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Roman Catholics should be guilty of ex land,—when I recollected the number of cesses, the English Catholics and the Irish men it took to watch one election which Protestants would unite against them. took place in Ireland in the course of Jast

Lord Farnham said, the fundamental summer, when I knew the consequences cause of this measure was alleged to be which a dissolution would produce on the the state of Ireland. He thought that the return to the House of Commons, to say great danger to be apprehended from this nothing of collisions that might have led measure threatened the Church of Ireland, to something little short of civil war,--1 though he was sorry to make use of that should have been wanting in duty to my expression. The noble duke had spoken sovereign and to my country, if I had of the Church of Ireland as a church of advised his majesty to dissolve his parthe minority ; but the only church esta liament." blished in Ireland was the united church, On the division, the numbers wereand that was a church of the majority. If Contents, present ............147 the Church of Ireland was sacrificed to the

Proxies

70-217 Roman Catholics, the hierarchy of Eng

Not Content, present

79 land might tremble in their sees. There

Proxies ....................

33–112 was a great fallacy in the arguments of the noble and learned lord (Plunkett) in re- Majority in favour of the second readspect to what he conceived to be the tenets ing of the bill... of the Roman Catholics. He (Lord Farn The house sat in a committee on the ham) took it that the Catholics were sin- bill, April 7 and 8; on both which days cere Catholics; that they professed a re numerous amendments were proposed and ligion they believed ; and he looked for negatived. their tenets, not in their individual creeds, THE THIRD READING.-April 10. but in the doctrines of the church itself, The Marquis of Camden expressed his as expressed in decrees of councils.

approbation of the bill. As one of those The Duke of Wellington rose.--He did who had always supported the claims of not intend to detain their lordships longer the Roman Catholics, and went out with than was necessary to explain those points the ministry in 1801 on the question, he which required some explanation. A most could not give a silent vote on the meareverend prelate had averred that the laws sure.—Lord Granville assigned a similar were not executed against the Catholic reason for addressing the house, and Association. He had endeavoured to find praised the mode in which government the means of proceeding against the As. had brought forward the question.—Lord sociation ;

; yet being of opinion that it was Eldon said, “If near the close of my essential to the interests of the country to life, for it cannot last long, I were not bring forward this measure, it would not convinced of the extreme peril to which have been his duty to refrain from so doing, the constitution of the country will be whatever inight have been the conduct of exposed by this bill, I would not again the Catholic Association. Another point trouble you ; but I am compelled to state to which it was necessary for him to refer, the grounds of my opposition, and perhaps was the repeated assertion, that the mea it may be the last time I shall ever adsure was dangerous to the Church of Ire- dress the house on any political question. land. Was this danger apprehended from In the discharge of my duty, I have now legislation, or from violence? If from le- for twenty years resisted measures of this gislation, their apprehension was clearly nature. Whatever I may think of the puerile; for it was impossible to suppose question, God forbid I should add to that that the small number of persons which agitation which, at its present height, this measure would admit into parliament, affrights me. I shall go into retirement could afford any ground for apprehending with the consciousness of having disdanger from legislation to the Church of charged my duty. So completely and England in Ireland. A fundamental article thoroughly am I satisfied that I am not of the Union of the two countries was the in error, that, so help me God, I would union of the two churches. He thought rather perish at this moment than give the measure would give additional security my consent to this measure. Sooner or to all the interests of the state. " If my later it will overturn the aristocracy and noble and learned friend accuses me of the monarchy. From the moment that: acting with secresy on this question, he the bill passed, the state would no longer does not deal with me altogether fairly. have a Protestant king and a Protestant He knows, as well as I do, how the ca.. parliament. When those dangers shall binet was constructed on this question; have arrived I shall have been consigned and I ask him, had I any right to say a to the urn, the sepulchre, and mortality ; single word to any man whatsoever upon but that they will arrive I have no more this measure until the most interested in doubt than that I yet continue to exist. I the kingdom upon it hud given his consent solemnly declare, that I had rather not be to my speaking out? A noble earl accused living to-morrow morning, than on awaking me of misconduct, that I did not at once to find that I had consented to a measure dissolve the parliament. But when I knew fraught with evils so imminent and so the state of the elective franchise in Ire- deadly, and of which had I not solemnly

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stion,

expresserl this, my humble but firm con rapidity with which it had been pressed viction, I should have been acting the forward. --The Duke of Cumberland part of a traitor to my country, my sove. said, that nothing had occurred in the reign, and my God.”

progress of the measure to change that The Earl of Harrowby drew a com impression which he had originally enterparison between the state of public feeling tained of it.--The Duke of Sussex thought during Mr. Pitt's administration and at it his duty once more to record his appro. the present time, and stated it as his firm bation of the bill.— The Bishop of Bath belief that the measure in progress was and Wells and Lord Redesdale spoke the very one Mr. Pitt would have chosen, shortly against it. The Duke of Weland the present moment the one he would lington said, there had been no have selected for its introduction. The prise. The numerous petitions presented, doctrine that religious opinions ought to amounting to not less than ten thousand, have nothing to do with political power, was the strongest proof that there had been is to be found in the statutes. An argu no surprise. He rejoiced that these petiment against this measure, is the un tions had been presented, as they shewed changeable nature of the Roman-Catholic the sound Protestant feeling of the countenets. But the question is, not whether try. The house had never sat longer upon Catholics will revoke what have been de. any bill ; and never had any bill been more clared articles of faith, but whether they fully discussed. As the bill did no mishave not long ceased to be practically chief, it could not require any securities : acted upon ? Events shew how little the and the introduction of securities would power of the pope is dreaded by those really have endangered the church. If the who have the power of resistance. We bill gave no securities, did it take any should inquire, in a question of command away? He could only say, and this was and obedience, not only whether A com his consolation, that in the course of these mands, as he used to do, but whether proceedings he had not done an act or said B obeys. It is said, that hereafter the å word which it was not his duty to do Catholics will wish to repeal the Union. I have no doubt that there are, and will Their lordships then divided, when there be, some who wish such an event to take appearedplace ; but I cannot imagine that it will Contents-Present ...149 ever be the wish of an Irish proprietor,

Proxies

64-213
now that the Catholics have all the same Non-Contents-Present 76
rights and privileges as their fellow-sub-

Proxies 33-109
jects. Noble lords have said, that they

Majority

104 were surprised at the measure coming from the quarter it has done ; but who is so fit, so proper, to call upon others

Such is the outline of these meto sacrifice their opinions to the general morable and eventful discussions. good, as those who have already sacrificed Never perhaps was more, their own on the altars of their country?

much, said and thought and written
The Bishop of Norwich said, he re-
gretted that Lord Eldon had mistaken upon any legislative question, or with
the opinions of Locke and Bishop Hoad more warmth of spirit and desire of
ley; they were not friendly to he prin- success in the contending parties.
ciple of exclusion on religious grounds. Numerous beyond precedent were

- The Duke of Athol supported the mea-
sure: the Earl of Arlington opposed it, the petitions to the king and both
as an infringement of the constitution; houses of the legislature, and the
and Lord Middleton, who had before pamphlets and publications in every
opposed concessions, declared himself form which issued from the press on
convinced by the arguments in favour of
the bill.-- The Duke of Newcastle ob

the occasion. Our account of the served, that the reasons stated for intro- speeches in parliament is neces. ducing the measure were so nugatory, sarily an abstract; for in full they such perfect trumpery, that he could not

would
occupy

volumes;
conceive how any person could think of
justifying such a measure upon such have endeavoured to present a fair
grounds. --The Earl of Roden for eighteen digest of the chief arguments on
years had invariably opposed what were both sides ; confining ourselves of
called the Catholic claims, and saw no

no necessity principally to the regular reason to change his former opinions. A momentary calm might be produced by debates; though every inch of the the measure, but it could not deprive the ground was contested over and over Roman-Catholic priests of that power again for many weeks during the which they now enjoyed and continued to exercise. --The Bishop of Lichfield presentation of petitions and in the spoke briefly in favour of the measure.-

discussions on the bill on the elective The Earl of Falmouth complained of the franchise. During the progress of CHRIST. OBSERV. APP.

5 O

or

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the measure, there was a general effect will depend upon the temper
disruption of party ties; and in of Protestants; upon their zeal and
some instances even of personal piety and conciliating temper, and re-
friendships and family intercourse. jection of party spirit. Two things
The opposition in both houses sup we believe, politically speaking, are
ported government, while the usual clear: the one, that it was this mea-
supporters of government were di- sure alone, which prevented a rebel-
vided; the members of the royal lion in Ireland, for which twelve
family were divided; and the epis. months since the populace seemed
copal bench were divided ;-there ripe, and which if subdued by Bri-
being for the measure, the bishops of tish bayonets would have cost a fear-
Chester, Derry, Kildare, Llandaff, fulexpenditure of treasure and blood;
Lichfield and Coventry, Oxford, the other, that in consequence of it
Rochester, St. David's, and Win- the Catholic priest and the political
chester; and against it, the two agitator have lost their strongest
Archbishops of England, the Arch- hold upon the minds of the people;
bishop of Armagh, the Bishops of so that the popular Mr. O'Connell
Bath and Wells, Bristol, Carlisle, himself has lost his boasted power,
Chichester, Durham, Ely, Exeter, and has striven in vain to urge the
Gloucester, Hereford, Lincoln, Lon- people of Ireland to embrace his
don, Meath, Peterborough, Salis- fond scheme for the repeal of the
bury, St. Asaph, and Worcester. Union.
Many of these right reverend per But the great question, after all,
sonages, on both sides, delivered was, not the worldly policy, but the
their sentiments on the occasion. religious rectitude of the measure.
The bishops of Lichfield, Chester, And here we must appeal to what
and Winchester, as well as some has already appeared in our pages;
other speakers in both houses, urged only warning our readers, in conclu.
the measure on religious as well as sion, to beware, whatever may be
merely political grounds, considering their sentiments on this question,
that it was requisite not only for the that they sink not the Christian in
civil peace of Ireland, but for the the politician, or amuse themselves
promotion of true piety and the with discussing matters of state,
Protestant faith. We shall not while they forget their own higher
argue the matter again on either and eternal interests as candidates
side : its good or evil cannot now be for an eternal world. The caution
reversed; our hope, our belief still may seem to come in hastily and
inclines to the opinion that it tends abruptly : but no Christian will say
to the former ; but much of its that it is unnecessary.

eal and
and res

INDEX

TO THE

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ESSAYS, SUBJECTS, INTELLIGENCE, OCCURRENCES,

&c. &c.

eemed

Bri
afea.

biload;

Advowsons, Sales of

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Bees

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Page

513 Cherokees 184, 320, 326, 386, 711
Africa

184 Chimney Sweeping Machines ..384
African Councils
.184 China

..575
America, North
184 Chloride of Linne

.634
South
54, 56, 124 Christ, Baptism of

.662
Ancient Volume

..754
Prayer of

537
Anniversaries (see Society)

Righteousness of

. 159
Annuals, Poetry from the 105, 175, 298 Christian Gentleman

1.432
Answers to Correspondents .. 64, 131, 200,

Observer . 54, 186, 372,505, 506,
264, 328, 392, 456, 520, 584,

635
646, 719
Remembrancer

....648
Apparitions (see Superstition) .....46 Christianity, Evidences of

50, 613
Apocryphal Enoch
417, 496, 647

Effects of
Lessons
..672 Christmas-boxes

52
Armenian College
.574 Church-building

187, 518
Assurance, Doctrine of

289, 699
Censures on the

.416
Austria

634
Going Late to

.231
Authorized Version of Bible

..87
in Danger

..750

Discipline 96, 356, 601, 606
Bañ de la Roche

..428
Patronage

121, 759
Bans

18, 64
Service

. 17
Baptism of Christ

662

American, Alterations in .517
Barbadoes
31, 132, 328, 713

Reform in

718, 760
183

of Rome, Superstitions of . . 23, 46,
Beet-root
.385

580, 634
Bequest, a Singular

291

Spirit of the .452
Bermudas
295 Churching in Houses

. 217
Beyroot Mission
.56 Classical Quotations,

491
Biblical Criticism 86, 87, 153, 219, 280, Clergy, Evangelical (see Evangelical

289, 350, 537, 664 Clergy)
Bohemian Protestants

..185
Duties of the

114
Brain, Morbid Affections of (see Essay

-, Modern, Dangers of

.466
on Superstition)

Clergyman in Society

19
British Critic

Clerical Provident Society 123, 514
Broad Sheet Tracts

293
Hint

..163
Brotherly Love
.665 Codrington Estates

31, 132, 328
..56 Colonial Ordination

Colonies, Bishops wanted for ..493
Cape of Good Hope .. 248, 326, 386, 445, Confirmation

71, 142
579, 720 Congregational Book Societies ..228
Capital Punishments

.318

Discipline

501, 606
Castor, Ancient Tenure at
..632 Conscience, Case of

552, 610, 683
Catechising
.300 Constantinople

...373
Catechumens
..145 Continental Travellers

..684
Catholic Question 128, 188, 245, 249 Conventicles (see Toleration Act)
General History and
Corn Laws

....327
Debates on
785 to 826 Councils, History of

184, 569
Ceylon
185 Court Calendar

..229
Chamelion

.437
Cui Bono Men

..227
Chamonni

1.685 Craniology (see Phrenology)
Chapels

...174
Charity, Character of 475, 612, 674 Deaf and Dumb

438
Charity Bazaars

..221 Death-bed (see Obituary and Memoir)
Balls

.573

of Anne-Elizabeth S.

100
nd

.131

Buenos Ayres

..87

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Egypt

319, 386, 438, 574
Emancipation, Catholic (see Catholic

Question)
Employment, Dearth of

..166
Enoch, Apocryphal Book of . 417,496, 647
Epitaph

.245
on Bishop Heber

55
Whitefield

.575
Swartz

636
Evangelical Clergy 52, 114, 180, 217,

354, 368, 558, 627
Evangelists, Style of the

406, 687
Extempore Sermons

39

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Fairs

.183
Family Prayer

..606
Sermons 13, 82, 148, 210, 283,

344, 409, 475, 538, 596, 665, 743
Fire, to Escape from

..437
Florence, Protestantism in

..249
France . . 41, 123, 184, 245, 248, 318, 385,

437, 514, 520, 573, 584, 633, 711, 717
Friends, the Conduct of

..309
Address of

.515
Yearly Epistle

441

Labourers' Wages

..437
Languages, Origin of

52
Last Days, Character of the 503, 558
Law, the, Whether our Schoolmaster .. 77,

352
Letters, on Answering

.228
Locke's Diary

..710
London Bridge, the New

..710
University

..317
Lord's Day, Observance of the .

321, 414
Life (see Memoir)
List of New Publications 55, 124, 185,

246, 321, 387, 438, 514, 575, 636, 712
Liturgy (see Church Service)
Lit. and Phil. Intell. 52, 122, 182, 245,

317, 384, 436, 513, 572, 632, 709
Lutheran Church

.249, 720

..319

Gaures

607, 677, 755
Geneva Catechism

..301
Genius, Obligations of 485, 543, 682
Gentleman's Magazine 52, 114, 183,

245, 632
Geology

91, 122, 160, 573, 648
German Pulpit

...627
Germany

184, 246, 437, 573
God, Character of

77, 159
Jealousy of

..409
Sovereignty of

40
Holiness of

428
Ways of

368
Good Friday

182
Gospel (see Christianity)
Character of the

82
Freeness of the

. 107
Preaching of the

11
Grammatical Novelties 88, 167, 751
Great Britain, Climate of

.572
Greece

56, 125
Gunpowder Plot

.184
Gypsies

264, 754

Mahomedanism

.383, 436, 574
Married Ladies' Subscriptions

..612
Mass, Worship of, Idolatry

..407
Mauritius

34, 453, 454
Maynooth College

..193
Medical Men, Precepts to
Memoir (see Obituary and Death-Bed)
of Don Calderon

..639
of H. W. Temple

235
of Oberlin

428
of Bp. Heber

.569
of N. Ferrar

628
Millenium (see Prophecies)
Ministers, Dangers of (see Clergy)

...466
Minor Morals

228
Missions Relinquished (see Relinquished

Missions)
Molten Sea

413
Molucca Mission

.641
Monthly Repository
Moravian Missions (see United Brethren)
Mortality, Rate of

. 182, 709

.....573

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