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bare canopy of heaven, facing each to outflank the French on their left other. One division of the French wing. But, in the same instant army, under Le Grand, was posted marshal Davoust, with his sharp. in front of the village; and one un shooters, appeared, and fell on their der Saint-Hilaire, on its right. The rear. Upon this, Augereau's corp? corps of Augereau was placed on its filed off in columns to attack ane". left. That of Davoust had been de occupy the centre of the Russiar tached in the evening, 10 stretch be- army, which might otherwise have yond Eylar, and to come round and overwhelmed Davoust with superior fall on the left flank of the Russians, numbers. At the same time, the if they should not have changed their division under Saint Hilaire, filed position. Marshal Ney was like off to the right to support Daroust wise in motion to outflank and fall and eventually to facilitate a junc. on them on the right.

tion between Davoust and Auge.tl On the following morning, (Fe rean, should his assistance become bruary 8) the Russians commenced pecessary. the attack with a brisk cannonade No sooner had these movement on the village of Eylau, and by the commenced, than so thick a fall o division under Saint Hilaire. The snow covered the two armies, tha emperor, with his guards, took post they could not see beyond the disa in the church and burying-ground, tance of two feet. The point of die .which the Russians had so well de rection was lost, and the French fended the day before.

columns, inclining too much to this To the military eye of Buonaparte, left, wandered about in uncertainty. the hill commanding the entrance This darkness lasted half an hour. into the plain, which the French had When the weather cleared up, 20,000. failed to carry the day before, pre- Russian infantry, supported by ca. sented itself still as the most im- valry and artillery, by beginning to portant object of attack. Till turn, threatened the division 0. this should be carried the centre of Saint Hilaire with excision.-A. his army could not act offensively this moment, when destruction ho against the enemy : for, in order vered over the French army, th. to do this, it was necessary that it greater part of which was stragglin. should stretch into the plain. Mar- in columns, incapable of supportion shal Augereau was therefore ordered one another, the cavalry unde to advance with his corps, and to open Murat, supported by the imperia a cannonade against this commanding guard under Bessieres, coming spot, with 40 pieces of artillery be- round about the division of Sain longing to the imperial guard. A Hilaire, extricated the French fron" terrible cannonade ensued on both their critical situation, by making sides. The armies being within half desperate and successful charge on a gun-shot of each other, every shot the formidable mass of the Russian took effect, and the slaughter on infantry. The Russian cavalry, whe, both sides was dreadful. At one endeavoured to oppose this manæu time it appeared, from the move, vre, were routed with great slaugh ments of the Russians, that, impa. ter. Two lines of infantry wer, tient of suffering so much without broken; the third falling back any decisive result, they had a mind supported themselves on a wood.

The issue of the battle, which had to them. It has cost the enemy been long doubtful, was decided from 12 to 15,000 prisoners, as ma. fron the moment that Davoust, ny in killed and missing, 45 pieces whose progress was greatly impeded of artiller, and 18 staudards." by the weather, was at last enabled Very different from this was the to fall upoo the rear of the enemy, account given of the battle of Eylau, according to his orders, and drive by the Russian general, who, in a thear from the hilly ground or plat. Jetter dated on the field of battle, at fora. The Rassians, after repeated Prussian Eylau, 8th of February, attespts to repulse that general, re. 1807, as ured the emperor, that the treated, leaviog their wounded and enemy had been completely defeatin Dicces of cannou on the field of ed; that a thousand prisoners, and

twelve standards, which he had the La contest, maintained for twelve honour to send to his imperial majesty, hours, during the whole of which had fallen into the hands of the con. $70 pieces of cannon vomited death querors. He had been attacked, he from the opposite lines so near each said, that day, on his centre and other, the number of killed and both his wings, by Buonaparte in Founded on either side could not person, who, however, had been be otherwise tban very great. The beaten back at all points, and every loss of the Freoch, according to where defeated., His guards had their own accounts,consisted exactly attacked the centre of the Russians in 1000 killed, and 5700 woundsd, several times, and as often been reindeding 1090 so severely, as to be pulsed : several columns of French rendered for ever unfit for service; infantry, and regiments of cuiras. and that of the Russians in 7000 siers had been destroyed. The loss left; dead on the field of battle*. of the Russians he believed might Abong the wounded on the side of exceed 6,000 mén; but that he might the French, were four colonels and estimate, without exaggeration, the Ere generals, one of whom was mar- loss of the enemy, at more than shal Augereau, and another, general 12,000+.--The circumstance of the Hautpoult, who died of his wounds. 12 standards taken, appears incre. la the number of the killed, were dible ; yet what shall be said of the fear colonels. The eagle of one of clause in the general's letter, men. the French battalions, according to tioning that they had been sent to their own accounts, was lost; that the emperor? Was it a kind of . 1, no doubt, it was taken by the patriotic fraud, on the part of the ceny. "Thus, (the bulletin pro- general, or the gazette of St. Petersceeds.) the Russian expedition which burg? In either case, it is an instance met oat on the 27th of January, and of the excessive exaggeration in ga. which had for its object to stretch zettes, now more than ever common it touardsThorn, and turn our left with both French and Russiaus, 2. vies, has proved exceedingly fatal bove noter. .

* Fikr-eighth bulletin of the grand French army, compared with the official mare I o general Benniysen.

Tradoction d'une lettre du général baron de Bennigsen, à S. M. l'empereur de R e, apportée par le lieutenant-colonel Havitzki, aide-de camp de S. M.J.sur le cap de bataille, &c.-See also, Relation officielle transmise par son excellence me Larra de Bennigsen, géuéral en chef, Conniogsberg, 25 Mars, 1807.

The

The character and result of the whole lines of Russian knapsacks most bloody battle of Eylau, seem broken pieces of muskets and sa to be exhibited with great candour in bres; the ground covered with can a letter written by a Russian officer non-balls, howitzer shells, and am of the army, three days after the munition; twenty-four pieces o battle*. " Our army has performed cannon, near which lay the bodie prodigies of valour; though our loss of their drivers, killed at the mo has been very great. It is gene. ment when they were endeavourin rally agreed, that it was a miracle to carry them off. All this was th we did not lose more : which is as. more conspicuous, as the groun cribed to the excellent discipline and was covered with snow. The 5,001 order, which prevailed even in the wounded Russians were all con hottest of the action, and in the veyed in sledges to Thorn, and t midst of such a fire, as was never the French hospitals, on the let perhaps witnessed before. For these bank of the Vistula. The surgeon three days we have been enquiring of observed with astonishment, tha each other, On which side the vic. the fatigue of this conveyance di tory lay ? This question may appear no harm to the wounded +. singular : but in truth it is impossible At the same time that mar for me to say, which of the two ar- shal Davoust attacked the ele mies fought with the greatest cou. vated ground, the possession d rage and obstinacy, and did the which was so warmly disputed greatest mischief to the other.” It marshal Ney came round by Al is a very remarkable circumstance, torf, driving before him the sam in the battle of Eylau, that there column which he had attacked a was little or no engagement between Deppen, and, in the evening, occu the infantry of the two armies. The pied the village of Schoneditton. Th battle was fought by the artillery and Russian general therefore, harasse cavalry. The day after the battle on his flanks by Davoust and Ney presented a horrid scene of dead who threatened to cut off his rear and dying men : to bury all the guard, ordered several battalions a dead, required inmense labour. A grenadiers to make an attack oi great number of Russian slain, were Schoneditton ; which was according found with the insignia of their or- ly made at 8 o'clock at night, bu ders. Forty-eight hours after the without effect. The next day, (Fe battle, there were still upwards of bruary 9) the Russians were pursue 5,000 wounded Russians, whom the as far as the river Frischeling, whil French had not been able to carry they retreated behind the Pregel off. Brandy and bread were carried The French gazette says in conclu to them, and they were successively sion, « This expedition is ended carried to the ambulance, or train of The enemy is beaten and drive carriages. On the space of a square back eighty leagues from the Vistu league were seen 9 or 10,000 dead la. The French army is going t bodies; 4 or 5,000 horses killed ; return to its winter quartors."

* Dated, Tilsit, ville du royaume de Prusse, près de Niemen, a 20 lieues nori este de Koningsberg, le 11 Fevrier 1807. 6stk bulletin of the grand French army.

106.

That the main body of the Rus. ed an attack on the rear of the sian army-pot absolutely the whole Russians, which had been lately 23 will presently appear, were re-inforced. It was unable to reforced to fall back eighty leagues sist the vigour of an attack conduct. fron the Vistula, is true, but it is ed by his majesty in person....To. also true that Baona parte did not morrow we shall be at Koningsberg.fnd himself in a coodition, at this And an attempt on Koningsberg time again to attack them, and would, no doubt, have been made, hazard another battle. The Rus. if, after the battle of Eylau, Buo. saa army, without any material naparte had conceived that he pos. lost, effected its retreat to Konings. sessed means for aecomplishing his

object. But this was, in truth, a Boonaparte was now only a drawn battle ; and the severest sort distance from Koningsberg, a check he had received since the graad depository of the enemy. commencement of his career, which The steeples of this place, which had was in Italy, in 1796. been held out as a rich prey to the It was not, however, without French soldiers, were to be seen some degree of plausibility that both froa the heights of Eylau. No sides claimed the victory, or at least tåing could have been more desirable a discomfiture of the design of their than to take a place which would at opponents. It was the design of once hare been a most advantageous Buonaparte to take Koningsberg. müitary position, furnished abun. He was forced to fall back on the dance of provisions apd stores, and Vistula. It was the design of the gratified the army by pillage. And Russians to drive the French back that the reduction of Koningsberg beyond the Vistula, to re-take was accordingly, in fact, his object, Elbing and Thorn, and to force appears from a letter addressed to them to raise the sieges of Colberg, the express Josephine, by Berthier Graudenz, and Dantzig. By a prince of Neuf.Chatel, the most series of successive actions, they confideatial minister of Buonaparte, had been driven back by the French

a the efening before the battle, da as far as Eylau, and on the day ted at Great Glandau, 7th February. after the battle, beyond the Pregel. " At the approach of his imperial The French had buried the Russian bajesty, the Russian army fell back. dead; collected and taken care of On the evening of the 6th he had the greatest part of their wounded, passed Landsberg with the intention taken a number of their cannon of continuing his retreat during the dismounted in the action ; and, night. The emperor, who com- finally, remained seven or eight kanded the advanced guard, order days on the field of battle.

CHAP.

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Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies wer

placed after the Battle of Eylau. Pacific Overtures by Buona parte-Rejected.- Artifices of Buonaparte.-The Russians per

severe in their System of acting on the offensive.-Battle of Ostri 'lenka.-Skirmishes.--Triumphant Proclamation, or Address

Buonaparte to his Army.--Positions of the French Army in thei Winter Quarters.-Bridges and Têtes.du-Pont on the Vistula -Continued Skirmishes.-The most important of these.-Arti lery taken from the Enemy by the French since their Arrival a the Vistula.-Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerom Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.-Siege of Dantzig.- Di position of the grand French Army for protecting the besiegin Army.Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.- Arrival of t) Russian Emperor at Memel-Followed by that of the Archdui Constantine with a Reinforcement to the Russian Army.-Grar Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.-Of two Plan that which was adopted.-Prussian Force sent for the Relief Dantzig, lefeated.-- Attacks of the Russians on the whole Li of the French-Intended to prevent them from reinforcing t Army besieging Dantzig:-Dantzig surrendered on Capitulati -Conditions of this.-State of the Garrison at this time.-1 Fort of Weischelnunde also surrendered.-Stralsund-The Sie of it, abandoned by the French, who retire towards the Vistula. Pursued by the Swedes. These, advancing beyond the Peene, a discomfited by the French under the Command of Marshal Mc tier, and reduced to the necessity of demanding an Armistic which is granted.-Conditions of this Armistice~The King of Sza den arrives at Stralsund-Reviews and encourages his Arni - Himself encouraged by the Arrival ofan Envoy from Great B tain with Assurances of Succour in Troops and in Money.

THE relative positions in which pacific nature. But general B.

1 the French and Russians were nigsen, in the true spirit of a galla placed after the battle of Eylau, soldier, replied, that he had be were not misunderstood by Buo. sent by his master not to negotia naparte; who, according to his but to fight. Bertrand was th * usual policy on all great orises, dis ordered to proceed, from Konin patched Bertrand, a general of die berg to Memel, with the same ov vision, to the Russian commander- tures to the king of Prussia; w in-chief with some overtures of a whom he had not greater suce

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