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mind that omnipotent being who makes the clouds his chariot, and rides'on the wings of the wind. Instead of the srusations of hunger and faturue, which the moment before made me iinensv, I perceived a secret enjoyment, a calm satisfaction, and a glow of love to God and to llse creatures of his hand, which no laniruage can express. When I saw Peterl>ead on the east, at the distance of near sixty miles, and thousands of variegaJed intervening objects; on the north, the wide extended ocean, as far as the eye could reach; and tow ards the west, Inverness, the hills of Lovat, Urquluirt, and all the beautiful county of Murray, with villages and towns scattered here and there; shearing no more than small specks, astonishment seized n|>on my mind, and I stood long motionless admiring the grandeur of the scene."

Not many miles from Castle Grant, Mr. H. found a gentleman alio was not displeased that a couple of eaglrs, whose nest Mr. H. went to see regularly every summer, built one on a rock in a hill, not far from the gentleman's house. There was a stone witbin a few yards of it, about six feet long, and nearly as broad, and upon this stone, almost constantly, but always when they had younsr, the gentleman and his servants found a number of inuir fowl, partriilues, hares, rabbits, ducks, snipes, ptarmacans, rats, mice, &c. and sometimes kids, fawns, and lambs. When the young eagles were able to hop the length of this stone, to which there was a narrow road hanging over a dreadful precipice, as a cat brings live mice to her kittens, and teaches them to kill them, so the eagles, I learned, often brought hares, rabbits,

&c. alive; and, placing them before their young, taught them to kill and tear them to pieces. As the eagles; kept what might be called an excellent larder, when any visitors surprized the gentleman, he wHs absolutely in the babit, as he told me himself, of sending his servants to see what their neighbours had to spare; and that they scarcely ever returned without something very good for the table. It is well enough known, that game of all kinds is not the worse, but the better for being kept for a very considerable time.

Mr. H. pursues his journey by Rothes, Elgin, and Forres, to Inverness, At fort Augustus, he crossed Lochness, and landed ou the north side at castle Urquhart, once the seat of the Cuminings, situated on a promontory of solid rock, jutting into the lakfl. From thence he proceeded to Cromarty, Dornoch, and by Wick and Thurso, to Cape Wrath, the north-west point of Scotland, through a country, of which, among otbeT observations, lie says, that " Were the British legislature to enact that delinquents from the parish of St. Giles, in London, and other parts, to be transported there instead of Botany Bay, it would be an improvement in our code of laws." The hardiness of the people in the most northerly counties of Scotland, and the hardness of their fare will scarcely appear credible to any other than a Scotchman. At Cape Wrath they have a foot post, who, weekly, summer and winter, though it be near sixty miles, runs between the cape and Thurso: which he often does, wading to the middle in snow.

"The people of Caithness," says Mr. H. "are stunted creatures with


sharp visages, indicative of both intelligence and want. I was at pains to inquire into ihe diet of these poor people.'' Breakfast, meal and bree, that is water-gruel, not the substantial porridge of (lie l<owlamlcrs.

"Dinner, rural and bree kail, or a kind of soup meagre, in which there is boiled, peihaps some barlev or grits, with some kail, and a scanty allowance of barley-cakes. Supper, meal and bree: or, in place of this, sowens, a kind, of frum.nly, made from the husks of grits, or oatmeal. On Sundays, or other festivals, they have, after their meal and bree, some milk, or perhaps two epg«. If any farmer is reported to eat flesh; the laird considers this as a fraud on him. "I must look sharp after this man: he has his farm too cheap. They tell me he eats flesh-meat.

"It is a common thing for labourers, or farmers' servants, to stipulate with .their masters, that, besides their meal and bree, or soup meagre for dinner, they shall have a certain number of stocks of kail to be cateu with bread and salt. This must appear to an Englishman wholly incredible; as being altogether insufficient to keep soul and body together. Nevertheless, there is nothing more

certain, and I dare to appeal for tbc truth of it to any one acquainted with Caithness."

Mr. H. leaving Cape Wrath, aa immense iotk, but i.ol quite »o stupendous as the Ited-head in Angus, vent ba k to Tlmr-n; and from the lire crossing the IVnlland Kriili to the Oikneys, and took up his head quarters at the house of his old acquaintance, the Rev. Mr. Allison, minister of St. Andrews, and Deeruess. He did not go to the Shetland?:, hut an account of the present stale of these islands, was communicated to him by a minister of a parish there; which, indeed, forms II* most iuterestiug and. valuable part of his publication. Leaving the Orkneys, he set sail to the Hebrides; where he found a class of mortals railed ScoHags, a kiud of predial slaves, in a condition still more wretched than that of the labouring class of people in Caithness. From the liebrides he set sail for Fort William. From thence he went to Invenrr, and from Inverary by Lochlomond and Dunbar ton to Glasgow. From Glasgow he went up the course or valles of the Clyde, as far as 1 anark, and from thence returned to Edinburgh.


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General Aspeet of Europe. Resources of the opposite Belligerent

Powers--and Views.-Fragility of Confederations.-General Marims and Measures of Buonaparte.-Position and Strength of the French and Russian Armies. Military Force remaining to the King of Prussia after the Battles of Jena and Pultusk. The general Plans of the opposite Armies.- Battles of Mohringen-Bergfried-Deppen --Hoff- and Eylau.- Retreat of the French on the Vistula-and of the Russians behind the Pregel. .............

снА Р. ІІ. Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies were

placed after the Battle of Eylau.- Pacific Overtures by BuonaparteRejected.- Artifices of Buonaparte.The Russians persevere in their System of acting on the offensive.-- Battle of Ostrolenka.Skirmishes.--Triumphant Proclamation, or Address of Buonaparte to his Army.-Positions of the French Army in their Winter Quarters.-Bridges and Têtes-du-Pont on the Vistula.Continued Skirmishes.The most important of these.-- Artillery taken from the Enemy by the French since their Arrival on the Vistula. Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerome Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.--Siege of Dantzig.- Disposition of the grand French Army for protecting the besieging Army.-- Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.- Arrival of the Russian Emperor at Memel -- Followed by that of the Archduke Constantine with a Reinforcement tv the Russian Army.-Grand Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.-Of two Plans, that which was adopt. ed.- Prussian Force sent for the Relief of Dantzig, defeated.-Attacks of the Russians on the whole Line of the French-- Intended to prevent them from reinforcing the Army besieging Dantzig.Dantzig surrendered on Capitulation-Conditions of this.--State of Vol. XLIX.

3 X



Considerations on the late Negociation with France, in the House of

Peers - Apology by Lord Grenville for the Omission of certain papere
in the Number of those laid before the House. The Ends in view,
and the principle on which the British Ministry acted during the
whole of the Negociation-Review of the Negociation, in the four
different Stages into which Lord Grenville divided it.-Causes of the
Rupture of the Negociation.Address to His Majesty on the Subject
of the Negociation, moved by Lord Grenville.- Observations on the
Address, and the Subject of the Address by Lord Hawkesbury-Lord
Sidmouth-Lord Eldon-And the Earl of Lauderdale - Address
carried, Nem. diss.-Address to the same effect moved in the House
of Commons by Lord Howick.Conduct of the English Ministry in
the Negociation vindicated.-Speeches on the present Question by Lord
Yarmouth--Sir Thomas Turton-Mr. Montague-Mr. Whitbread-

· Mr. Canning-Lord Henry Petty-and Mr. Perceval Address
carried, Nem. diss........

...... 52

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The insatiable Ambition and insiduous Policy of France. -No Alternative

for Britain between Resistance and Submission.-The first Attentions
of the Legislature called to the State of the Army and Navy.
Ordnance Estimates moved in the House of Commons, by Mr. Calcraft.
- Resolutions moved thereon-agreed to.-Motions by Lord Castle
reagh, for the Returns of the Effective State of our Military
Establishment-agreed to.-Army Estimates.---Number and Disposition
of the Volunteers. -Result of the Alteration that had been made in
the Recruiting System.-Observations by Lord Castlereagh on the
Statements that had been laid before the House by the Secretary at
War.- Reply to Lord Castlereagh, by Mr. Windham.New System
for Recruiting the Army vindicated.-Strictures on that System
by Mr. Perceval.Mr. Perceval answered, and the New System
defended by Lord Howick.-Remarks by Sir James Pulteney.-Speech
of Sir John Doyle.-Observations by Mr. Johnstone-Mr Rose-
and Mr. Thornton.The New System defended by Lord H. Petty
The Resolutions agreed to.-Navy Estimates moved by Mr. Thomas
Grenville.--New Arrangement proposed for a clear Statement of the
Naval Estimates in future.- Resolutions moved by Mr. Grenville,
agreed to.-Sums for Miscellaneous Services moved by Mr. Vansittart-
among these a Sum in Addition to what had been granted before to
the Roman Catholic college at Maynooth-Which gives rise to anima-
ted conversations on this Subject:- The Speakers ; Mr. Perceval-Mr.
Banks-Lord Stanley-Sir John Newport - Mr. Grattan, Lord
Mahon-Mr. Wilberforceand Lord Howick.All the Resolutions
moved by Mr. Vansittart, agreed to......................... 72


Finances of the country.-Supplies.-Ways and Means.- Plan of Finance,

with its Object, proposed by Lord Henry Petty.- Eleven Resolutions
relating to his Plan laid on the Table for the consideration of the
House of Commons ---Objections to the Plan by Mr. Johnstone and
by Lord Castlereagh.-Resolutions relating to a Plan of nuce,
submitted to the House by Lord Castlereagh, in place of that of Lurl
H. P.-Objections to Lord H. Pi's Plan by Mr. Long-Lori H.
P.'s Plan defended by Mr. Tierney,and by Lord H P . himself. -
Farther Reasoning against Lord H. Pis Plan by Lord ('astlereagh -
Fundamental Error in Lord Ci's Plan of Finance pointed oui by Mi.
Giles.--Lord H. Pi's Plan defended by Mr. David Gidily.- Rull
tions on Lord H. P.'s Plan reported and agreed to.Plan oj tunince

3 X 2


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