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than with the Russian chief. Buonaparte endeavoured, however, after these repulses, to make it believed in Germany, that both the Prussians and Russians were desirous of peacf, and that treaties were on the potet of being concluded. It was given out ia his newspapers, that Duroc had gone to St. Petersburgh, aad that the king of Prussia was governed by the, counsel of Lombard, Beyme, and Kockyriz, the men who, together with Haug. witz and Lucchesini, had heretofore nonaged as he wished the court of Berlin. He was desirous to spread i conviction that he possessed the ume influence at the court of Memel. Thus he hoped to sow the seeds of jealousy among the allies, and to deter any of the German states from insurrection on the reliance of support, from powers with whom he was likely, very soon, to be on terms of peace, amity, and even in alliance.
The Russians were not induced by the battle of Eylau, and the necessity their main army was under, of retreating behind the Pregel, to give up their original plan of acting on the offensive against the Frwnch, and harassing them without ceasing by all means and at all seasons. While the main army of the French trill lay at Eylau; 3.000Russian prisoners were rescued by a squadron of Cossacks, a thousand strong at Wildenbergh, from 15 to 20 leagues on thisMdeof Eylau on the Omulcio, to the south.west of the lakes of Pissenhfim. General Van Essen, February 15th, at the head of 25,000, adranced to Ostrolenka, along the t»o banks of the Narew. At the village of Flak is Law-owahemetthc xJ'auced guard of general Savary,
*ho commanded the 5th corps of Voi. XLIX.
the French army. On the 16th, at day-break, general Gazan with a part of his division moving towards the advanced guard, met with the enemy on the way to Novogorod, attacked and defeated him. But at the same moment, the Russians by th: left bank attacked Ostrolenka, which was defended by general Campana, with a brigade of the di» vision of general Gazan, and general Ruitin, with a brigade of the division of general Oudinot. The Russian infantry advanced in several columns. They were suffered to came fairly within the town, as far as half the length of the streets; when they ware charged by the French with fixed bayonets. Thrice did the Russians make an attack on the French, and were as often repulsed, leaving the streets covered with the dead. Their loss was so great that they were forced to abandon the town, and take a position behind the sand-hills which coverit.° The divisions of general* Souchet and Oudinot advanced, and at noon the heads of their columns arrived at Ostrolenka. General Savary drew up his army in the following manner. General Oudinot commanded the left in two lines; general Souchet the centre; and the general of division Reillc, chief of the staff of the army, commanding a brigade of the division of Gazan, f jrmed the right. He covered himself with all his artillery, and marched against the enemy. General Oudinot putting himself at the head of the cavalry, made a successful charge, and cut in pieces the Cossacks of the Russian rear-guard. A very brisk fire was kept up for a considerable time on both sides. The Russians at last gave way on all sides, and were followed fighting C fer for three leagues. The loss of the Russians was 1,300 killed, among whom were two generals, above J,200 taken, seven pieces of cannon and two standards. The French, according to their Accounts, had only Go men killed, and among these, the general of brigade ('.mi pan a, an ©lucer of great merit, and it is ob. served, a na'ivc of the department of Marengo.* At Guttenfield, February 12th, 500 French soldiers were made prisoners by Platow, hetman of the Cossacks. On the tame day a division of one of the French corps marched to Maricnwerder, situated on a small river, •ailed the Lcibc, not far from its junction with the Vistula, thirtyfour miles south from Dantzig, and forty-four north-east of Thorn. Seven Prussian squadrons found at this place, were attacked and routed, and 300 men with 250 horses taken. The rest of the Prussians mak'ng their escape, took refuge iu Dantzig.
On February 16th, the day before Buonaparte began to march from Eylau, for the disposition of his troops in winter quarters, he thought it proper to counteract any notion that might be entertained of this being a retreat, and to keep up the courage of his army, by assuming a very lofty air of triumph, which he did iu the following proclamation, dated Prussian Eylau, February 16lh. "Soldiers, we had begun to enjoy a little repose in our winter quarters, when the enemy attaiked the first corps, and shew, ed themselves on-the Lower Vistula. We broke up and marched against him; we have pursued him sword in jand, RO leagues; he has tied to his strong holds, and retired beyond the
Pregel. In the battles of Berg. fried, Deppen, Hotf, and Eylau, w« have taken from him, 6'5 pieces o cannon, and 16 standards, beside) the loss of more than 40,000 men. in killed, wounded, and taken prisoners. The heroes, who, on out side, remain in the bed of honour, have died a glorious death. It is tit« death of a true soldier. Their relatives will always have a just claim to our care and beneficence. Having thus defeated all the enterprise* of the enemy, we shall return towards the Vistula, and resume our winter quarters. Those who shall dare to disturb than quarters, shall have reason to repent: for whether beyond the Vistula, or on the other side of the Danube, whether in the middle of winter or the beginning of autumn, we will still be found French soldiers, and soldiers of the grand army."
The first and leading consideration in the choice of positions for winter quarters for the Preach army, was, to cover the line of the Vistula, and to favour the reduction of Colbcrg, Graudenz, and above all of Dantzig. It was therefore concentrated in cantonments, behind, that is, to the westward of the Passarge, a small river which, passing by the town of Braunsberg, discharges itself, a little below this place, into the Frisch.haaf. The prince of Ponte Corvo, Bernadotte, with his corps, lay at Prussian Hoi. land, and Braunsberg; marshal Soult, with his at Leibstadt and Mohrtingen ; marshal Ney, at Gutstadt; marshal Daveust, at Allen, s'cio, (lohenstein, and Deppen; a Polonese corps of observation, com. manded by general Zayenchcek, at Niedenbourg ; marshalL« Febvre
kffore Dantzig; the 5th corps of the French army, was stationed at Omulew; and the 8th as a corps of observation, in Swedish Pomerania. There was a corps under Jerome, or prince Jerome Buonaparte, emPloyed in the reduction of the fortres*s of Silesia. The Bavarian diri«ion, commanded by the heir appa. rent, or as the French style him, the crown-prince of Bavaria, serving nsder Jerome, lay at this time at Warsaw, and was on its route to join the French army. There was still i strong garrison at Thorn, where poeral Rapp, Buonaparte's aid-de. camp, was appointed governor, in the room of marshal Le Febvre, now employed in the siege of Dantzig. The head quarters were at Ostcrode, nearly equidistant between Thorn, which formed as it were a h»tion, on the-right of the French, •opposing their eye still directed to tbe east, and Marienwer.ler, and Elbing, with the Isle of Nogat, which supported the left. And, for maintaining a communication between the opposite banks of the Vistula, as well as for securing a retreat, in case of any disaster, in tke course of future operations, the t«es-du.pont, or fortified bridges »t Praga, Modlin, Dirchaw, in the pahUinate of Ulna and Thorn, were P't iij a proper state of defence, •"d new ones constructed at Man. entoirg, and Marienwerder. From to country around Marian werder, iod Llbing, which, particularly the "te of Nogat, is exceedingly fer"1*5 the French army was abundantly supplied with provisions.*
'twas now the immediate object •f Buonaparte, to refresh and re«r*it hit army, and to secure the
possession or command of the coun. tries he had over.run, by reducing" the Prussian fortresses that still held out on the Vistula, and the Oder. But the Russians, determined and" resolute in their purpose to giv« him no rest, engaged the French in continued skirmishes, and in soma very sharp actions, which wera attended with considerable loss to both parties. The most serious of these it may be proper briefly to notice; but we shall hasten to the siege of the more important post and port of Dantzig, to which, after the battle of Eylau, every eya was turned.'
A Russian detachment marched February 26th, against Braunsbcrg! the head, that is, the most advanced or easterly of the French cantonments. Buonaparte being informed of this, gave orders to the princa of Ponte Corvo, that it should be attacked; the execution of which orders was committed to general Dupont, arf officer of great merit, who on the same day, at two o'clock in the afternoon, attacked the Rus. sian detachment, which was 10,000 strong, overthrew it with fixed bayonets, drove it from the town, and across the Passarge, took 16" pieces of cannon, and two stands of colours, and made 2,000 prisoners.
On the side of Gutstadt general Leger Belair, on receiving advica that a Russian column had arrived during the night at Peterswalde, repaired to that village at daybreak, ou the Q5th.; overthrew it, took the general haron de Korff who commanded it with his staff! several lieutenant colonels and other officers, and 400 man.+
After the affairs of Braunsbcrg,
and Peterswald, for t'.ie .-ncouragement of the. Frjnch no doubt, particularly the conscripts for the year, whobu services were now to be called for, though six months before the time fixed by the constitution, a statement was published of all the pieces of cannon taken from the enemy, by the French, since their arrival on the Vistula. In the en. gagements of Pultusk and Golymin, they had taken 89 pieces of cannon; at the engagement of Bergfried, 4 pieces; in the retreat of Allenstein, 5 pieces; at the engagement of Deppen, 16 pieces; at the engagement of Hoff, 12 pieces; at the battle of Eylau, 24 pieces; at the engage. ment of Ostrolenka, 9 pieces; and at that of Braunsberg, 6 pieces: in
.all, 175 pieces of cannon. It must bo owned that an account of the cannon, taken from the enemy, is a more satisfactory proof of success, than of the numbers said to be killed and wounded: for the can. non may be produced, as vouehcri of its accuracy. And accordingly •we are generally informed by the French gazettes, how the cannon taken were disposed of.
The attempts of the Russians, on the Lower Vistula, being frustrated by the engagements of Bergfried, Deppcn, and Hoff, and the great battle of Eylau; Buonaparte was at leisure to form the blockade, and to push the siege of Danfzig. The
. proper positions being taken, and '■works necessary for the complete investment of this place constructed, trenches were Opened before it, on the night between the 2d and 3d of April. But it was necessary, for carrying on the siege, to bring battering cannon, from ths fortres
ses of Silesia, upwards of one hun. dred leagues. Part of this artillery arrived on the 12th, and the resi on the 2-t'h.
Buonaparte, that he might bi nearer to Graudenz, and Danfzig. had by this time moved his head quarters, from Osferode, to thecas. tie of Finkcnstein. The grand French army formed a semLircla around the corps under Le Febvre, employed in besieging those two fortresses; whxh corps was com. posed chiefly of Polariders, Hessians. Badenese, and other troops of ths confederation of the Rhine.* Tht left wing extended from Elbing to Braunsberg, along the course of th« Passarge, on which were constructed tetes-du-pont, as far as Gutstadt. The centre retired a little behind this line to Prussian Holland, Liebstadt, and Mohringen. From Gutstadt, the army extended by a chain of posts, to Allenstein. And the left wing communicated througti Ortelsbtirg, with the left of tha corps of Massena, whose right wai posted on the river Bug, and stretched from thence to the mouth of the Narew. The left wing ol the French, for the whole extent ol the line, along the Passarge, wai covered with a great number of en. trenchmentsand batteries. In front of the centre and the right wing, wen vast forests, and morasses. Foi security against accidents in the rear, a post was occupied between the Passarge and the Vistula, and here were established some maga. zines.
The right wing of the allied army, composed of the wrecks of tha Prussians, and who had not been engaged in the battle of Jena, ex. tended from the Frisch-haaf, along the rijht bank of the Passargc, as far as Wonnditt. At this place, the channel of the river was both so shallow and so narrow, (hat deserters were in the practice of fording it. The Prussians were a fine body of men, loyal, brave, and well disciplined. They were under the immediate command of general Blucher. The Rn.-sian army occu. pied Wormditt, and -tretched from thence over Heilsbcrg, Bartenstein, and Schipponbell. Befo e the cen. tre, and each of the wings of the Russian army, there was an advanced enard. The left wing was commanded by Platow, hetman or chief of the Cossacks, who pushed detachment* as far as Ortelsburg, where several actions took place; while on every other part of the line, there was a tacit armistice. A considerable body of Russians, also a recent reinforcement, was stationed near (he Narew. Besides the grand French army, opposed to the line of the Rosso-Prussian, there was the corps of Le Febvre, before Dantzig and Colberg, already mentioned. There was an army also noticed above, of Bavarians and Wirtembergers, under Jerome, alias prince Jerome, in Silesia, occupied in com. pletins; the reduction of the fortresses. And in addition to the. whole, a grand army of observation had begun to assemble from different, and some of those very remote countries under the orders) of marshal Brune, in Pomcrania,* whose headquarters were established provisionally at Stettin. i'his army, when completed, was to be 80,000 strong, half French troops, tie •ther half confederates of the Rhine,
* Thus these Poles and Germans were thamsclres invested, and held to their work, hy die eitori'.i «rmy.
tended * 7*th Bulletin, of the grand French army, t 7'h1 Bulletin of the grand French army. C S
Hollanders and Spaniards. + The Germans that formed part of the army of observation, were furnished chiefly by the king of Bavaria, the grand duke of Baden, and the grand duke of Wurtzburg. The king of Vv'irtemberg sent three, new regimen's to recruit the army, :< ldcr Jerome in Silesia. To the grand army was added a new levy of 15,000 Poles, 3,000 of which wera cavalry. To the Saxon troops serving in the grand army, three new regiments wereadded, and 15 men to each company of the old ones. "In a word,''says a Leyden gazette of that day, wholly, like all other gazettes on the Rhine, under the direction of Buonaparte, " all the states of Germany, in alliance with France, second with vigour, the vast designs of their new emperor, and spare no trouble or expence, for furthering to that great mouarch the means of supporting with honour the contest in wlucii he is engaged, and which has for its object, the restoration of peace foundering hnraauity. For this end all the members of the confederation have resolved to double their contingent." It is not easy to say whether this spectacle of Germans, destroying Germans, as well as Russians, and others at 'heuod of a foreign usurper, of a foreign throne, is most calculated io excite indignation, commiseration, or contempt. Nothing could possibly have been more humiliating to the Germans, except perhaps the idea entertained by their oppressor, that *heir miserable vanity might be gratified by his praises of their zeal and vigour, in SHch a cause, nay, and by the smiles of his youngest brother.