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remain there if they pleased,' till farther orders from his serene high. nesa, major-general, the prince of Neuf-Chatel (Berthier). Nevertheless, in order to be entitled to this privilege, they were to produce a certificate, from the governor, that titer had not taken any part in the defence of the place. The wives of the officers and others, that is, persons in civil employments or •ituati.ins, to be at liberty lo remove from the city. The sick and wounded to be left in the care of the marshal Lc Febvre; and on their recovery, to be sent to the advanced posts of the Prussian army.
Marshal Le Febvre engaged to the inhabitants of Dan'zig, to employ all the means in his power, for the protection of persons and property. The present capitulation to be carried into execution at 12 o'clock at noon, the 26th of May. It was to be understood, that between the present and that period, the garrison of Dantzig was not to make any attack on the besiegers, in rase of their being engaged in any action with the Kusso.Prussian army without the city.
On the 27th of May, the garrison marched out of the city with general Kalkreuth at its head. This strong garrison, which consistad at first of IS,000 men, as above stated, and. at the opening "of the trenches, of 16.0(H), was now reduced to 9,000, of which num. her -160, and among these some officers, deserted. The officers said, that they had no mind t . go to Siberia. Several thousands of artillery horses were given up to the French, according to the terms of capitulation, but most of them in a very bad condition; 800 pieces of artillery; magazines of every kind ; more than 500,000 quintals of
grain ; well stored cellars; immense collections of clothing, and spices and great resources of e ery kind for the army.
The Russian lieutenant general, Kamcnskoy, who alter his defeat of the 15th retired under the fortifications of YVeischelmunde, remained there, without making any farther attempts, and was a spectator of the surrender of Dantzig. When he perceived that the French were employed in erecting batteries for burning his ships, he set sail, and returned wi(h Itis fleet to Pillaw. The tort of Weischelmunde however still held out. "But when mar. sh'al Le Febvre summoned it ontha t.6th, while the terms were only under consideration, the whole garrison advanced from the fort and surrendered at discretion. '1 he commandant, thus abandoned by the garrison, s >vcd himself by sea*.
After the fall of Dantzig, a detachment was sent, closely to block, ade and besiege, in form, the fortress of Graudenz, which though strong, both by art and nature, could not be supposed to hold out long, hemmed in, as it was. on all sides, by the besieging and grand French army.
The last hope that remained to the allies, of a favourable turn to the war, on the left, or western side of the Visrula, was htralsnnd.
Marshal Mortier,having first pl'.n. dered, established a regular, system of exaction, and completely esta. blished the domination of France in Merklenberg, Hamburgh, and l.ubeck; and had orders, tow rds 1 he middle of February, to enferSwdi-h Pomerania. and lay siege to the capital of that province. It was invested on the laud side, but the siege was not pushed wiih vig^m.
Marshal Mortier, being charged
* 77 tb Bulletin of the grand French army.
,ith the sMge df Colberg, drewqflf 7,000 men :o that place, leaving the fiege of Stralsund in charge to general Granjeau.
In thf mean lime, while the operations of tiir besiegers were but languid, the besieged made several
frenchmen(s at Stralsunrl, and entrenched themselves on the height** between Voiydehngen ..ud Te crun_ hagen, on which they had mountidi a battery of four pieces of artillery,, and two howitzers. T .is being silenced by the Swct'i'h a-lillery,
bold 'Oiti>s, demolishing the batte- they endeai.Kued to take possession
lies of thecnemy, and spiking their of * u ■ i.a-s. skottd by a wood, but
guns. 1 he gairison of Stralsuntl re- ti r.i forced t desist from the attt •; t,
ceived considerable re-inforccnienls; and continue the>r retreat fiom « •
and troop9 were also landed at other post to another which they
points from the Swedish flotilla.
In the beginnii e of April, it was thought proper to re-inforce the army besieging Dantzig. '1 he siege of Str-.l'und was raised; and the besieging troops, by degrees, began to march to the Lower Vistula.
As soon as the genera1 baron Van Essen, the governor-general of Swedish Pomrrania, perceived that the French were filing off from that province, in small detachments, he determined to mnrrh against them, and compel them to a imdon their entrenchments, a;;d completely to evacuate Potnerania. His troops were divided into two columns; the first under his own orders; the second under those of lieutenant.
have done with admirable -k I ■■■■■1 coinage, even ac; ording to the -iwedish account, «iwh is her. 'allowed. On the 3'l >>i April, general Van Kssen's coin-' n entering Demnin. mule the garrison, . after a slight ret stance, ptisoner.*, and sent out his I'ght troops in pursuit of the enemy on the side of Mecklenburg. On the morning of tlie 4th of April, the column under baron Arn-.fcJcH entered the town of Anclam, where he took LiOmen prisoners. The military chest also, containing 3,000 crowns, fell ii.ro his hand. The loss of the French in this well conducted retreat, is not stated to have been very considerable. Put the prisoners, made
general baron Armfeldt. Each column dt.rirg the retreat by the two Swe.
consisted of eight squadrons ofhus- dish columns, were said to have been
sars, a detachment of mounted ar. 10,000 men, and, among these, 20
tillery, and four battalions of officers. +
infantry, with their proper di- After the retreat of the French •visions of chasseurs.* These two from Swedish Poraerania, the Sweeolumns, advancing in the same dish army occupied a line of posi. line of direction, came up with the tions of very great extent, having the enemy at Lussow, drove them from heads of its columns at Falkenwald, thence to Ruderhagrn, and pursued Stoltzenbcrg, Stadsfort, Belling, and them from thence to Voigdehagen. Darkitz, that is, from the banks of In the mean time the French had the Oder to the confines of Meekabandoned their batteries at.tl en. leuberg Strelitz. Marshal Morticr
• Chasievrs, or hunters, consist partly in horsemen, and partly in foot soldiers. Smnll groups of tlir.se are sent here and there into alleys, broken ground, or other places of shelter, in pursuit of the flying enemy. They wsre at first attached to battalions, but afterwards into regiments.
t London Gazette, Jlst April, 1807.
determined to bear, with his whole force, Ot the centre of this dilated line, uthoiit giving hiuisolf any trouble about the other positions, bein< convinced, that by a rapid Birch on the river Peene, which the Swedes had inconsiderately irosseJ, he could throw them into the utmost confusion and consternation. Having assembled a part of his forces at Pa^sewack ou the tvening of April loth, he advanced •a ihe l6th, before break Of day, on the road to Anclam, overthrew a Swedish post at Belling, and another at Ferdinandskaff, took 460 prisonars, and two pieces of cannon, entered Anclam at the same time with the enemy, and made himself master of the bridge on the Peene. Thus a Swedish column commanded by general Cardell was cut off. It remained at Nckermunde when the French were already at Anclam. General Artnfeldt, one of' the Swedish commanders-in-chief, was wounded by a grape-shot. All the magazines at Anclam were taken, together with all the Swedish sloops of war, on the lake adjoining to Anclam, and transports. The column of general Cardell, which was eutoff from the other Swedish troops, was attacked on the 17th, by the feneral of brigade Vcau, near Neckermunde, when it lost three pieces of cannon, and 500 men. Another column took possession of Demnin, and made 500 soldiers prisoners. The Swedes Vere driv. n back again behind the river Peene. General Armfeldt, after informing the baron Van Essen, of his having been wounded, and that lie had been obliged to make the infantry of his .division fall back on Rknzien, retired to Stralsund. It was ordered by Van Essen to march to Grimm, and thereafter to the
head quarters of Van Essen, the comm'.nder of the other division, and who had now the supreme command of both at Groifswald.
Here, April 17th, he was joined by a detachment of hus-ars, belonging to the royal guard from Stralsund. Early on the morning of ttut day, he had sent a flag of truce to marshal Mortier,- of 24 hours, for tho purpose of removing the sick and wounded to hospitals. It was not difficult to persuade the marshal, who knew how much hi* master wished to detach Sweddn from tho cause of the allies, to comply with his request. Soon after noon, the first adjutant of marshal Mortier arrived with a flap; of truce, at Greifswald, with an answer to that which had been sent by the Swedish general. Before mid-day of the 18th, another flag of truce arrived from marshal Mortier, and an early hour was fixed for a conference between the two generals at Sklalkow, within an English mile and half of Anclam, where an armistice was agreed on, not to be broken without ten days' previous notice. Besides this, which was the principal article, there were others, and these altogether in favour of the French. The Swedes were to restore tl> • irles of Usedom and Wollin, which were to be occupied by the French garrisons, to be sent thither for that purpose, on the day after, that is, the 20th of April. The line of demarcation between the two armies, was to be the Peene, and the Trebel. But the French were farther to occupy a position beyond the Peene, and behind the barrier of Anclam. I)u. ring the armistice the Swedes were not toafford'seccoursofanykind; to the towns of Graudenz and Dantzig, nor yet to the troops of any
•f the powers at war with Franco or its allies. During the armistice, Bo troops belonging to am of the power* at war with France were to be landed at Stralsund. or any other part of Swe 'ish Pomcrani.t, or the isle of lingeti. If, however, there should be a debark itiott of any troops at Stralsund, in consequence of superior orders unknown to general Van Essen, the general engag-.'d, that they should not com nit any act of hostility against the French. *
Towards the end of the same month, April, mar hal Mortier, and general Van Essen, improved the terms of mutual accommodation intoa more certain prelude to a permanent peace. It was agreed, April 29th, that none of the parties should resume hostilities without giving a month's previous notice, instead of the ten daytfixedbythcarmisticcof the 18th. When the king of Sweden was informed of the armistice, and the events that led to it in Pomerania, he determined to come thither, and take the affairs of this province, political and military, into his immediate mi. nagement, and accordingly arrived at Stralsund early in May. Though he was far from approving of the armistices of the 18th and 29th of April, he was sensible that those armistices, which he considered as most disgraceful, were owing, not to any misconduct on the part of* the general, baron Van Essen, but to the imprudence, and precipitation of general Armfeldt, in crossing and advancing too far with his column beyond the Peene. While general Van Essen, therefore, was a p. pointed governor-general of Pomerania, and decorated with the grand tross of the Swedish order of the
"Rapport du Karon D'Essen, &c. Kccu par 8. M. le Roi de Swede ft Malase, en *ghiii* le 3-U Avril par un Cour'er exj.-adie' de Stralstind lo *0*. t Swedish Gaaeuc, published atStralsuud 14th liar.
sword, general Armfcldt obtained permission from the king to resign his commission. These marks of favour ware shewn to general Van Essen on the 14th of -May, at a grauJ parade; when the officers of the different Swedish regiments stationed at Stralsund, and various places in the vicinity, were also presented to his majesty, by whom they were received in the most gra. cious manner. He expressed his en. tire satisfaction with their conduct in the last campaign in. Pomerania.' In the course of the campaign, the Swedes were joined by 2,000 Prussian officers and soldiers, under the command of general Jlinniug, and were placed among the troops in garrison at Stralsund. This officer was also presented to his Swedish majesty.
While Gustavus was thus employed, in reviewing and promoting his brave and loyal Swedes, he was himself not a little animated, it may be presumed, by the arrival at Stralsund of the English general Clinton, with assurances of speedysuccours of all kinds from the Bri. tish government r in the administration of which, there had been, oa the 24th of March, a great change. The ministers, who were desirous, above all things, of peace, and who had been amused with a negotiation by Buonaparte, until he was prepared to take the field at the close of September J806, were exchanged for others, better disposed, it was generally imagined to afford cordial, prompt, and effectual succour, and co-operation with tho confederacy against the tyranny, and still growing ambition, of the ruler of France.
Mtttiag of Parliament—His Majesty's Speech delivered to both limes by Commission—An Address in Answer—Moved in the Boast of Peers, by the Earl of Jersey—Seconded' by Lord So. men—Observations on the Speech by Lord Hamkesbury—Replies mtde to Lord Hawkesbury, and the Speech in general defended hLordGrenville—.In Address in Answer to the Speech from the 7Vo*<, moved in the House of Commons by the Hon. milium Wtadkam—Seconded by Mr. John Smith—Speech of Mr. Can. •tag on the present Occasion, and Character of his Speeches in general. — Substitution proposed by Mr. Canning, of a new Ad. tons in place of that proposed by Mr. Lamb—Reply to Mr. tannin ?, and the Speech from the Throne in general defended bn Lard Ho-xick—Reply to Lord Hozcick, and various Strictures on
ut Conduct of Administration, by Lord Castlereagh The Ad
Kress, carried Nem. diss—Thank's to General Sir John Stuart' •xd the Ojicers and Soldiers by -xhose valour the Victory of Maida ror obtained, moved in the House of Peers by Lord GrenvilleAnd in the House of Commons by Mr. Windham.—These Motions tarried in both Houses by Acclamation.
THE new parliament (hat had The first topic touched on in the
* l**n called in October, assem- speech, was the late negociation ftT.^L°rd'n^toaPPoi"'ment,on TM<h France; the papers exchange 151« of December. It was ged in the course of which, his manned m his majesty's name, by jesty had ordered to be laid beforo toumvuoa. The commissioners them: his majesty's effort* for (ho •fre the archbishop of Canferhjirj, restoration of general tranquillity. «»e Chancellor, the ear! of Avis, on terms consistent with the interest tort, aad lord Walsu^ham. Mr. and honour of his people, and good AWwt was rbo^n speaker in the faith to his allies, had been disan•««"« of commons, with universal pointed by the ambition and iniu,. tppscse. Some days were taken tice of the enemy, which, in the sama sp.atasual, in swearing in the men,- moment,*had kindled afresh war in
uTk 1 Tll/T^n 0", ,rri('ay l:"r°pC: and of which «he P^reM
l*h, the lord chancellor delivered had been attended with the most
to bot* liouses, what the comynis. calamitous events. After witnea
to*r, had in command from hit sin? the subversion <J the antieni
^T- constitution of Germanj, and tha
• Thst ia. at tbe wry moment when those efforts ware made. This, thoudi n*a ^ a-upcdy ei^roued, u, no doubt, toa BKBuing. h g" n<*