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General Aspect of Europe.Resources of the opposite Belligerent Powersand Views.Fragility of Confederations.General Maxims and Measures of Buonaparte.Position and Strength of the French and Russian Armies.Military force remaining to the King of Prussia after the Battles of Jena and Pultusk.The general Plans of the opposite Armies.Battles of MohringenBergfried—Deppen Hqff—and Eylau.Retreat of the French on the Vistulaand of the Russians behind the Pregel. •!


Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies were placed after the Battle of Eylau.Pacific Overtures by BuonaparteRejected.Artifices of Buonaparte.The Russians persevere in their System of acting on the offensive.Battle of Ostrolenka.— Skirmishes.Triumphant Proclamation, or Address of Buonaparte to his Army.Positions of the French Army in their Winter Quarters.Bridges and Tetes-'du-Pont on the Vistula.Continued Skirmishes.The most important of these.Artillery taken from the Enemy by ,the French since their Arrival oil the Vistula.Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerome Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.Siege of Dantzig.Disposition of the grand French Army for protecting the besieging Army.—Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.1Arrival of the Russian Emperor at Mtmcl—Followed by that of the Archduke Constantine with a Reinforcement to the Russian Army—Grand Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.Of two Plans, that which was adopted.Prussian Force sent for the Relief of Dantzig, defeated.Attacks of the Russians on the whole Eine of the FrenchIntended to prevail them from reinforcing the Army besieging Dantzig.Dantzig surrendered on CapitulationConditions of this.State of Vol. XLIX. 3 X the the Garrison at this time.—The Fort of Weischelnunde also «r*
dered.—Stralsund—The Siege of it, abandoned by the French, trha re-
tire towards the Vistula.—Pursued by the Swedes.—These, adutnevtg
beyond the Peene, are discomfited by the French under the command
of Marshal Mortier, and reduced to the necessity of demanding en
Armistice; which is granted.—Conditions of this Armistice.—ite
King of Sweden arrives at Stralsund—Reiieics and encourages ku
Army.—Himself encouraged by the Arrival of an Envoy from Great
Britain with Assurances of Succour in Troops and in Money. 10


Muting of Parliament—His Majesty's Speech delivered to both Houses

bu commission—An Address in Answer—Moved in the House of

Peers, by the Earl of Jersey-Seconded by Lord Somers-Observations

in the Speech by Lord Hawkesbury—Replies made to Lord Hawkes-

burv. and. the Speech in general defended by Lord Grenvtlle—An

Address in Answer to the Speech from the Throne, moved w t*e

House of Commons by the Hon. William Windham—Seconded by

Mr. John Smith-Speech of Mr. Canning on the present Occasion

and Character of his Speeches in general.-Substitution proposed

bu Mr. Canning, of a new Address in place of that proposed

bu Mr. Lamb—Reply to Mr. Canning, and the Speech from the

flirone in general defended by Lord Howick-Reply to LordHowick,

and various Strictures on the Conduct of Administration, by Lord

Castlereagh—The Address, carried Nem. diss.—Thanks to J***TM

Sir John Stuart, and the Officers and Soldiers by whose valour the

Victoru of Maida was obtained, moved in the House of Peers

by Lord Grenville—And in the House of Commons by Mr. Windham.—

These Motions carried in both Houses by Acclamation. 31


Considerations on the late Negotiation*with France, in the House of
Peers—Apology by Lord Grenville for the Omission of certain papers
in the Number of those laid before the House.-The Ends « view,
and the principle on which the British Ministry acted during toe
whole of the Negotiation—Review of the Negoaation, m the jour
different Stages into which Lord Grenville divided it.—Causes of the
Ruvture of the Negotiation.-Address to His Majesty on the Subject
of the Negotiation, moved by Lard Grenville.-Observations on the
Address, and the Subject of the Address by Lord Uawknbury-Lord
Sidmouih-Lord Eldon-And the Earl qf Lauderdale-Addrrs*
tairied, Nem. diss.-Address to the same effect moved in the Hon*
of Commons by Lord Howick.-Conduct of the English Mm^ry^s
the Negotiation vindicated.-Speeclies on the piesent Question by Lord
Yarmouth-Sir Thomas Turton-Mr. Montague-Mr. nhtbread-
Mr. Canning—Lord Henry Petti/—and Mr. Perceval—Address carried, Nem. diss. • 52


The insatiable Ambition and insiduous Policy of France.No Alternative for Britain between Resistance and Submission.The first Attentions 0/ the Legislature called to the State of the Army and Navy.Ordnance Estimates moved in the House of Commons, by Air. Calcraft. Resolutions moved thereonagreed to.Motions by Lord Castlereagh, for the Returns of the Effective State of our Military Establishmentagreed to.Army Estimates.Number and Disposition of the Volunteers.Result of the Alteration that had been made in the Recruiting System.Observations by Lord Castlereagh on the Statements that had been laid before the House by the Secretary at War.Reply to Lord Castlereagh, by Mr. Windham.Ntw System for Recruiting the Army vindicated.Strictures on that System by Mr. Perceval.Mr. Perceval answered, and the New System defended by Lord Hawick.Remarks by Sir James PuUeney.Speech of Sir John Doyle.Observations by Mr. JohnstoneMr Roseand Mr. Thornton.The New System defended by Lord H. PettyThe Resolutions agreed to.Navy Estimates moved by Mr. Thomas Grenville.New Arrangement proposed for a clear Statement of the Naval Estimates in future.Resolutions moved by Mr. Grenville, agreed to.Sums for Miscellaneous Services moved by Mr. Vansittartamong these a Sum in Addition to what had been granted before to the Roman Catholic college at MaynoothWhich gives rise to animated conversations on this Subject:The Speakers; Mr. PercevalMr. BanksLord StanleySir John NewportMr. GratfanLord Mahon—Mr. Wilberforce—and Lord Howick.All the Resolutions moved by Air. Vansittart, agreed to. 72


finances of the country.Supplies.Ways and Meant.Plan of Finance, with its Object, proposed by Lord Henry Petty.Eleven I'eso'.iliviis relating to his Plan laid on the Table Jor the consideration of the House of Commons.—Objections to the Plan by Mr. Johnntonr —nn J by Lord Castlereagh.Resolutions relating to a Phn of J- n.. ce, submitted to the House by Lord Castlereagh, in place of that of l*r I H. P.—Objections to Istrd H. P.'s Plan by Mr. Long—Lord H. P.'s Plan defended by Mr. Tierney,—and by Lord H P. himseij. Farther Reasoning against Lord H. P.'s Plan by Lord Cast lei eagh Fundamental Error in Lord C.'s Plan of Finance pointed our bu M.: Giles.—Lord H. P.'s Plan defended by Mr. David Giddy. - R < utions on Lord H. P.'s Plan reported and agreed to.^-Plan of /.,. uu e

3X2 by

by Sir James Pulteney.Lord P.'s Plan defended, end Lord C.'t at-
tacked by Mr. H. Thornton.— Ways and Means.Progress of the Con-
mission of Military Inquiry.Abuses in the Barrack Department.
Fraudulent Dealings of Mr. Alexander Davison.Proceedings of the
Treasury tcith r<gard to DarhonMotion by Mr. Robson for the
Appointment of a Committee of Inquiry into useless Places, and sinecure
Offices.Slightly amended by Lord H. Petty, and agreed to.Reflec-
tions on the Proceedings in Parliament relating to Finance.On the
Mature of Money, and its great and still increasing Influx.Bad Ff-
fects of this.Observations on the Funding System.And on the Sink-
ing Fund for paying off the National Debt S.')

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and ordered to be printed.Reasons for postponing from time to time the Second Reading of the Bill.Resolution, moved by Mr. Bankes against Granting Places or Offices in Reversion; and carried. Motion hy Mr. Martin for an Address to His .Majesty, against Granting for Life any Office that had been hitherto held during His Majesty's pleasure.A long Debate.The Motion carried-Circumstances that led to a Change of Ministry, detailed by Lord Grenville in the House of Lords, and Lord Howick in that of the Commons.Committee of Inquiry into the Propriety of permitting Sugar and Molasses to be used in Distilleries and Breweries.Conduct of the Marquis of Wellesley.Freehold Estates.Assets for Simple Contract Debts.Admhiiilration of Justice in Scotland.—^Adjournment of Parliament ••• • • 128


Meeting of Parliament after the Adjournment.New Ministry.Motion by Mr. Brand respecting Pledges on the Part of Ministers to the King;negatived.A Motion to the same Effect by the Marquis of Stafford in the House of Peers;—negatived.And another against the Change of Administration in the House of Commons by Mr. Lyttleton ;—n-gatived.Churches and Glebe Houses in Ireland.Thinks for t/te Reduction of Monte Video.Prorogation and Dissolution of Parliament 151

C H A.P. X.

Fragility of Confederations.Victorious Career of Buonaparte:yet his continued offers of Peace.Circumstances that induced him to make such offers.Miserable state of France—Conscripts.Campaign of Ten Days.Battles of Heilsberg and Friedland.Pacification of Tilsit.War with Sweden.Evacuation of Strahund 166"


Qualities required in a Statesman placed in a new and difficult Situation. Characters of Mr. Charles Fox and the Marquis of Lamdown.Folly of going to War with France in 1793-—Advantages of Unanimity and Perseverance in one Plan or System.— Unsteadiness and Vacillation in the Conduct of Great Britain and of Russia.—Different Enterprises.Individual Interests pursued by the Allies.Constant Designs of Russia on the Ottoman Empire.The present Crisis deemed favourable for their Completion.War between the Russians and Turks. Revolution at Constantinople.—Fruitless Expedition to the Dardanelles under the Command of Admiral Sir Thomas Duckworth.—

3X3 Capture,

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