Page images

taan with the Russian chief. Buo. the French army. On the 16th, at saparte endearoared, however, after day-break, general Gazan with a these repulses, to make it believed part of his division moving towards in Germany, that both the Prussians the advanced guard, met with the and Russians were desirous of enemy on the way to Norogorod, peace, and that treaties were on attacked and defeated him. But at the polnt of being concluded. It the same moment, the Russians by Ta giren out in his newspapers, the left bank attacked Ostrolenka, that Duroc had gone to St. Peters, which was defended by general barch, and that the king of Prus. Campana, with a brigade of the din sis vus governed by the counsel of vision of general Gazan, and gene. Lombard, Beyme, and Kockyriz, ral Ruffin, with a brigade of the di. the mea wbo, together with Haug. vision of general Oudinot. The vitz and Lucchesini, had heretofore Rassian infantry advanced in seve. managed as he wished the court of ral columns. They were suffered to Berlin. He was desirous to spread come fairly within the town, as far 1 coariction that be possessed the as half the length of the streets ; kame induence at the court of Me. when they were charged by the Del. Tbos he hoped to sow the French with fixed bayonets. 'Thrice seeds of jealousy among the allies, did the Russians make an attack on aad to deter any of the German states the French, and were as often re. from insurrection on the reliance pulsed, leaving the streets covered el support, from powers with whom with the dead. Their loss was so be was likely, very soon, to be on great that they were forced to aban, terms of peace, amity, and even in don the town, and take a position zliance.

behind the sand-hills which coverit, The Rassians were not induced The divisions of generals Souchet by the battle of Eylau, and the ne. and Oudinot advanced, and at noon cessity their main army was under, the heads of their columas arrived d retreating behind the Pregel, to at Ostrolenka. General Savary live up their origiaal plan of acting drew up his army in the following on the offensive against the French, manner. General Oudinot com. and harassing them without ceasing manded the left in two lines ; geneby all means and at all seasons. ral Souchet the centre; and the ge. While the main army of the French neral of division Reille, chief of the Pillay at Eylau; 3.000 Russian pri. staff of the army, commanding a *G9ers were rescued by a squadron of brigade of the division of Gazan, Cossacks, a thousand strong at Wil. formed the right. He covered him. denbergh, from 15 to 20 leagues on self with all his artillery, and marchthis side of Eylau on the Omulcio, ed against the enemy. General

the south-west of the lakes of Oudinot putting himself at the head Passenbrin. General Van Essen, of the cavalry, made a successful February 15th, at the head of 25,000, charge, and cut in pieces the Cosediranced to Ostrolenka, along the sacks of the Russian rear-guard. two banks of the Narew. At the A very brisk fire was kept up for a Tillage of Flakis Law-owa he met the considerable time on both sides. dranced guard of general Savary, The Russians at last gave way on who commanded the 5th corps of all sides, and were followed ghting Vol. XLIX.

for for three leagues. The loss of the Pregel. In the battles of Berg Russians was 1.300 killed, among fried, Deppen, Hoff, and Eylau, w whom were two generals, above have taken from himn, 65 pieces o... 1,200 taken, seven pieces of cannon cannon, and 16 standards, beside and two standards. The French, the loss of more than 40,000 men according to their accounts, had on. in killed, wounded, and taken pri ly 60 men killed, and among these, soners. The heroes, who, on ou the general of brigade Campana, an side, remain in the bed of honour officer of great merit, and it is ob. have died a glorious death. It is th served, a native of the department death of a true soldier. Their rela ** of Marengo.* At Guttenfield, Fc. tives will always have a just clain be bruary 12th, 500 French soldiers to our care and beneficence. Ha were made prisoners by Platow, ving thus defeated all the enterprise *** hetman of the Cossacks. On the of the enemy, we shall return to same day a division of one of the wards the Vistula, and resume ou. French corps marched to Maricn. winter quarters. Those who shal** werder, situated on a small river, dare to disturb these quarters, shal: called the Leibe, not far from its have reason to repent : for whethe junction with the Vistula, thirty- beyond the Vistula, or on the other four miles South from Dantzig, side of the Danube, whether in th and forty-four north-east of Thorn. middle of winter or the beginning Seven Prussian squadrons found at of autumn, we will still be founes this place, were attacked and rout. French soldiers, and soldiers of the ed, and 300 men with 250 horses grand army.” taken. The rest of the Prussians. The first and leading considera making their escape, took refuge tion in the choice of positions for in Dantzig.

winter quarters for the French ar ia On February 16th, the day be. my, was, to cover the line of th fore Buonaparte began to march Vistula, and to favour the reduction from Eylau, for the disposition of of Colberg, Graudenz, and abovi. his troops in winter quarters, he all of Dantzig. It was therefore, thought it proper to counteract any concentrated in cantonments, be notion that might be entertained of hind, that is, to the westward or this being a retreat, and to keep up the Passarge, a small river which the courage of his army, by assum. passing by the town of Braunsberg iog a very lofty air of triumph, discharges itself, a little below this which he did in the following pro. place, into the Frisch-haaf. The clamation, dated Prussian Eylau, prince of Ponte Corvo, Bernadotte. February 16th. - Soldiers, we had with his corps, lay at Prussian tol. begun to enjoy a little repose in our land, and Braunsberg; marsha. winter quarters, when the enemy Soult, with his at Leibstadt and atiaiked the first corps, and shew. Mohrungen ; marshal Ney, at Guta ed theroselves on the Lower Vistula. stadt; marshal Davoust, at Allen. We broke up and marched against steio, Hohenstein, and Deppen ; a bim; we have pursued him sword in Polonese corps of observation, com. aand, so leagues ; he has tied to his manded by general Zayencheek, strong holds, and retired beyond the at Niedenbourg ; marsbal Le Febvre

* ¢ad and 63d Bullecins of the grand Prench artwy.


before Dantzig; the 5th corps of possession or command of the coun. the freach army, was stationed at tries he had over-run, by reducing Omeler; and the 8th as a corps of the Prussian fortresses that still helă observation, in Swedish Pomerania. out on the Vistula, and the Oder. There was a corps ander Jerome, But the Russians, determined and er prince Jerome Buonaparte, em. resolute in their purpose to give ployed in the reduction of the fortres- him no rest, engaged the French in ees of Silesia. The Bavarian divi. continued skirmishes, and in some sion, commanded by the heir appa. very sharp actions, which were tent, or as the French style him, the attended with considerable loss crowa.prince of Bavaria, serving to both parties. The most serious vader Jerome, lay at this time at of these it may be proper brief. Warsaw, and was on its route to join ly to notice; but we shall hasten to the French army. There was still the siege of the more important post a strong garrison at Thorn, where and port of Dantzig, to which, af, general Rapp, Buonaparte's aid-de. ter the battle of Eylau, every eye amp, was appointed governor, in was turned. the room of marshal Le Febvre, now A Russian detachment marched, esployed in the siege of Dantzig. February 26th, agairist Braunsberg, The head quarters were at Oste. the head, that is, the most advanced rode, Dearly equidistaot between or easterly of the French canton. Tbora, which formed as it were a ments. Buonaparte being informe bastion, on the right of the French, ed of this, gave orders to the prince sapposing their eye still directed to of Ponte Corvo, that it should be the east, and Marienwerder, and attacked; the execucion of which Ebing, with the Isle of Nogat, orders was committed to general which supported the left. And, for Dupont, an officer of great merit, maintaining a commonication be. who on the same day, at two o'clock tween the opposite banks of the in the afternoon, attacked the Rus. Vistala, as well as for securing a sian detachment, which was 10,000 retreat, in case of any disaster, in strong, overthrew it with fixed bay, the course of future operations, the onets, drove it from the town, and tietes-de-pont, or fortified bridges across the Passarge, took 16 pieces at Praga, Modlio, Dirchaw, in the of cannon, and two stands of co.

Batinate of Ulm and Thorn, were lours, and made 2,000 prisoners. $t in a proper state of defence, On the side of Gutstadt general 23d Dew ones constructed at Mari. Leger Belair, on receiving advico enbarg, and Marienwerder. From that a Russian column had arrived the country around Marienwerder, during the night at Peterswalde, and Elbing, which, particularly the repaired to that village at day: lobe of Nogat, is exceedingly fer- break, ou the 25th; overthrew it, ble, the French army was abun. took the general baron de Korff, tantly supplied with provisions.* who commanded it with his staff,

It was now the immediate object several lieutenant colonels and other ol Buonaparte, to refresh and re. officers, and 400 men. + trait bis army, and to secure the After the affairs of Braunsberg,

* Eith, 66th, and 67th, Bulletins of the grand French army, trad Bulletin, of the grand French army.


and Peterswald, for the encourage. ses of Silesia, upwards of one hun.: ment of the French no doubt, per- dred leagues. Part of this artillery ticularly the conscripts for the year, arrived on the 12th, and the rest whose services were now to be cal. on the 24h. led for, though six months before Buonaparte, that he might be the time fixed by the constitution, nearer to Graudenz, and Dantzig a statement was published of all the had by this time moved his heat pieces of cannon taken from the quarters, from Osterode, to the cas. enemy, by the French, since their tle of Finkenstein. The grand arriva, on the Vistula. In the en. French army formed a semicircle gagements of Pultusk and Golymin, around the corps under Le Febvre they had taken 89 pieces of cannon; employed in besieging those two at the engagement of Bergfried, 4 fortresses; which corps was com pieces; in the retreat of Allenstein, posed chiefly of Polanders, Hessians 5 pieces ; at the engagement of Dep. Badenese, and other troops of th pen, 16 pieces ; at the engagement confederation of the Rhine.* Th of Hoff, 12 pieces ; at the battle of left wing extended from Elbing tin Eylau, 24 pieces ; at the engage. Braunsberg, along the course of th ment of Ostrolenka, 9 pieces; and Passarge, on which were construct at that of Braunsberg, 6 pieces : in ed têtes-du-pont, as far as Gut .all, 175 pieces of cannon. It must stadt. The centre retired a littl be owned that an account of the behind this line to Prussian Holland cannon, taken from the enemy, is Liebstadt, and Mohringen. From a more satisfactory proof of suc- Gutstadt, the army extended by cess, than of the numbers said to be chain of posts, to Allenstein. An killed and wounded : for the can. the left wing communicated throug non may be produced, as vouchers Ortelsburg, with the left of th of its accuracy. And accordingly corps of Massena, whose right wa we are generally informed by the posted on the river Bug, an French gazettes, how the cannon stretched from thence to the mout taken were disposed of.

of the Narew. The left wing The attempts of the Russians, on the French, for the whole extent the Lower Vistula, being frustrated the line, along the Passarge, w: by the engagements of Bergfried, covered with a great number of er Deppen, and Hoff, and the great bat. trenchments and batteries. In fro tle of Eylau; Buonaparte was at of the centre and the right wing, we leisure to form the blockaile, and to Yast forests, and morasses. F push the siege of Dantzig. The security against accidents in th proper positions being taken, and rear, a post was occupied betwee works necessary for the complete the Passarge and the Vistula, an investment of this place construct. here were established some mags ed, trenches were opened before it, zines. on the night between the 2d and The right wing of the allied arm 3d of April. But it was necessary, composed of the wrecks of ti for carrying on the siege, to bring Prussians, and who bad not be battering cannon, from the fortres- engaged in the battle of Jena, es

* Thus these Poles and Germans were themselves invested, and held to the work, by the exterior army.


tended from the Frisch-haaf, along Hollanders and Spaniards. + The the right bank of the Passarge, as Germany that formed part of the far as Wormditt. At this place, the army of observation, were furnished channel of the river was both so chiefly by the king of Bavaria, the shallow and so parrow, that deser- grand duke of Baden, and the grand ters were in the practice of fording duke of Wurtzburg. The king il The Prussians were a fine body of Wirtemberg sent three, new re. of men, loyal, brave, and well dis. giments to recruit the army, under ciplined. They were under the Jerone in Silesia. To the grand impediate command of general army was added a new levy of Blucher. The Russian army occu. 15,000 Poles, 3,000 of which were pied Wormditt, and tretched from cavalry. To the Saxon troops serthence over Heilsberg, Bartenstein, ving in the grand army, three now and Schippenbell. Before the cen. regiments were added, and 15 men to tre, and each of the wings of the each company of the old ones. Russian army, there was an advan. “In a word,” says a Leyden gazette ad guard. The left wing was com- of that day, wholly, like all other manded by Platow, hetman or chief gazettes on the Rhine, under the of the Cossacks, who pushed detach. direction of Buonaparte, “ all the ments as far as Ortelsburg, where states of Germany, in alliance with several actions took place ; while France, second with vigour, the on erery other part of the line, vast designs of their new emperor, there was a tacit armistice. A con. and spare no trouble or expence, siderable body of Russians, also a for furthering to that great movarch recent reinforcement, was stationed the means of supporting with honour Dear the Warew. Besides the grand the contest in which he is engaged, Freach army, opposed to the line and which has for its object, the of the Russo-Prussian, there was the restoration of peace to suffering hucorps of Le Febvre, before Dantzig manity. For this end all the memand Colberg, already mentioned. birs of the confederation have reThere was an army also noticed solved to double their contingents." abore, of Bararians and Wirtem. It is not easy to say whether this bergers, under Jerome, aliàs prince spectacle of Germans, destroying Jerome, in Silesia, occupied in com. Germans, as well as Russians, and pleting the reduction of the for others at the uod of a foreign vsurtresses. And in addition to the per, of a foreign throne, is most whole, a grand army of observation calculated to excite indignation, bad begun to assemble from differs commiseration, or contempt. No. eat, and some of those very remote thing could possibly have been more countries under the orders of mar. humiliating to the Germans, except shal Brune, in Pomerania, * whose perhaps the idea entertained by tead quarters were established pro, their oppressor, that their miserrisionally at Stettin. This army, able vanity might be gratified by Then completed, was to be 80,000 his praises of their zeal and vigor, strong, half French troops, tie in such a cause, nay, and by the other half confederates of the Rhine, smiles of his youngest brother.

• 75th Bulletin, of the grand French army.
73d Bulletin of the grand French army.


6. The

« PreviousContinue »