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"The corps of prince Jerome (says the 47th Bulletin of the grand French army) continues to b-'siege Breslaw. That beautiful city is in ashes. The siege makes a progress. The Bavarian and Wirtemb.'rg troops have merited the praise of prince Jerome."

Marshal Lc Brune, by an order, Ma)' 21st, called the troops that "were dispersed in the Ilanse towns, Hanover, and the duchies of Magdeburg, and Mecklenburg, to Pomerania; they were replaced by 31,000 Spaniards, the flower of the Spanish arm) : of these 26,COO, including 6,800 cavalry, came directly from Spain, umUr the command of the marquis of RomS'na; the other 5,000 from Etruria. These last arrived in different columns, on the Oder, between which river and the Elbe, the grand army of obscrTation was stationed, at the end of May, and in the beginning of June. But the whole, or part of this division, of the Spaniards, appear to hive joined the grand French army. The former were distributed in the Ilansc towns, Hanover, and Mecklenburg, in the end of June, ai.d beginning of July. The queen of Etruria 'oo, made an extraordinary levy of 20,000 men, "for promoting the general end of the war, as veil as for the defence of her own coasts." The Swiss, who had shewn themselves very backward to raise the 16,000 men, to be furnished according to treaty, to the armies of France when demanded, were called on by a letter from Buonaparte, to the Landamman, to furnish the troops without delay, under the pain of forfeiting the French alliance.

Not satisfied with all this host of auxiliaries, Buonaparte invited his people to send twelve regiments of

the conscripts of ISO", to the then, tre of war, six months before the time fixed by tlm constitution; and ordered the 80,000 conscript* for 1808, to be prepared and hold them-elves in readiness, to inarch when called on.

While the commander of the French armies, and of France, was thus employed in repairing his lose by disease and by a series of hardfought battles, particula ly that of Eylau, the allies on their part la. boured, though unfortunately with less success, to repair their loss, to increase their force, and oppose numbers to numbers. The court o% St. Pctcrsburgh, which had been loudly inipor<uncd to take up arms in defence of Prussia, reckoned with confidence on the co-operation of Great Britain, not only in the way of a subsidy, but of an army, that shoujd form a junction with the Swedes, and Prussian insurgents, and occupy a portion 'of the French lorce, by a diversion on tlicir rear. It was hoped that a -combined army of Swedes and English, would oblige ^he French to raise the siege of Stralsund, and moving up along the left bank of the Oder, menace the rear of the French army, and lay siege to Stettin, which was but weakly garrisoned, and in a bad state of defence; the possession of which would open a communication with Berlin, the Elbe, and the rest of Germany. If the French should remain in Po. land, so considerable a force acting in their rear, might oblige them to evacuate that country, or at least to detach such a considerable portion of their force, as might render them, in point of numbers, inferior to the allies. Even if the French should maintain themselves on the line of the Oder, this diversion would

fce of the fmtrsl importance, as it would enable the Riusians to march with tiirgreater part of their army into Silesia. And it was theapprc. kei'ion of luch an auxiliary force, that determined Buonaparte to assrinb'e ?o large an army of observa'ion in 1'omcrai.ia. Hepeited and tarnef (application* for an English ar. »y, infantry, and cavalry, were made ia T-iia. A subsidy was granted of j£ 500,000—but no troops were sent t'ro-n Britain until it was too late. And the force then sent to (be ItUnd of July, consistad only of the German legion, about 8,000strong. But the king of Pros. sia made some, tho'igh small atone. Bent, for the, blind, and infa. tinted policy that had disgraced his reign, by the resignation, patierjc*, and firn.ncss of his conduct after the disastrous day of Jena; and the heroic, though romantic bravery of the king of Sweden, and his gallant little army, served, no doubt, both to enliven the hopes of th« emperor Alexander, and to excite his emulation.

This young monarch, having set aot from St Petersburg!) on the28th of March to join his army, accompanied only by count Tolstoy, was met at Polanden on the Prussian frontiers, by the king of Prussia, who conducted him to Meawl, and accompanied him in his pro. (recs from thence to Konigsberg.

The archduke Constantine, with a rciniorcrnient of 30,000 men, con. sitting principally of the Imperial {sard, arrived at that place about tight days thereafter, when the trenches were opened before Dantzig.

The force that lay before Dantlig was between 30 and 40.(00 sen: that before Graudenz 3,000. Dutzig was defended by doa

ble, and in some places, by tripla ro*s of fortifications, by marshy ground, inundation-, the fort of VVeischel:nundf, and a garrisjn consisting of 12,000 Prussians and 6.000 Russians : the whole under the command of the Prussian gene, ral Kalkrcuth.

The siege of Dantzig was pushed on with great vigour and courage by the besiegers, and the defence of the place maintaincJ with equal cou. rage by the besieged. All ihc artillery required having arrived, tha whole of the batteries were mounted, and the bombardment commenced on the 24th of April. The garri-on not only returned the enemies' fire with skill and persevering resold, ti >n, but made frequent sorties, in which they both suffered very considerably. Among the most important of these, was one which took place at 10 hours afternoon of tha 20th. Some battalions issuing from their fortifications, rushed upon the French of the 3d parallel. They were twice repulsed, and returned a third time to the charge. They wera driven back at last by the Trench body of reserve, who came up to tha aid of the troops defending the parallel. The French found it necessary to defend this trench against similar sorties, by the erection, on both flanks, of ne-v batteries. A grand council of war was held at Bartenstcin, a town on the Alia; at which the king of Prussia and the grand duke. Constantino at. tended. The subject ol their deliberations was the dangerous situation of the city of Dantzig. It was agreed that Dantzig could ba relieved only in two ways. The first was to force a passage across the Passarge, attack the French line at different points, and hazard a geno

rai ral engagement, the result of which, if successful, would be to compel the French army to raise the siege of Dantzig; the seconc} to throw succours into Dantzig by sea. The first plan was deemed too dangerous, as it might expose (he Russian army to complete defeat and dispersion. It was therefore resolved to confine themselves to the plan of relieving Dantzig by water.

Ill pursuance of this plan, lieBtenant-general Kamenskoy, son of the field-marshal, em harked at Pi Haw, with two Russian divisions, formed of 12 regiments, and several Prussian regiments. On th« 10th of May, the troops were landed from 66 transports, under the convoj of three frigates, in the port of Dantaig, under the protection of the fort of YTeischelmunde.

Buonaparte on this immediately ordered marshal Lasnes who commanded the reserve of the grand army, 'to advance from Maiienburg, where he had his head quar. tcrs, with the division of Oudinot, to reinforce the army of marshal Lc Febvrc. The general arrived after an uninterrupted march, at the Tery moment when the Rnssi. ans were landing. On the 13th and 14th, the Russians made preparations for attacking the French. The opposite port of Weischelmunde was separated from the town ofDautzig, by a space from two to three miles in extent: this space was occupied by French troops.

The general of brigade, Schramm, who was at the advanced posts of the French by two-o'clock in the morning of the 15th, had formed the troops under his command, consisting of the second regiment of light infantry, a battalion of Saxons, and another of Poles, in order of battle, covered by the redoubts opposite 4

the fort of Weischelmunde. Th» Russian general Kamenskoy, in the morning of the same day, and a little after the same hour, advanced at the head of his troops disposed in three columns from the fort, with an intention to penetrate to the town along the right banks of the Vistula. An action took place, in which the Russians, who were superior in numbers to the French, and no! infi rior in bravery, would have overpowered general Schramm, if he had not received opportune assistance.

Marshal LeFebvre repaired to the bridge, which is situated below the fort on the Vistula, and ordered the 12th regiment of light ir.fantry, together with a battalion of Saxons, to cross over that way, to support general Schramm. General Gar. danne, who was Sharged with the defence of the right bank of the Vistula, also pressed that way with the rest of his troops. Marshal Lasnes with the reserve of Oudinot, was placed on the left bank of the Vistula, where it was expected, the day before, that the enemy too would make his appearance. But when marshal Lasnes saw the movements of the Russian general disclosed, he crossed the Vistula, with 4 battalions of General Oudinot's reserve. After two hours hard fighting, the whole'of the line, and reserve of the Russians, were thrown into confusion, and pursued to the palisadoes. A Russian column, which held out to the last, was put to the bayonet to a man. At nine in the morning, they were all shut up in the fort of Weischelmunde. The field of battle was strewed with dead bodies. The loss of theFrench, according to their accounts, was not more than 25 killed and 200 wounded; that pf the Russians 1,300 killed, 1,500 wounded,

wounded, and 200 taken prisoners. As soon as the Russian commander-in-chief was assured that his maritime expedition had arrived before Daatzig, his light troops began to reconnoitre and alarm the whole French line, from the position occupied by marshal Soult on the Passarge, to that of general Morand on the Alia. They were received at the meuth of the musket by the voltigeurs,* lost a considerable number of men, and retired with precipitation. The Russians also presented themselves at Malga before general Zayoncheek, commander of the Polish corps of observation, and carried off one of his posts. The general of brigade, Fischer, pursued, routed them, and killed 60 men, one colonel and two captains. They likewise presented themselves before the oth corps, and insulted general Gazan's advanced posts at Wildenberg. This general pursued them several leagues. But they made a mors serious attack on the brigade of Omulew at Drcnzewo. The general of brigade, Girard, marched against them with the 88th regiment, and drove them across the Narew. General Souchet arrived, pursued the Russians closely, and defeated them atOstrolenka, where he killed 60 men, and 50 horses. On the same day, Miy 13th, the Russians attacked general Marrois at the mouth of the Bug. This

general had passed that river on the 10th with a Bavarian brigade, and a Polish regiment. In the course of three days, he had constructed several tetcs-du-pont, and had advanced to VViskywo, for the purpose of burning the rafts on which the Russians had been at work for sir weeks. This expedition completely succeeded, and the foolish work of six weeks was destroyed in a moment. + This general attack on the French advanced posts, on the sauicdaywhen general Kamenskoy was to make his attempt oji Daolzig, was no doubt intended to occupy the grand. French army, in such a manner, as to prevent them from reinforcing the besieging army. The project of carrying relief to Dantzig, by means of a maritime expedition, appeared very extraordinary to such military men as were acquainted with the ground and positious occupied by the French army, and at the same time informed of the works, that had been constructed for intercepting the navigation of both the Vistula and the canal of Dantzig. An English brigantine, the Dauntless, with that thoughtless, but, on the whole, not unfortunate audacity with which a series of glorious successes had, at this time, inspired all British seamen, having \'20 English for her crew, 50 Russian and Prussian soldiers, carrying 24 carronades, and laden with powder and ball,

• Sharp-shooters, or marksmen, mounted on horseback, whose business it is to hover around the enemy, watch their movements as a vulture watches bis prey, and annoy him whenever a favourable opportunity is presented. This was an invention of Buonaparte's, in his expedition to Egypt, who was to be opposed by numerous bodies of horsemen, ou vast plains, in all directions. lie recollected the necessity of opposing cavalry to the Mahrnttnsin India, and the overthrow of Marens Crassus, in a great plain, by the Parthians, who wheeling round and round the Roman legions on horseback, poured in upon them vollies of arrows, to whjrh they bad nothing to oppose but their shield?. They declined close action, and the Roman jarelms could not reach them. Buonaparte, therefore, mounted corp« of light infantry, accustomed to sharp-shooting, on horseback, to aunoy and harass, and prevent any sodden attack by theMamalukes.

t 74tl» and 75th Bulletin of the grand French army.

appeared ,/peared on th&Vistula, in full sail, important siege of Dantzig vu

with an intention to enter the port continued.

of Dantzig. On her near approach, On the 19th of May, when every however, to the French works, thing was prepared by marshal Le she was attacked; not only by the Fcbvre, and the French wire proreedbatteries from both the shores, but ing to the assault, general Kalkrcuih a heavy shower of musketry, and demanded a capitulation on the forced to surrender. An aid-de- same conditions that he had former, ramp of general Kalkrcuth, who ly granted to the garrison of Maywas on his return from the Russian ence. It appeared to the French head quarters, and several English general (hat the difficulties remain, officers, were on-board tie vessel.* ing to be surmounted in bringing On the l6th, a Russian division, the siege to a conclusion were sucli of 6,000 men, under general Tur- that the besieged might hold out low, advanced from Brork to the yet fifteen days longer. In these Bug, and towards Pultukk, with a circumstances it was deemed expe. riew to prevent the execution of dient to grant them what they do. «omcncw works, for strengthening manded, an hononrablecapitulation. a te.te-du.pont. These works It was agreed, among other articles were defended by six battalions of that the garrison should march out Bavarians under the command of of the city with all (he honours of the prince royal of Bavaria in per. war, and be conducted totheadvan. ton. The Russians advanced four ced posts of his majesty the king times to the attack, and were four of Prussia, at Pillaw, by a march times repulsed, by grape shot of five days.

from the different batteries. The The garrison engaged not to Russians for this attack on Pultusk, serve against the . French army or had prepared a great number of its allies, for the space of a year rafts, in the same manner as they counting from the date of the cahad done in their attack on the pilulation, that is, the COth of May works of general Le Marrois. The prisoners of war, confined at Those rafts, prepared at so great an Dantzig, whether French, or allica expence of time and labour, were of the French, to be exchanged, burnt in two hours time. Those As the garrison had not -sufficient repeated attacks on works con. means for carrying off the whole of •tructcdwith consummate skill, and its baggage, a vessel was to be aflorddefended by strong batteries with, cd for this purpose, to sail directly out a chance of success, were matter for Pillaw, under (he command of a of astonishment totheFrench.andal- French officer. The magazines, and most induced them to suppose that in general all that belonged, not to the only purport of these attacks individuals, but to his Prussian mawas, to draw their attention, from jesty, to be consigned into the hand* other parts of their line, to the right of (he French government, ■wing of their army. But the posi- The Prussian officers, who wera tion of this was calculated for every prisoners on (heir parole, livine imaginable case, whether of at- wilh their families at DantzV be. tack or defence. Meanwhile the fore the blockade of the place t* • 76th Bulletin of the grand Trench army.

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