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324 Floating Church, Visiting, and Irish Missionary Societies. [MAY,
described in the circular to be “ to cire to furnisb an income to maintain the esta-
culate books containing a clear exposition blishment. Need we add a word to this
of the doctrine and discipline of the Ro- powerful appeal, except to express a strong
man-Catholic Church, with satisfactory hope that the liberality of the public will
refutations of the prevailing errors of the enable the society to extend their benevo-
present time: and, to give additional fa lent care to other ports, till every con-
cility to the education of the poor, book3 siderable resort of seamen throughout the
of elementary instruction are to be pro land shall be provided with an Épiscopal
vided for the use of schools.” “ It is Floating Church ?
hoped,” adds the circular, “that, with the

DISTRICT VISITING SOCIETY.
support expected from the public, 100,000
religious books will be circulated

through of this important institution, which, so far

We cordially rejoice in the formation the country before the expiration of the next three months, which, with the same

as practicable, is to be Episcopal in its liberal aid, will be continued each suc

character, and under the direction of the ceeding quarter, till every poor Roman- parochial clergy. The pressing claims of Catholic family in Ireland will be furnish

numerous other institutions would not ed with a select library of religious and allow us to do justice to the details of its other useful books."

plans; but we are relieved from the fear We entertain no fears from this mea..

of detracting from their merits, by being An attempt was made some eigh- able to refer to the society's valuable and teen months ago in London, to establish satisfactory circular prefixed to our Numa cheap occasional publication for much ber for March. That appeal, we know, the same object as these intended tracts.

has been perused with much interest ; But in what did it end? The first Num- and we trust that none of our readers will ber (see our review for May 1828) con

permit the feelings excited by it to sub• tained an account of two recent miracles, side, without endeavouring, so far as their

and an exhortation to celibacy; and this opportunities allow, to promote the object was all; and no second Number has ever

of the society in London, or the same obappeared. The present plan may not be ject in their own vicinities. equally abortive; but if not, it will be towns, and many smaller ones, have visitstill more suicidal ; for while free scrip- ing societies ; but in none has a system tural discussion is the strength of Pro

of classification and co-operation, espetestantism, it is a death-blow to Popery.ed Church, been carried so far as is con

cially under the auspices of the EstablishInfallibility, must never assign reasons ; its silence is its safety : when it appeals to

templated by this institution. It might, argument it ceases to be infallibility. Let perliaps, be advantageously carried even the Irish Roman-Catholic once learn to

further. We have before us a French think, and let the Scriptures of truth be work, published in 1820, entitled, “ The placed in his hands, and we have no fear

Visitor of the Poor,”, being the Essay to of the result. We therefore strongly re

which was awarded the prize by the acacommend the Reformation Society, and demy of Lyons, for the best treatise “ other societies, so far as is within their the means of discovering true poverty, province, and the Irish Protestant clergy and rendering almsgiving beneficial both in general, closely to follow up the pro

to the giver and the receiver.” It conjected tracts with temperate, but striking tains some suggestions which might be and scriptural, refutations, and to take care

very useful to the members of this and that the bane and antidote shall be found similar societies; and from it, and various side by side in every recess of the island; English publications, might be compiled but above all, to preclude the entrance of

an excellent Manual for the use of chaerror by truth; and to extend scriptural ritable visitors, in addition to the hints, education and scriptural reading, till, by the regulations, and instructions,” in the soDivine blessing, Popery shall fall before ciety's circular, which are drawn up with the word of God, notwithstanding every

great wisdom and experience. We need effort of its priesthood to buttress up its not add, that religious instruction and edimouldering walls.

fication are to be the invariable basis of

the society's labours. EPISCOPAL FLOATING CHURCH IRISH EPISCOPAL HOME MISSOCIETY

SIONARY SOCIETY. We are happy to state, that, after five An institution much wanted, and likely years of repeated disappointments, an to be of great utility, has been formed in Episcopal Floating Chapel has at length Dublin for sending clerical Home Missionbeen opened in the port of London. aries, under Episcopal sanction, to preach The chaplain is the Rev. J. Hough in cottages, and barns, or wherever they of Madras. The object is patronized can find auditors to profit by their instrucby his Majesty, and also by the Arch- tions. The Archbishop of Dublin has bishop of Canterbury, the Bishops of given his cordial sanction to the Society, London and Winchester, and various No and has already licensed two clergymen as blemen and Gentlemen, and public bodies; missionaries. We shall gladly report the but pecuniary assistance is still wanted proceedings of these instruments of beneto defray the expenses of the outfit, and volent Christian aggression.

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ANNUAL MEETINGS OF approbation, “See how these Christians
SOCIETIES.

love one another.”
We know not whether it be from the Great inconvenience continues to be
impression of the moment, or from the experienced from the want of a hall of
rapidly augmented progress of our religi- suitable dimensions, and in other respects
ous and charitable institutions, that we feel commodious, for conducting these import-
disposed, year after year, to pronounce ant meetings. Freemasons' Hall is not
the last anniversaries as more interesting only too small

, but the approaches to it if possible than any preceding ones. Cer are confined and intricate; not an indi. tain however we are, that never do we vidual can go in or out without disturbing remember a more delightful festival of the meeting, and in case of any alarm Christian benevolence than has been pre the consequences would be fearful. We sented to our observation during the are glad therefore to learn, that the hall present month. Among the causes of for public meetings, so long contemplated, this powerful interest may have been the is to be speedily commenced. It is to be elevated strain of devout and Christian built upon an eligible site in the Strand, sentiment which has generally character- and is to accommodate three thousand ised the reports and speeches of this year; persons. For particulars, we must refer to the marked success with which the Provi- the Directors' advertisements. dence of God has blessed the labours of The publication of the Reports of the the societies; the widened sphere, enlarg- societies will enable us to give, in the ed funds, and increased number of friends course of our Numbers, a brief outline of of many of them; the topics of intense their most important proceedings. In interest connected with Ireland, and which many instances a more full account will have been rendered peculiarly impressive appear in the societies' own documents, by the affecting statements of several appended to our Numbers. This plan of visitors from that part of our common widely circulating information and exciting country, who have, with great piety and interest, without the expense, delay, and fervour of Christian eloquence, enforced inconvenience of dispatching innumerable the claims of their Roman-Catholic fellow small separate parcels throughout the subjects; and last, and perhaps not least, countıy, we are glad to learn has been from the fraternal union which has been found of considerable advantage to vaevinced among the friends of the various rious societies, and has proved a jusocieties, the prevailing abstinence from dicious measure of finance and economy topics of offence and discord, and the the eventual returns from new sources cessation of those painful controversies being manifold the expense.

The which not long since darkened the atmos papers thus circulated have also been phere of some of these admirable institi perused and preserved; and when bound tions. This generally pacific character up may be referred to, in future years, of the public meetings has been also per from the monthly abstracts on the last haps the more powerfully felt from its page of our Numbers; whereas hitherto contrast with the agitating conflictions of documents of this nature have been too public opinion during the last few months generally wasted as soon as read; or perrelative to the Catholic question. We do haps mislaid, or lost, before time was not say that no reference was made at found for reading them. It is painful to any public meeting to that subject; but reflect, that of several thousand papers with scarcely an exception worth notice, distributed casually, or at public meetings, even the references to it have been entire- not one in several probably is preserved, ly of a healing and conciliating character ; even if read; and the same remark too and the result of the meetings of Christian often applies to bundles of documents sent brethren, from every part of the kingdom, down, at great expense, to the country. treading as it were on glowing embers, Every friend of charitable institutions has proved, in the memorable words of ought, in conscience, to make the best Lord Bexley, that if these institutions possible use of such documents; reading, cannot reconcile all opinions, they have lending, circulating, or preserving, but à most powerful tendency to unite all never wasting. hearts. It is not necessary for us to have We pass from the Reports and other made these remarks for any who had an documents of the societies, of which we opportunity of witnessing these Christian purpose as usual to give from time to time festivals;

but they may not be unaccept- the substance, to the resolutions and able to our readers in the remoter parts of speeches at their anniversaries, which our own land, or on distant shores; espe our limits do not allow of our detailing cially to some who stated to us their alarm Some of the most interesting of them will, lest the effect of political ferments should however, appear in the societies' own be painfully felt upon the platforms of our papers appended to our Numbers, and we charitable societies. So completely un doubt not will excite new and enlarged founded has proved this apprehension, interest for the respective societies among that we know not whether we could point our readers, whom we would strongly urge more unequivocally than to the arena of not only to do all they can themselves to these societies for an illustration of the assist the efforts of these invaluable inwell-known ancient extorted tribute of stitutions, but to lend these interesting

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documents among their friends and neigh- the best possible use of them for the bours. As we circulate these papers gra benefit of the respective societies; and tuitously, we feel that we have a claim to we shall be glad to receive from them any be importunate with our readers to make suggestions upon the subject.

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WHATEVER scenes may be ripening for tory habits, are actuated by base interested future development upon the continent of motives; and oppose their dispersion lest Europe, none have as yet actually occur they themselves should lose their own red which particularly demand our notice. 66 comfortable establishments” among We postpone therefore, for the present, them. The last crime we should have imany remarks upon the general aspect of puted either to our European missionaries, European politics, though there are seve or to the Brainerds and Eliots, the Fisks ral pending questions of great importance and Judsons of America, was inordinately upon which we hope for some authentic coveting. “comfortable establishments ! information before the session of parlia. We conjure the friends of humanity and ment closes; especially as relates to the religion throughout America, to combine part which our government has taken, or

in behalf of the now comparamay take, in reference to Greece, Russia, tively small remnant of the original natives Turkey, and Portugal.

of their far-extended territories. If they Turning westward, to America, there would learn their own strength, that moral is a subject which at this moment excites strength which, when duly and persevermuch interest in that country, though it ingly exerted, must sooner or later bear has not been thought of sufficient import

down interested opposition, they may ance to be noticed by our journals ;---we witness an instance of it, and irr a similar allude to the efforts in progress for expels case, at this moment, in their once mother ling the North-American Indians still fur country. Dr. Philip, who went out to ther into the wilderness. The conduct of the Cape of Good Hope a weak and deour Western kinsmen towards their Indian spised Christian Missionary, saw there the neighbours has never been the brightest wrongs of the oppressed aborigines under page of their history; but we scarcely the unequal laws of a professedly Chrisknow of any project more unjustifiable tian colony: he returned home to plead than the attempt now in progress by the their cause; he found access to beneUnion, in its corporate capacity, at the volent senators, and to the government instance of one of its members, Georgia, itself; and he has now gone back to the to drive beyond the Mississippi the Che scene of his mission with the charter of rokees; who are not only a harmless their liberties in his hand,-an ample unpeople, but, as our readers may see by an stinted charter, from which even the able address of one of their chiefs in another United States themselves may learn the page of our present Number, are rapidly true nature of liberty ; for it abolishes, if advancing in civilization, religion, and all we are rightly informed, all civil distincthat can strengthen and adorn a State. tions among the free subjects of the same They are dwelling peaceably and prosper- State, of whatever blood or colour : thus ously upon the frontier allotments ceded compacting all the members of the comto them by treaty in lieu of the vast forest monwealth into one united body. What inhabited by their fathers: whereas, if Dr. Philip, and other humane and Chrisforced to relinquish their present habita tian men, have achieved for the oppressed tions, and to seek refuge in the wilderness, Hottentot or Caffre--(we emphatically they will rapidly melt away, as so many of mention Dr. Philip as the prime agent in the aborigines have already done before this work of mercy, but without meaning the aggressions of the White victor, and to derogate from the gratitude due to the be heard of no more. To the honour of other gentlemen who have conducted, religion we rejoice to state, that Christian and to his Majesty's government which Missionaries in this, as in so many other has completed, it) —what these individuals, instances, have been found the friends and strong in moral power and religious prinprotectors of the oppressed; and, we need ciple, have effected in one quarter, others, scarcely add, have, in consequence, been with the same arms, and relying upon the accounted worthy to incur the reproaches gracious providence of God, may effect in of their oppressors. The secretary of others. For instance, let the friends of war of the United States complains of the our two great religious societies connected effects of education among the Indians, on with Newfoundland fearlessly take up the account of its giving them a taste for the cause of the much-injured aborigines of accumulation of property, “peculiar to a that island ; and, still more, let all the state of civilization ;', and he affirms, that religious bodies connected with the Westthe Missionaries who have reclaimed these Indies unshrinkingly devote themselves to barbarous tribes from their roving preda- obtain the legal abolition of that horrible

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system which grinds down the great mass tion. Our chief fear is that the landof the objects of their benevolence

; and owner may refuse to do what is wise and we cannot doubt what will be the issue. equitable, till a general combination of the And, even independently of the result, great majority of his countrymen forces him the labour itself will be no slight reward; to do more than, under all the circumstances nor will their efforts be less blessed for of the case, it is reasonable suddenly to the souls of their afflicted fellow-creatures, require. because they had also the feelings of men Among the beneficial measures in proand Christians for their temporal wrongs gress in parliament, are the following: -A and sufferings.

bill to provide a new system of police for Having thus adverted to our slave colo the metropolis, which, though it is thought nies, we rejoice to state, that in one of by some persons to give too much power them, Trinidad, his Majesty's govern and responsibility to government, seems ment has issued an order relative to the absolutely necessary to supersede the prefree Coloured population, more simple, sent miserably disjointed and ineffective important, and effective, than we could system ;-A bill to allow of the summary almost have ventured at once to hope for. conviction and punishment of juvenile It places all freemen of African descent offenders, in order to prevent their being upon the footing of eqnal rights with their further corrupted by imprisonment with White neighbours, thus abolishing those hardened criminals ;-— A bill to add a new tyrannical restrictions which made even judge, to assist the Court of Chancery ; liberty itself often little better than a which is to be followed up by measures

But this law extends as yet only for improving the whole system of judito one island; whereas Jamaica, Barba cial administration ;-A bill to allow of does, and the other islands, need it not the sale of game; a measure wise and less than Trinidad; and though in this equitable in itself, and, we trust, a prelude favoured spot the freeman is now really to still further amendments in our present as well as nominally free, yet even here, barbarous code of game laws ;—And a bill and at the Cape of Good Hope also, the to facilitate anatomical studies, and to preslave is still a slave; and slavery is slavery, vent assassination ; by allowing the legal whether in the Mauritius or at the Cape, sale of unclaimed bodies, under regulations on the South-American continent or in as little revolting perhaps as under all the the West-India islands. Let not then the difficult circumstances of the case could friends of religion and humanity relax be framed. Government has granted a their efforts : our government, we would committee for investigating the system of trust. wish to ascertain and to effect what self-elected parish vestries, which, to say is right, but public opinion must arm them the least, are always liable to the suspicion

of abusing their powers. As a beneficial The proceedings in parliament have em mean between the wild democracy of open braced a variety of topics ; a few only of vestries in large parishes, and the possible which we can now touch upon. Some of misrule of self-elected irresponsible bodies, them we purpose to notice more fully here we would recommend select vestries, annu. after. · Mr. O'Connell is declared inca- ally elected by the parishioners, under the pable of sitting in parliament under the regulations of Mr. S. Bourne's act. This new act, without being re-elected. The system is invariably found to work well. revenue for the past year rather exceeds (See our last volume, p.664.) Government the estimates : no alteration in the system have agreed, next session, to consider the of taxation is intended to be made this trade with India, with a view to determine session, Some animated debates have to what extent the present restrictions taken place on the silk trade and other ought to be abolished at the expiration of subjects connected with commerce and the East-India Company's charter. With manufactures, including the corn laws. equal wisdom, they have declined introThese questions have been the more diffi- ducing poor laws into Ireland. Poor laws cult to consider with calm attention at the may relieve much distress; but they inpresent moment, owing to the extreme variably generate far more than they redistress of several classes of manufac lieve. Many of the wants of the poor turers; but we think that government has arise from their own ignorance, improacted wisely in refusing to impose prohi- vidence, and ill-judged self-indulgence. bitory duties on foreign goods ; a measure Dr. Paley used to observe, that during which, however humanely it may sound, all the time of scarcity, when he was especially at a time of temporary pressure, weighing out his own brown bread to his would not in the end be either politic or family, " he had the mortification of seeing humane. We are not so well satisfied as the poor people passing to and from the to the policy or humanity of refusing to bakers with fine white cakes, dressed in look further into the corn laws. If we all the pride of butter and currants. Alallow Lyons to sell silk in London, we lowing for the caricature of this represee not why in justice Spitalfields should sentation, it may not unfairly exhibit the not carry its wares to buy corn in Dantzic, pitiable ignorance, improvidence, and illor wherever else it pleases, to support its judged self-indulgence, to which we have starving population. The subject require3, just alluded, and which poor laws must and must receive, much further considera- foster instead of correcting. It were an

with the power

easy task for the government and legisla- tigatet his subject, and to legislaté accord-
ture indolently to enact a code of pau- ingly, at whatever temporary sacrifice. In
perism for Ireland, instead of girding them a country thickly peopled like ours; an en-
selves to a course of far more laborious lightened system of political economy is
and self-denying policy. They have fairly of indispensable importance to secure,
to ask and to answer the following im even to the most praiseworthy members
portant inquiries < First, are the poor every of the community, the due effect of their
where, both in Great Britain and Ireland, diligence and good conduct. If, for ex-
inclined to work diligently, and to live ample, the present distresses of our ma-
providently, in order to better their own nufacturers, when not caused by the fault
condition ? and if in any, instances they of the individual, arose merely from una-
are not so, how may they be best elevated voidable fluctuations or providential visi.
to this virtuous, religious, and honourable tations, no party would deserve blame;
standard of character ? Secondly, if so but if, as we are persuaded, powerful le-
inclined, are they always sufficiently en- gislative remedies might be framed to al-
lightened to know how best to attain their leviate the calamity, is it not a public crime
object; and if not, how may they be better if they are neglected? We might offer
instructed? And, thirdly, when thus in many illustrations, but we forbear for the
clined, and thus enlightened, what are the present. One principle, not to mention
causes, within the scope of legislative re others, ought to run throughout all our
medy, which, unknown perhaps to them- policy ;--the largest possible mutual inter-
selves, impede the due effect of their in- change of all articles, at the will of the
dustry and providence? This last parti- possessor, in the spirit of the Scripture
cular is great importance ; for certain maxim, Whatsoever ye would that men
it is, that an honest, diligent, and frugal should do unto you, so do you unto them.
labourer, or mechanic, may be subjected What beneficial effects would not this one
to insufficient wages, scanty food, and nu Divine precept produce, if applied to every
merous privations, by circumstances not branch of legislation ; to trade, commerce,
within his own control, but which a wise manufactures, the fruits of the earth, la-
legislature may be fully competent to ob- bour, colonization, slavery!
viate. It is the duty of parliament to inves-

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ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

Communications have been received from A. B. C. ; C.; JUSTITIA ; K.; J. S. ; A

SCHOOLMASTER ; IGNORANTIS ; M. B.; CLERICUS; J.A.; OXONIENSIS ; N.; I. M.W.;
R. S.; A CONSTANT READER ; T. W.; C. L. ; R. H.; L. C.; W. A. B.

CHARLES ; W. A. S. ; PROCUL ; M. R. ; and are under consideration.
We are happy to learn, from the Committee for the Gipseys, that our insertion of their

interesting appeal has so greatly benefited their cause. We cannot insert lists of
donations to Societies, but we readily acknowledge on their behalf an anonymous
gift of 201., with the initials G.-C.

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SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY. Ir is quite unnecessary for us to say one word in presenting to our readers the interesting addresses at the Annual Meeting of this most important of all our religious institutions. Truly the progress and beneficial effects of this invaluable Society, which has now completed a quarter of a century of duration, have been exceeding abundant above all that we could have asked or thought a few years since. May it flourish and increase, till its great work is accomplished !

ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY. The Reporter for this month, in replying most convincingly and powerfully to the British Critic, furnishes much interesting and important intelligence relative to the Slave Colonies, and particularly as respects their moral and religious condition, and the lamentable supineness, to say the least, of our own Church and the Societies connected with it, to mitigate the evil. We rejoice to learn that our own former statements, and those of Mr. Riland and the Reporter, have not been without effect; and that the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel has sent out a peremptory order to encourage marriage amongst their slaves ; which is but the commencement of an entirely amended course of regulation. It seems to be now generally admitted by the friends of the Society, that almost all their former well-meant and oft-repeated regulations proved little better than waste paper on their arrival in Barbadoes.

We shall rejoice to find that they are now fully prepared both to legislate to the full extent of their solemn obligations, and to see that their intentions are carried into effect.

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