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French nation is always the same. It has acquired much honour aud power. France has made great progress, she has improved her agriculture aud her resources; and if in other times your majesty had an opportunity of going thither, it would, perhaps, be interesting to your majesty to sec and know that country.
King.—I look upon France now as being the scourge of Europe.
General.—Yes, we have been much engaged in warfare. The emperor has a great character.
King.—I do not know of any emperor of France.
(General Brune did not attempt to antwer this remark.)
King.— Have you forgot, general, that you have a lawful king?
General.—I do not even know whether such a one exists.
King.—How! if he exists? He is exiled, unhappy; but he is your lawful king, aud his rights are unquestionably sacred. He only wishes to assemble his united subjects round his standard.
General.—Where is that standard?
King.—If no where else, you will always find it with me.
General.—I am told that he has abdicated his rights to the duke of Angouleme.
King.—I have never heard that mentioned. On the contrary, the king has issued a proclamation; a pledge of his sentiments towards his people, to which Monsieur and all the princes of the blood have given their consent. Do you know that proclamation?
General.—No, your majesty (this was said with many assurances on his honour.)
King.—The duke of Piennc, mareclial des camps in the service of the
king, is here. It is possible that he has brought this publication with him. I will let him be called, if you wish it.
(When his majesty, in the countenance of the general, perceittd his disquietude and uneasiness at this,) he added,
"But perhaps this would cause too much observation."
General.—Yes; but if your majesty would send it to me in a cover at the out-posts, I would read it myself, and my otlicers should also see it.
King.—In this proclamation the king promises to all military persons who wish to return to their duty, to retain them in their rank and honours. Do you suppose, general, that the present state of affairs in France will last long?
General.—Every thing is liable to change.
King.—Don't you think that Providence, which hitherto has allowed you so many successes, can put a stop to them, for the sake of good justice and the good cause?
General.—But it may happen that l>ersons, who mean well, act according to their conviction, even again-l the decrees of Providence.
King.—I suppose that you may still have success. Can you, however, think that it will always continue so? If you had the choice to serve your lawful king, or the cause you now have adopted—what would you do? Answer me sincerely.
General.— (Rubbing; his forthead). , That is a question which requires consideration.
King.—To me it seems that you ought not to want much time to think of it. Tell me only whether you would prefer returning to your duly, or defending those principles which you have adopted.
General.—In regard to that—Yes, I shall defend those principles, I shall do my duly for the present.
King.—Do you know that Buonaparte has proposed to the king to treat with him on his rights. This is the greatest proof of his acknowledging those rights, that he could give.
General.—I am ignorant of that.
King.—But do you know that the king lias constantly refused it, and said, as Francis I. said, We have lost evert/ thing except our honour!
(General Brnne repeated these words with warmth.)
King.—I kuow the king intimately, and he deserves to he known for his great and excellent qualities. You, general, you can never have rest— for what will he your situation if all is changed 5
General.—I shall then die an honourable death, sword in hand. As a military man, I am exposed to such a fate every moment.—The question is not to die, but to die as one ought.
King.—But that depends upon unforeseen circumstances. There exists however a happiness, which consists in peace of mind—the consequence of having fulfilled one's duties, and acted according to the dictates of conscience. Buonaparte can never have that peace of mind. He might have made himself immortal if he had restored the throne to the king. He may gain fortuitous honour, much celebrity, and many advantages, but he can never enjoy any peace of mind.
When the general began to speak of the talents of Buonaparte, and said that there was none of the Bourbon family who was distinguished for so
many, the king answered, "There occur favourable circumstances, and it needs only to take advantage of them." .
The general seemed to admit this.
Kiug.—The death of the duke of Enghien—what an enormity!
General.—I was at that time in Constantinople, and cannot explain it.
When the conversation turned on the French revolution, the general said: I belong to the revolution, and it has been brought about by the will of the Freuch people.
King.—It is not the French people that have made the revolution; it is the rabble. We now see plainly the consequences of these mob-revolutions of which you speak. This one hei.Mii with abolishing all distinctions in order to introduce equality; and now you yourself are a proof that these principles are changed.
General.—If your majesty had been in the place of Louis XVI. the revolution had never happened. , King.—I will not praise myself on that head, as I have never found myself in such circumstances. He was too good and conciliatory, and has proved that those qualifications, when misapplied, may have fatal consequences. You have yourself led me on to this subject. I have been candid with you, and my character required that 1 should explain myself on the subject. It is my duly to speak as I have done; but were I even placed indifferent circumstances, my principles would still be the same. Can you imagine that I should look with indifference upon people neglecting their duty to their lawful king, when I am a king myself) that would be to forget what 1 owe to myself.
General.—Your majesty considers the king as a brother.
King.—It seems to me that tlie French ought themselves to understand their duties, without expecting that I should set them the example.
General Brunt here returned to the subject about the additional clause in' the armistice. Your majesty is then determined as to the ten days notice?
General.—But should not your majesty wish to agree privately that the armistice shall not cease till after a mouth's notice?
King.—You do not know me rightly if you believe me capable of entering into such an agreement.
General.—I know your majesty's character.
Such is*he substance of this conference, during which general Brune found it difficult to conceal his embarrassment; which, notwithstanding all his endeavours, was apparent in his countenance and conversation.
Answer of the Prussian Court to the Austrian offer of Mediation.
"His majesty the king, recognizing the motives which induced his apostolic majesty to offer his mediation between the more distinguished of the powers now at war, in order, by means of his good services, to lead to conferences concerning peace, is eager to testify all the gratitude he feels on this account. The king beholds this measure of the court of Vienna with pleasure as it respects himself, considering it as the effect of that friendship of which the emperor and king has given him more than one proof, and therefore feels this more strongly. The desire to see the evils terminated, which have
pressed upon Europe during so many years, and his natural moderation, would induce him to accept without scruple, the offer of his imperial and royal majesty, if he could convince himself that the basis which France would consent to in a negorialioo would be such as his honour allowed him to accept. The way and manner in which Napoleon has constantly evaded explaining himself iu this respect is no fortunate omen. Yet, should his imperial and royal majesty succeed in inducing France to state such a basis, and make it known to the king, and should they be not altogether hostile to the end which bis majesty has been endeavouring to attain in common with his allies, his Prussian majesty will eagerly accept the offer which his imperial and royal apostolic majesty has just made."
Order of Council.
At the Court at the Queen's Palace, 19th Aug. 1807, present, the King's most Excellent Majesty in Council. "His majesty, taking into consideration the measures recently resorted to by the enemy for distressing the commerce of the united kingdom, is pleased, by and with the advice of his privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that all vessels under the flag of Mecklenburg, Oldenburg, Papenburg, or Kniphausen, shall be forthwith warned not to trade in future at any hostile port, unless such vessel shall ■ be going from, or coming to, a port of the united kingdom; and iu case any such vessel, alter having been so warned, shall be found trading, or to have traded after such warning; or in case any vessel or goods belonging to Ihe inhabitants of such countries, after the expiration of six weeks from the date of this order, shall be found trading, or to have traded, after such six weeks have expired, at any hostile port, such vessel and goods, unless going from, or coming to, a port of the united kingdom, shall be seized and be brought in for legal adjudication, and shall be condemned as lawful prize to his majesty: and his majesty's principal secretaries of state, the lords commissioners of the admiralty, and the judge of the high court of admiralty, and judges of the court of vice-admiralty, are to take the necessary measures herein, as to them shall respectively appertain.
"We, Christian the Seventh, by the grace of God, king of Denmark, Norway, of the Wends and Goths, duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Storrnaii, and Ditmarchea, also of Olden burgh, kc. do herewith make known, that whereas by the English envoy Jackson, it was declared to us on the 13th of this month, that hostilities against Denmark would be commenced; and whereas, at the same time he demanded passports for himself and his suite, consequently the war between England and Denmark may be considered as actually broken out: Therefore we herewith call on all our faithful subjects to take up arms, whenever it shall be required, to frustrate the insidious designs of the enemy, and repel hostile attacks.
"Wc further hereby ordain, that all English ships, as well as all English property and all English goods, shall be seized by the magi-' strates and others, in particular by the officers of customs, wheresoever they may be found. It is further our will, that all English subjects, until, pursuant to our further orders, they can be sent out of the country* shall without exception be arrested as enemies of our kingdom aud our country, which measure is strictly to be carried into execution by all magistrates, as well as by all subordinate officers, duly to be instructed by them for that purpose; aud it is a matter of course, that all English ships and boats which approach our coasts shall be considered and treated as hostile.
"It is also our will, that all suspicious foreigners shall be watched with the greatest attention, and that magistrates, as well as all subordinate officers, shall use their utmost efforts as soon as possible to discover all spies.
"Lastly, we find it necessary to ordain, that, immediately after publication hereof, all correspondence with English subjects shall entirely cease, and that no payment shall be made to them on any ground whatever, until our further orders, on pain of severe punishment, in case of contravention.
"For the rest we rely on the justice of our cause, aud the courage 'and tried fidelity of our beloved subjects.
"Given under our royal seal in the fortress of Gluckstadt, the lOlh of August, 1807. (L. S.) "C. L. Baht. V. Brock Doff. "J. C. Moritz."
Proclamation issued on the sixteenth of August, at Zealand, by Admiral Gambier and Lord Cath■ cart, Commanders in Chief of his Majesty's Forces by'Sea and Land, employed in the Expedition.
"Whereas the present treaties of peace, and the changes of government and of territory, acceded to by so many powers, have so far increased the influence of France on the continent of Europe as to render it impossible for Denmark, though it desires to be neutral, to preserve its neutrality, and absolutely necessary for those who continue to resist the French aggression, to take measures to prevent the arms of neutral powers from being turned against them:
"In this view, the king cannot regard the present position of Denmark with indifference, and his majesty has sent negociators with ample powers, to his Danish majesty, to request, in the most amicable manner, such explanations as the times require, and a concurrence in such measures, as can alone give security against the farther mischiefs which the French meditate, through the acquisition of the Danish navy.
"The king, our royal and most gracious master, has therefore judged it expedient, to desire the temporary deposit of the Danish ships of the line in one of his majesty's ports.
"This deposit seems to be so just, and so indispensably necessary, under the relative circumstances of the neutral and belligerent powers, that his majesty has further deemed it a duty to himself, and to bis people, to support this demand by a powerful fleet, and by an army amply supplied with every preparation ne
cessary for the most active and determined enterprise.
"We come, therefore, to your shores, inhabitants of Zealand! not as enemies, but in self-defeuce, to prevent those who have so long disturbed the peace of Europe, from compelling the force of your navy to be turned against us.
"We ask deposit, we have not looked to capture; so far from it, the most solemn pledge has been offered to your government, and is hereby renewed in the name, and at the express command of the king, our master, that if our demand is amicably acceded to, every ship belonging to Denmark shall, at the conclusion of a general peace, be restored to her, in the same condition and state of equipment, as when received under the protection of the British flag.
"It is in the power of your government, by a word, to sheath our swords, most reluctantly drawn against you; but if, on the other band, the machinations of France render you deaf to tlie voice of re»son, and the call of friendship, the innocent blood that will be spilt, and the horrors of a besieged and bombarded capital, must fall on your own In -m Is,a mi those of you r cruel ad visers.
"His majesty's seamen and soldiers, when on shore, will treat Zealand, as long as your conduct to them will permit it, on the footing of a province of the most friendl) power in alliance with Great Britain, whose territory has the misfortune to be the theatre of war.
"The persons of all those who remain at home, and who do not take an hostile part, will be held sacred.
"Property will be respected and preserved, and the most severe discipline will be enforced.