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intention to visit Rabenstein, the owner of and sometimes absolute want, "fill the that castle thought fit to prepare these two mosque with dead bodies, or with sick caves for his reception; to do which he persons; many of whom,when their dissolubroke up the whole of the floors, pounding tion approaches, are brought to the colonthe larger stones and bones to the bottom nades, that they may either be cured by for a foundation, and spreading the earth a sight of the Kaaba, or at least have the and finer particles to form a smooth sur satisfaction of expiring within the sacred face over them.

enclosure. Poor hadjys, worn out with ITALY.

disease and hunger, are seen dragging At St. Lazarus near Venice, there is a their emaciated bodies along the columns; college of Armenians,founded by Mechitar and when no longer able to stretch forth of Sebasta, in 1721, on the plan of that of their hand to ask the passenger for charity, the Jesuits. The Mechitarists have pub- they place a bowl to receive alms near the lished grammars and vocabularies of vari mat on which they lay themselves. When ous languages; and the valuable remains they feel their last moments approaching of Greek literature preserved in ancient they cover themselves with their tattered Armenian translations have been rendered garments ; and often a whole day passes accessible to the literati of Europe by these before it is discovered that they are dead. brethren. For a long time past they have For a month subsequent to the conclusion been engaged in preparing a complete col- of the hadj, I found, almost every morning, lection of the Armenian writers, on the corpses of pilgrims lying in the mosque. plan of the great collections of the Greek There are several persons in the service fathers and Byzantine historians. The of the mosque employed to wash carefully complete collection will fill six or eight the spot on which those who expire in volumes in folio.

the mosque have lain, and to bury all the RUSSIA.

poor and friendless strangers who die at The Russian empire comprehends one Mekka." half of Europe and a third of Asia ; and So cheap is land carriage in several forms a ninth part of the habitable globe. eastern countries, by means of that most Its European division is peopled by fifty- serviceable animal, the camel, that it is eight millions of inhabitants, its Asiatic by stated that the carriage of a camel-load of two millions, and its American by 50,000. goods, weighing from 600 to 700 pounds, The total number is 60,000,000 of souls, from Bagdad to Aleppo, a distance of 600* which, however, gives no more than about miles, costs only 41. 161 persons to each square mile.

UNITED STATES. A Kalmuck Academy has been founded Joseph Bonaparte, who leads à calm at St. Petersburgh, to supply the govern- life on the banks of the Delawar, was lately ment with able interpreters, and with offi- visited by Sir Robert Porter, on his way cers acquainted with the language. from South-America, by the United States, EGYPT.

to Europe. His magnificent mansion was M. Champollion found in an excavated burnt down, but much valuable property temple, named Bet-Oually, in Nubia, a was saved from the fire ; especially some series of tablets relating principally to of the best paintings of the Flemish and the campaigns of Sesostris against the Spanish masters. One of the saloons is Arabs; with other sculptures, all religious, dedicated to sculptures of the Bonaparte and connected with that remarkable fea. family. Sir R. K. Porter describes the ture in the Egyptian mythology, a Triad; bust of Charles Bonaparte, the father of Ammon the father, Mouth the mother, the family, as most impressive. The exand Khous the child; or Osiris, Isis, and monarch has a large domain, and spends Horus.

vast sums of money in promoting cultiARABIA, &c.

vation, agriculture, erecting villages, and Mohammedanism, like all other false encouraging artificers. He devotes his religions, sacrifices numerous victims to its leisure hours to writing a commentary on superstitions. A traveller, after describing the life of his brother Napoleon. the pilgrimage to Mecca and the ceremo The American journals state, that the nies of the Ramadhan, adds, “ The ter late General Ridgely, of Maryland, has by mination of the Hadj gives a very different his last will and testament emancipated all appearance to the temple. Disease and his slaves, amounting, it is reported, to mortality, which succeed to the fatigues more than 400 ! Those above twenty-eight endured on the journey, or are caused by years of age are to be free immediately; the light covering of the ibram, the un and of those under that age, the males are healthy lodgings at Mekka, the bad fare, to be free at twenty-eight, and the females

at twenty-five. Provision is made for stitution of the Congregational Churches, the support of those over forty-five. by the Rev. T. C. Upham, Professor in “General Ridgely,” it is added, "hasBowdoin College, occurs the following long been known as a very influential cha statement respecting the mode of preachracter in Maryland. For several years he ing practised by the Puritan fathers of acted as Governor of the State ; and few New England :-" The earliest preachers men have taken upon themselves a greater of the Congregationalists did not use share of the burthen of public business notes; their sermons were unwritten, althan he has done."

though they could not always be called There has been lately put up in the Pres- extemporaneous.

Th

first person in byterian Church in Newburyport, where North-America of the Congregational sect Mr. Whitefield was buried, a cenotaph to

who is known to have used notes, was his

memory, with the following epitaph: the Rev. J. Warham, a worthy minister of “ This cenotaph is erected with affection Windsor in Connecticut. Cotton Mather, ate veneration to the memory of the Rev. to whom we are indebted for this fact, George Whitefield, born at Gloucester, gives us to understand, that Warham, by England, Dec. 16, 1714; educated at this practice, gave considerable offence to Oxford University; ordained 1736. In a some judicious persons, who had never ministry of thirty-four years, he crossed the heard him. But he adds, when they Atlantic thirteen times, and preached more once came to hear him, they could not but than 18,000 sermons : as a soldier of the admire the notable energy of his ministry.' Cross, humble, devout, ardent, he put on The preachers of the present day pursue, the whole armour of God, preferring the in some respects, a middle course. Gehonour of Christ to his own interest, re nerally speaking, the more formal sermons, pose, reputation or life : as a Christian preached on the Sabbath, are written; but orator, his deep piety, disinterested zeal, on other occasions, as private lectures and and vivid imagination gave unexampled conferences, they frequently preach withenergy to his look, action, and utterance; out notes. And this course seems to give bold, fervent, pungent, and popular in his general satisfaction.” eloquence, no other uninspired man ever

CHINA. preached to so large assemblies, or enforc Japanese translators are rendering Dr. ed the simple truths of the Gospel by Morrison's Chinese Dictionary into the motives so persuasive and awful, and with Japanese vernacular dialect. The arrangean influence so powerful on the hearts of ment of the alphabetical part of the Dichis hearers. He died of asthma, Sept. 30, tionary pleases the natives so much, that 1770; suddenly exchanging his life of un it has become common, it is stated, for paralleled labours for his eternal rest.” persons at Nangaski to write a column of

A Wesleyan University is about to be characters, with their definitions, on fans, established in Middletown, Connecticut. and present them to friends.

In a work recently published on the Con

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THEOLOGY.

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

and Miracles of our Lord Jesus Christ. Sermons. By the Rev. W. F. Vance. By the Rev. A. Judson, of America. 8d. 10s. 6d.

The Christian's Manual : containing
A Discourse on the Rise, Progress, and Extracts from the Writings of the Rev.
Termination of Mohammedanism. By William Law. 3s. 60.
the Rev. H. F. Burder.

The Cottage Commentator (the First
The True Nature of the Church of volume complete). By the Rev. Ì. Cobbin.
Rome, and the Duty of the Clergy towards

MISCELLANEOUS. her: a Sermon. By the Rev. H. F. Lyte. The Continuation of Milner's Church

Sermons. By the Rev. R. Wardlaw, History. By the Rev. J. Scott. Vol. II.
D.D. 10s. 6d.

Part II. 5s.
Reflections doctrinal, practical, and de Memoirs of J.D. Ballance. 5s.
vational. By the Rev. G. Bliss. 6s. Elementary. Thoughts on the Right
The Sabbath Minstrel. 4d.

Progress of Education. By G. M. Scott.
Christ's Speedy Return in Glory. 2s. The Family Library. No. VI. History

The Commandment with Promise. By of the Jews. Vol. II. 5s. the Author of “ The Last Day of the Ten Introductory Lectures, delivered Week.” . 2s. 6d.

at the Opening of the University of LonScripture Questions on the Discourses don. Session 1828-9. 1 vol. 8vo. 128.

RELIGIOUS İNTELLIGENCE.

or

cease.

NATIONAL SCHOOL SOCIETY..

not more than one-half have any of tħeir The plans of the National Society are schools actually united with the National so well known, that the last Report is Society, though there is reason to believe confined to a brief detail of the most in none of them are altogether without teresting events in the past year. A few Church-of-England schools. The comschools established many years since, have mittee are justly anxious that one wise been suspended, in consequence of the and united system of co-operation should varying circumstances of parishes, the be carried into effect," which, while it change of incumbents, and the death tended to the good of the society and the removal of individuals on whom the honour of the church, would promote the schools mainly depended for support ; welfare of all its members and the glory but the decrease thus occasionéd, is far of God.” more than compensated by the union of sixty additional schools during the past

FRENCH BIBLE SOCIETY. year. The society's resources have fallen The last Report of the Bible Society of off; bat this defect, it is trusted, will be Nismes in France contains the following speedily supplied by renewed exertions anecdote of one of the subscribers, who on the part of its friends. The Report was formerly attached to Bonaparte's army. adds a testimony of deep regret for the An officer of the society, struck with his loss of the society's late most reverend modest zeal in support of the cause, asked president, who powerfully promoted the him whether his attachment to the society important objects of the society from its did not proceed from a knowledge of the first institution to the period of his de- soul-enlivening contents of the Bible.

• It is so," said he ; " and I will inform Among the causes of thankfulness and you how it took place." 6 Under the late encouragement which the committee ac emperor, I was attached to the

army;

and knowledge, may be numbered the gene- being taken prisoner and carried to Engral prosperity of the institution, a growing land, I was confined in one of the prisonpersuasion in the public mind of its useful ships. There, huddled together one above ness and importance, the large addition the other, and deprived of every thing made to the society's funds by the bequest that could' tend to soften the miseries of of 20,0007. by Mr: Tillard ; with the con life, I abandoned myself to dark despair, tinuance and increase of the zealous efforts and resolved to make away with myself

. of the parochial clergy in promoting the In this state of mind, an English clergyman religious education of the poor. In eight visited us, and addressed us to the followdioceses, societies have been formed or ing effect: “My heart bleeds for your revived, under the sanction of the several losses and privations, nor is it in my bishops, with the valuable appendages of power to remedy them: but I can offer central or model schools. Returns made consolation for your immortal souls; from two-thirds of the places having and this consolation is contained in the schools in union previously to the last word of God. Read this book my friends ; Report gave the following numbers : for I am willing to present every one with Sunday and daily... Boys 100,477; Girls a copy of the Bible, who is desirous to 74,136, making 174,613: Sunday only... possess it.'-The tone of kindness with Boys 51,089; Girls 51,547, making which he spoke, and the candour of this 102,636 : total, 277,249; adding to which pious man, made such an impression upon one-third for the places from which no me, that I burst into tears. I gratefully accounts had been recently received, the accepted a Bible; and in it I found abuntotal of children would be about 360,000. dant consolation, amidst all

my

miseries It has been determined that a general in and distresses. From that moment the quiry into the state of Sunday and other Bible has become a book precious to my Church-of-England sehools shall be made soul: out of it I have gathered motives every fifth year. It appears from a recent for resignation and courage to bear up in inquiry, that of 400 parishes; each con adversity; and I feel happy in the idea taining a population of 4.000 souls or up that it may prove to others what it has wards, according to the census in 1821; been to me.

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EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN THE and commodious church which they have
UNITED STATES.

erected; and that at New Hartford is Bishop Hobart, in one of his recent ad principally indebted for their convenient dresses to his Clergy, gives the following structure to the liberality of one venerable statement of the manner in which Epis- individual, who at the first generously encopal Congregations are often gradually dowed the church, and has since continued gathered in the remoter parts of his own, his munificent benefactions. In the handand other dioceses in the United States. some brick edifice at Batavia, a large body

“ Increased public ministrations by the of worshippers assemble, where, not many clergy, and pastoral instruction from house years since, I officiated in the Court-house to house, with prudent zeal and fidelity to an assembly, scarcely any of whom were explaining and enforcing the institutions acquainted with our mode of worship. I of the church, and shewing their con might apply the same remark to Ithaca. nexion with the great and distinguishing For all this, for the increase of our doctrines of the Gospel, and their tendency congregations, which now amount to one to excite a rational yet fervent devotion, hundred and fifty, and which, within will, through the Divine blessing, prevent twelve or fifteen years, have been nearly the members of the church from wan doubled in number, twelve being organized dering elsewhere in search of spiritual during the past year, we are very much inlight and consolation; and will tend to debted, under God, to missionary exertions. satisfy others of the high excellence of her And I am thus led to entreat an increased ordinances and liturgy, as the best secu

attention to measures for augmenting the rity for sound doctrine, and for an enlight- Missionary Fund. I would impress this ened and substantial piety. The increase particularly on the large and wealthy conof our church by any other means, by re gregations in our cities and elsewhere." linquishing any of her principles or insti. “ The report which I shall lay before tutions, is not to be desired. Numerical you from the Committee for propagating strength might thus prove absolute weak- the Gospel, &c. will shew the number of ness, by bringing within her pale those Missionaries employed-who, it should be who will seek to change her character, and remembered, only receive each the small to accommodate her to other religious views, stipend of one hundred and twenty-five and other modes of worship. Our church dollars. The remainder of their support in this diocese has hitherto increased by comes from their congregations. Many a faithful adherence to her principles. In are the new settlements where our church new settlements, a few churchmen, in would be established, could they be supsome cases scarcely more than one zealous plied with missionaries. But the funds churchman, using the Liturgy for worship, are wanting. I must entreat, therefore, and at last obtaining the aid of some mis

à renewed attention to the missionary sionary on Sunday, have often succeeded collections and to the missionary societies in establishing a respectable congregation, for raising funds." and in erecting a house for worship. At Moravia, Owasco-Flats, four or five years

AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOLS. ago there was but one churchman-the The first Sunday-school in the United service of the church was introduced States was commenced in Philadelphia, in ministerial aid occasionally procured-and 1791, by persons of different religious denoa congregation has been gradually formed, minations. In the year 1803, two Sunday who have erected a handsome edifice for Schools were formed in the city of New. worship. The above remarks may be ap- York, by the late Mrs Graham. In 1806, plied to the little congregation at Trenton, the Rev. S. Wilmer commenced a Sunday and to the larger one at Ithaca, and to the School at Kent, in the state of Maryland : still larger ones of Ogdensburgh, 'Batavia, and in 1808, the same person began a and Rochester, where handsome brick or school at Swedesborough, New-Jersey: stone buildings are erected. The congre- In 1809, a Sunday-school Society was gation at Rochester, itself but a new set formed in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, by tlement, has been organized but six or eight which a school was opened in September years; and in that period they have erected of that year, containing 240 scholars. Now two houses for worship, and the large the “ American Sunday-school Union' stone edifice in which they now assemble, numbers 2600 schools, 24,307 teachers, a beautiful specimen of Gothic architec- and 174,191 scholars. It also gives ture, is surpassed by none in the state. employment to fourteen printing presses,

The small congregation at Waterloo de- and prints on an average 432,000 18mo serve great credit for the singularly neat pages a day. Still" there are at least

CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 333.

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2,500,000 children, between the ages of they abandoned themselves to every spefive and fourteen, in the United States, of cies of vice : destitute of all knowledge, whom not more than 250,000 are receiving living without God, and without hope, the benefits of Sunday-school instruction, habitually drunkards, they had scarcely leaving a balance of 2,250,000 to be pro- the appearance of humanity, and their vided for.

only desire seemed to be to obtain spi

ritous liquor; their thirst for it was never SOUTH-SEA NÀTIVE MISSIONS. to be satisfied, until the grace of God · The Society Islands are sending native converting their hearts made them abhor teachers in considerable numbers to other this and every other siń. Yet I hear there groups

of islands in the Pacific Ocean. A are some who would rejoice to see these missionary writes, “ Brother Williams's poor Indians reduced to their former state account of the spread of the Gospel among of poverty and wickedness, exposed to the Harvey Islands, the Sandwich Islands, the inclemency of the weather, lying under and other groups, afforded us much inter- the shelter of a fence, without a blanket est, as well as the various communications to shield them from the stormy winds, the received from the native teachers, testify- rain, frost, and snow; and this because ing the progress of Divine truth in all these they wish to have them wholly in their places. It was agreed at the meeting, to own power, and strip them of the furs send native teachers, as soon as expedient, they procure in hunting, without any reto the various groups of islands to the muneration ; and this would be the case westward, as far as New Caledonia. They had they no friends to protect them. are to be sent in a vessel built by the king Previous to their conversion, these poor of Rorotoa, in which the king and brother people used to say, they could not see Williams came to Raiatea. Each island any advantage it would be to them to beis to furnish two missionaries or native come Christians : they observed White teachers."

men could get drunk, and swear and fight,

as well as Indians. They were then ignoINDIANS ÎN UPPER CANADA. rant that there is much difference between

The following is an extract from a re the mere profession of Christianity, and cent letter of a teacher in Upper Canada. the influence of Christian principles. When

“ I received your favour, in which you Í now witness the fervour of their devodesire me to give an account of our Chris- tion, their humble deportment, and their tian Indians with this request I comply godly example, I am ashamed of my own with great pleasure, and shall be as brief want of love to Him who gave me all as possible.

I possess. When I see their contentPeter Jones, who now travels as a ment with a scanty meal, and hear their missionary among the different tribes, was expressions of thankfulness to Almighty the first convert at the Grand River in the God for the blessings they enjoy, I am year 1823. His labours among his coun induced to think that here Christianity trymen have been blest in a peculiar peculiarly flourishes, that in this place is manner; for since his conversion, many, to be found in an eminent degree the reliin various parts, have turned to the Lord.' gion of the heart. When you recollect The number of adults who have embraced that drunkenness was the vice to which the Gospel amounts to more than five these people were most addicted, it will hundred, and many children are now re- gratify you to hear, that since their proceiving the benefit of education. There

fession of Christianity not more than six are at present ten schools among these instances of intoxication have occurred native tribes, and about three hundred among the whole body, consisting of fully scholars, some of whom can now read, a thousand individuals. write, and cipher. I have just had the “ The desire for learning is great among pleasure of hearing boys, who did not these poor people. The Indians at Lake know their alphabet the middle of last Simco, when asking for a teacher, said, November, read very distinctly in the New they would reserve part of the fur they Testament*. Their progress in writing is had procured to pay him, and actually still more remarkable.

stripped themselves of their silver orna“ It is well known in what state these ments to purchase books for the school. poor people were before their conversion I believe the amount of trinkets sold for to Christianity. Ignorant and degraded; this purpose was 151. This desire for

instruction is universal among those who These Testaments were a grant from have embraced the Gospel; but their the Hibernian Bible Society.

countrymen have an aversion to education,

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