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No observation was made by sir F. tending to disapprove of the nature of that advertisement; they then retired with the rest of the company from the drawing-room to dinner, and as soon as the cloth was removed, Mr. Paull gave to iir F. across the table, the resolutions that were to be moved on the ensuing day at the Crown and Anchor, which he very deliberate. ly read, and in returning them to Mr. Paull he said, he highly appro. Ted of them, that they were excel. lent.—After quitting the house of eolonel Bosvillc, sir F. Curdett, Mr. Jones Burdett, and Mr. Paull, walked towards home together, and parted at Blake's Hotel, in Jermyn-strcct; and the result of the conversation during the walk was, that sir Francis should discontinue his address to the electors of Middlesex, until the result of the meeting at the Crown and Anchor, the next day, should be known. Nothing occurred from that time till the moment of entering the dining-room at the Crown and Anchor, when Mr. Jones Burdett made his appearance; that Mr.' Paull, little imagining what brought him there, immediately led him to the top of the table, and placed him on his right hand.—That during dinner, he (Mr. P.) had repeatedly and momentarily solicited Mr. Jones Burdett to explain the nature of the communication, which he had declared his intention to make to the company assembled; that he (Mr. P.) persevered in these efforts of obtaining that know, ledge, mentioned the notes that had passed between him and sir. F. and alluded strongly to the friendly terms on which they parted the even. ing before; the conversation do.
sed, Mr. Paull said, with Mr. Bar. dett's stating, " that he had an imperative commission from his brother to execute; that he was determined to execute it in the very manner prescribed, whatever might be the consequences. He admitted it to be a most disagreeable duty to perform, and that he would do it for no other man on earth but sir F. Burdett." About one o'clock, wc arrived at Wimbledon, and 1 delivered the letter to sir Francis, and explained to him Mr. Paull's expectations. Sir Francis obser. veil, it was a most unfortunate biui. ness ; " had the interval of time ad. in it ted of it, I would myself have seen Mr. Paull, and probably this unfor. tunatebusiness would have been prevented ;" to this I replied, "Sit Francis, did not Mr. Paull put into your hands, last Thursday, at the house of colonel Bosvillc, the Pilot news, paper, containing tho advertise, ment alluded to, and were yoa not then silent on its allcdgcd im. propriety?" His answer was," I am, Mr. Cooper, one of the most careless men in the world ; and u it was at the moment of going down to dinner Mr. Paull put that paper into my hand, I certainly did not pay attention to the advertisement." He declined any apology, but pro. ceeded to write a note to Mr. Paull, which note, when copied, I deliver, ed to Mr. Paull. His direction to me then was, to tell sir Francis, "This is adding insult to injury; I shall proceed to Kingston, and do you fix as early an hour for the meeting as possible." On my return to the house, 1 delivered Mr. Paull's message; upon which sir Francis solicited I would be second to both; which upon my declining, ho (sir F.) said, he must then writs
to a friend, and that he would be, if possible, at the Kind's-Arms, Kings, too, between seven andeighto'clock. About five o'clock, Mr. Paull and myself reached I lie inn ; when Mr. Paull lay down, desiring to be called by his servant exactly at seven o'clock. About eight o'clock, on walking out on the Wimbledon road, we met sir Francis on horseback. 1 slightly bowed. Mr. Paull took no notice of him, but returned immediately to the inn; a few minutes afterwards, sir F. sent for me, and said, that he expected Jif. Gawler immediately, as he hud left his barouche waiting for him at Wimbledon. About nine o'clock, Mr. Pan)! wrote a note to sir F. iu rejily to the one received in his carriage at \\ imbledon, in which he distinctly pointed out the injury he had received from sir F. and concluded by saying, that as the day was far advanced, we had better return towards Wimbledon to meet his friend. On delivering this' note to sir F. lie called for pen, ink, and paper, to answer it; on my observing," it was a pity your brother persisted in reading the letters at the Crown and Anchor,''his answer was," I wish he had not." Mr. Gawler not having arrived, sir F. again pressed me to be second to both; which I again declined, and immediately 1 entered the carriage with ->lr. Paul], on our return towards IV imbledon. A short distance from Kingston, we met Mr. Gawler; when Mr. Paull accosted him. Mr. G. asked rapidly.—*« Where is Burdett?" said," he had b«en detained, or he would have arrived sooner." Mr. Paull replied "Sir Francis was at tha inn, but that he thought we bad better not stop, there any longer ; and If .Mr. GawVot. XJ.IX.
ler approved of it, he would drive through Hampton Court and Bushy Park, to prevent any possibility of the affair transpiring." Mr. G. drove on to the inn at Kingston, and we followed, Mr. P. remaining in his carriage: 1 entered the room, where sir F. was sitting, at the. same time with Mr. G.; when that gentleman, with a manner as perfectly uucivil as sir F. was polite, asked who 1 was? Sir F. said, "Mr. Cooper, Mr. P.'s friedd.'' If 1 made use of (he words,': Sir, sir, sir,'' as recited by Mr. G» (which 1 do not at all remember to have done) they must have been the. effect of the mild and gentle demca-' uour of Mr. Gawler.. Sir F. then,, suggested Coombe Wood, as the' most proper place ; to where we immediately drove, and arrived at twenty minutes after ten o'clock. Whilst advancing into the woo J, I did my utmost endeavours that an explanation should take place, but without effect. Mr. Gawler's hasty conduct (o Mr. Paull was peculiarly striking. Mr. Paul! observed. to Mr, Gawler, that this was no common affair, and as it was possible an accident might happen either to him or to sir Francis, he was particularly anxious that even Mr. Gawler should not be ignoraut of the particulars and the grounds on which he demanded an apology, or satisfaction; that so eager was Mr. Paull for explaining matters to Mr. Gawler, that he pressed the conversation twice or thrice; to which Mr. Gawler tartly replied, that he had learned all the particulars from «ir F. B. and was perfectly satisfied; although, by the bye, he had not been with sir Francis, from his first arrival, to the entrance into the wood, more than 20 minutes; and S s yet yet Mr. Gawler thinks proper to assert, that finding ;Mr. Paiill had not committed cither his cause or his opinions to me (Mr. Cooper), he of course made no proposals of accommodation to me of any sort.' The latter assertion is perfectly correct: but if Mr. G. believed the former part of his assertion, how will he clear himself in having refused to hear any explanation from Mr. Paull? who, he says," was conducting his own cause.'' I positively assert, that the -words I then used, instead of those put into my mouth by Mr. G., -were, ".I am sorry it must come to this." I could not have made use of the expression quoted by Mr. G. as Mr. P. had been uniform in his demands for an apology, or satisfaction. Mr. Gawler then paced the distance, with an apparent wish to get the affair over as fast as possible. When the parties were on their ground, Mr. P. addressed sir Francis, and said, " I assure you, sir Francis, I proceed against you with great reluctance, but the injury I have received is of the most serious kind; I would as soon level a pistol at my father as at you, but I find I have no alternative." Here Mr. Gawler said to Mr. P. "sir F. will fire at you;" who replied, " I of course expect he will." The seconds then retired, and I appeal to the candour and honour of sir F. himself, for a complete refutation of the gross and most unjustifiable insinuation of a "precipitate retreat J' so reprehensi"bly introduced in the statement of Mr. Gawler. Afterthe first fire had taken place,Mr. Gawler asked Mr. P. if he was satisfied? Mr. P. answered," Certainly not: my object in coming here was an apology, te which I feel myself entitled/' Mr.
G. said," that was entirely out of the question,'' and delivered the se. cond pistol to Mr. Panll. I was then in the act of giving the other to sir Francis Burdett.' Mr. Panfl was now addressing Mr. Gawler to this effect:—" 1 think yon art sacrificing the life of your friend to a false punctilio;'' and then to lir F. "expressed his deep regret that necessity compelled him to proceed." The seconds then again separated; I was to give (he signal ; the place was much wooded on which I stood, and although it was at no great distance, the trees between me and sir Francis hfduced him to remark, that in- my then situation, he should not be able to see me distinctly. I immediately advanced into a more open place; and I pronounce in the face of the world, that the signal, and the report of the pistols, were in the self-same instant; that the shots were in consequence of the signal, and not occasioned by the friendly fire of Mr. Gawler.— The length of the foregoing statement has not been optional with me; and the public must be satisfied of the necessity of it; at least all those must, who have seen the production of Mr. Gawler. I shall conclude with saying, that although I hive neither claims to a dukedom, nor to the inheritance of a duke, that in one of the most respectable societki in London, I have ever ranked as a gentleman. I never denied mf name, or concealed my place of abode : both, however, at all events, might easily have been ascertained by applying to Mr. Paull; and they were assuredly so ascertained by Mr. Gawler himself, who, Mr. P. tells me, called on him on Satnr. day before his wounds were dressed, and begged my attending him at sir F. BurdetU F. Burdett's in the evening, my house being at a distance I not only did so, but I called at sir F. Bur. dett's four days successively, for the sake of seeing this gentleman, ud did see him several times in this very business. balancing myself, and falling out of the boat.
John Cooper. Stamford-street,' May 18, 1807.
Second Ascension by Night of M. iarncrin. Seep. 48*. . ,
"My second aerial journey by night will not afford an opportunity for the brilliant narratives which I have had occasion to make in the Course of my forty preceding ascensions. I shall not have to describe the majestic appearances which na. ture continually offers to the eyes of an aeronaut who ascends in favourable weather. I can only give a narrative of an aerial tempest which was nigh terminating in a shipwreck.
"The obstacles which the wind caused to the inflation of the balloon, sufficiently apprised me of the approach of the storm; and to the difficulties of the weather was added the turbulence of a party, by which I was prevented from placing the cord of the valve, so as to regulate the tube, which, in case of expansion, was to conduct the gas into a direction different from the lights which surrounded the bottom of the balloon.
"I was to have been accompanied by M. de Chassenton; but the aerial storm, which continually increased until the moment of my de. parturc, gave mc reason to apprehend such a disaster as Mr. Clanchard, and another aeronaut, met
with in Holland. M. de Chassen. ton was actually in the boat. I must bear witness to his dctermi.. nation; for 1 am convinced that nothing could have made this young man, remarkable for his merit, quit the boat, if the well-grounded apprehension which I entertained, of seeing him exposed to certain destruction, had not suggested to me the idea of declaring to him, that the balloon was not capable of carrying up two persons.
"It was thus in the most ad. verse weather, and exposed to the greatest opposition and the tumult of a cabal, the head of which it is easy to guess at, that I ascended from Tivoli, at half past ten o'clock on the night of the 21st of September. Au unexampled rapidity of ascension, kbut extremely necessary to prevent me from coming in contact with the adjoining houses, raised me above the clouds, and iu a few minutes carried me to an immense height, the extent of which I cannot precisely ascertain, on ac. count of the dangers and embarrass, ments which suddenly affected my imagination, and prevented me from observing the declension of the mercury in the barometer. Eleva. ted in an instant to the frozen regions, the balloon became subject to a degree of expansion which inspired me with the greatest apprehension. There was no alternative between certain death and giving an instant rent to the gas; and this at the risk of seeing the balloon take fire. I gradually opened with one hand an orifice of about two feet diameter, by which the gas escaped in large volumes, while, with the other, I extinguished as many of the lights as I could. During this ef. fort, I several times was near over.
"Deprived of the opportunity of regulating the valve, my balloon, like a ship without a rudder, floated in air, obeying the influence of the temperature, the winds, and the rain. Whenever the force of these made me descend, the storm, which kept still increasing, obliged me to throw out ballast, for the purpose of avoiding it, and escaping from immincntshipwreck. At length, at four o'clock in the morning, after having been almost continually en. Tcloperl in thick clouds, through which I could seldom see the moon, all my means of supporting myself in the air were exhausted. Whatever skill I possessed, was no longer of use to me.—My boat several times struck against the ground, »nd rebounded from thence.—The empest often drove mc against the sides and tops of mountains.— Whenever my anchor caught in a . tree, the balloon was so violently agitated by the wind, that I experienced all the inconvenience of a Tiolent sea-sickness. Plunged at one time to the bottom of a precipice, in an instant after 1 ascended, and acquired a new elevation. The violence of the concussions exhaust. ed my strength, and I lay for a half-hour in the boat in a state of insensibility. During this tempest I recovered; I perceived Mont Tonnerre, and it was in the midst of crashes of thunder, and at a moment which 1 supposed would be my last, that I planted upon this celebrated mountain the Kagle of Napoleon joined to that of Alexander.
"I was carried away for some time longer by gusts of wind; but fortunately some peasants came to my assistance, at the moment that
the anchor hooked in a tree. They took hold of the cords which hung from the balloon, and landed me in a forest upon the side of a mono, tain, at half past five in the mom. ing, seven hours and a half after my departure, and more than 100 leagues distant from Paris. They took me to Clausen, in the canton of Waldfischbach, and department of Mont Tonnerre. M. Cesar, a man of information, and mayor of the neighbouring town, came and offered mc every assistance in his power, and at my request drew upa narrative, of which he gave me a copy:
"I was splendidly entertained the next day at Deux Pouts by a society of friends of the arts, consisting of public functionaries, the officers of the 12th regiment of cuirassiers, and of the members of the lodge of freemasons.
Surrender of Buenos Ayres.
The LondonGazette of Jan. 27 contains adispatch, dated Oct. 13. from lieut. col. Backhouse, commanding* detachment in Rio de laPlata,tosir D. Haird, announcing the re-capture of Buenos Ayres, and his assumption of the command of the land forces. —Another letter from this officer to Mr. Windham,dated Oct. 31, states, that an attempt was made on the 28th by him and sir H. Pop. ham, to take Monte Video by storm, but the water was too shallow to admit the ships to come sufficiently near to bombard the town with effect; they therefore withdrew, and, after refreshing the troops, the lieut. col. landed on the 29th, with 400 men, principally