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to a friend, and that he would be, if possible, at the King's-Arms, Kings, ton, between seven and eight o'clock. About five o'clock, Mr. Paull andmyselfreachedtheinn; when Mr. Paull lay down, desiring to be called by his servant exactly at seven o'clock. About eight o'clock, on walking out on the VV imbledon road, we met sir Francis on horse, back. 1 slightly bowed. Mr. Paull took no notice of him, but returned immediately to the inn ; a few minutes afterwards, sir F. sent for me, and said, that he expected Mr. Gawler immediately, as he had left his barouche waiting for him at Wimbledon. About nine o'clock, Mr. Paul! wrote a note to sir F. in te^ly to the one received in his carriage at Wimbledon, in which he distinctly pointed out the injury he bad received from sir F. and concluded by saying, that as the day was far advanced, wehad better return towardsWimblcdon to meet his friend. On delivering this' uote to sir F. he called for pen, ink, and paper, to answer it; ou my observing," it was a pity your brother persisted in readiug the letters at the Crown and Anchor,'' his answer was," I wish be had not." Mr. Gawler not having arrived, sir F. attain pressed me to be second to both; which I again declined, and immediately I entered the carriage with Mr. Paul), on our return towards Wimbledon. A short distance from Kingston, we met Mr. Gawler; « hen Mr. Paull accosted him. M r. G. asked rapidly.—" Where is Bardett?'' said," he had been detained, or he would have arrived sooner." Mr. Paull replied "Sir Francis was at the inn, but that he thought we had better not stop tfiere any longer ; and If .Mr. Gaw. . Vot. XtlX.

lor approved of it, he would drive through Hampton Court and Buslij Park, to prevent any possibility of the alTair transpiring.'' Mr. G. drove on to the inn at Kingston, and we followed, Mr. P. remaining in his carriage: 1 entered (he room where sir F. was sitting, at the same time with Mr. G.; when that gentleman, with a manner as perf^dly uncivil as sir F. was polite, asked who I was? Sir F. said, "Mr. Cooper, Mr. P.'s friedd.". If I made use of the words,'; Sir, sir, sir," as recited by Mr. G. (which 1 do not at all remember to have done; they must have been the. effect of the mild and gentle demeanour of Mr. Gawler. Sir F. then suggested Coombe Wood, as themost proper place ; to where We immediately drove, and arrived at twenty minutes after tan o'clock. Whilst advancing into the wooj, I did my utmost endeavours that au explanation should take place, but without effect. Mr. Gawler's hasty conduct (o Mr Paull was peculiarly striking. Mr. Paull observed to Mr. Gawler, that this was no common affair, and as it was possible an accident might happen either to him or to sir Francis, he was particularly anxious that even Mr. Gawler should not be ignorant of the particulars and the grounds 011 which he demanded an apology, or satisfaction; that so eager was Mr. Paull for explaining matters to Mr. Gawler, that he pressed the conversation twice or thrice; to which Mr. Gawler tartly replied, that he had learned all the particulars from sir F. B. and was perfectly satisfied; although, by the bye, he had not been with sir Francis, from his first arrival, to the entrance into the wood, more than 20 miuutcs; and S s jet

yet Mr. Gawler thinks proper to assert, that finding iMr. Paull had not committed cither his cause or his opinions to me (Mr. Cooper), he of course made no proposals of accommodation to me of any sort.' The latter assertion is perfectly cor. rett: but if Mr. G. believed tho former part of his assertion, how will he clear himself in having refused to hear any explanation from Mr. Paull ? who, he says," vf as conducting his own cause." I positively assert, that the words I then used, instead of those put into my mouth by Mr. G., were, "_I am sorry it must come to this." I could not have made use of the expression quoted by Mr. G. as Mr. P. had been uniform in his demands for an apology, or satisfaction. Mr. Gawler then paced the distance, with an apparent wish to get the affair over as fast as possible. When the partics were on their ground, Mr. P. addressed sir Francis, and said, "I assure you, sir Francis, I proceed against you with great reluctance, but the injury I have received is of the most serious kind; I would as soon level a pistul at my father as at you, but I find I have no alternative." Here Mr. Gawler said to Mr. P. "sir F. will fire at you;" who replied, " I of course expect he will." The seconds then retired, and I appeal to the candour and honour of sir F. himself, for a complete refutation of the gross and most unjustifiable insinuation of a "precipitate retreat," s» reprehensib!y introduced in the statement of Mr. Gawler. Afterthe first fire had taken place, Mr. Gawler asked Mr. P. if he was satisfied? Mr. P. answered," Certainly not: my object in coming here was an apology, te which I feel myself entitled." Mr.

G. said, " that was entirely out of the question,'' and delivered the sec.iwl pistol to Mr. Paull. I was then in the act of giving the other to sir Francis Burdett.' Mr. PanU was now addressing Mr. Gawler to this effect:—" 1 think yon art sacrificing the life of your friend to a false punctilio;'' and then to sir F. "expressed his deep regret that necessity compelled him to proceed." The seconds then again separated; I was to give the signal ; the place was much wooded on which I stood, and although it was at no great distance, the trees between me and sir Francis induced him to remark, that in my then situation, he should not be able to see me distinctly. 1 immediately advanced into a morr open place; and I pronounce in the face of the world, that the signal, and the report of the pistols, were in the self-same instant; that the shots were in consequence of the signal, and not occasioned by the friendly fire of Mr. Gawler.— The length of the foregoing statement has not been optional with me; and the public must be satisfied of the necessity of it; at least all those must, who have seen the production of Mr. Gawler. I shall conclude with saying, that although I have neither claims to a dukedom, nor to the inheritance of a duke, that in one of the most respectable societies in London, I have ever ranked as a gentleman. I never denied my name, or concealed my place of abode : both, however, at all events, might easily have been ascertained by applying to Mr. Paull; and they were assuredly so ascertained by Mr. Gawler himself, who, Mr. P. tells me, called on him on Satur. day before his wounds were dressed, and begged my attending him at sir F. Burdetts F. Burdett's in the evening, my house being at a distance I not only did so, but I called at sir F. Bur. dett's four days successively, for the sake of seeing this gentleman, ud did see him several times in this very business. balancing myself, and falling out of the boat.

John Cooper. Stamford-street,' May 18, 1807.

Second Ascension by Night of M. iarncrin. Seep. 48*. . ,

"My second aerial journey by night will not afford an opportunity for the brilliant narratives which I have had occasion to make in the Course of my forty preceding ascensions. I shall not have to describe the majestic appearances which na. ture continually offers to the eyes of an aeronaut who ascends in favourable weather. I can only give a narrative of an aerial tempest which was nigh terminating in a shipwreck.

"The obstacles which the wind caused to the inflation of the balloon, sufficiently apprised me of the approach of the storm; and to the difficulties of the weather was added the turbulence of a party, by which I was prevented from placing the cord of the valve, so as to regulate the tube, which, in case of expansion, was to conduct the gas into a direction different from the lights which surrounded the bottom of the balloon.

"I was to have been accompanied by M. de Chassenton; but the aerial storm, which continually increased until the moment of my de. parturc, gave mc reason to apprehend such a disaster as Mr. Clanchard, and another aeronaut, met

with in Holland. M. de Chassen. ton was actually in the boat. I must bear witness to his dctermi.. nation; for 1 am convinced that nothing could have made this young man, remarkable for his merit, quit the boat, if the well-grounded apprehension which I entertained, of seeing him exposed to certain destruction, had not suggested to me the idea of declaring to him, that the balloon was not capable of carrying up two persons.

"It was thus in the most ad. verse weather, and exposed to the greatest opposition and the tumult of a cabal, the head of which it is easy to guess at, that I ascended from Tivoli, at half past ten o'clock on the night of the 21st of September. Au unexampled rapidity of ascension, kbut extremely necessary to prevent me from coming in contact with the adjoining houses, raised me above the clouds, and iu a few minutes carried me to an immense height, the extent of which I cannot precisely ascertain, on ac. count of the dangers and embarrass, ments which suddenly affected my imagination, and prevented me from observing the declension of the mercury in the barometer. Eleva. ted in an instant to the frozen regions, the balloon became subject to a degree of expansion which inspired me with the greatest apprehension. There was no alternative between certain death and giving an instant rent to the gas; and this at the risk of seeing the balloon take fire. I gradually opened with one hand an orifice of about two feet diameter, by which the gas escaped in large volumes, while, with the other, I extinguished as many of the lights as I could. During this ef. fort, I several times was near over.

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"Deprived of the opportunity of regulating the valve, my balloon, like a ship without a rudder, floated in air, obeying the influence of the temperature, the winds, and the rain. Whenever the force of these made me descend, the storm, which kept still increasing, obliged me to throw out ballast, for the purpose of avoiding it, and escaping from immincntshipwreck. At length, at four o'clock in the morning, after having been almost continually en. Tcloperl in thick clouds, through which I could seldom see the moon, all my means of supporting myself in the air were exhausted. Whatever skill I possessed, was no longer of use to me.—My boat several times struck against the ground, »nd rebounded from thence.—The empest often drove mc against the sides and tops of mountains.— Whenever my anchor caught in a . tree, the balloon was so violently agitated by the wind, that I experienced all the inconvenience of a Tiolent sea-sickness. Plunged at one time to the bottom of a precipice, in an instant after 1 ascended, and acquired a new elevation. The violence of the concussions exhaust. ed my strength, and I lay for a half-hour in the boat in a state of insensibility. During this tempest I recovered; I perceived Mont Tonnerre, and it was in the midst of crashes of thunder, and at a moment which 1 supposed would be my last, that I planted upon this celebrated mountain the Kagle of Napoleon joined to that of Alexander.

"I was carried away for some time longer by gusts of wind; but fortunately some peasants came to my assistance, at the moment that

the anchor hooked in a tree. They took hold of the cords which hung from the balloon, and landed me in a forest upon the side of a mono, tain, at half past five in the mom. ing, seven hours and a half after my departure, and more than 100 leagues distant from Paris. They took me to Clausen, in the canton of Waldfischbach, and department of Mont Tonnerre. M. Cesar, a man of information, and mayor of the neighbouring town, came and offered mc every assistance in his power, and at my request drew upa narrative, of which he gave me a copy:

"I was splendidly entertained the next day at Deux Pouts by a society of friends of the arts, consisting of public functionaries, the officers of the 12th regiment of cuirassiers, and of the members of the lodge of freemasons.


Surrender of Buenos Ayres.

The LondonGazette of Jan. 27 contains adispatch, dated Oct. 13. from lieut. col. Backhouse, commanding* detachment in Rio de laPlata,tosir D. Haird, announcing the re-capture of Buenos Ayres, and his assumption of the command of the land forces. —Another letter from this officer to Mr. Windham,dated Oct. 31, states, that an attempt was made on the 28th by him and sir H. Pop. ham, to take Monte Video by storm, but the water was too shallow to admit the ships to come sufficiently near to bombard the town with effect; they therefore withdrew, and, after refreshing the troops, the lieut. col. landed on the 29th, with 400 men, principally


from the 23d, under col. Vassal, who advanced against Maldonado, which seemed to be occupied by about 600 regulars and militia, mostly mounted, with one howitzer, and one 4-pottnder field-piece. Though our troops were without any artillery, they soon dispersed the enemy, with the loss of their guns, and about 50 men killed and wounded. The loss on our side was two killed and four wounded, of the 38th regiment.

Colonel Backhouse adds,—" To the cool intrepidity of our little column on this occasion, much praise is due, as it adranced with the utmost steadiness and alacrity, . and without firing a shot, until sufficiently near to make a certainty of carrying both the guns and the town, which was principally done by the bayonet, notwithstanding the advance was made under heary discharges of grape and musketry. —To the well-known gallantry and ability of col. Vassal, I feci my. self much indebted; and the conduct of every other officer in the field has commanded ray thanks."

The next day the heary batteries ou the beach of the harbour, and the peninsula, surrendered at discretion to sir H. Popham. The marines and armed seamen sent on shore by sir H. were of the greatest assistance in the capture of Maldonado. Col. Backhouse closes his dispatches with mentioning the great services he received from major Trotter of the 83d, and major Tucker of the72d.

Return of Ordnance, Ammunition,

and Stores, isx. taken from the

Enemy in the Town and Vicinity of


Brais Ordnance. 1 Six-inch

howitzer, with 10 rounds of ammunition; 1 six-poundcr, with 10 rounds of ditto.

Iron Ordnance. 12 {wenty-sixpounderson sea-batteries; 20 twenty-four-pounders, on the island of Gorctti; 700 muskets, 200 pistols, 300 swords, ISO barrels of powder.

Then follow copies of two letters from sir II. Popham to W. Marsden, esq. The first is dated on board the Diadem, in Rio de la Plata, Augnst 25th, and describes the circumstances which progressively led to the surrender of the settlement of Buenos Ayres.

"Pueridon, (says sir II.) one of the municipality, appears to have been the greatest ori;ari of the revolution. He applied himself with great art and address in preparing the people for a general insurrection. The arms in the town were secreted, ready for the moment of action; the discontented assembled every night, and attended to his instructions, and he raised ail the rabblo of the country by the ample supplies of money with which he was furnished on the north side of the rirer. Co). Liniers, a "French officer in the Spanish service, and on his parole, successfully employed himself in collecting people at Colonia. Terror was established, and every person who refused to con. tribute his assistance to this conspiracy was threatened with immediate death. 1 have traced this from very unquestionable authority; and so rapid was the progress of the revolution, when it first shewed \Zself, that it was not till the 31st of July that I learnt, by a dispatch from the general, which reached me at Kusenada, on. my return from Monte Video, that he' was apprehensive, from the information he St3 had

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