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into is one of the principal traits in Ibe character of the iioblc-miudeti sovereign of all the Russia*.
"Already two formidable Russian armies have arrived near the banks of the Vistula, while a third, much more numerous, is advancing by rapid inarches.
"Already legions of patriots, voluntarily armed, and used to battle, are prepared to join the armies in the field.
"His majesty, under these circunistoiires, depends on the attachment of his Silesian slates and subjects, who have at all times, both by word and deed, given the most .manifest proofs of their unshaken fidelity; and he believes that, by the appointment, ad interim, of one of the most distinguished of them, his excellency the prince of Anhalt Pless, ,to be governor-general of Silesia, he «ives them a proof of his confidence and good-will. Conducted by this prince, who has gloriously signalized himself in the course of the war, the states, and all classes of the inhabitants of Silesia, will certainly exert themselves to contribute all in their power, in conjunction with the forces which his majesty will send to their assistance, to defend their country, and their own province in particular.
"Invested with full power by his majesty, I'therefore hereby call on all and each of the inhabitants of the Silesian provinces, to bear cheerfully the sacrifices and burthens which probably may be necessary for the attainment of this great object, and the rather as they not only can bear Bo proportion to the enormous sacrifices to which they must be subjected should the enemy succeed in his attempt to conquer Silesia, but as in due time they will be rewarded
by his majesty, and as far as possible, made good.
"Given at Breslaw, the 3d of
"Count Vongotzen, "Major and flugel adjutaul to his majesty the king."
Proclamationqfthe King of Prussia.
The battle of the 14th of last mouth was, notwithstanding the most courageous efforts of the army, so unfortunate in its issue for the army of Prussia, that the enemy found the way quite open to the capital, and into the heart of the monarchy. "Die king uas of course induced to propose an armistice: he thought he might promise himself a good reception in this undertaking, as during the battle he had received a letter from the emperor Napoleon, full of friendly expressions. But to this proposal, as no attention could be paid unless his majesty consented to numerous sacrifices as the fundamental basis of peace, the king, who immediately perceived the whole of the danger to which his faithful subjects would be inevitably exposed, preferred those sacrifices to the less certain and distant means of saving the country, by trusting to the fate of arms; he therefore determined upon every risk for the preservation of the independence of the monarchy, and dispatched his minister of state, the marquis Lucchcsini, on the 18th of October, with full powers, to the head quarters of the emperor and king. The sacrifices to which the king had authorised his minister, the marquis Lucchesioi, to accede, were the effects of the advantages which the enemy had obtained by the fortune of a single day;
and his majesty's proposals were deemed so moderate, that on the 30lh of October they were accepted as the basis of a peace, by the grand marshal of the palace Duroc, who was charged by the emperor and king with the conduct of the negociations.
Upon the^e bases, the peace might have been concluded without lost of lime; and the king, on his part, had actually taken all the necessary meamres to fulfil the conditions of the peace without delay immediately after its conclusion.
Tl»e emperor Napoleon, on the contrary, refused to discontinue the prosecution of hostilities; he iiot only suffered his army, without relaxation, to follow up all the advantages tbey had gained, but at the same time overrun all the provinces on the Oder and the VVartha, which were unprovided with troops. These provinces, equally with the capital, were compelled to feel all the inconveniences of war. From the head quarters of the emperor,, even four days after the conditions of peace were received, a seditious proclamation was issued, printed, and distributed among the inhabitants of South Prussia, exciting them to insurrection, and which was promoted in various ways. Wherever the enemy's troops arrived, they seized upon the king's property, sequestered the royal treasures, and even endeavoured to compel his majesty's servants to act against him, contrary to the oath of fidelity which they had taken.
These events soon excited suspicion that the emperor was by no means in earnest to conclude a peace upon the conditions which had beeii proposed.
The indefatigable but vain efforts of his majesty's plenipotentiary to
continue the course of the negotiation uninterrupted, were employed till it was expressly declared, " that the emperor must avail himself of the unfortunate situation into which. Prussia had fallen, in consequence of the battle of the 14th, to conclude a peace with Russia and England." This declaration left no doubt remaining. The bases of peace which had been formally concluded were now entirely set aside: and instead of these, an armistice was prop<>sed on the part of the French, the. conditions of which, at the very moment when it was supposed every difficulty had been got over, were increased with every advantage obtained by the enemy.
After so many hopes that still remained unrealized, his majesty's plenipotentiary at length, on the ifjth of November, thought proper to omcluda the armistice marked (A) in the supplement; by that means to affix some boundaries to the increasing demands of the enemy. Tim act was accompanied by the official declaration of the prince Beneveuto, the minister of foreign affairs, marked (B); the contents of which prove more clearly than any thing that preceded them, that Prussia would flatter herself in vain, should she indulge the most distant hope of preserving peare, even by making tlie unreasonable sacrifices which the armistice demanded. And if his majesty had been inclined to indulge this hope, it was no longer in his power to fulfil the conditions expressed—to coni|>el the retreat of the Russian armies; for as the French troops, even during the armistice, had advanced towards the Vistula, it was then impossible to arrest the march of the Russians, who saw their own frontiers threatened.
No choice now remained for his majesty; majesty; he was compelled to refuse his ratification of the armistice concluded by marshal Duroc on the 22d of November. It only remained for his majesty to solicit the courts of St. James's and St. Peterburg to negociate with him for the bases of a general peace1 with the emperor Napoleon. This his majesty has done; and, under the distant hopes of a happy issue to this proceeding, his majesty has not yet recalled his plenipotentiary, the marquis Lucchesini, from the head quarters of the emperor and king.
Whilst the king has thus done .every thing in bis power to prevent the further effusion of blood, he has, on the other hand, been incessantly -occupied in preparing the means of resistance with which Providence has supplied him. Though the fortresses of Stettin, Custrin, and Magdeburg, notwithstanding their being abundantly supplied with provisions, and furnished with sufficient garrisons, have been unjustifiably surrendered by their governors and commanders; yet the remaining fortresses of the country, and particularly those on the Vistula, have been with the utmost activity placed in the best state of defence, and confided to the care of resolute and faithful commanders. The troops remaining in the provinces on the Vistula, and the Wartha, will form a junction with the numerous and brave Russian armies; besides which, a new army will be collected, and got in readiness for service. The king, therefore, relies upon the support of the nation, which, in the seven years war, made a glorious stand against almost the whole of Europe, and which gave no signs of despair or irresolution, though then, as now, the capital, and the greater part of the kingdom,
had fallen into the power of the ene-* my, and chose to sustain the greatest perils and dangers, with a degree of firmness and intrepidity which rendered it the wonder of the age and that of posterity. The stake we now contend for is greater than ever. We now fight for all that is honourable to the nation and sacred among mankind. This is well known to the country and to the whole world. The king lias only taken up arms to defend his independence; nor will the enemy succeed in deceiving the people with the idea of a coalition, for which there is not the least foundation. In the seven years war Prussia stood alone, or at least without any considerable assistance from any other nation, against the principal powers of Europe. In the present war she depends upon the aid of the powerful and magnanimous Alexander, who will raise his whole force in her behalf. In this great contest Prussia will have but one and the same interest with Russia. Both will stand or fall together. From this intimate connection between the two powers, and in so sacred a cause, against an enemy wbose power has so rapidly risen to such a giddy height, that he no longer sets any bounds to his good fortune, a happy issue cannot be doubted. Perseverance in danger conformably to the glorious example of our ancestors, can and must infallibly lead us to victory.
[Nest follows the armistice (A.) concluded at Charlottenburg, on the l6th of November, 1806.]
French Declaration. (B.)
"The undersigned, minister for foreign affairs has been ordered by his majesty the emperor and king to
make make the following declaration to their excellencies the manruis of Lucchesiui and general Zastrow, the plenipotentiaries of his Prussian majesty:
"Four coalitions, the last of which has produced tbe present war, have been formed against France. Every one of the four have been conquered. The victories obtained over each of them have placed vast territories in the power of his majesty the emperor and kin,i». Three times has France, with a moderation unexampled in history, restored the whole, or nearly the whole of ks conquests, and re-established on their throues, without almost any diminution of their power, princes who were hurled from them by victory. The conduct which bis majesty the emperor has thrice pursued, he is still disposed to follow, without considering that this extreme moderation may, before the expiration of ten years, produce a irfth coalition. But in the course of ihese perpetually reviving wars, France, Spain, and Holland, have lost their colonies. It is natural, it is just, that, the countries which the light of war has placed in the emperor's power, should be employed as compensations for these colonies.
"But that which particularly distinguishes the injury done to France by tbe fourth coalition is, that the Porte has lost its independence. Wallachia and Moldavia, governed by men whom it bad justly deposed, and whom the threats of Russia forced it to restore, are become absolute conquests in the hands of Ilassia. The complete independence of the Ottoman Porte being one of the great objects of France, his majesty the emperor would lose the principal reward of his successes, if they did not tend to insure it. His
majesty, consequently, cannot restore any of the territories which the chance of arms has placed in his power, before tbe Ottoman Porte shall be reinstated in the plenitude of all its rights over Wallachia and Moldavia, and that its absolute independence shall be recognised and guaranteed.
"Tbe undersigned has the honour to renew to their excellencies the marquis of Lucchesiui and majorgeneral Zastrow, the assurances of his high consideration.
"Ch. M AiiH. Talleyrand, Prince of Benevento." Berlin, Nov. lo", 1806.
British Order of Council.
At the Court at the Queen's Palace, January 7, 1807.1
The King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council. "Whereas the French government has issued certain orders, which, in violation of the usages of war, purport to prohibit the commerce of all neutral nations with his majesty's dominions; and also to prevent such' nations from trading with any other country in any articles the growth, produce, or manufacture of bis majesty's dominions; and whereas the said government has also taken upon itself to declare all his majesty's dominions to be in a state of blockade, at a time when the fleets of France and her allies are themselves confined within their own ports, by the superior valour and discipline of the British navy; and whereas such attempts on tbe part of the enemy would give to his majesty an unquestionable right of retaliation, and would warrant his majesty in enforcing the same prohibition of all commerce
mercc with France, which that power vainly hopes to effect against the commerce of his majesty's subjects, a prohibition which the superiority of his majesty's naval forces might enable him to support, by actually investing the ports and coasts of the enemy with numerous squadrons and cruizers, so as to make the entrance or approach thereto manifestly dangerous; and whereas his majesty, though unwilling to follow the example of his enemies, by proceeding to tin extremity so distressing to all nations not engaged in the war, and carrying on their accustomed trade, yet feels himself bound by a due regard to the just defence of the rights and interests of his people, not to suffer such measures to be taken by the enemy, without taking some steps on his part to restrain this violence, and 4o retort upon them the evils of their own injustice; his majesty is thereupon pleased, by and with the advice of his privy council, to order, and it is hereby , ordered, that no vessel shall be per*- milted to trade from one port to another, both which ports shall belong to, or be in the possession of France or her allies, or shall be so far under their coutroul as that British vessels may not freely trade thereat; and the commanders of his majesty's ships of war and privateers shall be, and are hereby instructed to warn every neutral vessel coining from any such port, and destined to another such port, to discontinue her voyage, and not to proceed to any such port; and any vessel, after being so warned, or any vessel coming from any such port, after a reasonable time shall have been afforded for receiving information of this his majesty's orders which shall be found proceeding to another such port, shall be captured
and brought in, and, together will her cargo, shall be condemned a* lawful prize. And his majesty's principal secretaries of state, the lords commissioners of the admiralty, and the judges of the Irigh court of admiralty, and courts of vice admiralty, are to lake the necessary measures herein as to them shall respectively appertain.
Treaty of Peace between his Majesty the Emperor of the French, King of Italy, and his Serene Highness the Elector of Saxony.
His majesty the emperor of the French, king of Italy, protector of the confederation of the Rhine, and his serene highness the elector of Saxony, anxious to provide for the final re-establishment of peace between their states, have named for their respective plenipotentiaries, to wit, his majesty the em|>eror of the Freuch, king of Italy, the general of division, Michel Duroc, grand marshal of the palace, &c. &c. aud bit serene electoral highness the elector of Saxony, count Charles De Bose, his principal chamberlain, &c. &c who, after having exchanged their full powers, have agreed upon the following articles:
Article I.—From the day of the signing of the treaty, there shall be peace and perfect friendship between the emperor of the French, king of Italy, and protector of the confederation of the Rhine, on the one part, and his serene electoral highness the elector of Saxony, on the other.
II. His electoral highness accedes to the treaty of confederation and alliance, concluded at Paris on tlie 12th of Julv in the present jear; and