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shall be on her voyage direct thereto; but these exceptions are not to be understood as exempting from capture or confiscation a;iv vessel or goods which shall be liable thereto in respect of having entered or departed from any port or place actually blockaded by his majesty's squadrons or ships of war, or for being enemies' property, or for auy other cause than the contravention of this present order.
And the commanders of his majesty's ships of war and privateers, and other vessels acting under his majesty's commission, shall be, and are hereby instructed to warn every vessel which shall have commenced her voyage prior to any notice of this order, and shall be destined to any port of France, or of her allies, or of any other country at war with his majesty, or to any port or place from which the British flag as aforesaid is excluded, or to any colony belonging to his majesty's enemies, and which shall not have cleared out as is here-before allowed, to discontinue her voyage, and to proceed to some port or place in this.kingdom, or to Gibraltar or Malta; and auy vessel, vthich after having been so warned, or after a reasonable time shall have been afforded for lite arrival or information of this his majesty's order at any port or place from which she sailed, or which, after having notice of this order, shall be found in the prosecution of any voyage, contrary to the restrictions contained in this order, shall be captured, and together with her cargo, condemned as lawful prize to the captors.
And whereas countries, not engaged in the war, have acquiesced in these oiders of France, prolwhiU
ing all trade in any articles the produce or manufacture of his majesty'* dominions; and the merchants of those countries have given countenance aud effect to those prohibitions, by accepting from persons styling themselves commercial agents of the enemy, residcut at neutral ports, certain documents, termed "certificates of origin," being certificates obtained at the ports of shipment, declaring that the articles of the cargo are noj of the produce or manufacture of his majesty's dominions, or to that effect:
And whereas this expedient has been directed by France, and submitted to by such merchants, as p..it of the new system of warfare directed against the trade of this kingdom, and as the most effectual instrument of accomplishing the same, and it is therefore esseulially necessary to resist it;
His majesty is therefore pleased, by aud with the advice of bis privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that if any vessel, after reasonable time shall have been afforded for receiving notice of Ibis his majesty's order at the port or place from which such vessel stall have cleared out, shall be found carrying any such certificate or document as aforesaid, or any document referring to, or authenticating the same, such vessel shall be adjudged lawful prize to the captor, together with the goods laden therein, belonging to the person or persons by whom, or on whose behalf, any such document was put on board.
And the right honourable the lords
commissioners, &c. are to take the
necessary measures herein, as to
them shall respectively appertain.
At At the Court at the Queen's Palace, the 11th of November, 1 SOf, present, the King's most Excellent Majesty in Council. Whereas articles of the growth and manufacture of foreign countries cannot by law be imported into tins country, except in British ships, or in ships belonging to the countries of which such articles are the growth and manufacture, without an order in council specially authorizing the same: His majesty, taking into consideration the order of this day's date, respecting the trade to be carried on to and from the ports of the enemy, and deeming it expedient that any vessel belonging to any country in alliance, or at amity with his majesty, may be permitted to import into this country articles of the produce or manufacture of countries at war with his majesty:
His majesty, by and with the adrice of his privy council, is therefore pleaded to order, and it is hereby ordered, that ill goods, wares, or merchandizes, specified and included in the schedule of an act, passed in the forty-third year of his present majesty's reign, intituled, "an act to repeal the duties of customs payable in Great Britain, and to grant other duties in lieu thereof," may be imported from any port or place belonging to any slate not in amity with his majesty, in ships belonging to any state at amity with his majesty, subject to the payment of such duties, and liable to such drawbacks as arc now established by law upon the importation of the said goods, wares, or merchandize, in •hips navigated according to law; and with respect to such of the said goods, wares, or merchandize, as arc authorised to be warehoused under the provisions of an act, passed
in the forty-third year of Iris present majesty's reign, intituled, "an act for permitting certain goods imported into Great Britain, to be secured in warehouses without payment of duty," subject to all the regulations of the said last mentioned act; and with respect to all articles which are prohibited by law from being imported into this country, it is ordered, that the same shall be reported for exportation- to any country in amity or alliance with his majesty.
And his majesty is further pleased, by and with the advice of his privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered, that all vessels which shall arrive atany port of the United Kingdom, or at the port of Gibraltar or Malta, in consequence of having1 been warned pursuant to Hie aforesaid order, or in consequence of receiving information], in any other" manner, of the said order subsequent to their having taken on board any part of their cargoes, whether previous or subsequent to their sailing, shall be permitted to report their cargoes for exportation, and shall be allowed to proceed upon their voyages to their original ports of destination (if not unlawful before the issuing of the said order), or to any port at amity with his majesty, upon receiving a certificate from the collector or comptroller of the customs at the port at which they shall so enler (which certificate the said col* lectors and comptrollers of the customs are hereby authorised and'required to give), setting forth that such vessels came into such port inconsequence of being so warned, of of receiving such information as aforesaid; and that they were permitted to sail from such port under* the regulations which his majesty has been pleased to establish iu respect
to to such vessels. But in case any vessel so arriving shall prefer to import lier cargo, then such vessel shall be allowed lo enter anil import the same, upon such terms and conditions as the said cargo might have been imported upon, according to law, in case the said vessels had sailed after having received notice of the said order, and in conformity thereto.
And it is further ordered, that all vessels which shall arrive at any port of the United Kingdom, or at Gibraltar or Malta, in conformity and obedience to the said order, shall be allowed, in respect to all articles which may be on board the same, except sugar, coffee, wine, brandy, suufF, and tobacco, to clear out to any port whatever, to be specified in such clearance; and, with respect to the last mentioned articles, to export the same to such ports, and under such conditions and regulations only, as his majesty, by any licence to be granted for that purpose, may direct.
And the right honourable the lord commissioners, &c. &c
At the Court at the Queen's Palace, the 11 th of November, 1807, present, the King's Most Excellent Majesty in Council.
Whereas the sale of ships by a Belligerent to a neutral is considered by France to be illegal:
And whereas a great part of the shipping of France and her allies has been protected from capture during the present hostilities by transfers, or pretended transfers, to neutrals:
And whereas it is fully justifiable to adopt the same rule, in this respect, towards the enemy, which is applied by the enemy to this country:
His majesty is pleased, by and
with the advice of Iris privy council, to order, and it is hereby ordered. That in future the sale to a ueittral of any vessel belonging to his majesty's enemies, shall not be deemed-to be legal, nor in any manner to transfer the property, nor to alter the character of such vessel: And all. vessels now belonging, or which shall hereafter belong to any enemy of his majesty, notwithstanding any sale, or pretended side, to a neutral, after a reasonable time shall have elapsed for receiving information of this his majesty's order at the place where such sale, or pretended sale, was effected, shall be captured ami brought iu, and shall be adjudged as lawful prize to the captors.
And the right honourable the lords commissioners, &c. kc
"Pa nis, Nov. 12.
"England has w ithin two years sent out four expeditious.
"The first was against Constantinople, which was alteuded with the loss of several ships, the confiscation of all English merchandize, and the expulsion of their commerce from all the trading ports of the Levant. Admiral Duckworth, and his squadron, were happy iu beiug able to find safety in flight.
"The secontl expedition from England was against Egypt. This was still more shameful, more disastrous, more disgraceful. Its army, defeated at Rosetta, surrounded ou its march, lost more than four thousand chosen men iu killed and made prisoners." In vain did the English break down the dykes, cut the canals. and inundate that unhappy couulrv,
in order to secure Ibemselves in Alex-* andria. On the 2Cd of September tlie pacha arrive<l from Cairo, defeated them, and obliged them to surrender Alexandria, into which he made his entry on the 24th. It is difficult to find a more humiliating expedition.
"The third English expedition was that against Monte Video and Buenos Ajres. Ten thousand Euglish troops failed in their attack upon an unfortified town. It is true, that the hatred which the Spanish catholics have for the enemies of their religion, fumbhed them with new means against them, animated the whole population with a new ardour, and the 10,000 men were too happy in being permitted to retire. This expedition, which cost the English enormous sums, only served, therefore, to destroy the illusion which had induced them to imagine that it was very easy to seize on the Spanish possessions. The Portuguese possessions would not have ottered less resistance. Wherever there are ralholics, the intolerant English will fiud enemies. In this fatal expedition, they hist more than 5000 men.
"Their fourth expedition has been most notorious. It was that of Copenhagen, the most atrocious expedition of which history can preserve the remembrance; the shame with which it has covered the English government is indelible. Why did the English evacuate Zealand and Copenhagen, when the Danish government would not ratify the capitulation, and the engagement to evacuate no longer existed? Why did the English evacuate, when the prince royal refused to receive their envoy, when that prince concluded an offensive and defensive alliance with France, when be only answered their
propositions hv the recal of the agent he had at London; in fine, when in his political negotiations he speaks of the English by calling them robbers, a name they have so well merited? Why? Because they arc convinced of their weakness and inability by land. The approach of the season when the ice would render the arrival of the Danish troops possible, determined them prudently to take to flight, instead of waiting for tlie enemy whom tlipy had surprised when unarmed, and whom it would soon be necessary to combat; a disgraceful flight, which can never be treated with too much contempt.
"After these four expeditions, which so manifestly shew the moral and military decline of England, let us speak of the situation into which it has brought Portugal. The prince regent of Portugal loses his throne; he loses it, influenced by the intrigues of England; he loses it, because he would not seize the English merchandize which was at Lisbon. What then does England, that powerful ally 1 She sees with indifference what passes in Portugal. What will she do when Portugal shall be taken f Will she go and seize upon Brazil 1 No; if the English make that attempt, the catholics will drive them, out. The full of the house of Bra-. ganza will remain a new proof that the destruction of whomsoever attaches himself to the English is inevitable.
"But in the midst of so many disastrous events, what do the English ministers wish? We do not say Eug-^ land wishes only what all nations wish, peace, and to enjoy, at length, tranquillity under the reigu of morality and the laws; but what does the committee of Oligarchs which directs its government wish? It has declar-.
ed porpctua'I war. These systems tit perpetual war will last no longer than those Crises, in which wild and extravagant men wish to abrogate the law of nations, and put every tiling to the extreme. The committee of Oligarchs, at London, is actuated by the same sentiments as those which animated revolutionary committees; those who drect it are equally atrocious with Marat. What did he more atrocious, than present to the world the prospect of a perpetual war? Tltese directors of government will conclude, as all violent and furious men have concluded: they will become the opprobrium of their own country, and the object of the hatred of all other nations.—The refusal of tlie emperor Alexander, and the expedition to Copenhagen, sufficiently rtfveal the sentiments of the English ministers; their system' of perpetual war. The first consequence of these events has therefore' been, to determine the nations of the continent, which were still at peace with England, to break off in future ail connection with her. Austria did not hesitate: scarcely had the emperor Francis II. received certain information of the events at Copenhagen, and the refusal of the English to accept the mediation of Russia, When he declared war against England. Already is the blockade closed on every side. Lord Pembroke, when he left Vienna, to return to London, was forced to embark at Trieste.
"The correspondence of England with every part of the continent is
titerccpted. There are more than 00,000 English letters, and bill? of exchange to the amount of several millions sterling, collected and detained in consequence of the blockade. These measures must press btavily on- iiie English nation,-aud at
length reduce it to a desperate snttistion. But what does that signify to the violent men who govern that nation? What have they in comnwn with the Enelisb people? Happily, on the day when these ministers are to be overthrown, thev will become nothing. They may, for some time, continue to act on their maxims, but a catastrophe is inevitable; injustice and extravagance may, for some time, impose on nations; but experience has proved that the duration of these scourges is transitory. Peace, the first of benefits to a nation, ought to be the principal end of all the actions of those who govern. A ministry which professes perpetual war betrays the dearest interest of its country. II has lost its confidence. Its inevitable and near approaching fall will satisfy the interests of the nation, and public morals."
Decree of the King of Spain.
The following Decree was issued from the Palace of San Lorenro on the 30th of October, and addressed to the Governor of the Council ad interim:— «' C. R. "God, who w atches over his creatures, does not permit the consummation of atrocious deeds, when ll;e intended victim8 are innocent. Thus his omnipotence has saved mc from the most unheard-of catastrophe. My people, my subjects, all know my Christianity and settled habits. Tb<7 all love me, and 1 receive from all oi them proofs of their veneration; such as the conduct of a parent all' for from his children. I lived persuaded of this felicity, and devoted to the repose of my family, when an unknown hand discovered the roost atrocious