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HISTORY OF EUROPE.
General Aspect of Europe.—Resources of the opposite Belligerent Powers—and Views.—Fragility of Confederations.—General Maxims and Measures of Buonaparte.—Position and Strength of the French and Russian Armies.—Military force remaining to the King of Prussia after the Battles of Jena and Pultusk.—The general Plans of the opposite Armies.—Battles of Mohringen—Bergfried—Deppen —Hqff—and Eylau.—Retreat of the French on the Vistula—and of the Russians behind the Pregel. •!
Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies were placed after the Battle of Eylau.—Pacific Overtures by Buonaparte— Rejected.—Artifices of Buonaparte.—The Russians persevere in their System of acting on the offensive.—Battle of Ostrolenka.— Skirmishes.—Triumphant Proclamation, or Address of Buonaparte to his Army.—Positions of the French Army in their Winter Quarters.—Bridges and Tetes-'du-Pont on the Vistula.—Continued Skirmishes.—The most important of these.—Artillery taken from the Enemy by ,the French since their Arrival oil the Vistula.— Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerome Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.—Siege of Dantzig.—Disposition of the grand French Army for protecting the besieging Army.—Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.1—Arrival of the Russian Emperor at Mtmcl—Followed by that of the Archduke Constantine with a Reinforcement to the Russian Army—Grand Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.—Of two Plans, that which was adopted.—Prussian Force sent for the Relief of Dantzig, defeated.— Attacks of the Russians on the whole Eine of the French—Intended to prevail them from reinforcing the Army besieging Dantzig.— Dantzig surrendered on Capitulation—Conditions of this.—State of Vol. XLIX. 3 X the
the Garrison at this time.—The Fort of Weischelnunde also «r*
Considerations on the late Negotiation*with France, in the House of
The insatiable Ambition and insiduous Policy of France.—No Alternative for Britain between Resistance and Submission.—The first Attentions 0/ the Legislature called to the State of the Army and Navy.— Ordnance Estimates moved in the House of Commons, by Air. Calcraft. —Resolutions moved thereon—agreed to.—Motions by Lord Castlereagh, for the Returns of the Effective State of our Military Establishment—agreed to.—Army Estimates.—Number and Disposition of the Volunteers.—Result of the Alteration that had been made in the Recruiting System.—Observations by Lord Castlereagh on the Statements that had been laid before the House by the Secretary at War.—Reply to Lord Castlereagh, by Mr. Windham.—Ntw System for Recruiting the Army vindicated.—Strictures on that System by Mr. Perceval.—Mr. Perceval answered, and the New System defended by Lord Hawick.—Remarks by Sir James PuUeney.—Speech of Sir John Doyle.—Observations by Mr. Johnstone—Mr Rose— and Mr. Thornton.—The New System defended by Lord H. Petty— The Resolutions agreed to.—Navy Estimates moved by Mr. Thomas Grenville.—New Arrangement proposed for a clear Statement of the Naval Estimates in future.—Resolutions moved by Mr. Grenville, agreed to.—Sums for Miscellaneous Services moved by Mr. Vansittart— among these a Sum in Addition to what had been granted before to the Roman Catholic college at Maynooth—Which gives rise to animated conversations on this Subject:—The Speakers; Mr. Perceval—Mr. Banks—Lord Stanley—Sir John Newport—Mr. Gratfan—Lord Mahon—Mr. Wilberforce—and Lord Howick.—All the Resolutions moved by Air. Vansittart, agreed to. 72
finances of the country.—Supplies.—Ways and Meant.—Plan of Finance, with its Object, proposed by Lord Henry Petty.—Eleven I'eso'.iliviis relating to his Plan laid on the Table Jor the consideration of the House of Commons.—Objections to the Plan by Mr. Johnntonr —nn J by Lord Castlereagh.—Resolutions relating to a Phn of J- n.. ce, submitted to the House by Lord Castlereagh, in place of that of l*r I H. P.—Objections to Istrd H. P.'s Plan by Mr. Long—Lord H. P.'s Plan defended by Mr. Tierney,—and by Lord H P. himseij. — Farther Reasoning against Lord H. P.'s Plan by Lord Cast lei eagh Fundamental Error in Lord C.'s Plan of Finance pointed our bu M.: Giles.—Lord H. P.'s Plan defended by Mr. David Giddy. - R < utions on Lord H. P.'s Plan reported and agreed to.^-Plan of /.,. uu e
by Sir James Pulteney.— Lord P.'s Plan defended, end Lord C.'t at-
and ordered to be printed.—Reasons for postponing from time to time the Second Reading of the Bill.—Resolution, moved by Mr. Bankes against Granting Places or Offices in Reversion; and carried. —Motion hy Mr. Martin for an Address to His .Majesty, against Granting for Life any Office that had been hitherto held during His Majesty's pleasure.—A long Debate.—The Motion carried-—Circumstances that led to a Change of Ministry, detailed by Lord Grenville in the House of Lords, and Lord Howick in that of the Commons.— Committee of Inquiry into the Propriety of permitting Sugar and Molasses to be used in Distilleries and Breweries.—Conduct of the Marquis of Wellesley.—Freehold Estates.—Assets for Simple Contract Debts.—Admhiiilration of Justice in Scotland.—^Adjournment of Parliament ••• • • 128
Meeting of Parliament after the Adjournment.—New Ministry.—Motion by Mr. Brand respecting Pledges on the Part of Ministers to the King;—negatived.—A Motion to the same Effect by the Marquis of Stafford in the House of Peers;—negatived.—And another against the Change of Administration in the House of Commons by Mr. Lyttleton ;—n-gatived.—Churches and Glebe Houses in Ireland.—Thinks for t/te Reduction of Monte Video.—Prorogation and Dissolution of Parliament 151
C H A.P. X.
Fragility of Confederations.—Victorious Career of Buonaparte:—yet his continued offers of Peace.—Circumstances that induced him to make such offers.—Miserable state of France—Conscripts.—Campaign of Ten Days.—Battles of Heilsberg and Friedland.—Pacification of Tilsit.—War with Sweden.—Evacuation of Strahund 166"
Qualities required in a Statesman placed in a new and difficult Situation. —Characters of Mr. Charles Fox and the Marquis of Lamdown.— Folly of going to War with France in 1793-—Advantages of Unanimity and Perseverance in one Plan or System.— Unsteadiness and Vacillation in the Conduct of Great Britain and of Russia.—Different Enterprises.—Individual Interests pursued by the Allies.—Constant Designs of Russia on the Ottoman Empire.—The present Crisis deemed favourable for their Completion.—War between the Russians and Turks. —Revolution at Constantinople.—Fruitless Expedition to the Dardanelles under the Command of Admiral Sir Thomas Duckworth.—