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semain there if they pleased, ill grain; well stored cellars; immense farther orders from his serene high. collections of clothing, and spices Dess, major-general, the prince of and great resources of e ery kind Neaf-Chatel (Berthier). Neverthe. for the army. less, in order to be entitled to this The Russian lieutenant general, privilege, they were to produce a Kamenskoy, who after his defeat of certifcate, from the governor, that the 15th retired under the fortifi. they had not taken any part in the cations of Weischelmunde, remained defence of the place. The wives there, without making any farther of the officers and others, that is, attempts, and was a spectator of persons in civil employments or the surrender of Dantzig. When he situatians, to be at liberty to re- perceived that the French were em. move from the city. The sick and ployed in erecting batteries for vounded to be left in the care of burning his ships, he set sail, and the marsbal Le Febvre; and on returned with his fleet to Pillaw. their recovery, to be sent to the ad. The fort of Weischelmunde how. ranced posts of the Prussian army. ever still held out. But when mar.

Marshal Le Febvre engaged to the shal Le Febvre summoned it on the inhabitants of Dantzig, to employ 6th, while the terms were only all the means in his power, for the under consideration, the whole protection of persons and property. garrison advanced from the fort The present capitulation to be care and surrendered at discretion. The ried into execution at 12 o'clock commandant, thus abandoned by at noon, the 26th of May. It the garrison, sived himself by sea *. vas to be understood, that between After the fall of Dantzig, a de. the present and that period, the taehment was sent, closely to block. garrison of Dantzig was not to ade and besiege, in form, the for. zake any attack on the besiegers, tress of Graudenz, which though in case of their being engaged in any strong, both by art and nature, action with the Russo.Prussian army could not be supposed to hold ont without the city.

long, hemmed in, as it was, on all On the 27th of May, the garri. sides, by the besieging and grand son marched out of the city with French army. general Kalkreuth at its head. The last hope that remained to This strong garrison, which consist. the allies, of a favourable turn to ed at first of 18.000 men, as above the war, on the left, or western stated, and, at the opening of the side of the Vistula, was Stralsund. treaches, of 16.000, was now re. Marshal Mortier, having first plun. duced to 9,000, of which num. dered, established a regular system ber 100, and among these some of exaction, and completely esta. oficers, deserted. The officers said, blished the domination of France in that they had no mind to go to Si. Mecklenberg, Hamburgh, and Lu. beria. Several thousands of artille beck ; and had orders, tow rds the Ty horses were given up to the middle of February, to enterSwedish Freach, according to the terms of Pomerania, and Jay siege to the capitolation, but most of them in capital of that province. It was a very bad condition; 800 pieces invested on the land side, but the of artillery; magazines of every siege was not pushed with vig Kind; more than 500,000 quintals of Marshal Mortier, being charged • 77th Bulletin of the grand French army.

ith the sidge of Colberg, drew off trenchments at Stralsund, and en. 7,000 men to that place, leaving the trenched themselves on the heights siege of Stralsund in charge to ge between Voigdehagen und Te:chen. neral Granjeau.

hagen, on which they had mounted In the mean time, while the ope. a battery of four pieces of artillery, rations of the besiegers were but and two howitzers. T is being silanguid, the besieged made several lenced by the Swedish aibllery, bold orties, demolishing the batte- they endeavoued to take possession ries of the enemy, and spiking their of a 1715, skirted by a wood, but guns. The garrison of Stralsund re. *. furced t desist from the attenti ceived considerable re-inforcements; and continue their retreat from e and troops were also landed at other post to another which they a points from the Swedish flouilla. bave done with admirable-k 1:1

In the beginning of April, it was courage, even ac ording to the wethought proper to re-inforce the dish account, which is her. ollowarmy besieging Dantzig. The siege ed. On the 31 of April, general of Stralsund was raised; and the Van Essen's col": 11 entering Dem. besieging troops, by degrees, began nin, mide the garrison, after a to march to the Lower Vistula. slight res tance, prisoners, and sent

As soon as the general baron out his light troups in pursuit of Van Essen, the governor-geveral the enemy on the side of Meck. of Swedish Pomerania, perceived lenburg. On the morning of the that the French were filing off from 4th of April, the column under that province, in small detachments, baron Armfeldt entered the town he determined to march against of Anclam, where he took 150 mer them, and compel them to a andon prisoners. The military chest al their entrenchments, and completely so, containing 3,000 crowns, fel to evacuate Pomerania. His troops into his hand. 'The loss of th were divided into two columns; French in this well conducted re the first under his own orders; the treat, is not stated to have been veri second under those of lieutenant. considerable. But the prisoners, mad general baron Armfeldt. Each column during the retreat by the two Swe. consisted of eight squadrons of hus- dish columns, were said to have beer sars, a detachment of mounted ar. 10,000 men, and, among these, 21 tillery, and four battalions of officers. + infantry, with their proper di. After the retreat of the Frenc visions of chasseurs.* These two from Swedish Pomerania, the Swe columns, advancing in the same dish army occupied a line of posi line of direction, came up with the tions of very great extent, having th enemy at Lussow, drove them from heads of its columns at Falkenwald thence to Ruderhagen, and pursued Stoltzenberg, Stadsfort, Belling, ani them from thence to Voigdehagen. Darkitz, that is, from the banks o

In the mean time the French bad the Oder to the confines of Meck abandoned their batteries and en. Jenberg Strelitz. Marshal Mortie

* Chasseurs, or hunters, consist partly in horsemen, and partly in foot soldiers Small groups of these are sent here and there into alleys, broken ground, or othe places of shelter, in pursuit of the flying enemy. They were at first attached battalions, but afterwards into regiments. + London Gazette, 21st April, 1807.

HISTORY OF EUROPÈ.

a la

determined to bear, with his whole head quarters of Van Essen, the force, on the centre of this dilated communder of the other division, lide, thout giving himself any and who had now the supreme comtroable about the other positions, mand of both at Greifswald. being convinced, that by a rapid Here, April 17th, he was joined Barch on the river Peene, which by a detachment of hus-ars, bethe Swedes had inconsiderately longing to the royal guard from erossel, he could throw them into Stralsund. Early on the morning the atnost confusion and conster- of that day, he had sent a flag of zation. Having assembled a part of truce to marshal Mortier, of 24 his forces at Passewack on the hours, for the purpose of removing evening of April 15th, he advanced the sick and wounded to hospitals. It ea che 16th, before break of day, on was not difficult to persuade the the road to Anclan, overthrew a marshal, who knew how much his Swedish post at Belling, and ano.. master wished to detach Sweden ther at Ferdinandskaff, took 400 from the cause of the allies, to prisoners, and two pieces of cannon, comply with his request. Soon catered Anclam at the same time afternoon, the first adjutant of with the enemy, and made himself marshal Mortier arrived with a flag master of the bridge on the Peene. of truce, at Greifswald, with an an. Thas a Swedish column commanded swer to that which had been sent by general Cardell was cut off. by the Swedish general. Before It remained at Nekermunde when mid-day of the 1sth, another flag of the French were already at Anclam. truce arrived from marshal MorGeneral Armfeldt, one of the tier, and an early hour was fixed Swedish commanders-in-chief, was for a conference between the two Wounded by a grape-shot. All the generals at Sklatkow, within an magazines at Anclam were taken, English mile and half of Anclam, together with all the Swedish sloops where an armistice was agreed on, of war, on the lake adjoining to not to be broken without ten days' Anclam, and transports. The co. previous notice. Besides this, which lumn of general Cardell, which was was the principal article, there were autofi from the other Swedish troops, others, and these altogether in fa. Tas attacked on the 17th, by the your of the French, The Swedes general of brigade Veau, near were to restore the isles of Usedom Neckermunde, when it lost three and Wollin, which were to be oc. pieces of cannon, and 500 men. cupied by the French garrisons, to Another column took possession of be sent thither for that purpose, on Demain, and made 500 soldiers the day after, that is, the 20th prisoners. The Swedes were driven of April. The line of demarcation back again behind the river Peene. between the two armies, was to be

General Armfeldt, after inform. the Peene, and the Trebel. But ing the baron Van Essen, of his the French were farther to occupy having been wounded, and that he a position beyond the Peene, and had been obliged to make the infan- behind the barrier of Anclam. Du. try of his division fall back on ring the armistice the Swedes were Ranzien, retired to Stralsund. It not to afford succours of any kind; to was ordered by Van Essen to march the towns of Graudenz and Dantto Grimm, and thereafter to the zig, nor yet to the troops of any

of

of the powers at war with France sword, general Armfeldt obtain or its allies. During the armistice, permission from the king to resig no troops belonging to any of his commission. These marks the power: at war with Frince favour were shown to gener were to be landed at Stralsund, or Van Essen on the 14th of Na any other part of Swedish Pomera. at a graud parade ; when the office nia, or the isle of Rugen. If, how of the different Swedish regimen ever, there should be a debarkation stationed at Stralsund, and variou of any troops at Stralsund, in con- places in the vicinity, were als sequence of superior orders unknown presented to his majesty, by who to general Van Bssen, the gene they were received in the most gra ral engaged, that they should not cious manner. He expressed his er coin nit any act of hostility against tire satisfaction with their condu the French. *

in the last campaign in. Pomera Towards the end of the same month, nia. In the course of the can April, mar hal Mortier, and ge. paign, the Swedes were joined b neral Van Essen, improved the terms 2,000 Prussian officers and soldier of inutual accommodation into a more under the command of gener certain prelude to a permanent peace. Hinning, and were placed among tl It was agreed, April 29th, that troops in garrison at Stralsuni none of the parties should resume This officer was also presented i hostilities without giving a month's his Swedish majesty. previous notice, instead of the ten While Gustavus was thus emplo days fixed by thearmistice of the 18th. ed, in reviewing and promotii

When the king of Sweden was his brave and loyal Swedes, 1 informed of the armistice, and the was himself not a little animated, events that led to it io Pomerania, he may be presumed, by the arrival determined to come thither, and take Stralsund of the English gener the affairs of this province, political Clinton, with assurances of speed and military, into his immediate masuccours of all kinds from the Br nagement, and accordingly arrived at tish government+ in the admin Stralsund early in May. Though stration of which, there had been, he was far from approving of the the 24th of March, a great chang armistices of the 18th and 29th of The ministers, who were desirou A pril, he was sensible that those ar. above all things, of peace, and wł mistices, which he considered as most had been amused with a negoti di-graceful, were owing, not to any tion by Buonaparte, until he w misconduct on the part of the prepared to take the field at tt general, baron Van Essen, but to close of September 1806, were ei the imprudence, and precipitation changed for others, better disposet of general Armfeldt, in crossing it was generally imagined to affoj and advancing too far with his co. cordial, prompt, and effectual su lumn beyond the Peene. While ge- cour, and co-operation with tl neral Van Essen, therefore, was ap- confederacy against the tyranny poiuted governor-general of Pome. and still growing ambition, of u sama, and decorated with the grand ruler of France. cross of the Swedish order of the

• Rapport du Baron D'Essen, &c. Reçu par s. M. le Roi de Swède Malm on Scania le Ale Avril par un Cour er expedié de Stralsund le 20%. Swedssli Gazete, published at Stralsuud 14th Mar.

CHAP. III.

Kleeting of Parliament - Ilis Majesty's Speech delivered to both Houses by Commission in Address in Answer -- Moved in the House of Peers, by the Earl of Jersey-Seconded by Lord So. mers-Observations on the Speech by Lord Hawkesbury-Replies made to Lord Huzokesbury, and the Speech in general defended by Lord Grenville-In Address in Ansioer to the Speech from the Throne, mored in the House of Commons by the Ilon. William Wiadhan-Seconded by Mr. John Smith-Speech of Mr. Can. ning on the present Occasion, and Character of his Speeches in general. - Substitution proposed by Mr. Canning, of a new Ad. dress in place of that proposed by Mr. Lamb-Reply to Mr. Canning, and the Speech from the Throne in general defended by Lord Howick Reply to Lord Howick, and various Strictures on the Conduct of Administration, by Lord CastlereaghThe Ad. dress, carried Nem. diss.-Thanks to General Sir John Stuart, and the Officers and Soldiers by wchose valour the Victory of Maida zas obtained, moved in the House of Peers by Lord Grenville-And in the House of Commons by Mr. Windham.-These Motions carried in both Houses by Acclamation.

THE new parliament that had The first topic touched on in the

I been called in October, assem. speech, was the late negociation Bed according to appointment, on with France; the papers exchan. the 15th of December. It was ged in the course of which, his ma. opened in his majesty's name, by jesty had ordered to be laid before commission. The commissioners them: his majesty's efforts for the Tere the archbishop of Canterbury, restoration of general tranquillity, the Chancellor, the earl of Ayis. on terms consistent with the interest ford, and lord Walsingham. Mr. and honour of his people, and good Abbot was chosen speaker in the faith to his allies, had been disapkouse of commons, with universal pointed by the ambition and injus. applause. Some days were taken tice of the enemy, which, in the same up, as usual, io swearing in the men. moment,* had kindled a fresh war in bers of both houses. On Friday Europe; and of which the progress 19th, the lord chancellor delivered had been attended with the inost to both houses, what the conymis. calamitous events. After witnes. Koners had in command from his sing the subversion of the antient majesty.

constitution of Germany, and the • That is, at the very moinent when those efforts were made. This, though not ery dutipcuy expressed, is, no doubt, tbe mcauing.

subjugation

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