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hands of the French, and consequently into a dungeon, where he soon died, as was supposed of poison.

The whole of the code of Chris, tophe, displays patriotism, moderation, firmness, and political wisdom. ■ The tenth head, guaranteeing the neighbouring colonies, was a mas, terly stroke of policy. "The goTernment of Hayti, declares to tho powers possessing colonics in the neighbourhood, never to interfere in the government of those countries. The people of Hayti make no conquests beyond their own isle, and content themselves with the conservation of their own territory."

A number of turbulent persons in the southern part of Hayti, had formed designs of revolt and revolution in Jamaica, and had sent emissaries therefor that purpose. But general Christophe, who had been informed of the plot, and who were the principal individuals concerned in it, immediately denounced them, and they were arrested. — Itwas impossible for the British government to be otherwise than on good terms with such a neighbour. An order of council was issued at the court of St. James's, February 1807, authorizing all British merchant-men bound for Buenos Ayrcs, and La Plata, to proceed to any port in the island of St. Domingo, not under the ponlr of France or Spain, there to dispose of their cargoes, io take the produce of the country in retur and either to bring such cargoes "irectly to any port of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, or to ship them onboard neutral vessels, to be sold at any of the colonies of the enemy: the owners of the cargoes io return with the proceeds of such adven

tures on-board the neutral Vesseli to miy of the ports of the united kingdom.—This measure was certainly wisely calculated both for encouragingthe trade of Hayti, and of Great Britain and Ireland.

A nother event, fortunate for tha British commerce, happened on the 1st of January, 1807. The island of Curacoa was taken by a squadron of British frigates, commanded by captain Brisbane, under the orders of vice-admiral Dacrci, with the loss of only three mcnkilled, and fourteen wounded. Yet the harbour was defended by regu. lar fortifications, of two tiers of guns, Fort Amsterdam alone mounted C6 pieces of cannon. The entrance was only fifty yards wide, and across it were moored two frigates, and two large schooners of war. A chain of forts on the com. manding heights of Rliskburg, and Fort Republique, deemed nearly impregnable, was within distance of grape shot, and enfiladed the whole harbour. Soon after day-break, the British frigates made all possibU sail in close order of battle. Th« vessels appointed to intercept their entrance, were taken by boarding; the lower forts, the citadel, and town of Amsterdam, by storm. The port was entered at a quarter after six in the morning. Before ten a capitulation was signed. The British Hag was hoisted on Fort La Re. publique. And the inhabitants of the town, to (he number of 30,000, swore allegiance to the British government. .

Our affairs in the East Indies too Mere prosperous; though symptoms appeared of a lurking spirit of discontent, alarm, and daring enterprise, bred by the late horrors at Vellore, the unfortunate and frivolom frivolous causes in which they ori{inared, and the repulse of the British arms, after two most desperate attempts on the strong, and it would appear almost impreg. nablf fortress of Burtpore. The pitiful alterations that had been so childUhlv introduced into the military dress of the Sepoys, were given op immediately after the insurrec. lion and massacre at Vellore, in July 1806. But for several months after, a spirit of alarm, restlessness, ind commotion, was discerned among different corps of native troops: nor did this immediately or fully subside, even after the judicious proclamation of the government of Madrass, December 3d, 1806, noticed in our last volume.* A chief, named Dundie Khan, had received a tract of land, in addition lo that which he held of the com. paay, for his neutrality during the *ar with Ilolkar, and Scindiab. This man being called on to pay his tribute, said he was not then able to do it; alledging in excuse, that his ryots (tenants) had not brought iato his treasury money sufficient to pay the demand. He was treated gwtly: but next year, 1807, acomplaint was again made against Dun. die Khan to the judge and magistrate of tke district, who sent him a subpoena, commanding his attendancein thecoort, by a hircarrah, who is a messenger of the lowest class. This indignity was so offensive to Dunne's pride, that he ordered the man's head to be cut off. For this atrocious act of contumacy, he was •gain summoned before the civil tribunal, and again refused to make ta appearance: whereupon a military force was called out, under the

command of major-general Dickons, and encamped before Comona, liii principal fort. But, instead of aU tackingit immediately, as the general advised, the government procrastinated the siege, and allowed liim one month to deliver himselfup. During the interval, he employed himself in widening his ditch, strengthening his wall, and making every other preparation he could think of for a determined and resolute resistance. At the expiration of the month, he sent word that he would deliver up both himself and the fort tq the general, provided he was assured that his life was safe. But he would never consent to appear before * judge; as his government was not subject to our civil jurisprudence. In consequence of orders from the governor-general, the place was invested. Trenches were dug, bat., teries erected, and a breach that had been made, reported to be practicable. Ou the 18th of November, 1807, about three o'clock P.*M. five companies of his majesty's 17th regiment of infantry, the same regiment that had been so severely handled in the mad attack on the fortress of Burtpore, with some companies of Sepoys, went down to the breach. At the same time, an attack was made on a fortified garden, to the right of the fort; which was repelled with great slaughter on the side of the storming party. When our men descended the head of the glacis, they saw a ditch 28 feet deep, and 44 broad; but found numberless obstacles in the way of their ascending to the breach, for at the bottom of the ditch, the enemy had dug pits, which they had filled with powder: and on these,

* Historic Of Elrbpe, p. 254.

they they threw lighted choppers; coverings for huts made of dry wood and straw, and cemented with pitch; by which numbers of our men were blown up. Exposed to this furnace, while bastions still en. tire completely enfiladed the whole of the storming party, our troops remained for two hours, leaving no. thing untried that the most deter, mined bravery could suggest for getting into the fort; without effect. They were at last called off from this murderous scene, not without difficulty. Next night the enemy evacuated the fortress of Comona, and proceeded to that of Ghurnowrie. The loss of the British at Comona, was 35 officers, killed and wounded, and 700 men, of whom 147 were Europeans. On the 54th of November, regular ap

proaches began to be made to Ghur. nowrie; and when these weresufficiently advanced, shells were thrown, which annoyed the troops of Dundie Khan, who had no garden to retreat to, as at Comona, so much, that, about seven in theeven. ing, of the 10th of December, 1807, they abandoned the fort and escap. «dacrossthe Jumna.* This attempt to take the fort of Comona, with, out either filling up, or partly filling up the ditch, or destroying the bas. tions, seems to exceed in absurdity, and a wanton disregard to the lives of men, the attempt to reduce Buenos Ayres with iron crows and bayonets.—Whether the conduct of general Dickens was ever made a subject of inquiry, we have not learnt.

* Extract of a letter from an officer, dated at Ghurnowrie, in the Doab, 97th of December, 1807.

CHAr.

CHAP. XIII.

General Elections.Important change in public opinion, respect, ing an usual Majority in the House of Commons.Westminster Election.Meeting of ParliamentHis Majesty's Speech.De. bates thereon, in both Houses.Measure for obviating the inconleniencies respecting private Bills, arising from the late Dissolution of Parliament.Debate thereon.Appointment of a nea Committee of Finance.House of Commons, in a Committee of Supply.Army and Navy Estimates.New Military Plan for recruiting and reinforcing the Army.Irish Arms, and Insurrection Bills.Motion by, Lord Cochrane, for discovering to the Public what Sinecure Places, Pensions, 6(C were held by Members »f Parliament.Bill against the granting of Offices in reversion, thrown out of the House of Lords.Address by the House of Commons to His Majesty, on the subject of granting Places in Reversion.Notice by Mr. Bankes of a Motion against Places in Reversion, to be made by him early in next Session of Parliament.Prorogation of Parliameyzt.

THE most striking feature or characteristic in the general flections that followed the dissolution? of the short parliament, in April 1807, was, that the progress of public opinion appeared to hare in a great measure, superseded the influence of faction and party. The men in power, with their dependents, cried, Beware of popery, and of the encroachments of powerful families combined, on the prerogative of the crown: the late ministers, with theirs, Beware of the intrigues and artifices of subtle courtiers, and chicaning lawyers. The great opposite factions were loud in their accusations of each other. Each maintained, that the other grasped at offices, and the administration of government, not that they might have an opportunity of serving the country, but

merely for the purpose of getting possession of the public monej'. The people appeared very well disposed to believe both. - Both parties, the Outs and the Ins, as they were familiarly called, had so uniformly embarrassed government, when it was not in their own hands, and yet so uniformly taken the first opportunity of deserting the causes they had professed to maintain, that the people at large had absolutely lost all confidence in a majority of them ; a change in public opinion.fraughtwithuiany remote, if notspeedy consequences. SirFrancii Burdett, and lord Cochrane, becamo popular by disclaiming all attachment to all parties and factions, and declaring their wishes to overturn abuses, and nothing but abuses; to look only to the measures of men; and net to their persons

and

and connections. Their election for Westminster was a complete triumpAi over aristocratical combination, and all parti' s and factions whatever. These two men were not unworthy of beinj; so honourably and sosingularlydistinguished. The ma. tmed talents aud virtues of sir F. Burdett, his acute understanding, prompt e oqueuce, and manly sense, uniformly employed for the good of his country, and mankind, soared abovo the clouds of calumny and detraction, and had procured him a reputation not to be tarnished by any, or all of the surmises, concerning the danger of innovation; that is, the danger of timeous reformation, or reparation. The blooming virtues of lord Cochrane, uniting the genius and generous ar, dour of his family, with the most consummate skill in his profession, and an audacious and fortunate boldness, had classed him for years, though yet a very young man, among the most distinguished heroes of the age. Nor has his political courage, and the purity of his views, shone forth less conspicuously, whether in his harangues to the people, or his speeches arid conduct in parliament, than his intrepidity did on the bosom of the ocean, orthe shores of the enemy.

The new parliament was opened with the accustomi d formalities, on Monday the 22d of June, when Mr. Abbot was re-elected speaker of the house of commons unanimously, and with universal applause and acclamation. The first four dayswero omployed in administering tlicoatUs prescribed to the mem. ben-. The day appointed for the delivery of his majesty's speech to both houses of parliament, was

Friday, June the 26th. This was a very interesting day. Public at. t< nfio'i had been rous?d in no ordinary degree. • Passion had been powerfully excited, and with this, a Concomitant curiosity and expectation, loth parties, that is, the ministerialists, and oppositionists, had -assembled the whole of their respective forces. A circular letter was sent from the house of lord llowick, to all the members of the house of commons, that were supposed to be on the side of the old ministry, soliciting their presence on the occasion of the debate, and division expected on the address that should be moved, in answer to the speech from the throne. Inorder to ascertain, or form some notion, of the number of their adherents, a most magnificent dinner was give^, June 24th, at Willis's great rooms, St. Jaines'^; at which dinner, there were present 188 members of the house of lords and com. mons, in opposition to the new ministry. —The number of members assembled, on the 26th of June, in the house of commons, amounted to 505; the greatest, it was supposed, that had ever been assembled on any occasion.

On the forenoon of the same day, sir Francis Burdett proceeded, in compliance with the desire of the electors of Westminster, in a triumphal car, blazoned with a number of emblematical figures, with the utmost magnificence and pomp, from his house in Piccadilly,through streets crowded with innumerable multitudes of applauding spectators, to the Crozsn and Anchor ta. vein, in the Strand; where he dined with 1,500 of his friends. It was the first time that he had appeared

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