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remain there if they pleased,' till farther orders from his serene high. nesa, major-general, the prince of Neuf-Chatel (Berthier). Nevertheless, in order to be entitled to this privilege, they were to produce a certificate, from the governor, that titer had not taken any part in the defence of the place. The wives of the officers and others, that is, persons in civil employments or •ituati.ins, to be at liberty lo remove from the city. The sick and wounded to be left in the care of the marshal Lc Febvre; and on their recovery, to be sent to the advanced posts of the Prussian army.

Marshal Le Febvre engaged to the inhabitants of Dan'zig, to employ all the means in his power, for the protection of persons and property. The present capitulation to be carried into execution at 12 o'clock at noon, the 26th of May. It was to be understood, that between the present and that period, the garrison of Dantzig was not to make any attack on the besiegers, in rase of their being engaged in any action with the Kusso.Prussian army without the city.

On the 27th of May, the garrison marched out of the city with general Kalkreuth at its head. This strong garrison, which consistad at first of IS,000 men, as above stated, and. at the opening "of the trenches, of 16.0(H), was now reduced to 9,000, of which num. her -160, and among these some officers, deserted. The officers said, that they had no mind t . go to Siberia. Several thousands of artillery horses were given up to the French, according to the terms of capitulation, but most of them in a very bad condition; 800 pieces of artillery; magazines of every kind ; more than 500,000 quintals of

grain ; well stored cellars; immense collections of clothing, and spices and great resources of e ery kind for the army.

The Russian lieutenant general, Kamcnskoy, who alter his defeat of the 15th retired under the fortifications of YVeischelmunde, remained there, without making any farther attempts, and was a spectator of the surrender of Dantzig. When he perceived that the French were employed in erecting batteries for burning his ships, he set sail, and returned wi(h Itis fleet to Pillaw. The tort of Weischelmunde however still held out. "But when mar. sh'al Le Febvre summoned it ontha t.6th, while the terms were only under consideration, the whole garrison advanced from the fort and surrendered at discretion. '1 he commandant, thus abandoned by the garrison, s >vcd himself by sea*.

After the fall of Dantzig, a detachment was sent, closely to block, ade and besiege, in form, the fortress of Graudenz, which though strong, both by art and nature, could not be supposed to hold out long, hemmed in, as it was. on all sides, by the besieging and grand French army.

The last hope that remained to the allies, of a favourable turn to the war, on the left, or western side of the Visrula, was htralsnnd.

Marshal Mortier,having first pl'.n. dered, established a regular, system of exaction, and completely esta. blished the domination of France in Merklenberg, Hamburgh, and l.ubeck; and had orders, tow rds 1 he middle of February, to enferSwdi-h Pomerania. and lay siege to the capital of that province. It was invested on the laud side, but the siege was not pushed wiih vig^m.

Marshal Mortier, being charged

* 77 tb Bulletin of the grand French army.

ith the sidge of Colberg, drew off trenchments at Stralsund, and en. 7,000 men to that place, leaving the trenched themselves on the heights siege of Stralsund in charge to ge between Voigdehagen und Te:chen. neral Granjeau.

hagen, on which they had mounted In the mean time, while the ope. a battery of four pieces of artillery, rations of the besiegers were but and two howitzers. T is being silanguid, the besieged made several lenced by the Swedish aibllery, bold orties, demolishing the batte- they endeavoued to take possession ries of the enemy, and spiking their of a 1715, skirted by a wood, but guns. The garrison of Stralsund re. *. furced t desist from the attenti ceived considerable re-inforcements; and continue their retreat from e and troops were also landed at other post to another which they a points from the Swedish flouilla. bave done with admirable-k 1:1

In the beginning of April, it was courage, even ac ording to the wethought proper to re-inforce the dish account, which is her. ollowarmy besieging Dantzig. The siege ed. On the 31 of April, general of Stralsund was raised; and the Van Essen's col": 11 entering Dem. besieging troops, by degrees, began nin, mide the garrison, after a to march to the Lower Vistula. slight res tance, prisoners, and sent

As soon as the general baron out his light troups in pursuit of Van Essen, the governor-geveral the enemy on the side of Meck. of Swedish Pomerania, perceived lenburg. On the morning of the that the French were filing off from 4th of April, the column under that province, in small detachments, baron Armfeldt entered the town he determined to march against of Anclam, where he took 150 mer them, and compel them to a andon prisoners. The military chest al their entrenchments, and completely so, containing 3,000 crowns, fel to evacuate Pomerania. His troops into his hand. 'The loss of th were divided into two columns; French in this well conducted re the first under his own orders; the treat, is not stated to have been veri second under those of lieutenant. considerable. But the prisoners, mad general baron Armfeldt. Each column during the retreat by the two Swe. consisted of eight squadrons of hus- dish columns, were said to have beer sars, a detachment of mounted ar. 10,000 men, and, among these, 21 tillery, and four battalions of officers. + infantry, with their proper di. After the retreat of the Frenc visions of chasseurs.* These two from Swedish Pomerania, the Swe columns, advancing in the same dish army occupied a line of posi line of direction, came up with the tions of very great extent, having th enemy at Lussow, drove them from heads of its columns at Falkenwald thence to Ruderhagen, and pursued Stoltzenberg, Stadsfort, Belling, ani them from thence to Voigdehagen. Darkitz, that is, from the banks o

In the mean time the French bad the Oder to the confines of Meck abandoned their batteries and en. Jenberg Strelitz. Marshal Mortie

* Chasseurs, or hunters, consist partly in horsemen, and partly in foot soldiers Small groups of these are sent here and there into alleys, broken ground, or othe places of shelter, in pursuit of the flying enemy. They were at first attached battalions, but afterwards into regiments. + London Gazette, 21st April, 1807.

determined to bear, with his whole force, Ot the centre of this dilated line, uthoiit giving hiuisolf any trouble about the other positions, bein< convinced, that by a rapid Birch on the river Peene, which the Swedes had inconsiderately irosseJ, he could throw them into the utmost confusion and consternation. Having assembled a part of his forces at Pa^sewack ou the tvening of April loth, he advanced •a ihe l6th, before break Of day, on the road to Anclam, overthrew a Swedish post at Belling, and another at Ferdinandskaff, took 460 prisonars, and two pieces of cannon, entered Anclam at the same time with the enemy, and made himself master of the bridge on the Peene. Thus a Swedish column commanded by general Cardell was cut off. It remained at Nckermunde when the French were already at Anclam. General Artnfeldt, one of' the Swedish commanders-in-chief, was wounded by a grape-shot. All the magazines at Anclam were taken, together with all the Swedish sloops of war, on the lake adjoining to Anclam, and transports. The column of general Cardell, which was eutoff from the other Swedish troops, was attacked on the 17th, by the feneral of brigade Vcau, near Neckermunde, when it lost three pieces of cannon, and 500 men. Another column took possession of Demnin, and made 500 soldiers prisoners. The Swedes Vere driv. n back again behind the river Peene. General Armfeldt, after informing the baron Van Essen, of his having been wounded, and that lie had been obliged to make the infantry of his .division fall back on Rknzien, retired to Stralsund. It was ordered by Van Essen to march to Grimm, and thereafter to the

head quarters of Van Essen, the comm'.nder of the other division, and who had now the supreme command of both at Groifswald.

Here, April 17th, he was joined by a detachment of hus-ars, belonging to the royal guard from Stralsund. Early on the morning of ttut day, he had sent a flag of truce to marshal Mortier,- of 24 hours, for tho purpose of removing the sick and wounded to hospitals. It was not difficult to persuade the marshal, who knew how much hi* master wished to detach Sweddn from tho cause of the allies, to comply with his request. Soon after noon, the first adjutant of marshal Mortier arrived with a flap; of truce, at Greifswald, with an answer to that which had been sent by the Swedish general. Before mid-day of the 18th, another flag of truce arrived from marshal Mortier, and an early hour was fixed for a conference between the two generals at Sklalkow, within an English mile and half of Anclam, where an armistice was agreed on, not to be broken without ten days' previous notice. Besides this, which was the principal article, there were others, and these altogether in favour of the French. The Swedes were to restore tl> • irles of Usedom and Wollin, which were to be occupied by the French garrisons, to be sent thither for that purpose, on the day after, that is, the 20th of April. The line of demarcation between the two armies, was to be the Peene, and the Trebel. But the French were farther to occupy a position beyond the Peene, and behind the barrier of Anclam. I)u. ring the armistice the Swedes were not toafford'seccoursofanykind; to the towns of Graudenz and Dantzig, nor yet to the troops of any

•f the powers at war with Franco or its allies. During the armistice, Bo troops belonging to am of the power* at war with France were to be landed at Stralsund. or any other part of Swe 'ish Pomcrani.t, or the isle of lingeti. If, however, there should be a debark itiott of any troops at Stralsund, in consequence of superior orders unknown to general Van Essen, the general engag-.'d, that they should not com nit any act of hostility against the French. *

Towards the end of the same month, April, mar hal Mortier, and general Van Essen, improved the terms of mutual accommodation intoa more certain prelude to a permanent peace. It was agreed, April 29th, that none of the parties should resume hostilities without giving a month's previous notice, instead of the ten daytfixedbythcarmisticcof the 18th. When the king of Sweden was informed of the armistice, and the events that led to it in Pomerania, he determined to come thither, and take the affairs of this province, political and military, into his immediate mi. nagement, and accordingly arrived at Stralsund early in May. Though he was far from approving of the armistices of the 18th and 29th of April, he was sensible that those armistices, which he considered as most disgraceful, were owing, not to any misconduct on the part of* the general, baron Van Essen, but to the imprudence, and precipitation of general Armfeldt, in crossing and advancing too far with his column beyond the Peene. While general Van Essen, therefore, was a p. pointed governor-general of Pomerania, and decorated with the grand tross of the Swedish order of the

"Rapport du Karon D'Essen, &c. Kccu par 8. M. le Roi de Swede ft Malase, en *ghiii* le 3-U Avril par un Cour'er exj.-adie' de Stralstind lo *0*. t Swedish Gaaeuc, published atStralsuud 14th liar.

CHAP,

sword, general Armfcldt obtained permission from the king to resign his commission. These marks of favour ware shewn to general Van Essen on the 14th of -May, at a grauJ parade; when the officers of the different Swedish regiments stationed at Stralsund, and various places in the vicinity, were also presented to his majesty, by whom they were received in the most gra. cious manner. He expressed his en. tire satisfaction with their conduct in the last campaign in. Pomerania.' In the course of the campaign, the Swedes were joined by 2,000 Prussian officers and soldiers, under the command of general Jlinniug, and were placed among the troops in garrison at Stralsund. This officer was also presented to his Swedish majesty.

While Gustavus was thus employed, in reviewing and promoting his brave and loyal Swedes, he was himself not a little animated, it may be presumed, by the arrival at Stralsund of the English general Clinton, with assurances of speedysuccours of all kinds from the Bri. tish government r in the administration of which, there had been, oa the 24th of March, a great change. The ministers, who were desirous, above all things, of peace, and who had been amused with a negotiation by Buonaparte, until he was prepared to take the field at the close of September J806, were exchanged for others, better disposed, it was generally imagined to afford cordial, prompt, and effectual succour, and co-operation with tho confederacy against the tyranny, and still growing ambition, of the ruler of France.

CHAP. III.

Kleeting of Parliament - Ilis Majesty's Speech delivered to both Houses by Commission in Address in Answer -- Moved in the House of Peers, by the Earl of Jersey-Seconded by Lord So. mers-Observations on the Speech by Lord Hawkesbury-Replies made to Lord Huzokesbury, and the Speech in general defended by Lord Grenville-In Address in Ansioer to the Speech from the Throne, mored in the House of Commons by the Ilon. William Wiadhan-Seconded by Mr. John Smith-Speech of Mr. Can. ning on the present Occasion, and Character of his Speeches in general. - Substitution proposed by Mr. Canning, of a new Ad. dress in place of that proposed by Mr. Lamb-Reply to Mr. Canning, and the Speech from the Throne in general defended by Lord Howick Reply to Lord Howick, and various Strictures on the Conduct of Administration, by Lord CastlereaghThe Ad. dress, carried Nem. diss.-Thanks to General Sir John Stuart, and the Officers and Soldiers by wchose valour the Victory of Maida zas obtained, moved in the House of Peers by Lord Grenville-And in the House of Commons by Mr. Windham.-These Motions carried in both Houses by Acclamation.

THE new parliament that had The first topic touched on in the

I been called in October, assem. speech, was the late negociation Bed according to appointment, on with France; the papers exchan. the 15th of December. It was ged in the course of which, his ma. opened in his majesty's name, by jesty had ordered to be laid before commission. The commissioners them: his majesty's efforts for the Tere the archbishop of Canterbury, restoration of general tranquillity, the Chancellor, the earl of Ayis. on terms consistent with the interest ford, and lord Walsingham. Mr. and honour of his people, and good Abbot was chosen speaker in the faith to his allies, had been disapkouse of commons, with universal pointed by the ambition and injus. applause. Some days were taken tice of the enemy, which, in the same up, as usual, io swearing in the men. moment,* had kindled a fresh war in bers of both houses. On Friday Europe; and of which the progress 19th, the lord chancellor delivered had been attended with the inost to both houses, what the conymis. calamitous events. After witnes. Koners had in command from his sing the subversion of the antient majesty.

constitution of Germany, and the • That is, at the very moinent when those efforts were made. This, though not ery dutipcuy expressed, is, no doubt, tbe mcauing.

subjugation

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