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Tigged gnn.boats, and six row. boats with guns; among them are eight ships, from iO to 28 guns each; four from 16 to 10 guns each; and the rest liuliatnen and merchantmen. A sloop of war, with a vast quantity of treasure on board, was blown up during the storm.]
Gallant Enterprise.—Letter from Captain Saucr, of his Majestt/'s HhipGalateu:—
Hi) Majesty's Ship Galatea, Coast of Curaccas, Jan. 22, 1807. Sir, Yesterday morning we discovered from the mast-head a sail in the S.E. steering for la Guira, and soon compelled her to another course for Barcelona; about noon it was mostly calm, when she appeared to be a man-of-war, and, by her manoeuvre, an enemy; she had now the advantage of us by a breeze, and, with her lofty Hying sails and •weeps, was leaving us fast. At two o'clock her top gallant sails were scarcely above the horizon, but in a situation between the ship and the coast that still atforded me hopes of her, by co-operation of tlie boats; they pushed olf, under the direction of the first-lieutenant, William Combe, manned with five officers, 50 seamen, and 20 marines; and, after rowing about 12 leagues in eight hours (part of (lie time under a burning sun,) they came up with her, going, with a light land breeze, about two knots. Having first hailed her, Our brave fellows instantly attempted to board on both quarters, but by the fire of her guns, which had been ;:ll trained aft hi readiness, and having l<i combat,
under every disadvantage, with mors than double their numbers, wen twice repulsed by them. The boau now dropped, and poured through her stern and quarter-ports a dr. strnctivc fire of mnsquetoons, and small arms, that cleared the deck of many of the enemy, who wert all crowded aft; when, after an ar. duous struggle (a third time) for a footing, our men rushed a-board, and in a few minutes drove all be* fore them; the bowsprit and gib. boom were covered; some flc* aloft, and others below; the cap. tain and most of his officers were lying wounded on the decks, le*» ving the remainder of this handful of men in proud possession of th» French imperial corvette, Le Lynx, of fourteen 24-pounders, carronades, and two long 9-ponnden, chasers, pierced for 18 guns, and manned with nil men, commanded by monsieur Jean M. Yarquest, with dispatches from Guadaloops for the Caraccas: she is two yean old, and a well equipped fine vessel, in all respects, for his majesty's ser. vice.
At the head of our invaluable men's names who fell in this quarter of an hour's sharp contest, stands that of the second lieutenant, Harry Walker, of his third wound; of the ofheers commanding our five b tats, only lieutenant Gibson was unhurt. It may be unnecessary to add lieutenant Combe's report, that every man did his duty.—1 am satisfied they did.
1 am, Sir, <&c. (Signed) Geo. Says*. To Rear-admiral the Hon. Sir A.
Cochrane, K. B. cotnnuinder.if
A Liit of Killed and Hounded Ofi
•«■», Seamen, and Murines, on.
board the Galatea a;td Le Lvnx.
Killed on-board tlie Galatea.—H. Walker, secohd-Iieutenant; G.Vincent, J. .Mi Id,on, T. Whetheridge, R. M'Cann, and F. Plank, seamen; J. Mason, serjeant of marines; W. Cooper and D. Nicholls, privates of marines.
Severely wounded on-board the Galatea.—W. Combe, first-lieutenant; B. Sarsficld, master's mate; It. Jobbin, petty officer; W. Cock, J. Fox, VV. West, R. Haynes, and W. Mills, seamen ; R. Bartlein, R. Thompson, and D. Jones, privates of marines.
Slightly xcounded on board the Galatea — J. Green, master's mate; R. Berrv, petty olficer; R. Bailey, T. Whitaker, G. Griffiths, T. Jones, J. Bogg, J. Chapman, J. Norris, anil J. Lewis, seamen; T. Gordon, private of marines.
Total—9 killed, and 22 wounded—31.
Killed onboard Le Lynx—The third lieutenant, 13 petty officers, seamen, and soldiers.
Wounded on-board le Lrpix—The commander, Monsieur M. Yarquest, and the first lieutenant, (both badly) 4 officers, and 14 seamen anil sol. dir-rs.
Total—14 kilfod, snd 20 woundtd, (most of them badly),—3!. (Signed) Geo. Sayer.
In the Gazette of April 18, his majesty grants his most gracious permission to the following regiments, viz. 19th light dragoons, the 74th and 78th foot, to assume, in addition to any other devices or badges to which they may be severally intitled, and to bear in their colours and on their appointments, the elephant, with the word "Assayc"
superscribed, in commemoration of the gallantry unit good conduct displayed by those corps in the battle" fought at Assaye on the 23d of September, 1803. His majesty has also been graciously pleased to approve of the 94th regiment bearing the elephant in their colours and on their appointments, as an honourable and lasting testimony of their distinguished services in India. By order of his royal highness the commander-in-chief.
Harry Calykrt, Adj.-gen.
Raising of the Siege of Strulsunil, and the subsequent expulsion of I ha French Force? from Sicedish Pn. merania.- transmitted to Mr. Se. cretary Canning, by Baron Rehansen, his, Swedish Majesty's Minister Plenipotentiary at this Court:—
Mabno, April 7. Baron de Bojie, aid-du-camp to his majesty, arrived yesterday with dispatches from b^ron d'Essen, governor-general of Pomerania, of which the following is an extract:
"Havina; received certain in for. matiou of the enemy's having commenced his retreat from Pomcrania by 'small detachments, I ordered the following troops to advance in two columns, for the purpose of forcing him to quit his intrencbments, and to abandon Swedish Pomerania. The first column, under my orders, was commanded by the chief of brigade, baron de Tavast, and consisted of eight squadrons of hussars, a detachment of flying artillery, and four battalions of infantry, with their divisions of cha-seurs. The second column was of equal force with the first, a»d was commanded by the chief of bri- . T 13 gade,
gadc, baron de Vegesack, under the orders of lieutenant-general baron d'Armfeldt. These two columns, marching on the same line, mi't with the enemy at Liissow, attacked him, and, after a vigorous resistance, forced him to abandon that post, and to retire upon Suderhagen. Here the attack was again renewed; a very brisk fire from his light troops checked us for some time, but the fire from the artillery attached to our two co. lumn*, soon obliged him to retire upon Voigdehjgen, where he was attacked in front by the column under baron d'Armfeldt, and re. pulsed with great loss ; his left flank having been at the same time turned by the corps under the command of baron de Tavast.'
Whilst our troops were carrying the Tillage of Voigdehagcti, the enemy had abandoned his batteries and intreuchments before Stralsund, and had intrenched himself anew on the heights between Voigdchagenand Teschenhagen, on which he had planted a batiery of four pieces of cannon and two howitzers, whose incessant fire prevented our troop' from advancing, till our artillery had succeeded in dismounting them. The loss of the enemy on this occasion must have been considerable, since an officer in the Dutch service has said, that only 24 men of his regiment were left alive. We had but three officers and about twenty men wounded in this affair.
The enemy shortly afterwards quitted his position, and retired upon Teschenhagen, after having vainly attempted to make himself master of a marsh covered with underwood, but was prevented from so doing by two companies of in. fantry, who, by a well-sustained
fire, obliged him to retire. My column then made a movement, is order to harass the left flank of the enemy, whose retreat shortly became general, retiring from putt to post, with the loss of many prisoners, i quantity of baggage, and magazines of all kinds, of which we have not yet had time to make oat complete returns. My column took possession of Loitz on the 2d of April, and, the same day, baron d'Armfeldt's column entered Greiss. wald, where it took six officers, and a great many French soldiers fell into our hands, as well as the enemy's hospital, where we recovered all the Swedish soldiers who bad been wounded and taken prisoner! in the action of the 14th March. Above 1000 muskets, 200 braces of pistols, and considerable magazines, were found there.
On the 3d April I entered Dem. nien with my column, and I sent on my light troops in pursuit of the enemy, towards Mecklenboorg. The garrison of Dcmnien were all made prisoners, after a feeble resistance. Some small detachments of hussars, sent in pursuit of the enemy, were continually coming in with French and Dutch prisoners; and three hussars alone took 104 men on the road to Ncukahlan. A great number of prisoners were made, and some stands of arms and provisions taken from (he enemy at Darguhn.
A detachment, commanded by lieutcnant.colonel baron de Cedentroin, took a quantity of baggage from the enemy, together with two officers and two hundred and seven soldiers. The magazines that have been taken are yery considerable, but there has not as yet been time to make out returns.
I cannot sufficiently praise the good conduct, the bravery, the cool, ness, and the presence of mind, evinced by the chief of brigade, baron de Tavast.
Lieutenant.colonel baron de Cederstrom, major d'Essen, the cap. tains of cavalry, Geger aud de Ph. ten, and in general all the officers, as well as the troops, conducted themselves with such intrepidity and discipline, that I could not, without reproaching myself, refrain from expressing to your majesty the satisfaction I feel at having had the command of such brave men, or from giving them that honourable testimony on my part which their good conduct has so highly deserved.
Baron d'Armfeldt entered the town of Anclam this morning, where he took two officers and 150 men, besides a considerable booty; 1995 Frederics d'or, and about 3000 crowns, belonging to the enemy's military chest, have also been taken. (Signed) H. F. D'essev. Head-quarters at Dannkn, April 4, 1807. P. S. According to all the infor. raation received at the time of baron Bojie's departure, the number of prisoners already taken by the Swedish troops exceed 1000 men and 20 officers, amongst whom was a French colonel.
Particulars from Sir J. Duckworth to Lord Collingwood, relative to the Affairs of the Dardanelles, on the 19th and 17th of February, and 3d of March.
Royal George, without the Darda-
mit to your lordship two letters of the 21st and 28th ult. the former of which will have informed you of my arrival with the squadron near Constantinople, and the latter of an unlucky attempt, in which the marines and boat's crews of the Canopus, Royal George, Windsor Castle, and Standard, had been engaged.
It is now my duty to acquaint your lordship with the result of the resolution which, for the reasons I have already detailed, I had adopt, ed, of forcing the passage of the Dardanelles. My letter of the 21st is dated at anchor eight miles from Constantinople, the wind not ad. mittingofa nearer approach; but the Endymion, which had been sent a-head with a flag of truce, at the request of the ambassador, was en. abled to anchor within four miles. Had it been then in our power, we should then have taken our station off the town immediately; but as that could not be done from the rapidity of the current, I was rather pleased than otherwise with the po. sition we had been forced to take; for in the conferences between Mr. Arbuthnotand the Captain Pacha, of the particulars of which your lordship is in possession, it was promised by Mr. A. that even when the squadron had arrived before Constantinople, the door to pacification should remain open, and that he would be willing to nrgociatc on terms of equality and jus. tice. In consideration of this promise, and as it would convince the Porte of his majesty's earnest desire to preserve peace, as well as possess her ministers with a confidence of the sincerity of our professions, it was the opinion of Mr. A. in which I concurred, that it was fortunate we had anchored at a little T t 4 distanrt distance from the capital, as a nearer approach might have given cause for suspicion and alarm, and have cut off tho prospect of an amicable adjustment of the difl'erenccs whicii had arisen.
At noon of the C 1st, Ysak Bey, a, 'rainiitcr of the Porte, came off; from whose expressions .Mr. Ar. buthnot thought it impossible not to believe, that in the head of the government (for in the present in. stance every circumstance proved, that between him and the armed populace a great distinction is to be made) there really existed a sincere desire for peace; and the negociation was carried on, as will appear by the documents transmitted to your lordship, till the 2~th; but from the moment of our anchorage fill we weighed, on the morning of the 1st of March, such was the unfortunate state of the weather, that it was not at any time in our power to have occupied a situation which would have enabled the squadron to commence offensive openitious against Constantinople. On Sun. day the 22d alone, for a few hours, the breeze was sufficient to have stemmed the current where we were placed; but such was the rapidity on shore where the Kndymion was at anchor, that captain Capel thought it very doubtful whether the squadron could have obtained an anchorage, though it had been held in preparative readiness, by signal, from day-break ; but the peculiarly unsettled state of the weather, and the minister's desire that 1 should give a few hours for an answer to his letter, through Ysak Bey, prevented mc from trying. Before five o'tlock P. M. it was nearly c.<lm, and in the evening the nind was entirely fiom the east
ward, and continued light airs or calm till the evening of the 28th, when it blew fresh from the N. E. and rendered it impossible to change our position.
Two days after our arrival nesx Constantinople, the ambassador found himself indisposed, and Im been ever since confined with a fit of illness, so se.Ters as to prevent him from attending to business. Under these circumstances he had delivered in on the 22d, to the Turkish ministers, a projet, as the basis on which peace might be preserved ; and at his desire, the subsequent part of the negociation was carried on in my np.me. with hisadviceand assistance: and while I lament most deeply, that it has not ended in tht re-establishment of peace, I derive consolation from the reflection, that no effort has been wanting on the part of Mr. Arbuthnot and myself to obtain such a result, which was soon seen, from the state of the preparations at Constantinople, could be effected by ncgociation only, as the strength of the current from tht Bosphorus, with the circuitous eddies of the port, rendered it impracticable to place ships for an attack without a commanding breere; which, during the ten days 1 was off thc.town, it was not my good fortune to meet with.
I now come to the point of explaining to your lordship the motives which fixed me to decide on repassing the channel of the Dardanelles, and relinquishing every idea of attacking the capital; and I feci confident it will require no argument to convince your lordship of the utler impracticability of our force having made any impression, as at this time the whole line of the coast presented a chain of batteries;