, or whether they will which they are to follow, and which go to the Upas tree for a box of the will conduct thein directly to tire poison ? They commonly prefer the Upas. Thev now take leave of each: latter proposal, as there is not only other, and, amidst prayers for their some chance of preserving their lives, success, the delinquents basten away. but also a certainty, in case of their The worthy old ecclesiastic assusafe return, that a provision will be red me, that during his residence made for them by the emperor. They there, for upwards of thirty sears, he are also permitted to ask a favour of had dismissed above seven hundredi the emperor, which is generally a tri- criininals, in the manner which I have fle, and commonly granted. They described ; and that scarcely iwo out are then provided with a silver or of twenty have returned. He shened tortoise-shell box, into which they me a catalogue of all the unbappy are to put the poisonous gum, and sufferers, with the date of their deare properly instructed how to pro- parture from his house aonesed; and ceed while they are upon their dan- a list of the offences for which they gerous expedition. Among other par- had been condemned ; to which was ticulars, they are always told to at- added, a list of those who had returtend to the direction of the winds, as ed in safety. J afterwards saw another they are to go towards the tree before list of these culprits, at the jail-keepthe wind, so that the effluvia from er's, at Soura Charta, and found that the tree is always blown from thenı, they perfectly corresponded with eadı They are likewise told to travel with other, and with the different informthe utmost dispatch, as that is the alious which I afterwards obtained. only method of insuring a safe relurn. I was present at some of these meThey are afterwards sent to the house lancholy ceremonies, and desired difof the old priest, to which place they ferent delinquents to bring with them are commonly allended by their some pieces of the wood, or a small friends and relations. · Here they ge- branch, or some leaves, of this woulnerally remain some days, in expect- dertul tree. I have also given them ation of a favourable breeze. During silk cords, desiriny theni to measure that time the ecclesiastic prepares its thickness. I never could procure them for their future fate by prayers niore than two dry leaves, that were and admonitions.

picked by one of them on his return; When the hour of their departure and all I could learv of him conceniarrives, the priest puts them on a ing the tree itself was, that it stood long leather cap, with two glasses be on the border of a rivulet, as descrifore their eyes, which connes down as bed by the old priest ; that it was of far as their breast, and also provides a middling size; that five or six young them with a pair of leather gloves. trees of the same kind stood close by They are then conducted by the priest, it; but that no shrub or plant could and their friends and relations, about be seen near it; and that the ground two miles on their journey ;-here was of a brownish sand, full of stoues, the priest repeats his instructions, and almost impracticable for travelling, tells them where they are to look for and covered with dead bodies,


him. He seized it with his claw that The French Eagle.The French Pa was not injured, and killed it with a

pers have given the following Ac- stroke of his beak, between the first count of an Eagle, in the Nlena- vertebra of the neck and the bead. gerie, at Paris.

After having deyoured it, he resumed

his place upon the screen, from whence There has been some time in the he stirred no more till the twenty-first garden of plants, an Eagle, which her day after his accident. Then he beinajesty the empress sent thither; and gai to try the wounded limb, and which is as much distinguished by his without deranging in the least the libeauty as by a silver ring which lie gature by which it was bound, le bas carries in one of his talons. It was regained the use of it, by moderate originally domesticated with an Eny- and reasonable exercise. This inielisb game-cock, which has at last sere resting creature has passed three ved him for food. It is not known, months in the room of a servant who whether the death of the game-cock attended to him. As soon as the fire was provoked by his own fierceness, was ligjited he came up to it, and by some movement of anger, or by suffered himself to be caressed ; at the hunger of the Eagle. The follow- bed-tinie he mounted his screen, as ing is the history of the Eagle since close as possible to his attendant's he lost his liberty. He was taken in bed, aud removed to the opposite the forests of Fontainbleau, in a trap extremily as soon as the lamp went set for foxes, and of which the spring out. The confidence in his own pow. broke his claw, Under the care of er appeared to exempt bim from eveDoctor Paulet, lis cure has been lony, rý kind of distrust. It is impossible and attended with a painful operation, to shiew more resignation, more couThis the Eagle has supported with a rage, and one might almost be tempt. patience which it would be difficulted to say, more reasou, during the to find in man, During the operation Jong continuance of his illuess. Ile his head only was at liberty, and of is of the most beautiful kind, and this he did not avail himself to oppose does not feel the least weakness froin the dressing of his wound, from which the accident whichi robbed him of several spliuters were laken, por to his liberty. the apparatus which the fracture required. Swathed in a napkin, and laid on one side, he has passed the On the Stratagems of Apes and Monwhole night upon straw, without the kies, in a wild State, and in Capleast motion. The next day, when tivity. By the Rev. Mr. Bingley. all the bandages were unwrapped, he lodged himself upon a screen, where [From the Monthly Magazine. ] he passed twelve whole hours, with out resting upon the unsound foot. Independently of the general form During all that time he made no ate of these animals, and of their extempt to escape, though the windows ternal and internal organization, which were open; and he refused all nou- in many respecls presents a striking Tishment. It was not till the thir- and humiliating resemblance to those teenth day that lie tried his appetite of men, their playfulness, their frolics upon a rabbit, which was given to and gambols, have in all ages attract,

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ed the notice of mankind. Some na. melon bed, a large party of them eo. turalists have asserted, that they are ters the garden. The animals range capable of reasoning and reflecting; themselves, if possible, under a hedge and that they are guided by an in- or fence, at some distance from each

stinctive stvacity much superior to other, and throw the melons, from " that of the brute creation in general. hand to hand, with astonishing rapi

They are, bowever, certainly destitute dity. The line they forin usually of every essential faculty of map: in- terminates in a mountain or forest, capable as well of thought as of and all their operations are executed speech, there is an immense interval during the most profound silence. betwixt the creature formed in mind Wafer tells us, that when he was after the image of God, and theseon shiore in the island of Gorgonia, he mere brutes, bearing some rude traits observed several monkies (of the of the elemental parts of the human four-fingered species) come down, at frame.

low water, to the rocks of the sea Every one will acknowledge that, coast, for the purpose of devouring in general, both apes and monkies are oysters. They got at the food couexcessively ugly. Their limbs are pe- tained within the shells, by placing culiarly strong; and they have great one oyster on a stone, and beating it delight in breaking, tearing in pieces, in pieces with another. The malor stealing whatever comes in their brouk of Bengal Simia Faunus of way. In all their operations and Linnæus] is reported to do the same. manouvres, their agility is astonish- Many of these animals, and par. ing. Whenever any thing offends orticularly the preacher and fourthrows them into a passion, they in- fingered mopkies (Simia beelzebul and dicate their rage by chattering vio- Simia paniscus of Linnæus), have lently with their teeth. Many of them, sometimes dreadful contentions, in if beaten, will sigh, groan, and weep, which great numbers on both sides like children; but most of them, on are frequently slain. They emplov these occasions, utter dreadful shrieks weapons in their combats; and of distress. They make such ridicu- often arm themselves with stones lous grimaces, place themselves in and pieces of wood, which they throw such strange and whimsical attitudes, with sure aimi, and astonishing vioand in other respects conduct them- lence at each other. They have, on selves so singularly, that few persons, these occasions, neither deserters nor even of those who most dislike them, stragglers; for in times of daoger can on these occasions refrain from they never forsake each other. They smiling, and nearly all must be run along the plains, and even leap amused by them.

from tree to tree, with a surprizing It is said, that there are some races rapidity. ! of monkies which keep up a certain The instincts and sagacity of these discipline among themselves. Though animals are, in many instances, such active in the highest degree in pil- as not to be injured or diminished laging plantations and cultivated even by captivity. lo some houses grounds, they seldom go on impor- we see the wanderu (Simia Silenus of tant expeditions for this purpose but Linnæus), a cuuning and audacious in numerous troops. If they, medi- monkey, much inclined to ridicule tate an attack (for instance) on a and grimace. He may be taught to


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