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speech, said, that a mutual confi. not to counsel. Lord Mulgra dence between the sovereign and his said, that if William III. or Geor servants, appeared so indispensable I. had said to any of the ministe to the good conduct of the public employed by them, “ I have no o business; that when once there was jections to your principles in gen so little confidence on cither side, ral, except that I think you are a that the ministers were reduced to tached to the house of Stuart; an demand a pledge from the king, therefore unless you give me or the king from his ministers, there pledge in writing, I will not emplo was little other option than either you as my ministers," he appr for him to dismiss them, or for them hended there would have been noin to resign. Lord Boringdon con propriety in ministers signing such sidering that the motion included pledge. The earl of Limerickr an inculpation of the king for the probated the practice of govervin exercise of an undoubted perogative, Ireland by a faction, and recom couid by no means assent to it, and mended not to discourage loyalt therefore concluded a speech against or to practise on the people for part it, by moving, that the house do purposes. The question being un now adjourn. Lord Sidmouth said, rersally called for, at seven o'cloc that neither the dispatch of the oth in the morning, the house divide February to the lord lieutenant, on the motion of lord Boringdon nor the reasoning on which it was that the house do now adjourn. recommended, was calculated to Contents .,. . . . 171 convey to his majesty's mind, a Not contents - - - - 90 knowledge of its extensive import : nay, and that the wonder would

Majority 81 have been, if it had been understood The same subject, or rather sul by his majesty, in any other than in a jects, the circumstances that led 1 limited sense. The earl of Lauder. the removal of the late ministe dale,from a retrospective view of the from their places, and the cons parliamentary conduct of the leading quences that might be apprehende members of the present cabinet, to follow, the responsiblity of th concluded, that either there was no advisers of the crown, and the ca principle of cement or union among tholic claims, the ground work, 1 them, or that they had agreed to it were, of the whole, were agai give up every doctrine and opinion introduced into the house of com to which they were most sacredly mons, April 15. The first brang pledged. The present ministers, of the marquis of Stafford's motio he said, had come into office in di. in the house lot peers, it will be rd rect violation of the principles of collected, was not included in M the constitution; and unless the Brand's, in the house of common house marked that act with its disap. The honourable W. H. Lyttleton probation, the constitution would after stating the reasons why h be lost. Lord Holland observed thought it necessary that the hous that sir William Temple had told the should express its approbation 4 king, that he doubted whetherit were the conduct of the late ministers not a contradiction to suppose that moved the resolution, “ That tha he could make counsellors that were bouse considering a firm and effi


cient administration as indispensa. tended for the support of a system bly necessary, in the present impor. of national education, to have been taat crisis of public affairs, bad seen perverted for purposes of personal with the deepest regret, the late aggrandizement, and for the further. change in his majesty's councils.”' ance of the most criminal views. Tho This sotion was seconded by Mr. evils of the misapplication were laHibbert, and farther supported by mentably felt in the decline and de. the honourable John W. Ward, gradation of those establishments Mr. Macdonald, Mr. Tighe, Mr. for the uses of which those funds Roscoe, Sir J.Newport, Mr. Tier. were originally appropriated. Funds ney, lord Howick, earl Percy, so appropriated, were absorbed in and Mr. Windham. It was oppo. private expenditure, calculated on ied by Mr. Milnes, who concluded as parts of the family estate, and his speech by moving the order of bequeathed to the descendants as the day, Mr. H. Browne, Mr. Ro. parts of the patrimonial inheri. biason, Mr. Gore, Mr. Bankes, tance.*-Of these charges lord Case lord Castlereagh, Mr. Bathurst, tlereagh did not take any notice.-the chanceller of the exchequer, and The master of the rolls observed the master of the rolls. Among the that many ministers had been dis.

est impressive speeches in support missed from office, without any of the motion was that of sir John cause assigned, but that never unNewport, among the most convin. til now had a minister come to par. cing on the other side, was that of liament to complain of his sove. the master of the rolls. Sir John reign. Lord Somers was removed Newport, among a variety of re. without the shadow of a complaint; marks, observed, that when the late did he demand an investigation of administration directed their atten. the cause ? When the celebrated tion to an amelioration of the sys. Whig administration was removed tem of education in Ireland, the by queen Anne, did they breathe a first act of necessity was, to enquire whisper against their royal mistress into the state of those funds, in either house of parliament? In which were grossly misapplied. 1757, the dismissal of Mr. Pitt, and This charge of gross misapplication Mr. Legge, produced a great fer. Le stated, not either without suffi. ment. But was any thing said int grounds of justification, or about that dismissal in parliament with any inclination to avoid the If a minister were to secure to him. responsibility of his statement. He self the right of enquiry into the spoke it in the face of the noble lord cause of his removal, he would ap. opposite (Castlereagh). He char. proximate his situation to that of gred him with having known and a judge, or any other officer for safered those funds which were in life. Of a change in administration,

These animadrersions are also, with singular propriety, applicable to the fililing abuses in the antient and most pobly endowed university of St. Andrew's; es present chancellor of which is lord Mclville. Into those abuses it was underFood, the late administration intended, had it been continued, to institute an

pory. They were not more indifferent to office and emolument than other men. what it was certainly a fortunate circumstance for the public, that they rested, in past their claim to acceptation and popularity, on the correction of public abuses.



parliament had to constitutional mittee be appointed to take i knowledge, and on such change consideration the several acts could found no inquiry. The per. parliament relating to the build mission given to a noble lord, to de- re-building, and keeping in rep · tail the transactions that led to the churches and glebe houses in

dismission, was unconstitutional, as land, and to the purchase of gl it was publishing the proceedings of houses and lands there, and rel the privy council, which ought to be ring certain returns to be made kept sacredly secret. After six cerning the sufficiency, state, o'clock in the morning, a division condition, of such churches, for took place. The numbers were, regular performance of divine For passing to the order of the vice therein; together with

day, - - - - - 244 several reports and papers, rela .- Against it, - - - - - 198 thereto, and to the unions of

rishes, that were laid before Majorit; in favour of ministers, 46 house in the years 1803 and 11

-- respectively; and that they doc In the mean time the Scotch ju- sider the said acts and papers, dicature bill was not neglected, but examine how far the said acts. after it had undergone several alter. any of them, have been found ations, while others were in con. dequate, and in what respect, templation, it fell to the ground, for the purposes thereby intended; the present session, through the do report the same, together sudden prorogation of parliament. their observations and opin As something was thought wanting thereupon, to the house." A for the promotion of general edu. some conversation respecting cation in England, and to the dur population of Ireland, the neces administration of justice in Scot. of consolidating livings in some land, so something was found want. stances, but the enormous ex *ing in Ireland, to the support of re. 'to which a consolidation of pari ligion. A motion was made on this and livings had been carried subject, in the house of commons, others, Mr. Wickham's motion April 20th, by Mr. Wickham, who agreed to, and a select committee asserted that the population of Ire. ' pointed accordingly. Lord Hawi land was half that of South-Britain; bury, April 16th, having descri that the number of parishes in South- the circumstances of the capture · Britain exceeded 10,000, while in Monte Video, moved the thank

Ireland, the numher of parish's the house of pecrs to brigad which had been originally only general sir Samuel Auchmuty. 2,436, by subsequent consolida. that glorious achievement; tions, was, in 1791, reduced to lord Mulgrave, after a warm p! 1,120. This reduction was highly gyric, thanks in like manner to r injurious to the protestant religion admiral Stirling, and the ofticers and interest. In the late troubles men under his coinmand.-11 in Trilaud, rebellion raged most motions were carried nem, les violently in those districts in which On the same day lord Castlero · the reduction lau been the greatest. after a suitable introduction, mo Ile then moved, “ that a select com. “ that the thanks of the house


ronmons be given to brigadier warmly supported by Mr. Matthew, roeral sir Samuel Auchmuty, for and sir Johu Doyle, who had himIbe skill and gallantry displayed by self raised the 87th regiment, one bia, in taking the important fortress of those engaged in the expedition of Monte Video." The military ex. against Monte Video.--Mr. lat.

Bleory displayed in this achieve thew took notice that three of the went was not less justly than elo. four thousand inèn composing the quently and ingeniously displayed by expedition, were catholics: Lord Mr.Windham, late secretary of state, Castlereagh's motion being carried. for the war department, who second- unanimously, the thanks of the ed the motion. The concluding house were then also voted to bri. part of Mr. Windham's speech, gadier-general Lumley, and the of. apkars to have been prophetical. ficers and men; and also, to admiral * The merit of our soldiers (he Stirling, for his distinguished skill mid) was greatly enhanced by the and ability in effecting the landing; pliant defence made by their op- and also to the captains and officers beats. At the same time that of the flcet, for their co operation,

powerful resistance enhanced and to the scamen and marines. . the glory of the conquest, the va. On the 27th of April, the parlia.' loor, be trusted, displayed by the ment was proro ued by a speech from Spanish troops, would inspire their the thrope, delivered in his majesty's countrymen in Europe, with a kin. name, by the lord chancellor, one dred spirit in resisting the common of his majesty'scommissioners. The FODY : an enemy who, though other two were lord llawkesbury,

proaching them under the mask and the earl of Camden. The com. of friendship, was more dangerous missioners had it also in charge to than we were, though in open hos. 'state, that his majesty was anxious fility. If a little of this spirit were to recur to the sense of his people, eared in Old Spain, it would be while the events which had recently utended with consequences, at taken placr, were yet fresh in their which all Europe would have reason recollection.* Thus ended a very h rejoice." The motion was also short, and very busy parliament.

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Fragility of Confederations.- Victorious career of Buonaparte

yet his continued offers of Peace.-Circumstances that indu him to muke such offers.--Miserable state of France :-Conscripts Campaign of Ten Days - Battles of Heilsberg and Friedland Pacification of Tilsit.-War with Sweden. -- Evacuation Stralsund.


H ILE the British parliament what concerned France in relat

V was employed in debates to foreign countries, he profes respecting the means of quieting, or can ensulation of only great of opposing, the growing ambition tions, and useful enterprises; of France, Buonaparte pursued his was determined to perpetuate career of conquest, triumphing peace, that should constitute over the vanity of subsidies, the happiness of the French, and fotility of detachments, and expe. happiness of humanity.*» 1 ditions, sent at different times, to indeed would have been true poli different places, against one com. and true glory. And there w pacted and mighty power, and the not a few who entertained sang imbecility of coufederation; and hopes that Buonaparte would b shewing to all nations, that it is on exhibited as illustrious an exam the direction, not the existence, of of moderation and justice, as he military force, that the issue of cam. done of bravery, skill, and sur paigns, and fate of empires turns. in war. But it soon appeared

When Buonaparte was raised to he was actuated only by the vul the dictatorship of France, it was spirit of domination, as we have doubtful whether he would pursue ready observed, in a former volum a system of war and conquest, or which he pursued, both by arms of conciliation, peace, and all good political intrigue. Peace was alway arts. He was at first careful to ap- his mouth, war in his heart. Wh pear in the light of a good, as well the interests and the rights of 1 as a great man. He was solicitous are consulted, the war may be to be considered as the patron of sorted to in cases of necessity, religion, good morals, the arts and uniform end is peace. When sciences, and all manner of improve. ranny and the lust of conquest ment: nor, in his own personal vail, though peace may occasion conduct and deportment, was he be made the means, the end o deficient in the obseryance of all stantly in view is war. This the decencies of life. And for tem, unfortunately for the nation

• View of the Republic presented in the legislative body at Paris, 23 November, 1801. + See Vol. XLIII, 1801, HISTORY OF EUROPE.

- Euro

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