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LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

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GREAT BRITAIN.

cause. The running title of the article In the press : An Address to a Wed is, “ Unitarians rich, yet inefficient;" and ding Party; by the Rev. J. Clayton, Jun.; the statements in the text correspond to

The Peculiar Doctrines of the Church the title ; for it is confessed that “ the of Rome, as contained in her own Decrees Unitarian Missionary Association during and Bulls; examined and disproved by the last year is an almost total failure ;"" the Rev. H. O‘Donnoghue ; " Affec

that “the spirit of Unitarianism is not a tion's Offering ;"-Notices of Brazil; missionary spirit ;" that of their chapels by the Rev. R. Walsh, LL.D.;- The “the tale is brief and mournful ;" that their Listener ; by Caroline Fry ;-A Memoir assemblies for public worship are ill at. of the late A. Waugh, D.D. ; by the Rev. tended ; that they can, with difficulty, H. Belfrage, D.D., and the Rev. I. Hay; support a single periodical publication; - The Old-Testament Authorised Ver that their institutions for religious pursion, with the Original Hebrew Names poses are “ few and languishing;” that, “alinstead of the English words Lord and though for their numbers, the Unitarians God;-Parallel Miracles; or the Jews and are the richest body of religionists in the the Gypsies ; by S. Roberts, with a view kingdom, they contribute the least to relito shew that the latter people are the de- gious objects;" and, most painful of all, scendants of the ancient Egyptians, “ de- that in India itself, where they looked nounced by the Prophets Isaiah, Jeremiah, for most, they are without a missionary, and Ezekiel, to be desolate among the and unable to keep up a single chapel. nations that are desolate, being cast out of To say that, with our views of the Unitheir kingdom into the open fields of all tarian system, we quote these statements lands, there to remain without idols and with pain would be an untruth which no without images forty years, but at length Unitarian would wish us to proffer ; but to be re-assembled in their native country, we by no means bring them forward in an under a Saviour and a Great One, and to be invidious spirit. The humbling confes. there brought to a knowledge of the Lord." sions uttered by persons who wish well to

a cause, with a view to stir up their breIt would confer a benefit upon the thren to promote it, are not a subject for church, if some clergyman or layman insult, and we are far from urging them as would procure from the various dioceses such. But we would candidly press upon of England, Ireland, and Wales, an ac the announcers of these facts, their own count of any institutions formed in them dilemma, that Christianity is essentially of the nature of clerical assurance socie- “a proselyting religion;" so that if the ties, or funds for the widows and children tenets of Unitarianism (so-called, for we of clergyman, with a view to compare them by no means admit the fairness of this and to point out the best methods of con exclusive assumption of the term, tri-une ducting them. In the diocese of Derry, not being trine) are not of a character to it is stated that the bishop, the dean, proselyte the world, they are confessed to and

every rector and curate subscribes one be false. The writers escape from this per cent. of his income, for the clerical suicidal conclusion by urging that their widow's fund, which amounts to nine doctrines are fit for missionary purposes; thousand two hundred pounds. The in- but that the holders of them are not dilicome from the subscriptions this year is gent stewards in dispensing them. But three hundred and eighty-seven pounds, this comes to nearly the same thing ; since and the annuities and donations amount it admits the spiritual inefficiency of the to eleven hundred and thirteen pounds. system, even as regards its converts. We On a recent occasion, when a consider will not, however, dwell upon the arguable loss was sustained by a failure, the ment. Would that“rich, but inefficient, present bishop made a donation of one did not apply too much in some other thousand pounds to the fund.

quarters also; and it will apply more forThe last Number of the Monthly Re cibly than ever, if in place of the decaying pository, the official organ of the Unita- foundations of Unitarianism, the believers rian body in this country, gives a most in the Divinity of Christ, and his meritohopeless account of the state of their rious sacrifice for the sing of mankind, de

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not endeavour more zealously than they The experiment of destroying vermin have ever yet done to lay in every part of by steam has been tried on a large scale the world this rejected corner-stone, as

in the case of one or more vessels in tro. the basis for a pure and spiritual church. pical climates; and with such success, it

In Locke's diary and correspondence is said, as to exterminate even the white recently published by Lord King, a pas ant, the destructive ravages of which have sage is given from his manuscript journal, hitherto met with no effectual check. The which certainly appears to point to a he hull to be cleared is made air tight, and terodox conclusion, relative to the doc then filled with steam by means of a pipe trine of the Trinity, and the Godhead of from the boiler of a steam-vessel. Christ. The passage is, however, only a It has been ascertained by a series of detached extract, and many circumstances experiments, that many of the poisons are wanting to shew that it was the which affect animal life will also kill plants writer's mature and last conclusion. His if applied to the root. lordship ought not thus to have loosely Mr. Telford, the civil engineer, in rethrown upon the world an exceptionable porting to parliament upon the effects of passage or two, when he has refrained the new London bridge, states, that the from printing the body of the manuscript. old bridge, from its massy construction, If the whole was thought too long and acted as a dam : the result, therefore, of uninteresting to print, an impartial syllabus its removal, will be that the tide will rise might have been given; though, after all, higher, and with greater velocity up the neither the name of Locke, or Milton, or river, westward of the bridge, and cause Newton himself, is of much real moment occasional inundations, where the banks in a matter which depends not upon hu or wharfs are low ; while the correspondman authority, but upon the authoritative ing rapid reflux will leave the channel in announcements of the word of God.

inany places dry, and probably cause set. A work has been published by some un tlements and excavations on the margin worthy collateral descendant of Dr. Dod of the river. dridge, which is an insult to his memory. We lately saw an advertisement of a That venerated man kept a diary and copies raffle, at one shilling per head, for “ Hayof his letters; someof which, written in his cock's Bible,” to take place in the library younger years, were abundantly foolish; room of a Catholic chapel in Ireland ; the what was best worth extractinig had been proceeds to be applied towards the ex: long ago given to the world ; good taste

penses of erecting the edifice.

The and right feeling had kept back the re- raffling was to go on for a week, and in mainder; but the short-hand manuscripts order to excite those who had not a shilnot being destroyed, cupidity or some ling for this religious lottery a little-go worse motive has thrust the garbage upon was appended of sixpence, for a the public market. We write thus much interesting and instructive work, entitled to warn our readers against purchasing Miss Herbert and the Villagers." This this refuse : we shall not dilate further; is the first time we ever heard of a raffle for though by office periodical inspectors (which is illegal, as well as otherwise exof the aforesaid literary market, we do not ceptionable) being instituted for a pro. wish to come into contact with the hig- fessedly religious object, and we trust it glers of its corrupt provisions. These are will be the last. not honeyed accents; but they are apt, Vice is so closely connected with imand we will take a fresh pen to proceed providence, that this may be one reason that with our labours. It must be distressing theatrical property is almost every where to every well-constituted mind, setting a ruinous speculation. Our newspapers, religion aside, to see the revered memory and courts of law and equity constantly of the author of the invaluable “Rise and attest the disgraceful disputes and insolProgress of Religion” identified with a vencies which arise out of this immoral single line unworthy of his character. species of property. The same is the

Mr. M.Culloch, reasoning from the case in the United States of America ; but alleged habit of fishes to repair towards it may seem more surprising that the palight-houses, has advised the use of noc rallel should apply to countries of gayer turnal lamps in the herring and pilchard habits, such as France and Italy. Yet it fisheries. The experiment has recently would appear that all over Europe, for been tried on the coast of Cornwall with more than one hundred and fifty years out success; but under circumstances, it past, almost all who have taken charge of is stated, which do not affect the principle theatrical concerns have either lost their when more favourably applied.

fortunes, or become bankrupt. All the

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theatres in Germany which are not sup- power of “the talking leaf” was the gift
ported by the sovereigns, almost all those of the Great Spirit to the white man, or a
in Italy, all those in the departments of discovery of the white man himself. Most
France, and almost all in Paris, are de of his companions were of the former opi.
scribed to be in a state of insolvency. nion, while he maintained the latter. This
FRANCE.

frequently became a subject of contempla-
The publishers of Paris state, that their tion with him afterwards, as well as many
trade is so inert, that, in some of the third- other things which he knew, or had heard,
rate towns of France, there is not a single that the white man could do. Many years
regular bookseller's shop; the only mart after, a swelling on his knee confined him
being a few shelves, at a stationer's or dra to his cabin, and at length made him a
per's, supplied with old romances. They cripple for life. Deprived of the excite-
urge the extension of an author's copy ments of war, and the pleasures of the
right to his life, and to his heirs for chase, in the long nights of his confinement
twenty-five years, instead of twenty as at his mind was again directed to the mystery
present. They also propose, that the pro. of speaking by letters, the very name of
tection secured to national works shall be which was not to be found in his language.
extended to works published in foreign From the cries of wild beasts, from the
countries, the governments of which shall mocking bird, and from the voices of his
grant similar protection to the literary children and companions, he knew that
productions of France. This is to coun- thoughts were conveyed by sounds. It
teract reprints in the Netherlands, which occurred to him to try to ascertain all the
is a chief cause of the decay of the French 'sounds in the Cherokee language. He
book-trade. English publishers would next attempted to use pictorial signs, such
willingly assent to give American authors

as sketches of birds and beasts, to reprecopy-right in England, if the Americans sent these sounds. He soon dropped this would grant the same privilege to English method, as difficult or impossible, and authors. But would they consent to do tried arbitrary signs. At first these signs so? The case of France and Belgium is were very 'numerous; but by the aid of. similar.

his daughter, who seemed to enter into the UNITED STATES.

genius of his labours, he reduced them, at Every month brings more information last, to eighty-six, the number he now of the progress of the cause of temperance.

As yet he had never seen a pen, In many places it is even becoming dis- but made his characters on a piece of bark graceful to sell ardent spirits, except for with a knife or nail. At length he procured medical purposes, or for the use of varnish this useful implement and also some pa-. makers, and other manufacturers. This per. His ink was made from the bark of zeal for temperance has extended to trees, the colouring property of which he portions of the Indian tribes. The Che- had previously known—and after seeing rokee Phønix, a native newspaper, says,

the construction of a pen, he soon learned "A powerful enemy is abroad in our coun to make one; at first he made it without try. He is destroying many strong men.

a slit; but this inconvenience was quickly The mourning of the widow and the orphan removed by his sagacity. His next diffiis heard wherever that enemy has been. culty was to make his invention known to Unless we defend ourselves we shall be his countrymen: for by this time he had subdued before him. Let us all arise, become so abstracted from his tribe, that and put him to death, or banish him be- he was viewed with an eye of suspicion as yond the limits of the Cherokee Nation." a sorcerer. At length he summoned some Then follows a list of resolutions by In- of the most distinguished persons of his dians, resolving not to taste distilled tribe, and gave them the best explanation liquors themselves, and to discourage the he could of his discovery, stripping it of use of them by others.

all supernatural influence. His daughter We have more than once adverted to was ordered to go out of hearing, while he the remarkable discoveries of See-quah- requested his friends to name a word or yah, the Cherokee Cadmus. He is sixty- sentiment, which he put down ; she was five years of age; he still dresses as an then called in and read it to them; then Indian, and has never spoken a word of the father retired and the daughter wrote ; English; yet this extraordinary man has the Indians were wonder-struck; but not invented an alphabet and introduced litera. entirely satisfied. See-quah-yah then proture among his people. It happened that posed that the tribe should select several at one of the councils of the nation, a young men, that he might communicate question arose, whether the mysterious the mystery to them. This was at length

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agreed to, although there was still some taphysical investigations to mechanical
lurking suspicion of necromancy. The occupations, and has invented various ma-
tribe watched the youths for several nufactures, to the great benefit and admi-
months with anxiety ; and when they ration of his people. The Government of
offered themselves for examination, the the United States had a font of types cut
feelings of all were wrought up' to the from his alphabet.
highest pitch. They were separated from

INDIA.
their master, and every precaution taken Sir John Malcolm, the present Gover-
to prevent collusion. See-quah-yah tri. nor of Bombay, is anxious to establish a
umphed, and became at once schoolmaster, steam communication between that place
professor, philosopher, and a chief. His and England, by the way of the Red Sea.
countrymen held him in reverence as one It is proposed that passengers from Eng-
favoured by the Great Spirit. The inven land arriving at Alexandria shall be con-
tions of early times are shrouded in mys- veyed across the Desert to Suez upon
tery; but See-quah-yah disdained 'all dromedaries, and embark in the steam-
quackery. He did not stop here, but car vessel for Bombay through the Red Sea
ried on his discoveries to the science of and the Straits of Babel-Mandel. The
numbers, in which he invented the digits, greatest difficulty is to procure coal. It is
and the fundamental rules. He is a man stated that arrangements have been made
of diversified talents; he passes from me for a speedy trial of the experiment.

1

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
THEOLOGY.

MISCELLANEOUS.
Concise Prayers, for Family and Private Life and Times of D. de Foe. By W.
use.

Wilson. 3 Vols.
A Mother's Sermons for her Children. Henry and Antonio, or the Proselytes

The Child's Commentator. Vol. II. of the Roman Catholic and Protestant. with a Frontispiece. By the Rev. J. Translated from the German of Dr. BretCobbin. 2s. 6d.

schneider. By the Rev. M. Morgan. 6s.6d. The Child's Prayer Book. By the Rev. A Plan for Increasing the Usefulness of J, Cobbin. ls. 6d.

Parish Clerks. By the Rev. F. Flowers. The Scriptures Fulfilled. By the Rev. The Savings Bank Assistant; second R. Weaver. 5s.

edition. With the Report of the Com Dr. Charnock's Discourses on Man's mittee of the House of Commons. By C. Enmity to God, and Mercy for the Chief Compton. of Sinners. 2s.

Astronomy. By R. Banks. 8s. Sympathy; or the Mourner advised The Grammatical and Pronouncing and comforted. By the Rev. J. Bruce. 5s. Spelling Book. By the Rev. J. Cobbin,

Thoughts on the Covenant of Works. By the Rev. J. Eagelton. 3s.

Delineations of the North Western DiA Plea for the Lord's Day. By the vision of the County of Somerset. By the Rev. J. Sherman.

Rev. J. Rutter. 78. 6d.

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2s.6d.

RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

ENGLISH SERVICE AT ROME. Dr. Jarvis, an American clergyman, who was at Rome last winter, gives the following pleasing account of the English service in that city, in a letter to Bishop Brownell :~" The Pope celebrated High Mass in person, but I would not let my curiosity interfere with my duty, and therefore went to the English Service. It will gratify you to learn that there were full three hundred communicants, and on the following Sun. day not far from two hundred, a great part of whom did not communicate on

Christmas day. The congregation is very
crowded ; and I seldom, if ever, have wit-
nessed one more devout, or more fervent
in their responses.--It is very interesting
to see the number of young persons, and
particularly young men, who come to the
Holy Table, and evince by their deport-
ment that their hearts are impressed with
a sense of Divine things. We have had
during the whole winter, from Mr. Bur-
gess and three or four other clergymen, a
series of excellent sermons; and I am
pleased to see that the taste of the con-

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1829. Christ. Know...Convention.. Schools..Guardian and Irish Societies. 713
gregation is decidedly in favour of scrip- been instrumental in building up some
tural preaching. In short, I have enjoyed new church or congregation.
Divine service more in Rome, than in any
part of the continent where I have been, CHINESE FEMALE SCHOOLS.
unless I except Leghorn. Is not this a Mrs. Dyer writes from Penang :-"We
strange fact, that in the very centre of have of late been much tried in supporting
Popery there should be so much enjoy our Chinese schools. The Governor-ge-
ment of Protestant privileges ?"

neral, finding that these islands produce

no revenue to the Government, and are a SOCIETY FOR PROMOTING great expense to it, wished to retrench in

CHRISTIAN KNOWLEDGE. every possible way: nearly all the persons The last Report of the Society has re connected with Government have consecently been distributed among the mem quently had their salaries decreased, and bers; but we have not space for an ab- they have taken away the whole of our allowstract of it in our present Number. It is ance for schools. Our female school must, a particularly interesting document. The therefore, in future, be entirely dependent accounts from the West Indies are rather

on the produce of fancy articles sent from more explicit than some former statements England for its support; and I feel persuadof societies; as they distinguish in several ed that the Christian zeal, love, and liberainstances slaves from free coloured persons, lity of our dear young friends, will not suffer and reading schools from oral ones. The it to want. I think that if a good supply of result is as we stated it would be, when things really useful were sent every year this essential distinction was duly made. they would produce sufficient to enable us The British public and many of the to support it comfortably. I am sure my friends of our religious societies were de friends will pardon me for pleading so ceived with imposing sounds; little sus strongly with them,-the necessity of the specting that catechetical schools meant case, and the wants of the perishing heaplaces where the children were not taught then must plead my excuse. to read either the catechism or a chapter We shall be happy to learn, what we of the New Testament. Now these dis cannot doubt, that Mrs. Dyer's appeal is tinctions, the necessity for which we were cordially responded to; especially as the reprehended for pointing out, are partly sale of articles of ladies' manufacture in observed. How stands the estimate? look our charity bazaars has become somewhat at Jamaica, the largest by far of the islands. dull at home, in consequence of over-proThe Report before us admits that reading duction, schools for slaves are rare, being, with the exception of one parish, confined GUARDIAN SOCIETY. almost entirely to the principal towns, We regret to learn that the funds of (How many such towns and schools are this very useful and benevolent institution there ?) and even oral instruction has been are exhausted. For particulars,we refer our checked in several instances, by the refusal readers to the committee's advertisement of the proprietors to admit catechists on in our last Number, which we hope will their estates. In Barbadoes the prospect not plead in vain. is stated to be brighter : but at best it is gloomy. This is no fault of the Society

IRISH SOCIETY. for promoting Christian Knowledge ; but We beg leave to refer our readers to an it calls for renewed exertions on the part appeal of this excellent and well-conducted of every true friend of religion and huma- society, which will be found under the nity to correct the evil. While slavery cover of our present Number. We have continues, we see not how this can be frequently stated the objects and utility of done effectually: but it is not less a duty the society, and strongly recommend it to achieve all that is in our power.

to the increased patronage of every true

friend to the spiritual welfare of Ireland. GEORGIA EPISCOPAL CON We are much gratified in learning that VENTION.

very few indeed, if any, have been the inThe late Episcopal Convention of Geor stances in which the Irish Bible or Testagia has proposed the adoption of a gene ment has been given up, or of a family ral canon, that no clergyman shall be allow- into which they have been once introduced ed to settle in any city or populous town, that has not continued, and been strengthuntil he shall have been employed for at ened in their use, and in attachment to Aleast two years as a missionary in some them. destitute part of the county, or shall have CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 335.

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