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alliance could justly require ; but on the 23d) directing me to autho. that a single step beyond the line rize that measure, in case the Por. of modified hostility, thus most re- tuguese government should pass the luctantly consented to, must neces. bounds which his majesty had sarily lead to the extremity of ac, thought fit to set to his forbearance, tual war.
and attempt to take any farther step · The prince regent, however, suf. injurious to the honour or interest fered himself for a moment to for- of Great Britain, get that, in the present state of Eu. Those dispatches were dra en op rope, no country could be permit. under the idea that I was still resi. ted to be an enemy to England with dent at Lisbon ; aud though I did impunity, and that however much not receive them until I had actually his majesty might be disposed to taken my departure from that court, make allowance for the deficiency still, upon a careful consideration of the means possessed by Portugal of the tener of your instructions, I of resistance to the power of France, thought that it would be right to act neither his own dignity, nor the as if that case had not occurred. interests of his people, would permit I resolved, therefore, to proceed his majesty to accept that excuse for forth with to ascertain the effect a compliance with the full extent of produced by the blockade of Lisbon, her unprincipled demands. On the and to propose to the Portuguese 8th instant, his royal highness was government, as the only condition induced to sign an order for the upon which that blockade could detention of the few British subjects, cease, the alternative (stated by and of the inconsiderable portion of you) either of surrendering the British property, which yet remained fleet to his majesty, or of immediate. at Lisbon. On the publication of ly employing it to remove the prince this order, I caused the arms of regent and his family to the Brazils. England to be removed from the I took upon myself this responsibi. gates of my residence, demanded lity in renewing negociations after my passports, presented a final re. my public functions had actually monstrance against the recent con. ceased ; convinced that although it duct of the court of Lisbon, and was the fixed determination of his proceeded to the squadron.com. majesty not to suffer the fleet of manded by sir Sidney Smith, which Portugal to fall into the possession arrived off the coast of Portugal of his enemies, still his majesty's some days after I had received my first object continued to be the ap. passports; and which I joined on plication of that fleet to the origi. the 17th instant.
nal purpose of saving the royal fa. I immediately suggested to 'sir mily of Braganza from the tyranns Sidney Smith the expediency of es- of France. tablishing the most rigorous block. I accordingly requested an au. ade at the mouth of the Tagus; and dience of the prince regent, togé. I had the high satisfaction of after- ther with due assurances of protece wards finding, that I had thus anti tection and security; and upon recipated the intentions of his majes. ceiving his royal highness's answer, ty ; your dispatches (which I re. I proceeded to Lisbon on the 27th, ceived by the messenger Sylvester, in his majesty's ship Confiance,
bearing a flag of truce. I had im. cle than that afforded by the mediately most interesting commu. junction of the two fleets has been Dications with the court of Lisbon, rarely beheld. the particulars of which shall be On quitting the prince, regent's more fully detailed in a future dise" ship, I repaired on-board the Hi. patch. It suffices to mention in this bernia, but returned immediately, place, that the prince regent wisely accompanied by sir Sidney Smith, directed all his apprehensions to a whom I presented to the prince, and French army, and all his hopes to who was received by his royal an English fleet; that he received highness with the most marked and the most explicit assurances from gracious condescension. me that his majesty would gene. I have the honour to enclose lists rously overlook those acts of une of the ships of war which were willing and momentary hostility to known to have left Lisbon this which his royal highness's consent morning, and which were in sight had been extorted; and that I pro. a few hours ago. There remain mised to his royal highness, on the at Lisbon four ships of the line, and faith of my sovereign, that the Bri. the same number of frigates, but tish squadron before the Tagus only one of each sort is serviceable. should be employed to protect his I have thought it expedient to retreat from Lisbon, and his voyage lose no time in communicating to to the Brazils. :
his majesty's government the im. A decree was published yester, portant intelligence contained in day,* in which the prince regent this dispatch. I have therefore to announced his intention of retiring, apologise for the hasty and imper. to the city of Rio de Janeiro until fect manner in which it is written. the conclusion of a general peace, I have the honour to be, &c. and of appointing a regency to
• STRANGFORD. transact the administration of go. vernment at Lisbon, during his roy
Admiralty Office, Dec. 21. al highness's absence from Europe. Dispatches, of which the following
This morning the Portuguese fleet are Extracts and Copies, were releft the Tagus. I had the honour ceived at this Office on Saturday to accompany the prince in his pas. last, by Captain Yro, of his Man sage over the Bar. The fleet cona jesty's sloop the Confiance, from sisted of eight sail of the line, four Rear-Admiral Sir William Sid. large frigates, several armed brigs, ncy Smith, addressed to the hon. sloops, and corvettes, and a number William Wellesley Pole. of Brazil ships, amounting, I be. His Majesty's ship llibernia, 22 leagues lieve, to about thirty-six sail in all. west of the Tagus, Dec. 1,1807. They passed through the British Sir, squadron, and his majesty's ships In a former dispatch, dated the fired a salute of twenty-one guos, 220 November, with a postscript of which was returned with an equal the 26th, I conveyed to you, for aumber. A more interesting specta- the information of my lords com
• A copy of this decree or proclamation will be seen in p. 775, 776. 1 Sce rear-admiral sir Sidgey Smith's dispatchos.
missioners missioners of the Admiralty; the proposition which had been made proofs contained in various docu. by us, for his lordship to land and ments of the Portuguese government confer with the prince regent un. being so much influenced by ter. der the guarantee of a flag of truce, ror of the French arms, as to have I furnished his lordship with that acquiesced to certain demands of conveyance and securiiy, in order France operating against Great that he right give to the prince Britain. The distribution of the that confidence which his word of Portuguese force was made wholly honour as the king's minister ple. on the coast, while the land-side nipotentiary, united with that of a was left totally unguarded. Bri- British admiral, could not fail to tish subjects of all descriptions inspire towards induciog bis royal were detained ; and it therefore be- highness to throw himself and his came necessary to inform the fleet into the arms of Great Britain, Portuguese government, that the in perfect reliance on the king's case had arisen which required, overlooking a forced act of appain obedience to my instructions, rent hostility against his flag and that I should declare the Tagus in subjects, and establishing his royal a state of blockade; and lord highness's government ia his ultraStrangford agreeing with me that marine possessions, as originally hostility should be met by hosti. promised. I have now the heart. lity, the blockade was instituted, felt satisfaction of announcing to and the instructions we had re. you, that our hopes and expectaceived. were acted upon to their tions have been realized to the ut. full extent; still, however, bear- most extent. On the morning of the ing in recollection the first object 29th, the Portuguese fleet (as per adopted by his majesty's govern- list annexed) came out of the Ta. ment, of opening a refuge for the gus with his royal highness the head of the Portuguese government, prince of Brazil and the whole of menaced as it was by the powerful the royal family of Bragauza on arms and baneful influence of the board, together with many of his enemy, I thought it my duty to faithfui counsellors and adherents, adopt the means open to us, of as well as other persons attached to endearousing to induce the prince his present fortunes. regent of Portugal to reconsider his This fleet of eight sail of the line, decision (6 to unite himself with the four frigates, two brigs, and one continent of Europe," and to recol. schooner, with a crowd of large lect that he had possessions on that armed merchant.ships, arranged it. of America, affording an ample ba. self under the protection of that of lance for any sacrifice he might make his majesty, while the firing of a here, and from which he would be reciprocal salute of twenty-000
warfare, the termination of which ing of those who but the day before could not be dictated by the com. were on terms of hostility; the binarion of the continental powers scene impressing every beholder of Europe.
(except the French army on the In this view lord Strangford ha. hills) with the most lively emotions ving received an acquiescence to the of gratitude to Providence, that
there there yet existed a power in the her guns have been employed to world able, as well as willing, to arm the Freitas, 64, a new ship, protect the oppressed. . ' and one of those which came out I have the honour to be, &c. with the prince. The other three
· W. S. SMITH. are mere hulks ; and there is also List of the Portuguese Fleet that one ship on the stocks, the Principe
came out of the Tagus on the 29th Regente, but she is only in frame. of November, 1807.
The prince said every thing that Principe Reale, of 84 guns; the most cordial feelings of gratitude Rainha de Portugal, of 74 guns; towards, and confidence in, his ina. Conde Henrique, of 74 guns; Me. jesty and the British nation, might dusa, of 74 guns : Affonzo d'Albu. be supposed to dictate. querque, of 64 gups; D. Joao de I have bý signal (for we have no Castro, of 64 guns ; Principe de other mode of communicating in Brazil, of 74 guns; Martino de this weather) directed captain Freitas, of 64 guns.
Moore in the Marlborough, with FRIGATES. — Minerva, of 44 the London, Monarch, and Bed. guns; Golfinho, of 36 guns; Urinia, ford, to stay by the body of the of 32 guns; and one other, name Portuguese fleet, and render it not as yet known.
every assistance, Brigs.-Voador, of 22 guns; I keep in the Hibernia close to Vinganea, of 20 guns; Lebré, of the prince's ship.' I cannot as yet 22 guns.
send the Foudroyant, Plantagenet, SCHOONER.- Curioza, of 12 guns. and Conqueror on to admiral Pur(Signed)
vis, according to their lordships' or. Joaq. Józe Mont. TORRES, der of the 14th, which, I trust,
Major-general. . will be the less felt as an inconve. (Copy) W. SIDNEY SMITH. nience off Cadiz, as they appear
to have been ordered thither with His Majesty's 'ship Hibernia, 22 reference to the Russians being
leagues west of the Tagus Dec. 1, within the Straits, before it was 1807.
known they were on my station.
I have the honour to be, &c. In another dispatch of this day's
W. SIDNEY SMITH. date, I have transmitted a list of the Portuguese fleet that came out of List of the Portuguese Ships that the Tagus on the 29th ultimo, which remained in Lisbon. I received that day from the admi. . S. Sebastiano, of 64 guns-un. ral commanding it, when I went on. serviceable without a thorough re. board the Principe Reale to pay my pair. visit of respect and congratulation Maria Prima, of 74 guns.--upser. to his royal highness the prince of viceable; ordered to be made into Brazil, who was embarked in that a floating battery, but not yet fitted. ship. I here enclose the list of Vasco de Gama, of 7 4 gunsthose left behind. The absence of under repair, and nearly ready. but one of the four ships is regret. Princesa de Beira, of 64 guns-ted by the Portuguese (the Vasco condemned; ordered to be fitted as de Gama), she being under repair; a floating battery. Vol. XLIX.
voyage of the two. I have detached Fenix, of 48 guns—in need of captain Moore in the Marlborough, thorough repair.
with the London, Monarch, and Amazona, of 44 guirs—in need Bedford, to attend the Portuguese of ditto.
fleet to the Brazils. I have thought Perola of 44 guns -in need of it my duty, in addition to the usual ditto.
order to take the above ships unTritao, of 40 guns--past repair. der his orders, to give captain Moore Veney, of 30 guns-past repair. one to hoist a broad pendaot after (Copy). W. SIDNEY Smith.' passing Madeira, in order to give
him greater weight and consequence Hibernia, at sea, lat. 37.47. long in the performance of the important 14. 17. Dec. 6, 1807.
and unųsually delicate duties I have Sir,
confided to him. I feel the most I have the satisfaction to acquaint perfect reliance in that officer's you, for the information of my lords judgment, ability, and zeal. commissioners of the Admiralty, The Portuguese ships did not, that I succeeded iu collecting the after their reparation, want more whole of the Portuguese fleet, ex. provisions or slops from us than the cept a brig, after the gale, and that list enclosed, which I supplied from the weather was such as to allow this ship and the Conqucror. the necessary repairs and such dis. This dispatch will be delivered by tribution of supernumeraries and re- captain Yeo, of his majesty's sloop sources to be made, as to enable Confiance, who has shewn great vice-admiral Don Manuel d'Acunha, address and zeal in opening the com. sotto-mayor, to report to me yester- munications by flag of truce, which day all the ships capable of per. it was the interest of those in power forming the voyage to Rio Janeiro, who were against the measure of except one line-of-battleship, which emigration, to obstruct. - Lord he requested might be conducted to Strangford speaks of his conduct in an English port. I meant to es. terms of warm approbation ; on this cort her part of the way, but she ground I. beg leave to recommend did not quit the fleet with me last him to their lordships, to whom his night.as settled. I hope, however, general merits as an officer are al. she may arrive safe, as she is not in ready well known. Having been a bad state, being substituted for in Lisbon without restraint during the Martino de Freitas, which was the intercourse, he is qualified to at first destined to go to England, answer any questions their lordships in consequence of a fresh arrange. may wish to put to him. ment made yesterday, on the latter I have the honour to be, &c. being found in the best state for the
W. SIDNEY SMITH.