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Jesus, and the way of salvation and the disadvantages of delivering
through a crucified Saviour. written discourses from the pulpit.

“ Not till 1783, had we the satis. It is a subject which has often oc-
faction to see the brethren, J. Hein- cupied my thoughts; and I confess
rich, Fleckner, and Raab's arrive to that the result of my meditations
our assistance. They came in a Malay upon it, and observations concerning
prow; the ship in which they had it, has been different from that of
sailed having been seized by a French your able correspondent. I shall
privateer, which claimed her as law. proceed briefly to state my reasons
ful prize, because he found on board for the conclusion to which I have
a few old English newspapers in a

come in favour of written sermons.
trunk belonging to Mr. Wilson, an I would, however, beg to premise,
English gentleman, who had escaped that the question, I conceive, is
from Hyder Ali's prison. This was not between an extempore sermon
pretence sufficient for the French- preached and a written sermon read;
man to seize upon a neutral Danish but between an extempore sermon
vessel; nor could any redress be preached and a written sermon
ever procured, to the great loss of preached. This distinction is by no
the mission. After long and vexa means sufficiently considered. A
tious detention, the mate and the written sermon read in a pulpit, is
three brethren purchased a Ma- not that for which I am now about
lay prow, and stole off in the night; to plead. I only plead for a written
as the Malay prince would not suffer sermon (always supposed sound in
them to go. Thus we received, doctrine) preached; that is, delivered
instead of our expected stock of with earnestness, animation, feeling,
provisions, only more mouths to proper emphasis, and, above all,
feed. However, we rejoiced to see with a holy unction of spirit mani-
our dear fellow-missionaries, and did fest in the preacher. With these
what we could for their relief. The qualifications, I think written dis-
prow being unfit to return without courses are to be preferred to ex-
proper sails, we worked up our tempore ones. I should recommend
whole stock of linen and sail-cloth, the former plan in preference to the
and even some of our sheets, and latter, because I think it better for
were ten days employed in making the preacher himself, and better for
"sails, and fitting her for the voyage.

his hearers.
In her the mate, with the brethren, I think it better for the preacher
Raabs and Heyne, left us for Tran- himself: he is less exposed to the
quebar. I cannot describe my feel- temptation of vanity, ostentation,
ings, when I took a final leave of and self-exaltation. There is
my dear brother Heyne, with whom something in the exercise of elo-
I had so long shared weal and woe, quence which tends to engender
lived in true brotherly love and those feelings, and, however a real
union of spirit, and enjoyed so much Christian may pray against them,
of our Lord's help and comfort, in get a leaven of them, will, in most
days of perplexity and distress.” cases, be found where there is com-
(To be continued.)

manding talent; and I think expe-
rience abundantly proves this to be
the fact. Indeed, while man is what

he is, it cannot be otherwise.
EXTEMPORE AND WRITTEN I think, further, that many in-

convenient effects are produced by

extempore preaching, not immedi. Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. ately connected with the delivery

of the discourse. The mind of the In a recent Number of your work, minister, at least of nine ministers I read a well written paper on the out of ten, is not at ease on the advantages of extempore preaching, Lord's day. He cannot, with an



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uninterrupted calmness of spirit, kind is sure to become the idol of
enter into the devotional parts of the multitude. The manner of
the service. Hence, when he does preaching often becomes more im-
not himself officiate, he will perhaps portant to a people than the matter
remain in the vestry while the people of it. I have known persons who
are praying; or if he is in the church, would go to hear a preacher without
his mind is wandering after what he a sermon case, though his statement
is to preach. All this is much to be of doctrine was very obscure, in
lamented. A minister is also much preference to a holy, faithful, and
tempted to appear to preach more affectionate minister who preached
extempore than he really does. I written discourse. This evil
have often been grieved to see in again arises from an idea too
good men the desire after this un much countenanced, that extempore
deserved applause, apparent both preaching is necessarily Gospel
in their conversation and in other preaching. : The effect on bearers
ways; and, among others, in slyly in general, is not good. If a man
concealing their notes written in a is very eloquent, they are tempted
small hand, or short-hand, in a book to idolise him; if he is deficient in
so minute, as to be hidden in the talent, to despise him.
leaves of their Bible. Many Dis I must be permitted to add, that
senting ministers have confessed to expect that all who may be fitted
they did this on account of the pre- for devout and affectionate pastors
judices of their people.

of Christ's church, should be capa.
I need not add how much the ble of extempore preaching, is un-
sermons of an extempore preacher reasonable. The very qualities
must be affected by the state of which would unfit many humble,
his mind and body. A head-ache, retiring, timid, nervous, but deeply
unexpected vexation, or troubles pious young men for the bar or the
weighing down the spirit, à decline senatė, would make them blessed
in his own communion with God, instruments of good in the cottage
lessening his delight in his hallowed of the poor, and at the sick-bed of
employment, and many other things the dying, and even in the pulpit,
will have a sensible effect upon his while delivering with pious warmth
preaching. In many cases also, a written discourse.
extempore preaching leads to indo I myself decidedly prefer the
lence in study, and prevents à pro- mixed moderecommended by Bishop
per growth in theological and Scrip- Burnet, and I heartily wish it were
tural knowledge. A fluency is ob- more generally adopted. I would
tained to speak on certain doctrines; have the greatest part of every dis-
and, with a different text and collo. course carefully studied and written;
cation, the same sermon is in fact but I would not preclude a preacher
preached every Sunday. This tends from giving utterance to the feelings
to keep both the minister and his of his heart, in the application of
church very low. It is an effect his subject to the hearts and con-
which has been to à certain extent sciences of his hearers.
produced of late years, and is to be

H. S. C. H. greatly deplored.

Should it be said that these are but abuses of the practice; I would reply, that the evils which your cor ROMAINE AND CLARKE ON ELISHA respondent has pointed out as belonging to the other system, are only abuses of it.

Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. Further, the plan of extempore preaching is attended with disad- We are all dependent creatures, and vantages to the people as well as to need each other's help: I at least the preacher. Great talent of this cannot do without your assistance,

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Mr. Editor, though you may


a work which has made several
well without mine. The matter is Socinians and Deists, but never yet
this; I have not had the honours, one genuine Christian. Such a work
or advantages of a university educa can draw no man to God, but may
tion, and I am therefore often grie- well affright many from him."--Now,
vously puzzled at the contradictory good Mr. Editor, have patience with
statements of divines to whose works -me: what am I, a poor simple man,
I apply to enlighten my ignorance. to think, to do, to say? Speak we
In the present instance, I wish of the errors and mistakes of un-
to know what I ought to conclude learned men, what opinion must
respecting a book in which I happen I form of these two learned men,
to be much interested: I mean Elisha these Hebrew and Greek scholars?
Cole on the Sovereignty of God. Dear sir, tell me, and let me know
Now, what am I to think when I which is right.
meet with the two following opposite

CASAPHIA *. opinions by two good and great men? Mr. Romaine tells me as

* Lest our correspondent should think us follows: "The doctrines of grace, of will retail to him a conversational remark of

uncourteous in not replying to his query,we which this book treats, are the truths Mrs. Hannah More's, on our once asking of God. Our author, Elisha Cole, her whether she read the works of

, what are has defended them in a masterly

called “The High Calvinistic Divines.” I

read them with discretion. I do not approve manner. He has not only proved of all their doctrines, and I shudder at them to be plainly revealed in the some of their rash assertions ; but I adScriptures, but that, without the mire the piety, the devotedness to God, stedfast belief of them, we cannot

the unction, the intimate acquaintance

with the mysteries of the Christian life, go on our way rejoicing. It is from the joy and peace in the Holy Ghost, these doctrines only that settled which I find in many writings of this peace can rule in the conscience, school. I like the lean of their fat meat." the love of God can be maintained We would rather, however, urge our in the heart, and a conversation kept spiritual edification, writers who are not

correspondent, generally, to select, for his up as becometh the Gospel.”—The carried away to extremes of doctrine on other divine I have alluded to, Dr. any side; to avoid equally the miserable Adam Clarke, tells me, as follows: leanness of some writers of the Arminian “ That horrible caricature of the school, and the unwholesome pinguulity

of others of the Calvinistic. Let him Sovereignty of God by Elisha Cole;

ve read with discretion."


Four Yeurs in France ; 01, Narra- words as conscience and conviction,

tive of an English Family's Re- is frequently dignified by the name sidence there, during that period; of conversion. Ceremonies, opipreceded by some Account of the nions, connexions, localities, -all Conversion of the Author to the things may be changed, except the Catholic Faith. London,

heart and the life; and these remain

as they were. The changeling was UNKNOWN injury, has been done to once a Protestant, and he is now à the cause of Christianity, by a system Romanist; or, two years since, he of interpretation which might be cal. wrote in defence of the Council of led the dilution of meanings. Ac- Trent; but, yesterday, appeared his cording to this scheme, an escape, apology for Cranmer, in reply to from one form of irreligion to ano Mr. Hallam, or the Edinburgh Rether, under the shelter also of such viewer; or, if he occupied a ple.


before us,

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beian station in society, he no longer tenderness ; and he was thoughtful buries himself in debauch at the to a degree which indicated a mind Pope's Arms, but staggers home rising above the usual delusions of every evening from the Luther's the school-boy age. He was an Head. “I obtest,” says the author example of the remark in the Tiro

against all revolutions: cinium of Cowper : change of forms and names, and, In early days the conscience has in most generally speaking, of persons even, A quickness, which in later life is lost : does not always produce a change Preserv'd from guilt by salutary fears, of principles, or of conduct.” Of Or, guilty, soon relenting into tears. this obtestation, his own volume is In this promising soil, .prepared, a vivid but undesigned illustration. We might say, by Divine culture, Its writer has told us all his secrets; had his instructors dropped seed, and even if many of them had been gathered as it were from the tree of withheld, we might easily have life, what plants of celestial growth guessed at them from what are un might have thrived and ripened! But folded.

the opening prospect was darkened. The convert was an English cler. He was melancholy; and his heavigyman, educated at Magdalen Col- ness was ultimately relieved by what lege, Oxford ; and who, about thirty we must consider to be the consoyears ago, deserted to the Latin lations of falsehood—by the deluchurch. The whole account of his sions of self-satisfaction; and offer“conversion " indicates nothing be- ed to him by the very persons who yond the mutation of a theory. We ought to have sympathized with his cannot discern what spiritual and feelings, and to have administered practical knowledge of Christianity the genuine hopes of the Gospel. he possessed, while among ourselves; His father writes : neither what he gained, by crossing Something remained behind, a over to another party. There is the serve, a sadness even, which I entreated same indefiniteness, and the same

him to account for. He gave me his full

confidence; absorption in little questions, which

and I learned, with very great

sorrow, that, for the last eighteen months is found in every tale of superficial of his stay in college (Stoneyhurst), his conversion; so that if the story mind had been a prey to scruples. This proceeded no farther than the detail ' pious awe, and fear to have offended,

carried to excess through inexperience of his own case, it would be exceed

and a want of due apprehension that it ingly unimportant and nugatory; is by the will only that we offend, had but he has interwoven, with the ac destroyed his gaiety, retarded his imcount of his residence in France, a provement, and doubtlessly much injured

his health. report of the life and death of his

" I asked him, "What advice did your To this portion of the book director give you?'—* None.?

Any other our remarks shall be chiefly confin- superior?- None.'. Yet his state was ed; with the intentato prove,

from sufficiently evident: he joined in no play ;

he did not seek the company of his bromost unexceptionable witness, the

ther. Alone, or with one or two compoverty and hollowness of that sys. panions, he employed the time allowed tem of religion, which our convert for play in walking up and down, ineither framed himself from the ma. dulging the workings of his own mind. terials furnished by his new friends, home when he requested, after his ill

I regretted that I had not taken him or received from their hands as the

ness : I regretted that, instead of taking ready-made form of their Christi. his brother to college,-a measure so inanity.

efficient for his consolation, - I had not

come to France a twelvemonth sooner: Henry Kenelm B, the au

I regretted the time lost, and the time thor's son, appears to have been, that was still to be lost in regaining it. from his earlier days, à youth of But Kenelm's mind was now at ease; more than ordinary seriousness and feelings, originating probably in a weak

state of health, and continued only through amiableness of character. His con

want of good counsel and sympathy, were science discovered signs of extreme at an end, when he found himself with

tity COM

sha 1 God



it tha COU

are are



holl sche fou sole


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those whom he loved, by whom he was cency, by a metaphysical assurance
beloved : his understanding was too clear about the will! Had the subsię.
for him to persevere either in inadequate
notions of the Divine goodness, or in false quent part of the narrative informed
judgments respecting duty.

us,' that Kenelm had afterwards
• Scruples are, by no means, of the wandered into all the frivolities of
nature of religious melancholy; they are the world, his early seriousness might
not inconsistent with the Christian grace have been regarded as nothing better
of hope: they suppose innocence ; for the
sinner may be hardened, 'may be peni- than a scruple, in its lowest and
tent, may be wavering, but cannot pro- most unspiritual sense. But this
perly be said to be scrupulous : scruples was not the case. He was always
not only preserve from sin, but have also
the good effect (the gift of Divine mercy),

sedate and sober-minded; and the of purging the heart from all affection to inference is, that his melancholy sin, as was manifested in the future life hours at Stoneyhurst might partake of Kenelm.

of what the church which our author “ Yet this fear, the beginning of

deserted calls the 56 wisdom,' acting on an ill-informed con

sighings of a science, is hurtful, as it indisposes to a contrite heart, and the desires of cheerful energetic performance of duty. such as be sorrowful.” But observe I said to Kenelm, ? If there are beings (and we are told that such there are); of the human understanding; the

our convert's doctrine on the powers who are interested that man should do ill, they could by, no other means so ef- indication of innocence by scruples; fectually obtain their purpose as by fix- and the purifying efficacy of these ing our attention on that by which we scruples, in releasing “ the heart may offend. A priest

, whom I had from all affection to sin.” Then, known in England during his emigration, and whom I had the advantage of meet. beyond this deep of ignorance, we ing again at Paris ; a man whose sanc are called to stand on the brink of tity inspired Kenelm with respect and a lower abyss. A priest, of eminent confidence, said to him, Unless you shall be as sure that you have offended

sanctity," forbids Kenelm to go God in the way in which you apprehend, beyond a certain limit in confession; as you would be sure of having com and this treacherous counsellor is mitted murder, I forbid you to mention venerated by his father as a saint of it even to me in confession. I will own that the vigour and prudence united in this

a great mind, one who soared beyond counsel struck me with awe. The saints the highest range of philosophy. We are men of great minds: philosophers should have calculated, that had this are mistaken in thinking them fools.'

young man become acquainted, at pp. 281–284.

such a crisis of his spiritual life, with It cannot, surely, be necessary a really enlightened Christian, his to bring further evidence of what instructor would have hailed the

apwe have termed the poverty and pearance of what was, possibly and hollowness of the convert's adopted probably, the remembrance of his scheme of Revelation. Here is a Creator in the days of youth, the young man oppressed by a certain apprehension of a soul, awakening solemnity of feeling, so burden- to eternal realities, oppressed by a some as to make him solitary in a sense of human guilt and misery, crowd of joyous companions; neg. and conscious of its liability to lected by his director, and evident- wrath and final condemnation; un. ly suspecting that there was more less delivered from the dread of a in religion than usually developed - hereafter, by a process of safety itself among mankind; the child quite distinct from its own energy also of a parent who professed to and merits. There was enough, have so narrowly examined the pre- even in the devotional formalities at tensions of two Christian commu- Stoneyhurst, to excite, in the bosom nions, as to have made a deliberate of inexperience itself, a suspicion of election between them, and yet, by its own deficiencies. We cannot that same parent, discouraged from avoid feeling what a contrast to a closer investigation of his spiritual the repulse given to this interest state; and soothed into self-compla. ing youth, would be the compas.

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