« PreviousContinue »
Chester Gould, of Walworth, Surrey, gent; for improvements on a machine for mangling linen and other articles required to be mangled.— Dated May <26\ 1807.
Joseph Bowser, of Kidderminster, in the county of Worcester, carpetBiauufacturer; for a method of working or manufacturing carpeting for carpets and carpet rugs not heretofore used. Dated May 2<), 1807
Jolui Brown, of the parish of St. Andrew Hubbard, in the city of London, stationer; for certain improvements in the construction of a press for printing books and other articles, part of which may be applied to presses now in common use. Dated June 2, 1807.
John Bywater, of the town and county of the town of Nottingham; for certain improvements in the construction of windlasses for weighing the anchors of ships autl navigable vessels, and various other purposes. Dated June 6, 1807
Allan Pollock, of Paisley, NorthBritain, at present residing in London, merchant, for a stove of a new construction, and various improvements applicable to stoves, grates, and fireplaces. Dated June 11,1807.
Henry Maudlay, of Margate-street, Cavendish-square, in the county of Middlesex, engineer; for improvements in the construction of steamengines. Dated June 13,1807.
Frauds Plowden, of Essex-street, Strand, in the county of Middlesex, esq. for a safe and sure method of preserving, for an extraordinary length of time, at sea and on land, butcher's meat, animal and other comestible substances, in a sweet, palatable, and nutritious state without acid, salt, or drying; the preservation of which apthartic viands he conceives will be of great public utility. Dated June 13, 1807.
John Syeds, of Rotherbithe Wail, in the county of Surrey, compass-maker; for certain improvements iu the construction of a machine for uukirr rope or cordage, either shroud or cable laid, and iu the mode of manufacturing the same. Dated June 16, 1807.
Robert Barlow, ofSpring Gardens, in the county of Middlesex, cliembt and medical electrician; for cerun oriental, aromatic, chemical compositions or compounds, to be made and moulded into various forms, shapes, and ornamental devices, as aniuku in butler-flies, birds, shells, and animals, and to be worn as an ornamental part of dress by ladies and gentlemen,as rings, broaches, lockets, pins, combs, bandeaus, and other ornaments; which oriental, aromatic, chemical composition he denominate* "ebenbosamic and ebengavui-boamic composition or compounds, or aromatic variegated artificial marbk> and stones, opaque and transparent. Dated June 16", 1807.
William Atkins, of the city of Norwich, shawl-manufacturer; for certain improvements in the construction of a loom for weaving borders or stripes, or different colours, on shawl; or any goods made of cotton, silk, linen, or worsted, or any other mixture of the same. Dated June I*. 1807.
James Palmer, of Enon Cottage, Shrewsbury, in the county of Salop: for a method of constructing and erecting bridges. Dated June Sti, 1807.
John Dickinson, of the parish «t St. Martiu Ludgale, in the city of London, stationer; for a certain machine or machinery for cutting and placing paper. Dated June 30, 1807.
William Bound, of Ray-street, in
the parish of St. James Clerkeuwell,
2 is in the county of Middlesex, smith and iron founder; for a .'ceiver applicable to register and other stores, by which means the cinders and ahcs' are with cleanliness and safety constantly retained; while the same forms an easy support to a general firescreen. Dated July 4, 1807.
Aspley Pellat, of Saint Paul's church yard, in the city of London, glass manufacturer; for his improved method for admitting light into the interna) parts of ships, vessels, buildings and other places. Dated July r," 1807.
Charles Grdll, of Leicester fields, in the parish of St. Martin, in the city of Westminster, for the discovery of certain improvements on harps. Dated July 13, 1807.
John Norton, of Rolls buildings, Fetter-lane, in the city of London, mathematical instrument-maker; for his improved pump. Dated July 13, 1807.
James Bradley, of Maid-lane, South w ark, in the county of Surrey, iron-founder; for his new kind of iron bar to be used in fire-places, for boilers, furnaces, hot-houses, and any other fire-place where bars are used. Dated July 13, 1807
Gorden Howden, of Oxford-street, in the county of Middlesex, sadler; for bis girth pommel, which most effectually prevents the saddle from getting forward upon any description of horses, however much nature may, in the shape of the animal, work against it. Dated July 20, 1807.
Charles Lucas Birch, of GreatQueen-street.io the parish of St. Giles in the Fields, iu the county of Middlesex, coach-maker; for certain improvements in the construction of the roofs and upper quarters of landaus, landaulets, barouche landaus, barouches, baxouchets, curricles, and other
carriages, the upper parts of which are made to fall down. Dated July 21, 1807
John Phillips, of East-Stonehouse, in the couuty of Devon, stone-mason, and sculptor; for his method or methods of constructing and moving offices, counting-houses and other rooms, with desks, drawing boards, and other similar conveniences, which method or methods may also be applied in the constructing and removing bridges, cottages, sentry boxes, and to oilier purposes or erections of a smaller or larger extent. Dated July 28, 1807.
Joseph Astley, of Borrowstoimness, in that part of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland called Scotland, chemist; for certain improvements in the manufacture of salammoniac. Dated July 28, 1807>
Enoch Wood, of Bursleru, in the county of Stafford, poller; for a method or contrivance of applying power for the purpose of raising water from n lower to a higher level. Dated July 30, 1807.
Robert Dickinson, of Long Acre, in the county of Middlesex, esq; for certain improvements'on, or in machinery for improving turnpike and other roads, and for other purposes. Dated August 1, 1807.
Edward Coke Wilinot, of Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, gent, for an instrument for the purpose of warming beds, and which may be applied to various other purposes.— Dated August 10, 1807.
Richard Rees, of Red Lion passage, in the county of Middlesex, cutler; for certain improvements in trusses for persons afflicted with ruptures. Dated August 25, 1807.
Samuel Hill, of Whiteley Wood, in the county of York, Saw-maker; for a method of making iron and
steel steel backs for fixing upon, and using with, the blades of scythes, and of straw and hay knives, whether the blades thereof be rolled, forged, cast, hammered, or otherwise manufactured. Dated August 26, 1807.
Ralph Dodd, of Excliauge-allcy, in the city of London, engineer; for astill or alembic, with a refrigeratory worm or condenser, and a piston and rod, for the use of distillers, brewers, and other persons using the like machinery. Dated September 8, 1807.
James Day, of Church-lane, Whitechapel, in the county of Middlesex, merchant; for a method of making and compounding a certaiu liquid composition, called Danzig or Danttic spruce, or Danzig or Dantzie Black Beer. Dated Sept. p, 1S07.
William Pedder, of Norfolk-street, Strand, in the county of Middlesex, esquire ; for an addition and improvement to the cattle-mills and water-mills for grinding sugar-canes, or any other mill or machine requiring additional velocity and power. Dated October 19, 1807.
Tebaldo Monzani, of Old Bondstreet, in the county of Middlesex, and of Cheapsxle, in the city of Loudon, music-seller; for certaiu improvements in the musical-instrument called the german flute. Dated October 19, 1807.
Edward Shorter, of the parish of St. Giles, Cripplegate, in the city of London, mechanic; for certain improvements in the machine or instrument, called or known by the name of a Jack for roasting meat. Dated October 2-1, 1807.
Louis Carou, of the city of Paris, now residing in the city of London, manufacturer; for certain new methods of weaving or manufacturing hair along with silk or thread, or other materials, and of making the
tame into perukes or wigs, and vinous other articles, so as to imitate nature, aud of taking the measure oi section, or profile, of the head, bv u instrument applicable to that sad other useful purposes. Dated October 21, 1807.
William Chapman, of the town in county of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, dn: engineer, and Edward Walton Ciiapman, of the same place, rope-maker. for a method or methods of malinj a belt, or fl<il-baud, for the purpote of drawing coals and other mineral) up the pits or shafts of mines, «d for raising of heavy articles, in ssj situation whatever. Dated October 30, 1807.
Henry Thompson, of Tottenham, in the county of Middlesex, nierchan' for an invention which consists in impregnating Cheltenham or other ashiral medicinal waters, or such u art usually denominated, "mineral waters," with one or more of the different gases or aeriform fluids, and is adding other substances to, or co»biniug the same with, such water. Dated October30, ISO?.
George Hawks, of Gateshead, k the county of Durham, non-roan a facturer; for a method of making and likewise of keeping in repair, cast-iron wheel* for coal-waggom, and ot her carriages, where such w \terh are applicable. Dated October 3C, 1S07. •
Account of a Method of cultitatiK Carrots, and applying them a Food for Cattle. By JohnChrutiau Curwen, esq. of WorkingtonHall, in Cumberland.
[From the Transactions of the Society «' .Arts, &c.]
In Mr. A. Young's valuable and interesting report on the agriculture
Suffolk, I was much struck with i account of the culture of carrots, tt the advantages resulting from t lie •plication of tliem as food for horses. From the Very general opinion hicb prevails, that none but partiilar soils are applicable tothe growth 'carrots, the culture of them to any [tent has been confined to small disicts. I presume, therefore, that it lay not be unacceptable to the soety to be informed of the success f trials in this matter upon a stiff ■■•.in, partaking in a great measure f clay.
Mr. Youug's observations are conioeil to sowing by broad-cast, which an be successful solely in sandy soils. Hie method I have pursued has been
0 trench, plough, and stitch up the ground intended for carrots, as soon li it was clear, leaving it in that state [luring winter, which greatly facilitates its working in the spring. In .\pril I break it up by giving it three or four ploiigliiugs, harrowings, and rakings, which bring it into garden tilth. Previous to the last ploughing, ,
1 give from ten to fifteen cart-loads of ashes per acre. The second week in May ! have it stitched up, and made ready for sowing, allowing three feet between each stitch; and I throw the ridges as high as they cau be put. The tops of the stitches are smoothed with a very light roller, so as to admit of a furrow being drawn with a hand-hoe.
The seed, ten days or a fortnight before it is usid, is mixed with wet sand, and placed in some warm situation, so as to be in n full state of vegetation before it is sown. A fortnight is gained by this method, and the carrots are less liable to be injured by the weeds. The plough and barrow are kept at work during the whole lumraer. The plants are twice
liand-weedcd, and afterwards thinned. The expeuce attending this is considerable, but the value of the crop amply compeusates it.
In 18011 had an acre and a rood, which had been previously occupied by cabbages, and afterwards by tares. The soil was very heavy and strong. The tops of this crop were so abundant, that they would have fed twenty head of cattle for a month. I began cutting them too late, by which means 1 lost a great part. It is essentially necessary to get the carrots dry, to enable them to keep. I endeavour, if the weather be favourable, to have them up by tlie first or second week in October. I employ women to take them up with forks, which costs 1.0/. The crop yielded 829 Winchester bushels, equal to 4143 stone (of 14 pounds). Estimating the carrots at 6d. per stone (the price of oats at that time) they were worth to me 103/.
Each working horse in my employ is allowed S pounds of oats per day. One half was taken away, and sapplied by an equal weight of carrots, and this was continued while they lasted. The general opinion was, .hat the horses improved in their condition upon this food.
In 1805 I had three acres and three roods of a similar soil sown with carrots, which had previously borne a crop of oats. The first part of the season was uncommonly cold, and afterwards unusually wet, which checked the growth of the tops, so that they never got to any size, and; were eaten off by sheep. In order to facilitate the work, and at the same time to save expence, I made a trial of the plough to take off the earth from the carrots, and then setting in and turning them up.
The injury was trifling, and the expence expence not a tenth part what it had been. There were 108 carts, of 80 stone each, pr 224.6 stoue per acre, which, at 6d. per stone, would amount to 60/. and upwards per acre. I have made use of I hem as in the preceding year, with the most complete success, and saved Co bushels of oats per week, and shall be able to continue to do so for a fortnight or three weeks longer.
In the first trial an acre of carrots was equal in food to 23 of oats, allowing 60 Winchester bushels of oats per acre, and at three stone the bushel. On taking up the carrots a small piece was cut from the top of each, to prevent it from vegetating, and these were immediately used. The remainder we.re piled in rows two feet thick, and five feet high, leaving a space between each row for a free circulation of air. I do not doubt but that they would keep in this way for a length of time. 1 have always made immediate use of them, as old oats are more valuable than new, and, moreover, the saving of oats is in itself a matter of much import.
The success of these trials has determined me to extend the cultivation of carrots, and I Jhave prepared ten acres for the ensuing season.
Mr Young recommends carrots as a substitute for hay: when they cau be procured with little,or no expence, this may answer; but when the ground is, to be prepared for them at a considerable expence, cheaper substitutes may he found. Though the expences are great in cultivating carrots, yet the giving of them iu part instead of oats, will most abundantly repay them. The expence of each acre in sowing, cleaning, and housing, will not be short of 151.
Whatever system can multiply the produce of one acre into tln.t of two
or more, is, I conceive, an object ts a country where the consumption oi the first necessary of life exceeds wtai is at present produced witliiu the empire. In this point of view I fiatter myself that the present piper not not be thought unworthy tbe atlo lion of the society.
We, Isaac Kendall, bailiff, »i Thomas Moore, groom, to J.C.Cwwen, esq; do certify, that Mr. Cmwen's working horses bad 4lb. of carrots given them in the room of so much oats, from October 1S05 to January 1806, being three months: that without the use of carrots Mr. Cunveil allows his working bona from 3 to 12lb. of oats per day, according to the size and work of the horses; that tbe carrots ansuod every purpose, and that the horses mat never iu belter condition than at toe time when they were in use; anctvt believe that they would not have bees better, nor fitter for work, with the whole allowance of oats; that the crops of carrots have been extreme!.' good by Mr. Curwen's mode of management. The saving of oats w* fifty-eight Winchester bushels ff week, by the use of carrots, upon tk food of seventy-six horses.
Workington, May 10, 1806.
Method of preservingTurnips in A' Winter Season. By Mr. Jama Dean, of Exeter.
[From the Same.] When surveying an estate in tie Soutb-Hams of Devon, in Febn»C last, my attention was attracted k; the singular appearance of a crop «• turnips in an orchard, so thick as w touch each other, and closely surround the stems of the appie-trfe I enquired of the farmer the tea** of so unusual a crop, and I recent