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LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

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GREAT BRITAIN.

this, the sun was indeed a public beneIn the press :-A View of the Scripture factor in drying it up to exterminate them. Revelations concerning a Future State ; A bone of one of the digital joints of the Satan, a Poem ; by the Author of " The animal is six inches in length; four times Omnipresence of the Deity;"—The His as large as the corresponding bone of the tory of England; by C. St. George. elephant Chunelah's skeleton at Exeter

Exchange, by the side of which Dr. Buck. The subject of the Norrisian Cambridge land found it placed for contrast. prize-essay for the ensuing year is, " The The public acts of last session were Christian Religion the last Revelation to sixty-three in number, and be expected of the will of God.”

hundred and nineteen folio pages. In An analysis was lately made at the addition to these public acts, there were London University, of some water brought one hundred and thirty-six local acts, defrom the Dead Sea, which gave of mineral clared public, and fifty private acts, and contents, omitting decimals, nine, five, and nineteen private acts, not printed. three, parts respectively, of the chlorides Among the remarkable bequests menof sodium, magnesia, and lime, with one tioned in the Reports of the Education part of sulphate of lime.

Commissioners, is one of Richard Dovey, The rapidity of steam navigation has who, in 1659, founded a free school at led to the importation of various articles Claverley, Salop, and directed the sum of which formerly could not be brought to eight shillings to a poor man, who should this country. A projector has formed a undertake to awaken sleepers, and to whip Baking Establishment on the Dutch coast, out dogs from the church during Divine from which loaves are conveyed in twenty- service. John Rudge, in 1725, left various four hours to the banks of the Thames. bequests to the parish of Trysull, Stafford

The National Society, "has printed a shire ; amongst others, an annuity of little book on needlework curiously illus- twenty shillings to a poor man, to go trated, by actual miniature specimens of about the parish church for the same the articles to be cut out or made. All laudable purpose. the articles and directions are accurately We mentioned in our last Number the to scale. We can assert on better autho- admissions of the Unitarian Monthly rity than our own that the instructions are Repository, relative to the unpopularity admirable, and the illustrative specimens of their cause. It appears, further, that skilfully wrought. The importance of en not one number more of that journal couraging habits of industry, and particu- is sold now than was sold twenty years larly teaching needlework, among the girls ago ; while in the Church of England, and in our National and Parochial Schools, among the orthodox Dissenters the aggrehas been too often overlooked by many gate sale of religious periodical publications who were anxious for the mental and re has increased manifold. Theological readligious instruction of children. We trust ing, even Unitarian, does not appear to be that this useful publication will be the to the taste of the Unitarian body. means of calling the attention of the

FRANCE. friends of education to the subject. It

The Baron de Sacy, in a learned meargues little for the comfort of a poor moir lately read before the Academy of man's family, that a woman was first mo

Inscriptions, respecting the controversy nitress at a national school, if she cannot on the origin of the Arabian Nights' Enrepair her husband's apparel, or cut out tertainments, contends they were written garments for her children.

in Syria, certainly not in India; that they At a recent meeting of the Geological were never completed ; that many interSociety, Dr. Buckland exhibited a collec- polations and imitations crept into the tion of fossil bones of a newly discovered manuscripts; and that they are not very enormous extinct animal of the lizard ancient, though probably more than four species, to which the name has been given centuries old, as no mention is made in of the iguanidon. It almost realizes the them of tobacco and coffee, which now fable of Apollo and the Python ; for if the constitute the staple entertainment of primeval ooze produced crocodiles like oriental nations.

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M. Flourens, with a view to ascertain against Bible Societies, which, he says, the effect of climate on pulmonary con publish at great expense false translations sumption, procured twenty-three chickens for popular and gratuitous distribution ; of a month old : six he kept in a mild re and also against religious tracts, which he gulated temperature; the remaining seven says circulate poison. He tells his clergy teen he exposed to wet and cold ; the that the Council of Trent ordered that lungs of fifteen of these soon became in- translations of the Scripture should not be flamed; six of them he then sheltered: of allowed in the vulgar tongues, at all events, the eleven left exposed, nine died of pul- unless approved by the pope, and accommonary consumption, and only two re- panied by notes from the fathers, and that covered: not one of the six original shel no person should trust to his own private tered ones became diseased ; and of the judgment, but follow the sense held by six partially diseased, but afterwards taken the church. He recommends his clergy in, two died, and four recovered. The to use the arms of their enemies to comlungs of these four were examined some bat the evil. We wish nothing better : months after, and the remains of disease, Protestantism has nothing to fear, Popery even to suppuration, were visible. Their every thing, from free discussion. recovery M. Flourens attributes entirely

RUSSIA. to a timely removal to a mild atmo Professor Kupfer, of Casan, has sucsphere.

ceeded, after a very laborious struggle, More than a hundred and fifty years in climbing to the summit of one of the since, a species of Bible Societies existed loftiest peaks of the Caucasus; about 1000 in : France. They were conducted by feet higher than Mont Blanc. From his members of the Church of Rome, at the observations on the decrease, in proportion head of whom was the Abbé de Barne to the elevation, of magnetie intensity, he ville, whom the Abbé Gregoire calls “the concludes that the magnetic power of the real inventor of Bible Societies.' The globe cannot arise from the existence of a object of these institutions, Barneville central magnetic nucleus. says in the preface to his translation of the

GREECE. New Testament in 1749, was * to dis The Greek government, much to their tribute the word of God to rich and poor credit, refuse to allow the sale or removal throughout the kingdom.” Is it not of their national antiquities. strange, he asks, that so many persons Dr. Howe, who was sent out by the who pride themselves on praising the New-York and Boston committees for the Bible have never thought how they might relief of the Greeks, immédiately on his circulate it for their own benefit, and that landing set the people to work, instead of of others ? . Is not this, says he, like read. distributing food gratuitously. Among ing the poor a lecture on the excellence of other plans, he has cleared an ancient pure unadulterated bread without endea- harbour in Attica ; and at Megara has vouring to provide it for them? This so

provided the people with beans for seed ciety, which was patronized by some of the for their fields, on condition of their reFrench bishops, distributed great numbers turning one third of the crop to found a of copies gratuitously, and made a rule to school. sell no copy for more than the prime cost.

EGYPT. These institutions disappeared about the M. Champollion has sent home the middle of the last century. It is stated in following curious intelligence. We must one of the society's editions, that of 1731, deduct something probably for the warmth that the chief part of the donations for of the writer's imagination, in forming circulating the New Testament had been conclusions on his favourite subject. “In received not from the rich but the 'poor. the valley called Biban-el-Molouk, we De Saci's translation of 1758 would ap admired the astonishing freshness of the pear also to have been circulated by a

paintings, and the delicacy of the sculpture Bible Society, as the frontispiece repre of the tomb of Ousirei.. I have had drawsents persons taking Testaments from a ings made and coloured upon the spot of chest, and distributing them to the people the richest pictures. I have also had with the motto, “ Sine sumptu ponam drawings made of the series of nations reevangelium."

presented on one of the bas-reliefs. We ITALY.

have the image of the several races of men The new. Pope Pius VIII., in his cir

known by the Egyptians. They are recular letter, published the 21st of last May, presented to the number of twelve, but the very day of his inauguration, strongly belonging to four very distinct families. urges his clergy to be on their guard The first three are of a dark-red colour,

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well-proportioned figures, mild counte thousand pounds, and a very large propor-
nances, a nose slightly aquiline, long tion of this sum will never be repaid.
braided hair, and white garments; and

The American Sunday-school Union
their legend designates them as the race has published a life of Mr. Legh Rich-
of men, that is to say, the Egyptians. mond, for Sunday-school libraries. It is
The second three have a very different not an abridgment of Mr. Grimshawe's
appearance : their skin inelines to yellow Memoing but a new work compiled from
or tawney, the nose is much curved, they the memoirs and other documents.
have black thick beards, and short gar-

A gentleman at Bennington, Vermont,
ments, and bear the name of Namou writes : “ Twelve merchants in this town
(Asiatics). The next three are Negroes, -all there are-signed a writing yester-
designated by the name of Nahasi. The day, pledging themselves to purchase no.
last three have skins of what we call more ardent spirit, and to sell no more,
flesh-colour, of the most delicate white- when the small quantity now on hand is
ness, the nose straight or slightly arched, expended. Thus is the plague stayed."
blue eyes, fair or red beards, tall and very Attempts are making to introduce
slender figures; they are clothed in ox waltzing into Philadelphia—the city of
hides with the hair ox and are real savages, Penn !- This is of a piece with the intro-
tattooed in various parts of the body. They duction of masquerades and French operas
are called Tamhou (Europeans).”

in New York, UNITED STATES.

A large number of people assembled at There are constructed, or constructing, Greensburgh in West-Chester county to 3508 miles of canal and rail-road in the witness the ceremonies at the erection of United States ; mostly by the public au a monument to the memory of Isaac Van thorities; not more than one-fourth by Wart, one of the three captors of the uncompanies. Our American friends natu- happy Major André. The inscription rally vaunt themselves a little on their states that Van Wart, who was an elder achievements. “Our population of twelve of Greensburgh church, "lived the life millions," says the American Quarterly and died the death of a Christian ;” and Review, “have attempted one-fourth more panegyrises him and his friends as having than England with twenty-three millions, nobly disdained to release their captive and infinitely more than the population of and sell their country for large bribes of the continent of Europe : according to gold.” It is mournful that such things the population, we are doing nearly as were ; and it is doubly mournful that at much again as England; and New York this distance of time there are those who has done proportionably to her population seem to embrace every occasion for reneweight times as much England. But not- ing those unhappy animosities which every withstanding so much is done and doing, good man would wish to bury in oblivion. we feel that the spirit of the country is only

The following characteristic account is just awakened; we speak confidently of given of General Washington's first apmore than doubling all this within the pearance in public after his retirement next ten years. These efforts are deve- from office. “He attended the inauguraloping our coal, iron, and other resources;

tion of the elder Adams, in the simple garb
founding upon them arts, manufactures, of Virginia planter a great coat but-
and commerce ; amalgamating the people, toned up to the chin, with buckskins and
and imparting to them a community of white top boots. But neither the splen-
interest, and a celerity of movement, that dour of the foreign ambassadors, nor the
will insure to us wealth, a polish, and a distinction with which the chief magistracy
political influence worthy of such a people, of the Union invested the new president
possessing such a country.”

could divert from him the public attention.
Dr. Franklin, in his will, left 10001. All eyes were fixed on him even during
sterling to the city of Philadelphia, to be the ceremony of the inauguration; and
lent to young married artificers in small when it was over, he left the party, and
sums, to assist them in business. He withdrew to his private lodgings; the
calculated that, at the end of one hundred whole multitude following him with accla-
years, it would amount to 131,0007. ster- mations."
ling—100,0001. of which he appropriated A work is in the press entitled Personal
to supply the city with water, and the Narrative of J. Stephanini. The author
balance to go on another one hundred is a young Greek, who escaped a few years
years, when the capital would be 4,081,0001. since from Turkish captivity; and his ob-
which he also appropriated; but the pre- ject in publishing this book is to raise
sent whole nominal amount is only a few money sufficient to ransom his mother

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two brothers and two sisters, who are still ing to witness the endeavours of the go.
held in captivity by the Turks in Albania. vernment of India at home and abroad to
He is the son of a wealtby merchant at support the rights and promote the wel.
Patras, and was in that city when the first fare of the natives : is it not then a
insurrection was made against the Turks, strange anomaly, that nothing effectual
in April 1821. He was taken prisoner, has been done to put a stop to the atro
severely beaten so as narrowly to escape cities alluded to by one of our corres-
with his life, and afterwards sold in the pondents in the present Number, and
market to a Turkish master, from whom, which it is 'proved might be easily and
after undergoing great privations on ac effectually abolished? The burning alive
count of religion, he effected his escape of hundreds of women is surely as im-
in an Italian merchant vessel : and, after portant a matter for the interference of
numerous vicissitudes, arrived in America. government as the forced requisition of
CANADA.

coolies. We do well to rescue the na-
The Roman Catholics have lately erect- tives from the oppressions of our own
ed a cathedral at Montreal, which is said countrymen ; but how little do we do to
to excel in architectural skill, size, and deliver them from the overbearing tyranny
beauty of design any church on that side of their own spiritual-bondage and wicked
of the Atlantic. It is 256 feet in length, customs!
and 123 in breadth, and contains five

JAPAN. altars. Let Protestants redouble their It is stated that Japanese translators are vigilance : if they are idle, there are those rendering Dr. Morrison's Chinese Dictionwho are not.

ary into the Japanese dialect, and that the INDIA.

work pleases the natives so much, that The government of Bombay has lately it has become common at Nangasaki to issued an order to forbid the practice of write a column of characters, with their impressing native porters and guides by definitions, on fans, as a present to friends. English officers and travellers. It is pleas

THEOLOGY.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Lectures on Confirmation. By the
The Distinctive Tokens of Christian Rev. C. J. Spencer.
Communion; a Consecration Sermon. The Writings of the Rey. T. Becon,
By the Lord

Bishop of Winchester. a British Reformer, 4s. 8d.
Primary Charge of the Lord Bishop of

MISCELLANEOUS.
Chester.

Church Reform.' By a Churchman.
The Liturgy Revised. By the Rev, R. 6s. 6d.
Cox. 5s.

Family Classical Library. Vol. I. 4s. 6d.
The Olive Branch, 5s, 6d.

Christian Education. By E. Biber.
Sermons on Faith. By the Rev. W. Henry and Antonio, or the Proselytes,
Bridge.

from the German of Dr. Beetchneider.
“ Emmanuel ;" an Annual, edited by By the Rev. M. Morgan. 6s. 6d.
the Rev. W. Sheppard. 8s. 6d.

Rudiments of Music. By D.E. Ford. Is. The New Scheme of Evangelical Re The Right of the Church of England to ligion.

her Endowments. A Funeral Sermon for the Rev. W. Examination of Recent Works on Rose. By the Rev. T. King.

Church Reform. An Address to a Wedding Party. By Apology for the Church of Ireland. By the Rev. J. Clayton. ls.

the Rev. H. Newland. 5s.
A Lecture on the Lord's Prayer. By Infanticide in India. By the Rev. J.
an Under-Graduate.

Peggs. ls. 6d.
The Second Advent. By the Rev. S. The Spirit of Philosophy. By the Rev.
Madden.

J. Davies. ls.
The Gospel the Power of God unto Memoirs of Professor J. Martyn, and
Salvation : à Sermon. . By the Rev. T. the Rev. Professor T. Martyn. “By the
G. Ackland, D.D.

Rev. G. G. Gorham, 10s. 6d.
Introductory Lecture on Theology, and A Glance at London, Brussels, and
the Greck Testament. the Rev. Pro- Paris. By a Provincial Scotsman.
fessor Dale.

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RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

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POPERY IN NEW ENGLAND. of Boston, and to be issued weekly. “The Romish Church,” says the Chris What the friends of Rome or their indetian Sentinel, “is making great exertions fatigable bishop expects to accomplish, we to extend its influence through this coun know not, and have not sufficiently recotry; and it may soon become a question of vered from our surprise to form any spesome importance, whether the divisions culation on the subject; so that we can and struggles of the various sects of Pro- only notify our readers of the fact, that testants do not afford to the Papal See they my we preparing for whatever shall facilities for the execution of its purposes, follow.” by which, if it be faithful to the character MARYLAND EPISCOPAL it has ever borne, it will not be slow to

CONVENTION. profit. Who would have believed it? The Maryland Convention of the ProWhat would the father pilgrims have done, testant Episcopal Church closed its annual if they could have looked into the futurity session with a second fruitless attempt to of two centuries? The Roman-Catholic elect a bishop. It however adjourned in Church, in New-England, with its houses harmony; thus forming a pleasing contrast of worship surmounted by the cross, its to some of the scenes which have wounded hours of mass announced by the pealing the peace of the Church, and particularly bell, its bishop, and its mummery! Who to the late unhappy controversy in Philawould have believed it ? What would the delphia, on the election of an assistant monks of the fifteenth century have said bishop. We declined the request of some could they have foreseen a Sunday-school friends on both sides, who wished us to where Catholic children were taught to review the pamphlets which passed on read the Bible, and a weekly journal de- that occasion, and which, omitting the voted to the vindication of Catholic prin- vehement personal reflections that deciples ? Strange to tell, all these wonders formed them, were only a renewal, with have come to pass. Here, in the capital bitterer words, of the controversies in our of Puritanic New-England, all these may own church. We conjure our episcopalian be found. We lifted our eyes in amaze friends in the United States, by the love ment, when a few weeks ago we met with they bear to our common Christianity, and little

paper, called “The Catholic Press," our common church, to refrain from hospublished in Hartford ; and much did we tilities which injure both. Their vine is marvel, to learn that in Connecticut, the too tender to bear such tempests. We very citadel of stern Protestantism such a must confess that the working of the thing should have dared to shew itself. system of the election of bishops, by bulBut with greater astonishment did we con lots of lay and clerical votes, does not template the title of a full quarto sheet, make us anxious, defective us is our own which fell into our hands last evening. system, to see it in action among ourselves. “ The Jesuít!” printed in this good city

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