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lordships' pleasure is known; and I beg leave Jo add, that from his perfect knowledge of both service?, his zeal and loyalty, and a high sense of honour, I know no seaman more competent to the trust. (Signed) T. Mack Am Ah A Russell. Extract of another Letter front the
Vice-Admiral, dated on the tame
day. This morning, the Ex plosion, War., dcrer, and Exertion, hove in sight round the north end of the island.
Etaccatiois Ot South America
Et The BniTisn Forces.
London Gazette Extraordinary,
Though, from the great length of the gazette, we are compelled to abridge it, nothing material is omit, ted of the important eTents that it contains. Lieutenant - colonel Bourke, deputy quarter . master. , general, was the bearer of the dispatch from lieutenant - general Whitelocke, to the secretary of state, and captain Prcvost, of the nary, of those from admiral Murray, to the admiralty. They arrived in the Saracen sloop of war at Ports. mo»th on Friday, and reached town on Saturday. Brigadier - general Craufurd and brigadicr.general sir Samuel Achmuty, came home in the Saracen.
On the 15th of June, general Whitelocke was joined, at Monte Video, by the corps under cencral Craufurd; they sailed immediately, and on the 28th, landed about 30 miles to (he eastward of Buenos Ayres. After some fatiguing mar. ches, the army reached Reduction, a village 9 miles distant from Rio Chuelo, on the opposite bank of which the enemy had constructed a formidable line of defence. The general found it necessary to cross
the river higher up, vrith a view to unite his forces in the suburbs of
Major-general Leveson Gower, having crossed the rircr at another pass, fell in with a corps of the enemy's, which he gallantly attacked and defeated. The next day the array was united, and the town nearly invested.
In conformity to the arrangement made by general Whitelocke on the morning of the 5th of July, the 38th and 87"th regiments approached the strong post of the Retiro and Plaza de Toros, and after a most vigorous and spirited attack, in which these regiment* suffered much from grspe shot and musquetry, their gallant commander, general<ir Samuel Achmuty, possessed himself of the post, taking 32 pieces of cannon, an immense quantity of ammunition, and 600 prisoners. The 5th regiment took possession of the church and convent of St. Catalina. The 36th and SSth regiments, under brigadier-general Lumlcy, moving in the appointed order, were soon opposed by a heavy and continued tire of nmsqtictry from the tops and windows of the houses; the doors of w hich were barricadocd in so strong a manner, as to render them almost impossible to farce. The streets were intersected by deep ditches, in the insiJe of which were planted cannon, pouring showers of grape on the advancing columns. In defiance, however, of this opposition, the 36th regiment, headed by the gallant general, readied its final destination ; but the SSth being nearer to thr- forts and principal defenses of the enemy, were so weakened by his firr, as to be totally overpowered ami taken. Tlio flank of the 36th being thus expo, tied, this regiment, together with
*X x 1 the the 5th. retired upon sir Samuel Achmuty's post at the Plaza de Toros ; not, however, before lieutenant . colonel Bourne, and the grenadier company of the 361 h regiment, had an opportunity of dis. tinguishing themselves, by charging about £00 of the enemy, and taking and spiking two guns. The two six-pounders moving up the central streets, meeting with a very superior fire, the four troops of the carabiniers, led on by lieutenantcolonel Kingston, advanced to take the battery opposed to them; but this gallant officer being unfortunately wounded, as well as captain Bun-ell, next in command, and the fire both from the battery and the houses proving very destructive, they retreated to a short distance, but continued te occupy a position in front of the enemy's principal defences, and considerably in adTance of that which they had taken in the morning.
The left division of gen. Craufurd's brigade, under col. Pack, approached the great square, with the intention of possessing itself of the Jesuits' college, but from the very destructive nature of the enemy's fire, this was found impracticable; and after sustaining a heavy loss, one part of the division throwing itself into a house, which was afterwards not found tenable, was shortiy obliged to surrender, whilst the remaining part, after enduring a dreadful fire with the greatest intrepidity, col.' Pack being wounded, retired upon the right division commanded by brigadiergeneral Craufurd himself. General Crau/urd learning the fate of his left division, thought it advisable to take possession of the convent of St. Domingo. But the enemy surrounded the convent on all sides,
and attempting to take a threepounder, which lay in the street, the lieutenant-colonel, with his company, and a few light infantry, under major Trotter, charged them with great spirit. In an instant, the greater part of his company, and major Trotter, were killed, but the gun was saved. The brigadiergeneral was now obliged to confine himself to the defence of the convent , but the quantity of round shot, grape, and musquetry to which they were exposed, at last obliged them to quit the top of the building, and the enemy, to the number of 6000, bringing up cannon to force the wooden gates, the general, judging from the ccssetion of firing, that those next him had not been successful, surrendered at four o'clock in the afternoon. "The result of this day's action," general Whitelocke says, "left me in possession of the Plaza de Toros, a strong post on the enemy's right, and the Residcncia, another strong pest on his left, while I occupied an advanced position towards his centre; but these advantages had cost about 2,500 men in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The nature of the fire to which the troops were exposed, was violent in the extreme. Grape shot at the corners of the streets, musquetry, handgrenades, bricks, and stones from the tops of all the houses; every householder, with his negroes, defended his dwelling, each of which was in itself a fortress; and it is not perhaps too much to say, that the whole male population of Buenos Ayres was employed in its defence.
"This was the situation of the f army on the morning of the 6th in. stunt, when general Li nicrs addressed 'ettcr to me, offering to give up
all his prisoners taken in the late affair, together with the 71st regiment, and others, taken with brigadier-general Bercsford, if I desisted from any further attack on the town, and withdrew his ma. jesty's forces from the River Plata, intimating at the same time, from the exasperated state of the popu. lace, he could not answer for the safety of the prisoners, if I persisted in offensive measures. Influenced by this consideration'which I knew to be founded in fact), and reflecting of how little advantage would be the possession ef a country, the inhabitants of which were so abso. lately hostile, I resolved to forego the advantages which the bravery of the troops had obtained, a:id acceded to a treaty, which I trust will meet the approbation of hit majesty."
General Whitelocke proceeds to speak in the highest terms of praise of the officers and troops under his command.
Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, of the Troops under the Commando/Lieut. General Whitelocke, between the 28<A of June, the Day of the Landing at En si. vada, to the 4th of July, 1807, inclusive. Light battalion. 1 lieutenant
87th reg. 5 rank and file killed. SSth regiment. 3 rank and tile
killed; ] lieutenant, 8 rank and
95th regiment. 1 scrjeant, one
rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 1
lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 Serjeants, 10
rank and file, wounded.
Total, 1 serjeant, 14 rank'and
file, killed. 1 captain, 3 lieutenants,
1 ensign, 2 Serjeants, IS rank and
Officers of the Light Battalion severely zcounded.
87th regiment. Lieutenant Crowe. 88th.regiment. Lieutenant,Thompson.
95th regiment. Captain Elder and lieutenants Noble and Coanc.(Signed) Tuos. Biiadford, Dcp. Adj. Gen.
Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, on the Attack of tlw City of Buenos Allies, the 5th of July,
Total—1 major, 6 captains, 4 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 3 statf, 17 Serjeants, 4. drummers, 365 rank and file, killed; 3 lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 15 captains, 30 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 2 stall', 1 volunteer, 41 Serjeants, 11 drummers, 540 rank and file, wounded; 2 staff, 1 quarter-master. 4 Serjeants, 5 drummers, 196' rank and tile, missing.
Names of ojlicers killed. Light battalion: major Trotter, of the 37th; lient. Hamilton, of ditto. 6th dragoon guards, capt. Burrell. 9th light dragoons, veterinary surgeon Landers. 30th regiment, captains Williamson and Johnson. 38th regiment, lieutenant Fullon. 87th regiment, captains Considinc and Johnson; lieutenant Barry; quarter-master Buchanan. 88th regiment, lieutenant Hall; ensign M'Gregor; assistant-surgeon Ferguson. 95th reg. captain Jen. kinson.
Names of officers wounded. Lieut. Squarry, of the. royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant Maconochie, ot the royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant-colonel Kingston, oth dragoon guards, sevorely. Lieutenant Cowdall, pth light dragoon guards, slightly. Light battalion : lieutenant-colonel Pack, 71st regiment, slightly. Lieutenantcolonel Cadogan, 18th regiment, ♦xjs slightly, slightly. Lieut. Smith, 45th regiment, severely. Captain Grecnwell, 45th regiment, severely. Lieutenant Cox, 87th regiment, slightly. Lieutenant Nickle, 88th regiment, ditto; lieutenant Bury, ditto, slightly. Captain Brookman, 71st, danger, ously. Lieutenant Adamton, do. severely. 5th regiment, honourable major King, slightly. 36th regi. ment, captains Swain and Wingficld, severely; Vernon, slightly. Lieutenants CoKon, White, and Whittel, severely; Challene r, slightly. 38th Tegimcnt, ensign Wiltshire, and volunteer I), de Waal, severely. 45th regiment, captain Payne and lieutenant Moore, severely. 47th regiment, lieutenant Uudedge, severely. 87'h regiment, major Miller, severely j captain Rose, dangerously; "Blake and Des Barres, slightly; Gordon, severely. Lieutenants Love, Hill, and Budd, slightly; O'Brien, severely; and Fitzgerald. Assistant.surgcon Bnxton, dangerously. 88th regiment, major Ironmonger, slightly ; captains M'Phcrson, C his. holm, Dunn, and Thompson, slight. ly; lieutenants Adair, Graydon, Whittle, and Butler, severely; Mackic and Gregg, and adjutant Robertson, slightly. 95th regiment, majors M'Lcodand Travers, slightly ; captain O'llara, severely ; lieu, tenants Cardoux, M'Lcod, Scoff, and Turner, severely; and M'C'ullock, slightly.
• Names of officers missing. 36th regiment, surgeon Boycc, assistantsurgeon Read.
Killed—One major, fi captain?, 4 lieutenants, I ensign, 3 stall', 18 serjeants, 4 drummers, 279 rank and file—316.
Wounded—'I hree lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 16' captains, 33
lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 2 staff, 1 volunteer, 43 Serjeants, 11 drutnmtn, 558 rank and file—674.
Misting—Two staff, 1 quartermaster, 4 serjeauts, 5 drummers, 196 rank and file—208.
Total— 316 killed, 674 wounded, 208 missing—1198.
The light company of the 71*t regiment, attached to the light battalion, suffered severely, but no correct return of their loss has been received.—The prisoners have been all exchanged.
A DEriJfiTivE Treaty between th» Generals in Chief «f his Britannic Majesty, and of his Catholic Majesty.
I. There shall be from this time a cessation of hostilities on both side* of the River Plata.
II. The troops of his Britannic majesty shall retain, for the period of two months, the fortress and place of Monte Video, and as a neutral country there shall be considered, a line drawn from San Carlos on tlie west, to Pando on the cast, and there shall not be, on any part of that line, hostilities committed on any side, the neutrality being understood only that the individuals of both nations may live freely under their respective laws, the Spanish subjects lieing judged by theirs, as the English by those of their nation.
III. There shall be on both sides a mutual restitution of prisoner?, including not oaly those which have been taken since the arrival of the troops under lieutenant-general Whitelorke, but also all those his Britannic majesty's subjects captured since the commencement of the war.
IV. That, for the promptest dispatch of the vessels and troops of )i!s Britannic majesty, there shall be no impediment thrown in the way of the supplies of provisions which may be requested for Monte Video.
V. A period of ten days from this time is given for the re-embarkation of his Britannic majesty's troops to pass to the north side of the Hirer La PJata, with the arms that may actually be in their power, stores, and equipage, at the most convenient points which may be selected, and during this time provisions may be lold to them.
VI. That at the time of the delivery of the place and fortress of Monte Video, which shall take place at the end of tho two months fixed in the second article, the delivery will be made in the terms it was found, and with the artillery it had when it was taken.
Vil. Three officers of rank shall be delivered for and until the fulfilment of the abote articles by both parties, being well understood that his Britannic majesty's officers, w.ho have been on their parole, cannot serve against South America until their arrival in Europe.
Dene at the fort of Buenos Ayres, the 7th day of July, 1807; signing two of one tenor.
("Here follows an extract of a dispatch from rear.admir.il Murray, 'bird June 30, 1807, giving a detail of ordinary naval transactions, •f no moment whatever. J
A second dispatch from rear, admiral Murray, dated July 8, chiefly recapitulates the contents of general Whitelocke's dispatches, and the maritime circumstances connected therewith. The admiral concludes by saying,
"Early in the morning of the 7th, the Staunch telegraphed to say, I was wanted on shore immediately; a flag of truce was still flying at our head.quarters. On my going on shore, the general shewed me the proposals made by the Spanish ge. neral Liniers, (a copy of which I enclose) and observed, that he was of opinion, as well as were the other generals, that it could answer no good purpose to' persist, and that one great object was attained, that of getting all the prisoners back that had been taken in South America this war; that the destroying of the town could not benefit us; and that he saw no prospect whatever of establishing ourselves in this country, as there was not a friend to the English in it; the inveteracy of every class of inhabitants being beyond belief|; that the number of our prisoners the enemy had were in the power of an enraged mob; and that persisting on our part would make their situation truly distressing; the number of our killed and wounded, although not exactly ascertained, was said to be ▼ery great. Under these circumstances, and being persuaded that the people of this country did not wish to be under the British government, I signed the preliminaries, trusting that what I have done will meet their lordships' approbation." The dispatches of* the admiral conclude with his general order, containing his thanks to, and approbation of, his brave comrades. *X x 4 Capimke