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ince. The singing of psalms by so vihere, as it was long the capital of reat a multitude, with Stentorian Scotland, he recollects some striking oices, to the number of twelve passages in the Scottish history. He housand, reverberated from the hill, passes on through the Carse of Gow3 heard at a great distance, like the rie, the Campus frumento nobilis of jum of bees. Had this scene been the celebrated Buchannan, stretching iewed by the Danes eucamped on along the left bank of the Tay, be eastern slope of the hill of Mon- to DUNDEE: from Dundee, by Arrieff, they would, bevond all doubt, broath, and the promontory of the jave mistaken it for the camp of the Redhead, a most stupenduous rock, nemy, engaged in some awful in- 1o Montrose : from Montrose up to antations.

the banks of the South Esk, to Bre“ The Monday after the sacra. chin; from Brecbiu, by Stonehaven, nent is a thanksgiving-day. There to Aberdeev: from Aberdeen, round re two preachers, both in the church by Peterbead and Fyvie, to Bamff: nd at the tent; but the whole ser- from Bamff, by Portsov, to Focliaice is over by four o'clock, when all bers. And now, having arrived at he ministers and elders repair to the the banks of the Spey, where be forpinister's bouse, and enjoy a very merly, before his coming to Eng.

entiful, though perhaps I dare not land, passed seven years, in the enture. to call it, a very hearty din- course of which he made many exler; for even now the intensity of cursions to different places; he prohe religious tone is not wholly re- ceeds to describe objects, and relate axed. Immediately after dinner, matters of fact, without troubling his vhich is preceded by a very long readers, in every instance, with the race, there is again singing of circumstance of time, or the partisalms, and a very long prayer. cular spot from whence he set out to

“ The pilgrims who had coine to another. His excursions extend to bis holy city, after visiting, that is, different parts in the interior, and aking a near view of Culfargie, the mountainous parts of Bamffshire and esidence of their first and great mi- Aberdeenshire, and over the whole ister, return to their respective course of the Spey, 0o both sides, ounties and paristres. Travellers almost up to its source, and into bo meet them on their return, as some of the straths (vallies) and ravellers in an opposite direction giens that discharge their waters in ad done before, inquire at the first that pacious and rapid river. The in they aliglit at, " What the deuce circumstances, character, and modes an be the meauing of so many peo. of life of the lubabitants are dele bere and there all along the road scribed, and illustrated by particular or so many miles, as silent and examples. Natural objects too are lowucast as if they were going to describe.l, with some curious phenohe gallows ?” -“ Ob! it has been mena and facts ia patural history. be sacrament at Abernethey."

Oul'a fine day, our traveller went to From the bridge of Erve our tra- chimb Beliinnis, a bigh mountain bor. eller crossed the country, nortiward cering ou the valley of the Spey,

Perth, which he represents as a about twenty miles from the Murray ery beautilul and flourishing, but Frith. It rises 3000 feet above the emarkably inhospitable place, and level of the sea ; aud is the first land that is seen by mariners coming from low, even in the most stormy night, the Northern Ocean. « Though the but upon a rising ground, where day was extremely clear before I they can see all around; and when reached the top, I found myself en- they are aitarked by a fox, or dous, veloped in a cloud, whence I could their assailants never fail to be killed. see any object distinctly only at a When furiously attached, they form few yards distance. Perceiving a themselves into a circle, their heads fine breeze, as I was ascending, I all outward, and the weaker opes in loped the cloud would disperse, and the centre; and if, as it sometimes therefore, though I felt it extremely happens, that a fox takes a spring, cold, and myself extremely hungry, and leaps in among them, they inhaving foolishly put nothing in my stantly turn, and boxing him with pocket, I resolved to remain there their head, and stamping him with some time. But, to my astonish- their feet, and tossing him with their ment, while I was stepping about to horns, never fail to kill him; his keep myself warm, on the top of the ribs being generally all broken. hill, I perceived something of an un- When domesticated, animals genecommon appearance through the rally leave their protection fo man; mist at a distance. I approached it, but, when left to themselves, both indeed, not without fear, and at instinct and experience teaches them length found it to be a phalanx of how to defend themselves. When wedders, or sheep three years old, these sheep on the top of the hill on the top of the hill, ready to de- saw me retire, they grew more care. fend themselves from every attack. less, and did not keep their ranks so

that

They were arranged in a line, form- straight; but whenever I turned, and ing a blunt wedge, with an extremely was approaching them, they looked large one in the middle, having a more steadily at me, and stood closer large black forehead, and a pair of together, and formed their ranks tremendous horns. There were about more regularly; and I verily believe, a bundred in front, and about fifty lad I attempted to attack them, on each side of him. A number of they would have resisted. I had weaker ones were in the rear, and once a mind to try it, but I confess not one of them eating, but looking I was afraid, as I observed them sterly at me. I was not afraid, know- seemingly bending their knees, to ing them to be sheep; yet I was not make a spring at me. quite, easy, as, if any fox had ap- I began to be so extremely hungry, peared at this time, in attacking bim that I would have given five shillings and even chasing him, they might for a halfpenny roll; and it being have killed me. These wedders are about four in the afternoon, I had sent up into the hill in the eud of thoughts of descending; when, all at April, or early in May, and the pro- once, as I was looking towards the prietors never look after them till east, in a moment, in the twinkling about ihe end of October. It is well of an eye, the clouds went off from known they never sleep all at a time, the mountain, and fields, hills, rivers, but, as is the case with crows, geese, and other objects, thirty miles disand otier gregarious animals, there tant, all at once appeared to view. is always one at a distance on the The sight was grand in the extreme, book out. They never rest in a bol. and called up immediately to my nind that omnipotent being who &c. alive; and, placing them before makes the clouds his chariot, and their young, taught them to kill and ides on the wings of the wind. In- tear them to pieces. As the eagles tead of the sensations of hunger and kept what might be called an exaugue, which the moment before cellent larder, when any visitors surnade me uneasy, I perceived a se- prized the gentleman, he was absorei enjoyment, a calm satisfaction, lutely in the habit, as he told me ind a glow of love to God and to himself, of sending his servants to he creatures of his baud, which po see what their neighbours had to anguage can express. When I saw spare; and that they scarcely ever Peterhead on the east, at the dis- returned without something very ance of near sixty miles, and thou- good for the table. It is well ands of variegated intervening ob- enough known, that game of all jects; on the north, the wide extend- kinds is not the worse, but the better od ocean, as far as the eye could for being kept for a very considera

each; and towards the west, In- ble time. verness, the hills of Lovat, Urqu- Mr. H. pursues his journey by uart, and all the beautiful coun- Rotbes, Elgin, and Forres, to Invery of Murray, with villages and dess. At fort Augustus, he crossed owns, scattered here and there; Lochness, and landed on the north yppearing no more than small side at castle Urquhart, once the pecks, astonishment seized opon seat of the Cummings, situated on a ny mind, and I stood long motion- promontory of solid rock, jutting ess admiring the grandeur of the into the lake. Froin thence he procene."

ceeded to Cromarty, Dornoch, and Not many miles from Castle Grant, by Wick and Thurso, to Cape Mr. H. found a gentleman who was Wrath, the north-west point of not displeased that a couple of eagles, Scotland, through a country, of whose nest Mr. H. went to see regu- which, among other observations, he arly every summer, built one on a says, that “ Were the British legislarock in a hill, not far from the gentle. ture to enact that delinquents from man's house. There was a stone with the parish of St. Giles, in London, n a few yards of it, about six feet and other parts, to be transportes ong, and nearly as broad, and upon there instead of Botany Bay, it his stone, almost coustantly, but would be an improvement in our ılways when they bad young, the code of laws." The hardiness of the gentleman and his servants found a people in the most northerly counaumber of muir fowl, partridges, ties of Scotland, and the harduess of bares, rabbits, ducks, snipes, ptarma- their fare will scarcely appear credians, rats, mice, &c. and sometimes ble to any other than a Scotchman. kids, fawns, and lambs. When the At Cape Wrath they have a foot young eagles were able to hop the post, who, weekly, summer and win

ength of this stone, to which there ter, though it be near sixty miles, was a narrow road hanging over a runs between the cape and Thurso : dreadful precipice, as a cat brings which he often does, wading to the ive mice to ber kitlens, and teaches middle in snow. them to kill them, so the eagles, I “The people of Caithness," says earned, often brought hares, rabbits, Mr. H. “are stunted creatures with

sharp

sharp visages, indicative of both intel certain, and I dare to appeal for the ligence and want. I was at pain to trull of it to any one acquainted in bire into the deri of these por wit, Caithness." per re." Breakfast, mecl and bree, Mr. H. learing Cape Wrath, an visi water drurl, but the sube immeire rock, but not quite so statai porihine at the Louiandir. Siupenous as the Pipel-bead in An

- D1.Jer, neil and bree koi!, a gus, vent ba sto Thuray; and from kini of swap neagre, in wil.cn there thence crossing the Pentland Ents to S b erl, penilan, ume barley or the Onko rs, and took up his head grits, with wise kuil, and a scainly quarters at the house of his old 210w 3nce of Warley-cakes. Supper, acquaintance, liie Rev. Mr. Alison, meal and bree: or, in place oi ilis, m ister of St. Andrews, and Deersostens, a bird of frumariv, maile Dey. He lid not go to the Shelfrom twe kusks of grits, or oatmeal. lands, but ad account of the present On Sundave, or obirer festivals, they state of these islands, was comune have, after their meal and bree, some caied to him by a minister of a pamis, or perhaps tuo eggs. It ały risi there; whicii, iudeed, forms the farver is reported to eat flesh; the most interesting and- valuable part laird consi'ers this as a fraud on 0 bis publication. Leaving the bim. “I niusi look sharp aiter this Orkneys, he set sail to the Hebrides: maa: he has his farm too cheapwhere he fourd a class of mortals cal Tuts leil me lie eats flesh-neat. led Scollags, a kind of prædial siares,

" It is a common thing for labour- in a condition still more wretched ers, or farmers' serrants, io stipulate than that of the labouring class of with their masters, that, besides their people in Caithness. From the Hemeal and bree, or soup meagre for brides he set sail for Fort William. dinner, they shall liare a certain from thence he went to lurerary, pumber of stocks of kail to be eaten and from Inverary by Lochlomond with bread and salt. This must ap- and Dunbarton to Glasgow. From pear to an Englishman wholly in- Glasgow lie went up the coure or credible; as being altogether insuffi. valley of the Clyde, as far as Lapark, cient to keep soul and body together, and from thence returned to EdinNevertheless, there is nothing more burgh,

CONTENTS

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General Aspeet of Europe. Resources of the opposite Belligerent

Powers--and Views.-Fragility of Confederations.-General Marims and Measures of Buonaparte.-Position and Strength of the French and Russian Armies. Military Force remaining to the King of Prussia after the Battles of Jena and Pultusk. The general Plans of the opposite Armies.- Battles of Mohringen-Bergfried-Deppen --Hoff- and Eylau.- Retreat of the French on the Vistula-and of the Russians behind the Pregel. .............

снА Р. ІІ. Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies were

placed after the Battle of Eylau.- Pacific Overtures by BuonaparteRejected.- Artifices of Buonaparte.The Russians persevere in their System of acting on the offensive.-- Battle of Ostrolenka.Skirmishes.--Triumphant Proclamation, or Address of Buonaparte to his Army.-Positions of the French Army in their Winter Quarters.-Bridges and Têtes-du-Pont on the Vistula.Continued Skirmishes.The most important of these.-- Artillery taken from the Enemy by the French since their Arrival on the Vistula. Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerome Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.--Siege of Dantzig.- Disposition of the grand French Army for protecting the besieging Army.-- Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.- Arrival of the Russian Emperor at Memel -- Followed by that of the Archduke Constantine with a Reinforcement tv the Russian Army.-Grand Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.-Of two Plans, that which was adopt. ed.- Prussian Force sent for the Relief of Dantzig, defeated.-Attacks of the Russians on the whole Line of the French-- Intended to prevent them from reinforcing the Army besieging Dantzig.Dantzig surrendered on Capitulation-Conditions of this.--State of Vol. XLIX.

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