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the adverse wind and current prevented me from reaching this island before the 1st instant. In my way up, I met captain Bolton, of the Fisgard, going to Jamaica; 1 took him under my orders, according to your directions, and proceeded with the squadron og this port, having previously resolved on that system of attack which British sea. men are so capable of executing. My arrangements having been pie. viously made known to the respective captains, I was satisfied nothing further remained for me than to put it in execution. My line of battle consisted of the Arethusa, Latona, Anson, and Fisgard; and very soon after the break of day, I made all possible sail with the ships in close order of battle, passing the whole extensive line of sea.batteries, and anchored the squadron in a stile far surpassing my expec. tations. Being still desirous of having the. effusion of human blood spared, I wrote the inclosed, No. I, on the capstan of his majesty's ship Arethusa, during the action ; whic was not regarded, cs they did their utmost to destroy us. Words can. not express the ability of the squadron. The harbour was defended by regular fortifications, of two tier of guns, Fort Amsterdam alone consisting of sixty-six pieces of cannon; the entrance only fifty yards wide, athwart which was the Dutch frigate Hatslar, of 36 guns; and SuriRam, of 22, with two large schooners of war, one commanded by a Dutch commander; a chain of forts was on Miselburg commanding height; and that almost impregnable fortress, Fort Rcpubliquc, within the distance of grape-shot, enfilading the whole harbour.
At a quarter past six o'clock, we
entered the port; a severe and destructive cannonade ensued; the frigate, sloop, and schooners, were carried by boarding; the lower forts, the citadel and town of Amsterdam, by storm; all of which, by seven o'clock, were in our possession. For humanity-sake, I granted the annexed capitulation; and, at ten o'clock, the British flag was hoisted in Fort Repnblique:— the whole island is in our quiet possession. The strength, commerce, and value, I understand, is immense. It is now become a pleasing part of my duty, although impossible to do justice to the merits, gallantry, and determination of captains Wood, Lydiard, and Bolton, who so nobly headed their respective ships' companies to the storm; and the same gallantry and determination are ditto the officers, seamen, and marines, for following up so glono .• an example. Enclosed is a list of the killed and wounded in his majesty's squadron. I have not yet been able to ascertain that of the enemy, except those in the ship«. The Dutch commodore was killed early in the action, and the captain of the Surinam severely wounded. I have appointed, by proclamation, Wednesday next, the 7th instant, for the inhabitants (which amount to thirty thousand), to take the oath of allegiance to our most gracious sovereign: those that do not choose, will be instantly embarked as prisoners of war. For any farther particulars, I must beg to refer you to that gallant officer, captain Lydiard.
I have the honour to be, kc. (Signed) Charles Brisbane. To James Richard Dacrest «y. Vice-admiral of the White, Cominandir-in-chirf, &c.
J NUM. NUMBER I.
His majesty's ship Arethusa, Curacoa Harbour, Jan. 1,1807. Sir; The British squadron are here to protect, and not to conquer yon; to preserve to you your lives, liber. :v. and property. If a shot is fired at any one of my squadron af. ter this summons, I shall immediately storm your batteries. You hare fire minutes to accede to this determination.
1 have the honour to be &c. (Signed) Chaiu.bs Brisbane. To his excellency the governor of Curacoa. NUMBER II. Curacoa, January 1, 180". Preliminary articles of the capitulation agreed upon by Charles Brisbane, esq. captain of his majesty's ship Arethusa, and senior officer of a squadron of his majesty's ships at Curacoa, on the one part; and by his excellency Pierre Jean Ckangvion, governor of the Island ofCurJCoa, audits dependencies, on the other.
Art. I. The Fort Republiqne -hall immediately be surrendered to the British force; the garrison shall march out with the honours of war, lay down their arms, and be. come prisoners of war.—Answer, granted.
Art. II. The Dutch, garrison at Curaroa shall be prisoners of war, and by his Britannic majesty sent to Holland, not to serve this war, before tbey shall be regularly exchanged: and for the due performance of this article, the officers pledge their word of honour.—Answer, granted.
Art. HI. The same terms as in the above article, are granted to
the officers and people of the Dutch men of war.—Answer, granted.
Art. IV. All the civil officer* may remain at their respective appointments, if they think proper; and these who choose shall be s«nt by his Britannic majesty to Hoi. land.—Answer, granted.
Art. V. The burghers, merchants, planters, and other inhabitants, without difference of colour or opinion, shall be respected in their persons and property, provided they take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty.— Answer, granted; neutral proper* ty being respected.
Art. VI. All the merchantvessels, with their cargoes, in the harbour, of whatsoever nation they belong to, shall be in the possession of their proper owners.—Answer, not granted.
Art. VII. A definitive capitulation shall be signed upon this basis in Fort Amsterdam.—Answer, granted.
Curacoa, Jan. 2,1807.
The foregoing articles have this day been mutually read and agreed to: this capitulation is become de. finitive.
Signed, on the one part, by
Signed on the other part by his excellency P. J. Changuion. A list of killed and wounded on
board his majesty's si/uadrm un~
der my command, at the capture of
the Island of Cvracoa, on the 1st
of January, 1807
Arethusa, 2 seamen killed, 5 seamen wounded.
Latum), 1 seaman killed, 2 seamen wounded.
Anson. None killed, 7 seamen wounded.
Fisgard, None killed, none wounded.
Total, 3 seamen killed, 11 seamen wounded.
(Signed) Charles Brisbane.
Curagoa, Jan. 3, 1807. List of filled and wounded un.board
the Hatslar Frigate, Surinam
Sloop, and Flying Fish schooner.
Hatslar, C. J.,Evertz, commandant, killed; G." B. Z. Gerond, second purser, ditto! A. Graaf, chief mate, badly wounded; J. J, N. Giblesperd, steward, killed; William Maubers, seaman, ditto; Henry Driel, seaman, ditto.
Surinam, Jan Van Nes, captain, dangerously wounded; Jean Baptiste, lieutenant, ditto; G. B. Balmer,midshipman, dangerously woun. dedi Alend Arers, seaman, ditto; Ferdinand I'allalin, seaman, ditto, (since dead).
Flying Fish, G. II. V. A. Hinget, gunner, dead; M. S. Giblespred, seaman, wounded.
By Charles Brisbane, ~$sq. captain of his majesty's ship Arethusa, and senior officer ofa'squadron ufhismajesty's ships employed at Curagoa. His excellency lieutenant-general Cbangouin, governor and commander-in-chief of the Island of Curacoa and its dependencies, having refused to take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty, and surrendered himself prisoner of war, I have thought proper to appoint myself governor of the said island and its dependencies, until the pleasure of the commander-in-chief is made known; and I do hereby appoint myself accordingly.
Given under my hand at Curacoa, this 4th of Jan. 1S07.
(Signed) Charles Brisbane.
By Charles Brisbane, esq. captain of kis majesty's ship Arethusa, and senior officer of his Britannic majesty's squadron in Curagoa kar. bour.
Whereas this island and its de. pendencies have surrendered to the arms of ;his Britannic majesty, as appears by the capitulation which has been signed by his excellency Pierre Jean Changuion and me on the 1st instant, I therefore hereby require, that all burghers and inhabitants of this island shall meet on "Wednesday next, the 7th instant, at ten o'clock in the morning, at the government-house, in order to take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty aforesaid. Those who belong to the militia compa. nies, will receive further orders from their major, and are to con. duct themselves accordingly. All those who fill public offices, of what, soever nature they may be, and all such as do not belong to the militia companies, are also required to meet at the government-houte, at the hour and for the purpose afore, said. I expect that the burghen and inhabitants of this island will conduct themselves in such a man* ner as to deserve my protection and favour; and, on my part, shall not fail, as far as in my power lies, to promote the happiness and welfare of this island and its inhabitants; and I flatter myself that my endeavours in this case will be crowned with the gracious approbation of my sovereign, and, I hope, to the satisfaction of the inhabitants of this island and its dependencies.
Given uudcr my hand, on-board his majesty's ship Arethusa, in the harbour of Curacoa, this 5th day of January, 1807.
(Signed) C. Brisbane.
In the gazette of Feb. 24, his majesty has been pleased to grant his most gracious permission to the following regiments of infantry; viz. the 20th, the 27th (or Inniskilling), the 58th, the 78th, and the 81st; and ta the regiment of Wattcville, to assume, |in addition to any other devices or badges to which tbey may be severally entitled, and to bear in their colours, and on their appointments, the word " Maida," as an honourable and lasting testimony of the distinguished gallantry displayed by those corps in the action fought on the 4th of July, 1806', on the plains of Maida, in Calabria. —By order of his royal highness the commander-in-chief.
Harht Calvert, adj. gen.
Account of a signal Victory gained by the Russians over the French.
Translation of a Letter from General de Budberg, his Imperial Majesty's Minister for foreign affairs, to the Marquis of Douglas, 3d (15th) February, 1807"General Budberg, minister for foreign affairs, hastens to com in u. nieate to his excellency (lie ambassador of his Britannic majesty the following intelligence, which arrived last n'tghtj from the army. General Bcnnigsen, after having fallen back for the purpose of choosing a position which he judged better adapted for manoeuvring the troops under his command, took up a position at Prussian £3 lau. During four days successively, his rear, guard, commanded by major-general Barkfay dc Tolly, had to withstand several vigorous attacks; and on the 26th January (February 7,) at three o'clock in the afternoon,
the battle became general throughout the whole line of the main army. The contest was destructive, and the night came on without the enemy having been able to gain ground. On the 27th of January (Feb. 8,), curly in the morning, the French renewed the attack, and the action was contested with great obstinacy on both sides; but, towards the evening, the enemy was repulsed on all sides, and general Bennigsen remained in possession of the field of battle. Buonaparte commanded in person, and under him marshals Augereau, d'Avoust, Soult, Ney, and Bessicres, at the head of the guards, who suffered the most. Our loss is from six to eight thou, sand men, whilst that of the enemy is estimated at from twelve to fifteen thousand. We have also taken twelve stand of colours, aud about fifteen hundred prisoners, among whom there are thirty oGcers. The courier who brought the dispatches having been sent off immediately after the battle, the ministers of his imperial majesty do not yet know all the details of the above-mentioned day. General Budberg has the honour to be, &c.
Translation of a Tetter from General
the Baron de Bennigsen to the En:.
peror of Russia.
"On the Field of Baffle, Prussian Eylau, Jan. 27, (Feb. 8.)
"I am truly happy to have it in my power to inform your imperial majesty, that the army, the command of which your majesty has deigned, to confide to me, has been again victorious. The battle which has just taken place, has been bloody and destructive. It began on the 20th of January (7th Feb.) at three
o'clock o'clock in the afternoon, and lasted until six o'clock in the evening of the 27th of January (sth Feb.) The enemy was completely defeated; one thousand prisoners, and twelve stand of colours, which I have the honeur herewith to trans, mit to your majesty, fell into the hands of the conquerors. This day, Buonaparte attacked me with'his best troops, on my centre, and on both wings, but he was repulsed and beaten on all sides. His guards repeatedly attacked my centre, without the smallest success. After a very brisk fire, they were repulsed at al points, by the bayonet, and by charges of the cavalry. Several columns of infantry, and picked regiments of cuirassiers, were destroy. ed. I shall not fail to transmit to your majesty, as soon as possible, a detailed account of the memorable battle of Prussian Eylau. I think our loss may, perhaps, exceed 6000 men ; and I certainly do not exaggerate, when I state the loss of the enemy at considerably more than twelve thousand men.
Capture of a Dutch Squadron.— Copy of a Letter transmitted by Sir T. Troubridge.
II. M. S. Greyhound, Java, Sir, Sea, 17th July, 1806. I have the honour to inform you, that his majesty's ships Greyhound and Harrier, after destroying, on the 4th of July, under the fort of Monado, the Dutch company's- brig Christian Elizabeth, armed with eight guns, and having a complement of 80 men, stood across the Molucca sea to the island of Tidon; when they captured, on the 6th, an. other of the enemy's cruisers called
the Belgica, armed with 12 gam, and manned with 32 men: from thence proceeding to the westward, on the evening of the 25th of July, four sail of ships were descried passing through the Straits of Salayer; immediate chace was given to them: and, by nine, I had the satisfaction of seeing them lying-to between the small Dutch posts of Bonthean Bala, comba, at about seven miles distance from the shore. I easily made out one of them to be a frigate, and an. other a corvette; but a third had so much the appearance of a line of battle ship, that both capt. Trou. bridge and myself deemed it prudent to wait till daylight before we examined them. We accordingly lay.to during the night, at two miles distance to windward. As the day broke, I had the pleasure of finding the ship which had forced us on cautionary measures, was a large two-decked ship, resembling an English (ndiaman.
The enemy (for they proved to be a Dutch squadron) immediately drew out in order of battle on the larboard tack under their top-sails; the frigate taking her station in the van, an armed ship astern of her, the large ship in the centre, and the corvette in the rear. Fortunately for us, the frigate, by for*reaching upon her second astern, caused a small opening in their line. It was suggested to me by Mr. Martin, master of his majesty's ship Greyhound, that if we could dote with the enemy whilst in that position, our attack might be made to advantage; accordingly, under French colours, we bore up, as if with an intention to speak the frigate; and when within hail, all fur. titer disguise being unnecessary, wt shifted our colours, and commenced