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the North of Germany and of the Brunswick states, so we have resolved to pay out of our treasury for the necessaries for our troops, according to the peace establishment, and leaving the extraordinary "expences of a state of war to be defrayed by the country; while we, on another hand, shall take care in general, that its revenues, during our administration, after deducting the expences of government, shall only be appropriated to its advantage.
wWe further promise, that our troops shall observe the strictest discipline; that attention shall be given to all just complaints; and iu general, that every quiet and peaceable inhabitant shall be maintained in his property and rights, and, in case of need, De vigorously protected; but that, on the contrary, those who may refuse to conform themselves to the dispositions concluded on,and the measures which have been taken, or who may dare to counteract them in anywise, will have to reproach themselves for the rigid and disagreeable consequences which will unavoidably result
"Given under the signature of our own baud, at Berlin, the 2ftb of Jannary, 1S06.
(L.S.) "frederick William.
Revolution in St. Demingo. Narrative of the iluj/littii Campaign against Tyranny, from the 13iA to the l6th of October, 1806.
"A horrible crime was about to be committed in the department of the south; thousands of victims were on the point of being sacrificed to the suspicion, or the ferocity rather, of Dessalines. General Mwrcau, and the
inspector Etienne Mentor, were the ministers charged with the execution of these sanguinary orders in the quarters of Des Cayes. They were already employed in taking measures for executing (hem, when, being detected in their-abominable projects, they were both arrested by order of the brave Ouagnac. The inhabitants of the town of Des Cayes, finding support in this amiable chief and his troops, rose en masse, and swore to die with arms in their bands.
"Colonel Francis Yeune, informed of the movements which took place iu the town of Des Cayes, appeared in the midst of bis fellow-citizens> confirmed them in these noble resolutions, and departed to propose in lib division those sublime principles which were to ensure the triumph of innocence. To arrive, address his companions in arms, and to dispose then) to adopt Ins sentiments, were for hint ouly the work of a moment.
** The minister of war, apprised by the colonel of the disposition of the inhabitants and troops, although ill, quitted his bed to put himself at the head of this holy insurrection. His whole suite followed him, and his zeal was well rewarded by the gratitude of his fellow-citizens. Soon after generals Ferou and Vaval followed his generous example. Colonel Brune also conducted himself perfectly is this crisis.
"After having formed all his dispositions, the minister set out from L'Ause a Veau, with the 13th and 10'lh demi-brigade, and advanced towards Mirajoune. On the next day he had a conversation with general Gayon, who was encamped at Little Goave, and finding him favourable to his designs, every thing was agreed! upon; but still this general would not conclude any thing until the arrival
ef general Petion, with whose sentiments he was previously acquainted. Colonel Larnane, and all the troops of his division, were also of the same inclination. General Ambroise, though much indisposed, and scarcely able to stand, repaired, notwithstanding, to Leogane, on the first intelligence of these movements, in order to be able to confer with general Petion on the part he was to take. They scarcely wet, when they fully agreed.
"On the 15th, at noon, general Petion arrived at Little Goave, where he was received by the army with the enthusiasm he merited. The two divisions having joined, marched direct for great Goave, where general Germain waited for his brigade. Having been surrounded, he affected to decide in our favour; but it was soon perceived that he only wished to gain time.
"The same day we proceeded to Leogane; and the next morning, with the lltb, 12th, 15th, 16th, 21st, and 24th demi-brigades, and three squadrons of dragoons, we were iu possession, at four o'clock, of Port-auPrince.
"The conduct of general Germain becoming more suspicious, and fears being entertained that he would escape by night, he was arrested.
"At ten at night we were apprised by a traveller of the approach of a battalion of the 3d, from Archhaye, and forming the advanced guard of Dessalines. Everything was prepared for their reception. They arrived, and surrendered without the least resistance, in consequence of the vigorous measures adopted by general Gayon.
"A deputation from the soldiers and planters of tlte plain of Cul de >ac, came at midnight to declare to
general Petion, in the name of their constituents, that the deaths of Dessalines and Germain were necessary for the preservation of liberty; that the soldiers were resolved to do their dutv; that the planters would take care of the plain, and that they would besides engage to keep the tyrant ignorant of the measures which it was necessary to adopt against him. They kept their words; Dessalines crossed the plain, without receiving information from any one of the disposition of the army. Tin's event confirms the observation, that tyrants have numbers of flatterers1, but no friends.
"Dessalines, who was ignorant of this, and who had not the least suspicion of our arrival at Port-auPrince, pursued his journey with the most perfect security. At eight in the morning he had reached our advanced posts without perceiving it, and it was only when they proceeded -to arrest him, that he perceived he was not in the midst of his friends. He then endeavoured to escape, and in the attempt received the blow which put an end to his life and his crimes. Colonel Maardie, who wished to defend him, also fell on this occasion, but with general regret. On the part of the enemy there were also a few persons wounded; our loss was one man killed.
"Such were the operations of the army. Four days were sufficient to crown it with perfect success.
"This great event, which will contribute an rera in human revolutions, will proclaim to the astonished world the energy of an oppressed people, ■ and attract to us the admiration and esteem of all nations.
«' On the 18th, at nine in the morning, Te Deum will be sung in celebration of this memorable day, which . U u 2 . has has beeu the fall of tyranny and the, resuscitation of liberty. (Signed) Ge it In, minister of war and marine. Petion, general commandant of the second division of the west. Gav-on, Vavai,, generals of brigade. .bruni-it, intendant general and head of the staff. Head-quarters,, Port-au-Prince, 17th October, 1806."
Address of the Government of Hayti to the Commerce of Neutral Nations.
"The inhabitants of Hayti had scarce delivered themselves from the French yoke, than they had another hydra to destroy, which they had nourished in their own bosom. Their whole attention is now turned to the cultivation of that valuable produce which the mercantile part of Europe obtains at a great expence from the most distant countries. Our persevering industry has procured us a most abundant recompence for our laborious exertions. The riches of. our soil offer a most pleasing prospect to your speculations. Our ware■ houses, filled with all the productions of the Antilles, only wait the arrival of your mercantile fleets, to make an exchange for the manufactures of which we stand in need, of those which you require. If a system, unfavourable to the progress of commerce, has hitherto interposed to prevent its success among us, that disastrous influence will shortly cease. The imposture is dissipated, the phantom has disappeared, and all the illusions that hovered round it are dispersed. So far is our government, in its preMut regenerated state, from opposing
the freedom of commerce in our ports, that it offers facilities to you which cannot be granted by any other government. It is of no consequence under what colours you may appear: the protection of your property, the security of your persons, and a rigid maintenance of the laws, in every thing, that relates to you, are guaranteed to you on the faith of government. Solid regulations, and dictated by wisdom—duties arranged in proportion to thedifhculties that you may experience in gaining our ports, are equitably collected; great dispatch in expediting your vessels; with men of integrity in the direction of the public offices—such are the changes on which you may have a perfect reliance. The government is firmly persuaded, that where a reciprocal advantage does not prevail, there can be no commerce. It has already directed the suppression of exclusive consignments; of the tax on the price of articles; of the privileges granted for the sale of coffee, as well as the obligation to take cargoes of sugar, &c. Every one will be at liberty to sell and to buy on the conditions that he shall judge most for his advantage. Those regulations, produced by ignorance, will no longer offer impediments to your speculations; your confidence will be no longer forced in favour of individuals who were equally strangers to you, and to the welfare of their country. Your friends, yonr own particular factors, shall have the possession of your property; and the government engages to grant them all the protection which they can desire. The sanguinary horrors which have too notoriously marked the commencement of a cruel reign, will no more renew the sad spectacle of scenes that arc past. . Come with |ierfect confidence to traffic in our ports:
come come and exchange the fruits of your industry for our riches; and be persuaded that you will never have cause to repent of a reliance on our promises.
"At I lie same time, while the government is exerting all its efforts to procure you the advantages of a brilliant commerce, it requires of your agents the same loyalty an J good faith, which it will exercise towards you. It also expresses its hope, that the base conduct of the privateers of Louisiana will not be imitated, and that it will have no cause to regret that its too great confidence lias been abused.
"Tiie ports are the Cape, Fort Diiuphin, Port-de-Paix, the Gonaivcs, Saint Mark, Port-au-Prince, the Cayes, Jeremie, and Jacmel, where you may send your cargoes with the certainty of an advantageous return. .
"The well known exactness with which the government of Hayti acquits its engagements is a solemn pledge for the execution of the treaties it may enter into with you. Notwithstanding the misfortunes which preceded our independence, and the disastrous wars which it naturally produced, the means of government have never failed of keeping pace with its wants. Such is the astonishing extent of our immense resources, that even the vices of the preceding administration did not prevent the liquidation of all its contracts. Judge then what will now be our prospects as well as yours, when a wise economy shall take the place of prodigality, and an equitable collection of the revenues will determine the rights of government as well as those of individuals. Haste then to come and avail yourselves of
these favourable dispositions, which your connections with us will confirm more and more. Whatever may be the number of your vessels, whatever may be the extent of your speculations for our ports, entertain not the least apprehension that you will not acquire a certain profit. An abundant harvest, commodities already prepared wait your coming, and the certainty of an immediate sale of your cargo is assured you.
"Given at the Cape, Oct. 24, 1806, in the third year of the independence of Hayti.
"The chief of the government of Hayti,
"By his excellency the secretary of the government,
"Ronanez, the younger."
Revolution in St. Domingo. Address of the Army of Hayti to the General in Chief, Henry Christophe.
"Tyranny has been destroyed along with the tyrant! Liberty revives! Since the 17th we have been free- -striking example of revolutions effected by Machiavelism, and which proves that a people long in bondage, if once made acquainted with their own strength, though they may suffer themselves to be abused for a time, by those they believed capable of putting them in the enjoyment of their efforts, yet it will never be possible to shut their eyes against their true interests; the incessant agitations which have succeeded each other have sufficiently proved this, and that the object proposed had not yet been obtained—
L'u» that that period alone when the Temple of War may be closed.
"The principles you have always acted upon, and which you have had the courage to communicate to I lie generals in the periods of barbarism, when even our breath was construed into a meaning, and might bring the heads of the most innocent to the searibkl, these principles have been the electric flame which has caused the commotion that has been so strongly felt, and which has carried away every tiling with it, to the moment when Jean Jaques Dessalines, our common .oppressor, ceased to live.
"Vengeance has had its operation, and now the army only waits for.your presence to concur in the formation of the social compact which should unite us—of a constitution, in which every citizen shall at length find security for his person, and the sacred right of property, emanating from the general will; not like that misshapen act which we have trodden under o:ir feet, made in the silence of the cabinet, without the knowledge of those most interested in it, and calculated only to Hatter the caprice of a single individual, and even in the letter of it contrary to every principle of liberty, Tims long abused, we have sworn not to separate till we have seen the new constitutional act proclaimed— that act by which we ought to be governed—until we have approved of it, ami sworn to obey il; and until, conformably to the usages of ancient warriors, we have publicly acknowledged you for the head of our government, and borne you upon our shields.
"Satisfy, general, the impatience •T your brave soldiers, of the whole
nation assembled, who are admirers of your virtues, and to which nothing is wanting, at these moments of joy, but your presence.
Proclamation of the Providonary
"An horrible tyranny, exercised a long time upon the people and the army, has at length exasperated all minds, and excited them, by a movement worthy the motive that produced it, to rise in a mass, in order to oppose a powerful boundary against the torrent that threatened them.
"A plot, framed in silence and reflection, was upon the point of execution; men capable of thinking— those men capable of making the sublime principles of true liberty finally triumphant — men who were even the defenders of that liberty, were to disappear for ever. A rapid step towards its total subversion had already appalled the most indifferent; every thing seemed to announce, that we were approaching the moment when we were to see all the former scenes of horror and proscription renewed; those dungeons, gibbets, faggots, drownings, of which we were the sorrowful and unhappy victims under the iniquitous governments of Rochauibeau, the Darbois, the Ferrands, Bergers, &c. &c.
"Less affected by the happiness of his people, than greedy to amass riches, the chief of the government unjustly despoiled thousands of families of their property, and who are at this moineut reduced to the utmost misery, under the apparent pretext that they could not justify