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of all the old revenues, and of the Dozoning-street, May 2, 1807 war taxes, and of new permanent SIR, taxes. — The means of effectua. THE Society for promotin ting a plan of such immense im. 1 Christian Knowledge, of whid portance, arise partly from the I am a member, has thought fitt extent to which the system of the publish, during a general election sinking fund has already been care a resolution declaratory of its opi ried in pursuance of the intentions nion respecting a political measur of its author; and partly from the recently submitted to parliament. great exertions made by parliament, That measure, brought forwar during the war, to raise the war taxes for purposes of peace, union, an to their present very large amount. public security, by men who yiel It now appears that the strong mea. to none of their fellow subjects i sure adopted in the last session, by loyalty to their sovereigo, and at which all the war taxes, and par. tachment to the civil and religion ticularly the property tax, were so constitution of their country, i much angmented, was a step taken there stigmatized as hostile to th not merely with a view to provide established church and ecclesiastica for present necessities, but in order constitution of the realm, and a to lay the foundation of a system subversive of those principles whic which should be adequate to the placed his majesty's family on the full exigencies of this unexpected British throne. crisis, and should combine the two It is natural for those whos apparently irreconcileable objects, characters are thus aspersed, to in of relieving the public from all fu. quire by what right any person ture pressure of taxation, and of have taken upon themselves, in th exhibiting to the enemy resources name of such a society, to giv by which we may defy his impla. countenance and currency to a cable hostility, to whatever period it injurious and groundless calumny may be prolonged.—To have done calculated for the watch-word of this is certainly a recompence for party, and calculated only to exci many sacrifices and privations. This and to uphold popular clamour ? is a consideration which will enable The society was instituted, as i the country to submit with cheer. annual publications declare, & fulness to its present burthens, the increase of the knowledge ar knowing that although they may be practice of our holy religion, b continued in part, for a limited the support of charity schools, all time, they will be now no further by the distribution of bibles, praye jncreased.
books, and religious tracts. The who have directed the prese proceeding, cán best explain in wl manner Christian knowledge,
Christian practice, will be increase Copy of a Letter from the Right Ho.
by promoting religious animosid nourable Lord Grenville, to the
he and civil discord; by stirring Secretary of the Society for pro.
the blind prejudices and ungorar muting Christian Knouledge.
able passions of the ignorant ; a by circulating amongst our fellor
subjects, instead of the word of vernment, who, in the year 1793, truth and charity, the libellous and gave and authorized that promise to inflammatory calumnies of elec, the catholics of Ireland ? tioneering contests, and party vio. If the employment of catholic lence.
officers and catholic soldiers in the As a member of the society, so. general service of the empire ; if licitous for the promotion of its the permitting them to hold and exgenuine objects, I desire to enter ercise, at his majesty's discretion, my dissent to a resolution pur, all military commissions, the rank porting to express its unanimous and station of a general not cx. opinion. I object to the propriety cepted; if the relieving them in of its taking part at all in the po. this respect from all penalties and litical divisions of the country : I disabilities on account of their reobject to its labouring to extend ligious persuasion ;-if these things and to prolong those divisions with be matter of just alarm “ to the respect to a measure publicly ecclesiastical constitution of this withdrawn, and of which there is country," when was the moment of consequently no longer any ques. alarm - In the year 1804, all this, tiou : but, most of all, I object to and more than this, was done in an the truth, and, may I not add, to act proposed by Mr. Pitt, with the the decency, of a censure, which, concurrence of his colleagues, now if it were founded either in justice in administration, passed by the lor in reason, would apply to almost British parliament, and sanctioned every description of public men, by his majesty's royal assent. and would even implicate all those That act legalized a long list of authorities which are the most en. military commissions, antecedently titled to our respect and reverence. granted by his majesty, with the
If to permit the king's subjects advice of the same ministers ; and of all persuasions to serve him in it enabled his majesty prospectively bis army, be " an unconstitutional to grant, at his discretion, all mili. innovation,” — with whom, and tary commissions whatever to ca. when did it originate? It was first tholics-not indeed to British or made the law in Ireland fourteen Irish catholics, but to foreign car fears ago, at the express recom. tholicsto men who owe his ma. mendation of the crown, delivered jesty no allegiance, and who are from the throne by one of his ma- not even required to disclaim jesty's present ministers, then lord, those tencts which all our fellow. lieutenant of that kingdom.
subjects of that persuasion have soIf the adoption of a similar law lemoly abjured ! in Great Britain would be 66 an act What ground of difference will of hostility to the established then remain to justify those out. church," to whom shall that hos- rageous calumpics against the late tility be ascribed ?--To those who proposal ? - Is it that men were perROW proposed, or to those who mitted to aspire to the rewards and long ago engaged for that conces. honours of a profession, to the uon ? - To the framers of lord toils and dangers of which the lé. Howick's bill, or to those mombers gislature of their country had long and supporters of the present go. since invited them ? Is it that the
same indulgences which had been whole tenor of their lives. It is promised and granted to catholics for the society to consider whether by others, were not withheld by us such a conduct be consonant to the from Protestant dissenters ? Or is character which it befits them to it, lastly, that we judged our own maintain, or in any manner con, countrymen and fellow-subjects en. ducive to the objects of a charitable titled, under his majesty's discretion, and a religious institution. to the same confidence and favour I have thc honour to be, &c. &e. which parliament had so recently
GRENVILL). extended to all foreigners of all The Rer. G. Gaskin, D. D. nations and all descriptions ?
Secretary to the Society for And let me further ask, if these promoting Christian Knowconcessions, all or any of them, ledge. are subversive of the principles “ which placed his majesty's illus. trious house upon the throne,” An Address of several of his Mawhat is to be said of the far more jesty's Roman-Catrolic Subjects extensive indulgences proposed in t o their Protestant Fellow-Sub. 1801, by that great minister, now jects. no more, whose name I have al. ready mentioned ? Were his prin. L IS majesty's Roman-catholic ciples also subversive of the esta. Il subjects flattered themselves, blished church, and of the civil that the declarations they had al. constitution of the monarchy ? ready made of the integrity of their And if he too must be involved in religious and civil tenets- the oaths this indiscriminating and injurious they had taken to his majesty's censure, what condemnation will person, family, and goveroment; not those med deserve, who, in the the heroic exertions of a consi. very moment of pretended danger, derable proportion of them in his have advised his majesty to call to majesty's fleets and armies-- the rehis present councils, the authors, peated instances in which they have the partisans, and the supporters of come foruard in their country's Mr. Pitt's plan ?-a plan including cause --- their irreproachable de. all that has been now proposed, meanour in the general relations of and extending very far beyond our life ; and, above all, the several measure.
acts of parliament passed for their On the expediency of these mea. relief, avowedly in consequence of, sures, statesmen may differ. To and explicitly recognizing their mestigmatize them as hostile to our ritorious conduct, would have been establishments, or dangerous to our a bond, to secnre to them for ever constitution, is to libol both the the affection and confidence of all throne and the parliament-to ca. their fellow subjects, and to make lumpiate the existing laws and to any further declaration of their impute to the most considerable principles wholly unnecessary. But, public characters of our age, both with astonishment and concern, the living and the dead, principles they observe, that this is not alto. and purposes disclaimed by them- gether the case. — They are again gelres, and contradicted by the publicly traduced, and attempts are
again' made to prejudice the public cession of the crown; which suc. - mind against them.
cession, by an act, intitled, “An We, therefore, English Roman. act for the further limita ion of the eatholics, whose names are here. crown, and better securing the under written, beg leave again to rights and liverties of the subject,' Solicit ihe attention of our couv. is, and stands limited to the prin. trympen, and to lay before them the cess Sophia, electres, aud duchess following unanswered and un- dowager of Hanover, and the heirs answerable documents of the purity of her body, being Protestants ; and integrity of the religious and hereby utterly renouncing and ab. cicil principles of ALL his majesty's juring any obedience or allegiance Roman-catholic subjects, in respect unto any other person claiming or to their king and their country. pretending a right to the crown of
We entreat you to peruse them; these realms. And I do swear, and when you have perused them, that I do reject and detest as an to declare- Whether his majesty's unchristian and in pious position, Roman-catholic subjects maintain a that it is lawful to nurder or des single tenet, inconsistent with the stroy any person or persons what. purest loyalty; or interfering in soever, for, or under pretence of, the slightest degree, with any one their being heretics or infideis; and duty which an Englishman owes his also that unchristian and iinpious God, his king, or his country?” principle, that faith is not to be 1.-The first Document we present kept with heretics or infidels; and
to you is, -The oath and decla. I further declare, that it is not an ration prescribed by the British article of my faith ; and that I do parliament of the 31st of his renounce, reject, and abjure the present, majesty, and which is opinion, that princes excommuni. taken by all English catholics, cated by the pope and council, or
"] A. B. do bereby declare, any authority of the see of Rome, that I do profess the Roman-catholic or by any authority whatsoever, religion.
: may be deposed or murdered by 61 A. B. do sincerely promise their subjects, or any person what. and swear, that I will be faithful soever : and I do promise, that I and bear true allegiance to his ma. will not bold, maintain, or abet jesty king George the Third, and any such opinion, or any other him will defend to the utmost of opinions contrary to what is ex. my power against all conspiracies pressed in this declaration : and I and attempts whatsoever that shall do declare, that I do not believe be made against his person, crown, that the pope of Rome, or any or dignity; and I will do my ut. other foreign prince, prelate, state, most endeavour to disclose and or potentate, hath, or ought to make known to his majesty, his have, any temporal or civil juris. beirs and successors, all treasons diction, power, superio,ity, or and traitorous conspiracies which pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, may be formed against him or them; within this realm ; and I do so. and I do faithfully promise to lemnly, in the presence of God, maintain, support, and defend, to profess, testify, and declare, that the utmost of my power, the suc. I do make this declaration, and
- 1 plain and soever ; bereby utterly renouncing - . t vurds of this and abjuring any obedience or alle.
. .. Tiwa, equi. giance unto the person taking upon . . . . reservation himself the stile 'and title of prince .
Seus any dispep. of Wales, in the life-time of his n
i by the popé, father, and who since his death is real', - of the see of said to have assumed the stile and = ";" Jerson whatever, title of king of Great Britain and
. Ang that I am, or Ireland, by the name of Charles A . 2**1 before God or the Third, and to any other person
Visitis declaration, claiming, or pretending a right to
: yreof, although the the crown of these realms ; and I - *** Lier person or au. do swear that I do reject and detest, - - vever, shall dispense as unchristian and impious to be
g ehe same, or declare lieve, that it is lawful to murder or m. toll or yoid.
destroy any person or persons - delp me God.” whatsoever, for or under the preo demollit documents we present tence of their being heretics; and .
The oaths and de. also that unchristian and impious - r cribed by the acts principle, that no faith is to be kept 1-1 parliament to Irish with heretics : I further declare,
ulics. The first is the that it is no article of my faith, and w e giance and declaration, that I do renounce, reject, and ab. meb r the Irish act of the jure, the opinion that princes ex
14th of his present communicated by the pope and internet 21 is taken by all Irish council, or by any authority of the entholics.
see of Rome,, or by any authority do take Almighty God, whatsoever, may be deposed or o n°; Son Jesus Christ, my murdered by their subjects, or by PM to witness that I will be any person whatsoever ; and I do
w bear true allegiance to promise that I will not hold, maintain, sl file gracious sovereign lord or abet, any such opinion, or any
ivuave the Third, and him other opinion contrary to what is l voren to the utmost of my expressed in this declaration ; and
**** Julist all conspiracies and I do declare that I do not believe sulfattia watsoever that shall be that the pope of Rome, or any
As his person, crown, other foreign prince, prelate, state, su vaisy; and I will do my or potentate, hath, or ought to
is tour to disclose and have, any temporal or civil juris. n o wn to his majesty and his diction, power, superiority, or uuest treasons and traitorous pre-eminence, directly or indirectly,
es, which may be formed within this realm; and I do solemnBelinde Dian or them; and I do ly in the presence of God, and of
i promisc to maintain, sup. his only Son Jesus Christ, my Re. vra defend, to the utmost of deemer, profess, testify, and de******r, the succession of the clare, that I do make this declara. via his majesty's family, tion, and every part thereof, in the
er person or persons what plain and ordinary scnse of the