« PreviousContinue »
His majesty's ship Arethusa, Curagoa Harbour, Jan. 1,1807. Sir; The British squadron are here to protect, and not to conquer yon; to preserve to you your lives, liber. tr, and property. If a shot is fired at any one of my squadron af. ter this summons, I shall immediately storm your batteries. You hare fire minutes to accede to this determination.
1 have the honour to be &c. (Signed) Ciiaui.es Brisbane. To his excellency the governor of Curagoa. NUMBER II. Curacoa, January 1, 180". Preliminary articles of the capitulation agreed upon by Charles Bris. bane, esq. captain of his majesty's ship Arethusa, and senior officer of a squadron of his majesty's ships at Curagoa, on the one part; and by his excellency Pierre Jean Changvion, governor of the Island ofCurjcoa, and its dependencies, on the other.
Art. I. The Fort Republique ;)ull immediately be surrendered to the British force; the garrison shall march out with the honours of war, lay down their arms, and be. come prisoners of war.—Answer, granted.
Art. II. The Dutch garrison at Cura«;oa shall be prisoners of war, and by his Britannic majesty sent to Holland, not to serve this war, before they shall be regularly exchanged: and for the due performance of this article, the officers pledge their word of honour.—Answer, granted.
Art. III. The same terms as in the above article, are granted to
the officers and people of the Dutch men of war.—Answer, granted.
Art. IV. All the civil officer* may remain at their respective appointments, if they think proper; and these who choose shall be stmt by his Britannic majesty to Holland.—Answer, granted.
Art. V. The burghers, merchants, planters, and other inhabitants, without difference of colour or opinion, shall be respected in their persons and property, provided they take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty.— Answer, granted; neutral proper* ty being respected.
Art. VI. All the merchantvessels, with their cargoes, in the harbour, of whatsoever nation they belong to, shall be in the possession of their proper owners.—Answer, not granted.
Art. VII. A definitive capitulation shall be signed upon this basis in Fort Amsterdam.—Answer, granted.
Curagoa, Jan. 2, 1807.
The foregoing articles have this day been mutually read and agreed to: this capitulation is become definitive.
Signed, on the one part, by
Signed on the other part by his excellency P. J. Changuion. A list of killed and wounded on
board his majesty's squadrm un*
der my command, at the capture of
the Island of Curagoa, on the 1st
of January, 1807
Arethusa, 2 seamen killed, 5 seamen wounded.
Latona, 1 seaman killed, 2 seamen wounded.
Anson. None killed, 7 seamen wounded.
Fisgard, None killed, none wounded.
Total, 3 seamen killed, 11 sea. men wounded.
(Signed) Charles Brisbane.
Curacoa, Jan. 3, 1807. List of killed and wounded un.board
the Hatslar Frigate, Surinam
Sloop, and Flying Fish schooner.
Hatslar, C. J. Everfz, commandant, killed; G. B. Z. Gerond, second purser, ditto! A. Graaf, chief mate, badly wounded; J. J, N. Giblesperd, steward, killed; William Maubers, seaman, ditto; Henry Driel, seaman, ditto.
Surinam, Jan Van Nes, captain, dangerously wounded; Jean Bapfiste, lieutenant, ditto; G. B. Balmer,midshipman, dangerously wounded; Alend Arers, seaman, ditto; Ferdinand Ballatin, seaman, ditto, (since dead).
Flying Fish, G. II. V. A. Hin. get, gunner, dead; M. S. Giblespred, seaman, wounded.
By Charles Brisbane,'esq. captain of his rnaJTSty's ship Arethusa, and senior officer oj a squadron of his ma. jestifs ships employed at Curacoa. Ilis excellency lieutenant-general Changouin, governor and commander-in-chief of the Island of Curacoa and its dependencies, having refused to take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty, and surrendered himself prisoner of war, I have thought proper to appoint myself governor of the said Island and its dependencies, until the pleasure of the commander-in-chief is made known; and I do hereby appoint myself accordingly.
Given under my hand at Curacoa, this 4th of Jan. 1S07.
(Signed) Charles Brisbane.
By Charles Brisbane, esq. captain of his majestyJs ship Arethusa, and senior officer of his Britannic ma. jesty's squadron in Curagoa har. bour.
Whereas this island and its dependencies have surrendered to the arms of .his Britannic majesty, as appears by the capitulation which has been signed by his excellency Pierre Jean Changuion and me on the 1st instant, I therefore hereby require, that all burghers and inhabitants of this island shall meet on Wednesday next, the 7th instant, at ten o'clock in the morning, at the government-house, in order to take the oath of allegiance to his Britannic majesty aforesaid. Those who belong to the militia compa. nies, will receive further orders from their major, and are to cooduct themselves accordingly. All those who fill public offices, of what, soever nature they may be, and all such as do not belong to the militia companies, are also required to meet at the government-house, at the hour and for the purpose aforesaid. I expect that the burghen and inhabitants of this island will conduct themselves in such a man. ner as to deserve my protection and favour; and, on my part, shall not fail, as far as in my power lies, to promote the happiness and welfare of this island and its inhabitants; and I flatter myself that my endeavours in this case will be crowned with the gracious approbation of my sovereign, and, I hope, to the satisfaction of the inhabitants of this island and its dependencies.
Given under my hand, on.board his majesty's ship Arethusa, in the harbour of Curacoa, this 3th day of January, I807.
(Signet!) C. Brisbane.
In the gazette of Feb. 24, his majesty has been pleased to grant his most gracious permission to the following regiments of infantry; Tiz. the 20th, the 27th (or Inniskilling), the 58th, the 78th, and the Slst; and to the regiment of Wattcville, to assume, ;in addition to any other devices or badges to which they may be severally entitled, and to bear in their colours, and on their appointments, the word " Maida," as an honourable and lasting testi. mony of the distinguished gallantry displayed by those corps in the ac. ton fought on the 4th of July, 1806", on the plains of Maida, in Calabria. —By order of his royal highness the commander-in-chief.
Harhy Calvert, adj. gen.
Account of a signal Victory gained by the Russians over the French.
Translation of a Letter from General de Budberg, his Imperial Majesty's Minister for foreign affairs, to the Marquis of Douglas, 3d (15M) February, 1807. "General Budberg, minister for foreign affairs, hastens to commu. nicatc to his excellency the ambassador of his Britannic majesty the following intelligence, which arrived last night} from the army. General Bennigsen, after having fallen back for the purpose of choosing a position which he judged better adapted far manoeuvring the troops under his command, took up a position at Prussian Eylau. During four days successively, his rearguard, commanded by major-general Barkfay dc Tolly, had to withstand several vigorous attacks; and on the2b"th January (Tebrnary 7,) it three o'clock in the afternoon,
the battle became general throughout the whole line of the main army. The contest was destructive, and the night came on without the enemy having been able to gain ground. On the 27th of January (Feb. 8,), early in the morning, the French renewed the attack, and the action was contested with great obstinacy on both sides; but, towards the evening, the enemy was repulsed on all sides, and general Bennigsen remained in possession of the field of battle. Buonaparte commanded in person, and under him marshals Augereau, d'Avoust, Soult, Ney, and Bessiercs, at tha head of the guards, who suffered the most. Our loss is from six to eight thousand men, whilst that of the enemy is estimated at from twelve to fifteen thousand. We havo also taken twelve stand of colours, and about fifteen hundred prisoners, among whom there arc thirty officers. The courier who brought the dispatches having been sent oil' immediately after the battle, the ministers of his imperial majesty do not yet know all the details of the above-mentioned day. General Budbcrg has the honour to be, <Sic.
Translation of a Letter from General
the Baron de Bennigsen to the Em.
peror of Russia.
"On I he Field of Battle, Prussian Eylau, Jan. 27, (Feb. 8.)
"I am truly happy to have it in my power to inform your imperial majesty, that the army, the command of which your majesty has deigned, to confide to me, has been again victorious. The battle which has just taken place, has been bloody and destructive. It began on tha 26th of January (7th Feb.) at three
o'clock in the afternoon, and lasted until six o'clock in the evening of the 27th of January (sth Feb.) The enemy was completely defeated; one thousand prisoners, and twelve stand of colours, which I have the honeur herewith to trans, mit to your majesty, fell into the hands of the conquerors. This day, Buonaparte attacked me with'his best troops, on my centre, and on both wings, but he was repulsed and beaten on all sides. His guards repeatedly attacked my centre, without the smallest success. After a very brisk fire, they were repulsed at al points, by the bayonet, and by charges of the cavalry. Several columns of infantry, and picked regiments of cuirassiers, were destroy. ed. I shall not fail to transmit to your majesty, as soon as possible, a detailed account of the memorable battle of Prussian Eylau. I think our loss may, perhaps, exceed 6000 men ; and I certainly do not exaggerate, when I state the loss of the enemy at considerably more than twelve thousand men.
Capture of a Dutch Squadron.— Copy of a Letter transmitted by Sir T. Troubridge.
II. M. S. Greyhound, Java, Sir, Sea, 17th July, 1806. I have the honour to inform you, that his majesty's ships Greyhound and Harrier, after destroying, on the 4th of July, under the fort of Monado, the Dutch company's- brig Christian Elizabeth, armed with eight guns, and having a complement of 80 men, stood across the Molucca sea to the island of Tidon; when they captured, on the 6th, an. other of the enemy's cruisers called
the Belgica, armed with 12 gam, and manned with 32 men: from thence proceeding to the westward, on the evening of the 25th of July, four sail of ships were descried passing through the Straits of Salayer; immediate chace was given to them: and, by nine, I had the satisfaction of seeing them lying-to between the small Dutch posts of Bonthean Bala, comba, at about seven miles distance from the shore. I easily made out one of them to be a frigate, and an. other a corvette; but a third had so much the appearance of a line of battle ship, that both capt. Trou. bridge and myself deemed it prudent to wait till daylight before we examined them. We accordingly lay.to during the night, at two miles distance to windward. As the day broke, I had the pleasure of finding the ship which had forced us on cautionary measures, was a large two-decked ship, resembling an English (ndiaman.
The enemy (for they proved to be a Dutch squadron) immediately drew out in order of battle on the larboard tack under their top-sails; the frigate taking her station in the van, an armed ship astern of her, the large ship in the centre, and the corvette in the rear. Fortunately for us, the frigate, by for*reaching upon her second astern, caused a small opening in their line. It was suggested to me by Mr. Martin, master of his majesty's ship Greyhound, that if we could dote with the enemy whilst in that position, our attack might be made to advantage; accordingly, under French colours, we bore up, as if with an intention to speak the frigate; and when within hail, all fur. titer disguise being unnecessary, wt shifted our colours, and commenced
firing, firing, which was instantly returned with a smartness and spirit that e. rinced they were fully prepared for the contest. The Harrier, who had kept close astern of the Greyhound, on seeing her engaged, bore round up, and passing between the frigate and her second astern, raked them both; the latter with such effect, that they bore up in succession to return her tire, thus leaving the frigate separated from them, Being resolved to avail myself of this ad. vantage, and being anxious to be in a position for supporting the Harrier, now engaged in the centre of the enemy's line, I wore close round the frigate's bows, raking her severely while passing; and when on the starboard bow, by throwing our sails aback, we fell into the desired position. The cannonade from the Greyhound was now admirable, while that of the frigate visibly slackened; and at last, after an action of forty minutes, wholly ceased. On hailing to know if they had struck, they answered they had, and lieutenant Home took immediate possession of her. On directing her fire on the ships astern, they all followed her example, except the corvette, who, from being in the rear, had suffered little from the action, and now made off towards the shore. Capt. Troubridge immedidiately wore in pursuit of her, sending, at the same time, a boat to take possession of the large ship, whose fire he had nearly silenced early in the action. Perceiving the corvette tailed remarkably well, and that she conld spread more canvass than the Harrier, her masts and rigging being entire, I recalled the latter from a chace which was likely to be fruitless. The priac* proved to be the Dutch
frigate Pallas, of 36 guns, commanded by N. S. Aalbers, a captain In the Dutch navy; the Victoria, a two-decked ship, of about 800 tons, commanded by Klaas Keukin, senior captain in the Dutch company's service; and the Batavia, a ship of about 500 tous, commanded by William de Val, a captain in the same service: both the company's ships are armed for the purpose of war, and richly laden with the produce of the Moluccas.
The ship which escaped, I learn from our prisoners, was the republican corvette William, mounting 20 twenty-four pounders, and manned with 110 men.
[The letter concludes with passing the highest encomiums on the officers and snips' companies of the Greyhound and Harrier. |
(Signed) E. Eli>iiinstone. Sir Thomas Troubridge, Bart. RearAdmiral of the While, Sf-c. <$-c." Src.
List of Killed and IVounded oil-board his Majesty's Ships, in Action xtith a Dutch Squadron on the 26th of J uly. 1800', off Macassar. Greyhound, 1 killed and g wounded.—Harrier, 3 wounded.— Total, 1 killed and 11 wounded.
Officers slightly wounded.—Greyhound, James Wood, boatswain; George Majoribanks, master's mate, and John Bradford, clerk. List of Killed and IVounded on. board the Enemy's Ships, in Action on the 26th of July, 1806, off Macassar.
Pallas, 8 killed and 32 wounded (the captain, pilot, and four seamen, since dead.)—Victoria, 2 killed.— Batavia, 2 killed and 7 wounded, (the lieutenant and one seaman since dead.)—Total, 12 killed, 39 wounded.