Page images

rate, and Safeguard, gun.biigs; with three armed transports, and ten launches, fitted as

Fearless — 1 seamen killed; lieut. Williams (slightly), 1 seaman, and four marines, wounded.

Indignant—1 seaman killed; 1 seaman wounded.

Urgent—1 seaman and 1 marine wounded.

Cruiser—Lieut. Woodford, killed.

Valiant's Launch — 3 seamen wounded.

Africaine's boat — I seaman wounded.

Total—4 killed, and 13 wounded.

August 24. flaying occasion toconfer with lieutenant - general lord Cathcarr, commanding the army, respecting the co-operation of the fleet, I went on shore to headquarters for that purpose. I learnt, that the right wing of the army is advanced near to the town on the south-west, and arc preparing mortar batteries to commence the bombardment of it. The enemy being obliged to withdraw their out-posts in that quarter, hare set fire to the suburbs, to prevent them from affording cover to our troops. The Teasels which were in action yesterday, are getting their damages repaired. No attack has been made this day by the enemy's flotilla against our advanced squadron.

August 25. Yesterday and thii day, the damage which several of the gun-brigs received in the action of the 23d, have been repaired, and the vessels are again ready for service.

i\. B. Tho above journal was brought to h'ngland by the Earnest gun-brig, returning, according to lit r orders, to Yarmouth, after de. livcrinc the dispatches with which she sailed for tho admiral.

Capture or Heligoland.

Extract of a Letter from Vice-Admiral Russell, to the Hon. Wellesley Pole; dated Majestic, off Heii. foland, Sept. 6, 1807. beg you will be pleased to acquaint my lords commissioners of the admiralty, that I arrived at this island, and anchored close to the town, on the 4th iustant, at half past two P. M. but did not, at I expected, find the Explosion, the Wanderer, or the Exertion, with which their lordships had intended to reinforce me.

Having found that lord Falkland had, with his usual zeal and promptness, summoned the garrison on the 30th ultimo, and that his proposals were rejected by the governor, I was making my arrangements to storm him with the marines and seamen of the squadron if he did not instantly surrender ; for at this time the value of tho island to us is immense.

At six P. M. however, he sent out a flag of truce, desiring that an officer might be sent in the morning to treat dn articles of capitulation; and I accordingly, at daylight, yesterday morning, dispatched lord viscount Falkland, and lieutenant D'Auvcrgne (first of this ship) oa that service.

At two P. M. the deputation returned with the articles of capitu. lation, which I immediately ratified. With a small expence, this island may be madu a little Gibraltar, and a safe haven for small craft, even in the winter; it is a key to tho rivers Ems, Weser, Jade, Llbe, and Eyder, the only asylum at present for our cruisers in these seas.

I have appointed lieut. D'Au.

v«rgne as acting governor until their

lordships' lordships' pleasure is known; and I beg leave Jo add, that from his perfect knowledge of both service?, his zeal and loyalty, and a high sense of honour, I know no seaman more competent to the trust. (Signed) T. Mack Am Ah A Russell. Extract of another Letter front the

Vice-Admiral, dated on the tame

day. This morning, the Ex plosion, War., dcrer, and Exertion, hove in sight round the north end of the island.

Etaccatiois Ot South America

Et The BniTisn Forces.

London Gazette Extraordinary,

Sept. 13.

Though, from the great length of the gazette, we are compelled to abridge it, nothing material is omit, ted of the important eTents that it contains. Lieutenant - colonel Bourke, deputy quarter . master. , general, was the bearer of the dispatch from lieutenant - general Whitelocke, to the secretary of state, and captain Prcvost, of the nary, of those from admiral Murray, to the admiralty. They arrived in the Saracen sloop of war at Ports. mo»th on Friday, and reached town on Saturday. Brigadier - general Craufurd and brigadicr.general sir Samuel Achmuty, came home in the Saracen.

On the 15th of June, general Whitelocke was joined, at Monte Video, by the corps under cencral Craufurd; they sailed immediately, and on the 28th, landed about 30 miles to (he eastward of Buenos Ayres. After some fatiguing mar. ches, the army reached Reduction, a village 9 miles distant from Rio Chuelo, on the opposite bank of which the enemy had constructed a formidable line of defence. The general found it necessary to cross

the river higher up, vrith a view to unite his forces in the suburbs of

Buenos Ayres.

Major-general Leveson Gower, having crossed the rircr at another pass, fell in with a corps of the enemy's, which he gallantly attacked and defeated. The next day the array was united, and the town nearly invested.

In conformity to the arrangement made by general Whitelocke on the morning of the 5th of July, the 38th and 87"th regiments approached the strong post of the Retiro and Plaza de Toros, and after a most vigorous and spirited attack, in which these regiment* suffered much from grspe shot and musquetry, their gallant commander, general<ir Samuel Achmuty, possessed himself of the post, taking 32 pieces of cannon, an immense quantity of ammunition, and 600 prisoners. The 5th regiment took possession of the church and convent of St. Catalina. The 36th and SSth regiments, under brigadier-general Lumlcy, moving in the appointed order, were soon opposed by a heavy and continued tire of nmsqtictry from the tops and windows of the houses; the doors of w hich were barricadocd in so strong a manner, as to render them almost impossible to farce. The streets were intersected by deep ditches, in the insiJe of which were planted cannon, pouring showers of grape on the advancing columns. In defiance, however, of this opposition, the 36th regiment, headed by the gallant general, readied its final destination ; but the SSth being nearer to thr- forts and principal defenses of the enemy, were so weakened by his firr, as to be totally overpowered ami taken. Tlio flank of the 36th being thus expo, tied, this regiment, together with

*X x 1 the the 5th. retired upon sir Samuel Achmuty's post at the Plaza de Toros ; not, however, before lieutenant . colonel Bourne, and the grenadier company of the 361 h regiment, had an opportunity of dis. tinguishing themselves, by charging about £00 of the enemy, and taking and spiking two guns. The two six-pounders moving up the central streets, meeting with a very superior fire, the four troops of the carabiniers, led on by lieutenantcolonel Kingston, advanced to take the battery opposed to them; but this gallant officer being unfortunately wounded, as well as captain Bun-ell, next in command, and the fire both from the battery and the houses proving very destructive, they retreated to a short distance, but continued te occupy a position in front of the enemy's principal defences, and considerably in adTance of that which they had taken in the morning.

The left division of gen. Craufurd's brigade, under col. Pack, approached the great square, with the intention of possessing itself of the Jesuits' college, but from the very destructive nature of the enemy's fire, this was found impracticable; and after sustaining a heavy loss, one part of the division throwing itself into a house, which was afterwards not found tenable, was shortiy obliged to surrender, whilst the remaining part, after enduring a dreadful fire with the greatest intrepidity, col.' Pack being wounded, retired upon the right division commanded by brigadiergeneral Craufurd himself. General Crau/urd learning the fate of his left division, thought it advisable to take possession of the convent of St. Domingo. But the enemy surrounded the convent on all sides,

and attempting to take a threepounder, which lay in the street, the lieutenant-colonel, with his company, and a few light infantry, under major Trotter, charged them with great spirit. In an instant, the greater part of his company, and major Trotter, were killed, but the gun was saved. The brigadiergeneral was now obliged to confine himself to the defence of the convent , but the quantity of round shot, grape, and musquetry to which they were exposed, at last obliged them to quit the top of the building, and the enemy, to the number of 6000, bringing up cannon to force the wooden gates, the general, judging from the ccssetion of firing, that those next him had not been successful, surrendered at four o'clock in the afternoon. "The result of this day's action," general Whitelocke says, "left me in possession of the Plaza de Toros, a strong post on the enemy's right, and the Residcncia, another strong pest on his left, while I occupied an advanced position towards his centre; but these advantages had cost about 2,500 men in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The nature of the fire to which the troops were exposed, was violent in the extreme. Grape shot at the corners of the streets, musquetry, handgrenades, bricks, and stones from the tops of all the houses; every householder, with his negroes, defended his dwelling, each of which was in itself a fortress; and it is not perhaps too much to say, that the whole male population of Buenos Ayres was employed in its defence.

"This was the situation of the f army on the morning of the 6th in. stunt, when general Li nicrs addressed 'ettcr to me, offering to give up


all his prisoners taken in the late affair, together with the 71st regiment, and others, taken with brigadier-general Bercsford, if I desisted from any further attack on the town, and withdrew his ma. jesty's forces from the River Plata, intimating at the same time, from the exasperated state of the popu. lace, he could not answer for the safety of the prisoners, if I persisted in offensive measures. Influenced by this consideration'which I knew to be founded in fact), and reflecting of how little advantage would be the possession ef a country, the inhabitants of which were so abso. lately hostile, I resolved to forego the advantages which the bravery of the troops had obtained, a:id acceded to a treaty, which I trust will meet the approbation of hit majesty."

General Whitelocke proceeds to speak in the highest terms of praise of the officers and troops under his command.

Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, of the Troops under the Commando/Lieut. General Whitelocke, between the 28<A of June, the Day of the Landing at En si. vada, to the 4th of July, 1807, inclusive. Light battalion. 1 lieutenant


87th reg. 5 rank and file killed. SSth regiment. 3 rank and tile

killed; ] lieutenant, 8 rank and

file, wounded.

95th regiment. 1 scrjeant, one

rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 1

lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 Serjeants, 10

rank and file, wounded.

Total, 1 serjeant, 14 rank'and

file, killed. 1 captain, 3 lieutenants,

1 ensign, 2 Serjeants, IS rank and

file, wounded.

Officers of the Light Battalion severely zcounded.

87th regiment. Lieutenant Crowe. 88th.regiment. Lieutenant,Thompson.

95th regiment. Captain Elder and lieutenants Noble and Coanc.(Signed) Tuos. Biiadford, Dcp. Adj. Gen.

Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, on the Attack of tlw City of Buenos Allies, the 5th of July,


Total—1 major, 6 captains, 4 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 3 statf, 17 Serjeants, 4. drummers, 365 rank and file, killed; 3 lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 15 captains, 30 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 2 stall', 1 volunteer, 41 Serjeants, 11 drummers, 540 rank and file, wounded; 2 staff, 1 quarter-master. 4 Serjeants, 5 drummers, 196' rank and tile, missing.

Names of ojlicers killed. Light battalion: major Trotter, of the 37th; lient. Hamilton, of ditto. 6th dragoon guards, capt. Burrell. 9th light dragoons, veterinary surgeon Landers. 30th regiment, captains Williamson and Johnson. 38th regiment, lieutenant Fullon. 87th regiment, captains Considinc and Johnson; lieutenant Barry; quarter-master Buchanan. 88th regiment, lieutenant Hall; ensign M'Gregor; assistant-surgeon Ferguson. 95th reg. captain Jen. kinson.

Names of officers wounded. Lieut. Squarry, of the. royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant Maconochie, ot the royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant-colonel Kingston, oth dragoon guards, sevorely. Lieutenant Cowdall, pth light dragoon guards, slightly. Light battalion : lieutenant-colonel Pack, 71st regiment, slightly. Lieutenantcolonel Cadogan, 18th regiment, ♦xjs slightly, slightly. Lieut. Smith, 45th regiment, severely. Captain Grecnwell, 45th regiment, severely. Lieutenant Cox, 87th regiment, slightly. Lieutenant Nickle, 88th regiment, ditto; lieutenant Bury, ditto, slightly. Captain Brookman, 71st, danger, ously. Lieutenant Adamton, do. severely. 5th regiment, honourable major King, slightly. 36th regi. ment, captains Swain and Wingficld, severely; Vernon, slightly. Lieutenants CoKon, White, and Whittel, severely; Challene r, slightly. 38th Tegimcnt, ensign Wiltshire, and volunteer I), de Waal, severely. 45th regiment, captain Payne and lieutenant Moore, severely. 47th regiment, lieutenant Uudedge, severely. 87'h regiment, major Miller, severely j captain Rose, dangerously; "Blake and Des Barres, slightly; Gordon, severely. Lieutenants Love, Hill, and Budd, slightly; O'Brien, severely; and Fitzgerald. Assistant.surgcon Bnxton, dangerously. 88th regiment, major Ironmonger, slightly ; captains M'Phcrson, C his. holm, Dunn, and Thompson, slight. ly; lieutenants Adair, Graydon, Whittle, and Butler, severely; Mackic and Gregg, and adjutant Robertson, slightly. 95th regiment, majors M'Lcodand Travers, slightly ; captain O'llara, severely ; lieu, tenants Cardoux, M'Lcod, Scoff, and Turner, severely; and M'C'ullock, slightly.

Names of officers missing. 36th regiment, surgeon Boycc, assistantsurgeon Read.


Killed—One major, fi captain?, 4 lieutenants, I ensign, 3 stall', 18 serjeants, 4 drummers, 279 rank and file—316.

Wounded—'I hree lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 16' captains, 33

lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 2 staff, 1 volunteer, 43 Serjeants, 11 drutnmtn, 558 rank and file—674.

Misting—Two staff, 1 quartermaster, 4 serjeauts, 5 drummers, 196 rank and file—208.

Total— 316 killed, 674 wounded, 208 missing—1198.

The light company of the 71*t regiment, attached to the light battalion, suffered severely, but no correct return of their loss has been received.—The prisoners have been all exchanged.

A DEriJfiTivE Treaty between th» Generals in Chief «f his Britannic Majesty, and of his Catholic Majesty.

I. There shall be from this time a cessation of hostilities on both side* of the River Plata.

II. The troops of his Britannic majesty shall retain, for the period of two months, the fortress and place of Monte Video, and as a neutral country there shall be considered, a line drawn from San Carlos on tlie west, to Pando on the cast, and there shall not be, on any part of that line, hostilities committed on any side, the neutrality being understood only that the individuals of both nations may live freely under their respective laws, the Spanish subjects lieing judged by theirs, as the English by those of their nation.

III. There shall be on both sides a mutual restitution of prisoner?, including not oaly those which have been taken since the arrival of the troops under lieutenant-general Whitelorke, but also all those his Britannic majesty's subjects captured since the commencement of the war.

IV. That, for the promptest dispatch of the vessels and troops of

« PreviousContinue »