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mate and lasting relations between the two emperors, acknowledges his majesty Joseph Napoleon, king of Naples, and Louis Napoleon, king of Holland. *
"XV. His majesty, the emperor of all the Russias, acknowledges the confederation of the Rhine, the present state of the possessions of the princes belonging to it, and the titles of those which were conferred upon them by the act of confederation, or by the subsequent treaties of accession. His said majesty also promises, information being communicated to him on the part of the emperor Napoleon, to acknowledge those sovereigns who may hereafter become members of the confederation, according to their rank specified in the act of confederation.
"XVI. His "majesty the emperor of all the Russias cedes all his property in the right of sovereignty to the lordship of Jever, in East Friesland, to his majesty the king of Holland.
"XVII. The present treaty of peace shall be mutually binding, and in force, for his majesty the king of Naples, Joseph Napoleon, his majesty Louis Na|x>leon, king of Holland, and the sovereigns of the confederation of the Rhine, in alliauce with the Emperor Napoleon.
"XVIII. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias also acknowledges his imperial highness, prince Jerome Napoleon, as king of Westphalia.
"XIX. The kingdom of Westphalia shall consist of the provinces ceded by the king of Prussia on the left bank of the Elk\ and other states at present in the possession
of his majesty the emperor Napoleon.
"XX. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias engages to recognize the limits which shall be determined by his majesty the emperor Napoleon, in pursuance of the fore. going XlXth article, and the cessions of his majesty the king of Prussia (which shall be notified to his majesty the enlperor of all the Russias), together with the state of possession resulting therefrom to the sovereigns for whose behoof they shall have been established.
"XXI. All hostilities shall immediately cease between the troops of his majesty the emperor of all the Russias and those of the Grand Seignior, at all points, whenever official intelligence shall arrive of the signing of the present treaty. The high contracting parties shall, without delay, dLpatch couriers extraordinary, to convey the intelligence, ■ with all possible expedition, to the respective generals and commanders.
"XXII. The Prussian * troops shall be withdrawn from the provinces of Moldavia; but the said provinces may not be occupied by the troops of the Grand Seignior, till after the exchange of the ratifications of the future definitive treaty of peace between. Russia and Uie Ottoman Porte.
"XXIII. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias accepts .the mediation of his majesty the emperor of the French, and king of Italy, for the purpose of negociating a peace advantageous and honourable to the two powers, and of concluding the same. The respective plenipotentiaries shall repair to that place
3 A 12 which
* this is a mistake in the Monitevr. It should he Russian troops.
which shall be agreed upon by the two powers concerned, there to open the negotiations, and to proceed therewith.
"XXIV. The. periods, within which the high contracting parties shall withdraw their troops from the places which they are to evacuate pursuant to the above stipulations, as also the manner in which the different stipulations contained iu the present treaty shall be executed, will be settled by a special agreement.
"XXV. His majesty the emperor of the French, king of Italy, and his majesty the emperor of all the Russia*, mutually ensure to each other the integrity of their possessions, and of those of the powers included in this present treaty, in the state in which they are now settled, or further to be settled, pursuant to the above stipulations.
"XXVI. The prisoners made by the contracting parties, or those included in the present treaty, shall be restored in a mass, and without any cartel of exchange, on both sides.
"XXVII. The commercial relations between the French empire, the kingdom of Italy, the kingdoms of Naples and Holland, and the confederated states of the Rhine, on the one side; and the empire of Russia on the other, shall be replaced on the same footing as before 'the war.
"XXVIII. The ceremonial between the two courts of the Thuilleries and St. Petersburg!), with respect to each other, and also their respective ambassadors, ministers, and envoys, mutually accredited to each other, shall be placed on the footing of complete equality and reciprocity.
"XXIX. The present treaty shall be ratified by his majesty the emperor of the French, king of Italy, and his majesty the emperor of all the
Russias; the ratifications shall b< exchanged in the city within the space of four days.
"Done at Tilsit, 7th July, (25th
June) 1807. (Signed) "C. MauricetalleyEAND, priuce of Benevento. "Prince Alexandee
Kubakin. "Prince Demetry LaBanoff Van Ros
(A true Copy)
[From the German.] Note of Mr. Canning, English Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, to Prince Stahrembers. the Austrian Ambassador at London.
"London, 25th April, 1807.
"The undersigned, his majesty'* principal secretary of state for foreign affairs, has laid before the king the note delivered to him by prince Stahremberg, ambassador extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary ot his majesty the emperor of Austria, king of Hungary and Bohemia, in which his imperial majesty offers himself as the mediator of a general peace.
"Tlie undersigned has received it in command from the king bis sovereign, to communicate to prince Stahremberg the inclosed official answer to the note of bis imperial majesty. The king does complete justice to the motives that have induced his imperial majesty to propose a mode of negociation which, by embracing the interests of all parties, can alone lead to the restoration of a lasting
peace, and fbe permanent tranquillity of Europe; and bis majesty therefore accepts tin- offer of his imperial majesty's mediation, as far as he is concerned; hut with this proviso, that it shall also be accepted by all the other powers involved in the present war.
"His majesty the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland has received with due regard the communication of his majesty the emperor of Austria, king of Hungary and Bohemia, and also justly appreciates the motives which have, upon this occasion, determined his majesty to become the mediator of a general peace.
"The king, who has never ceased to look to a secure and lasting peace as the only object of the war in which he is engaged, and who has never refused to listen to any proposal which offered the least probability of attaining his proposed object, cannot, for a moment, hesitate to give his full assent to the declared opinion of his majesty the emperor and king, that such a peace is only to be obtained by a general negotiation on the part of all the powers engaged in the present war.
"The king will have no difficulty in entering upon such a negociation, as soon as the consent of the other powers interested therein shall have been received. His majesty will, without delay, make the necessary communications in this respect to those powers with which he is more especially united by the ties.of friendship and confidence, in order to ascertain their views;and in the event of their being favourable to the proposition of his imperial majesty, to consult with them as to the mode in which the
negociations shall commence, and, agreeably to his imperial majesty's proposition, to come to an understanding as to the principles which should equally form the ground and basis of discussion and of a general arrangement.
"As to what concerns the choice of a place to become the seat of negociation, any place will be equally acceptable to his majesty, provided (exclusive of the indispensable condition which is also expressed in the note of his imperial majesty, that it shall be free from all immediate influence of the events of the war) that it affords to his Britaunic majesty, in the same degree as to the other powers, the means of a speedy and uninterrupted communication with the plenipotentiaries whom his majesty should send to this congress."
His Majesty's Speech, (delivered by Commission) on the Prorogation of the Parliament, Friday, Aug. 14,
"My Lords and Gentlemen, "We have it in command from his majesty to express the satisfaction with which he finds himself enabled to give you that recess which, after the great and diligent exertions which you have made in the .dispatch of public business, must at this advanced season of the year be so peculiarly desirable.
"His majesty has been graciously pleased to direct us to return you his thanks for the steady loyalty and attachment to his person and government, and the zealous devotion to the public service, which have characterised all your deliberations, and ^ost especially to thank you for the 3 A 3 seasonable seasonable exertions which you have enabled him to make for the augmentation of the military force of his kingdom.
"Gentlemen of the House of Commons,
"His majesty lias commanded us to return you his warmest thanks for the' supplies which you have granted with so much cheerfulness for the current year; and when he considers the provision which you have made for those contingent and unforeseen services which the events of the war may render necessary, lib majesty has the great satisfaction of recognizing the wisdom wherewith, in a time of extraordinary difficulties, you have anticipated the possible de'mauds which those difficulties may occasion.
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"His majesty commands us to assure you that he deeply deplores the unfortunate issue of the war upon the continent.
"The immense extension of the power and influence of France, and the undisguised determination of the enemy to employ the means and resources of those counlries which he possesses or ccntrouls, for the purpose of effecting the ruin of his majesty's kingdom, undoubtedly present a formidable view,of the dangers and difficulties which the country has to encounter.
"But his majesty trusts that the loyal and brave people over whom he reigns are not to be daunted or disheartened.
"From the recollection of those difficulties under which his people have successively struggled, and of those dangers which they have happily surmounted, his majesty derives the consolation of believing, that tbe
same spirit and perseverance which have hitherto remained unbroken will continue to be excited with unabated vigour and success.
"And while his majesty commands us to repeat the assurances of his constant readiness to entertain any proposals which may lead to a secure and honourable peace, he commands us at the same time to express bis confidence that his parliament and his people will feel with him the necessity of persevering in those vigorous efforts which alone can give the character of honour to any negociation, or the prospect of security or permanency to auy peace. His majesty, therefore, trusts that his parliament and his people will always be ready to support him in every measure which may be necessary to defeat the designs of his enemies againt the independence of his majesty's domiuious, and to maintain against any undue pretensions, and against any hostile confederacy, those just rights which his majesty is always desirous to exercise with temper,and moderation, but which, as essential to the honour of his crowu and true interests of his people, he is determined never to surrender."
Then a commission for proroguirg the parliament was read; after which the lord chancellor said:
"My Lords and Gentlemen,
"By virtue of his majesty's commission under the great seal to us and other lords directed, and now read, we do, in his majesty's name, and in obedience to his commands, prorogue this parliament to Thursday, the 2-Mh day of September next, to be then here liolden; and this parliament is accordingly prorogued to Thursday, the ?*th day of September next/'
Conference between the King of Sweden and General Brune.
To the Editor, kc. Sir, The following is a transfation of the conversation which passed between his majesty the king of Sweden and general Brune, at Schlatkow, on the 4th of June, as published, by command, at Stralsund; and if you tliiuk it will be interesting to your readers, you are welcome to insert it.
Gustavus Brunnmark, Chaplain to the Swedish legation at the court of St. James's.
The original publication begins thus:—
As an incorrect article has been inserted in the Hamburg and Altona papers, concerning his royal majesty's conference with the French general Brune, at Schlatkow, on the 4th of June, 1807, it seems now high time to put this conversation in its true light.
When the French general came to the king, he began, after a pause of a few moments, by saying—I present myself here in consequence of your majesty's command.
The king.—I have myself wished to speak to you, general, in order to render unnecessary all further explanation on the article added to the conclusion of the armistice at Schlatkow; as I wish that every thing should be clear and distinct, so that no misconstruction can arise. My governor-general has already, in consequence of my order, told you in his letter of the "l 4th of May, that I do not acknowledge any other agreements, except those established in the Armistice itself—and I now repeat to
you, that that is the only act 1 look upon as binding.
The general.— Does your majesty permit me to speak, or is it your majesty's pleasure to explain your thoughts yourself on the subject?
King.—No; you may speak.
General.—Your majesty, I can mention an instance in which I was myself concerned, for I concluded a similar armistice in Holland with the duke of York; and I had thought the additional article now in question ought to have been as sacred as the armistice itself, when founded on the honour of both the commanders in chief.
King.—Yes, it is exactly on the same principle that I acknowledge only the armistice at Schlatkow. Bonaparte has besides made use of a reason, which I might also urge, when he said, that he himself commanded his army, and ordered general Mortier, in case th# additional article should not be acceded to, to , break oft" the armistice. Now since I have taken the command of my army in person, 1 might have had a sufticient reason for putting an end to the armistice, as I would not acknowledge tlie additional article; but I have not done it.
When general Brune began to speak about the ancient alliance between Sweden and France, and about an union between the two nations.
The king answered.—Yes, certainly. I wish as much as you, thai this alliance might be revived; but the French nation is no longer lit*same; and those happy times are passed, when a close alliance contributed to the political advantage of the two kingdoms. The present stale of affairs prevents it.
General. — Your majesty, the
5 A 4 French