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sions, for the preservation of those me,then my guests, and said that we should who were in imminent danger from stand in front of the battle ; if we would their enemies. We have not space took us beyond the bridge, to the side of

not fight, we should stop a bullet. They quote much from the good the road ; our people following us with schoolmaster's narrative. The atro their eyes, and tender affection. I told cities on all sides were terrible ; but the men, that, as to myself I felt quite the poor peaceful Quakers escaped against them who did it ignorantly; that

undisturbed, and I had no displeasure amidst all.

they might pnt me to death, as I was in

their hands; but they would never per“ In order to effect their purposes of suade me to use any act of violence against coercion, the government had fallen on a

my fellow-men. At length they were gradation of punishment:- First, putting persuaded to liberate us.'

pp. 102-105. soldiers on private houses ; secondly, allowing them free quarters there, so that After many days of disorder and many poor people left their beds to the terror, and much fruitless negociasoldiers and lay upon straw; thirdly, tion, the rebels yielded; but some burning their houses, on intimation of mistake or treachery arising about disaffection, or proof of concealed arms; fourthly, whipping, which was conducted sending the hostages, Colonel Campwith such severity, that, many said they bell set fire to the town, and great would prefer to be shot at once than to be numbers of the people were shot, thus tormented to death ; and many were “ Thus, having suffered the woe of reactually taken out of their houses and put bellion first, we fell under the greater woe to immediate death.

of vindictive punishment. Here was an “ Things were in this state ; the go- afflicting sight for the poor people to bevernment requiring the people to bring in hold-all their little stock reduced to concealed arms, to entitle them to protec- ashes !-the little provisions for their tion; with which multitudes complied; future wants; for some of them had not but still many were concealed ; when the

removed their goods; others, more wisely, alarm came to Colonel Campbell, com

had foreseen the threatened calamity. manding in the county of Kildare, that on

Yet the survivors (so sweet is life!) conthis day there would be a general rise.”

soled themselves that they were alive, and Large bodies of men now collected could do to avert a repetition of the visit

now only sought about to find what they in different places armed with pikes and

which might deprive them of life.” pp. pitchforks, with a few swords, muskéts, 115, 116. and bayonets, some of which had been forced or stolen from the soldiery. The

From Westmeath, a member of insurgents waylaid the troops, and in some the society writes :places killed a few of them; but became “ All those in this quarter, who professthemselves at last the victims of slaughter. ed principles of peace, were marvellously It were in vain, as it is unimportant, to spared from extreme suffering ; some livdescribe the flying, engagements which ing in solitary places surrounded by that took place in several places on this day.” class who were very generally in a state of

rebellion. O! the heart-rending scenes “In the evening, the captain of the in some such have witnessed ; their neighsurgents collected his forces of pikemen, bours, running hither and thither with &c., in the plain between Narramore and their families and goods, and calling upon Ballitore, to the number of two or three me to flee from certain destruction! Yet hundred, and marched them down to some were favoured with faith and patake possession of Ballitore, which was tience to abide in their lots, conscientithis morning evacuated by the soldiers. ously adhering to the revealed law of their Our poor neighbours, fearing pillage of God; and thus did experience, to their property, now began to flock to our house; humbling admiration, the name of the so, as my school was small, we had room Lord to be a strong tower in which they to accommodate about one hundred per found safety. I could, with wonder, love, sons, men, women, and children; who and praise, relate some marvellous deliday and night collected up and down in

verances mercifully vouchsafed to our houses. The school-house, a large when surrounded by numerous, and at room, was given up to them; so that, other times, by smaller bodies of armed what with the people seeking an asylum, men in open rebellion, and when no human and the men under arms, we had very being of any other description was near ; little quiet, or scarcely any thing we could yet, through Divine aid, and that alone, call our own.

was I enabled to refuse to take up arms The insurgents entered my house about or take their oaths, or join them, assigning six o'clock, with pistols, to bring me out as a reason that I could not fight nor (as they said) to fight with them. They swear for or against them. They threattook me out, and two honest men with ened--they pondered,--they debated,-

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p. 102.

me

p. 135.

marvelled, and ultimately liberated me, soldiers came to the door to let the family though they said I was in the power of know they need not at all be alarmed, many thousands then assembled.”

pp. for that they should be protected-that 123, 124.

the soldiers would be riding through the

streets all night, and would take care they The scenes at Antrim were very should not be molested.'

pp. 130–133. fearful; but the Friends, by their “ Notwithstanding the officer's comuniformly peaceable conduct, es

mands, the army seemed disposed, many caped destruction.

times afterwards, to plunder their house;

but the neighbours always interfered, say“ The rebels had gained possession of ing, “They were inoffensive people, not the town, having obliged the regiment of connected with any party.' cavalryto retreat,after a verydeadly encounter, in which about one third of the regi- the country, as respected the so

The general result throughout was either killed or severely wounded; but ciety of Friends, was as follows. it was not long before a reinforcementof the “The society of Friends is scattered Monaghan and Tipperary militia entered over three provinces of Ireland. In these, the town; and, seeing the rebels begin- viz. Ulster, Leinster, and Munster, many ning to yield, they acted with great cruel of its members were brought into imme. ty, neither distinguishing friends nor ene

diate contact with one or both of the hosmies, but destroying everyone who appear

tile parties, in towns, villages, and retired ed in coloured clothes. In a very short tim country places... But the Epistle from the they dispersed the insurgents, and retook Yearly Meeting held in Dublin in 1801, the town. Numbers, who were not in states, that . It was cause of grateful acany way concerned, lost their lives, for knowledgment to the God and Father of the soldiers shewed pity to none : they all our mercies, that in retrospection to fired into the houses of the inhabitants that gloomy season, when, in some places, and killed many; those who took refuge Friends did not know but that every day in the fields suffered severely.

would be their last, seeing and hearing of " A number of soldiers came to the so many of their neighbours being put to door of a Friend's house, knocked furi- death, that no member of our society fell ously at it, and demanded entrance imme a sacrifice in that way but one young man.' diately, insisting that the family should all This young man, apprehending that his come forward and shew themselves, in life was in danger, and that he could find order that it might be known whether no protection but by outward means of there were any strangers in the house. defence, took up the resolution accordThe door was opened accordingly, and ingly to put on a military uniform, and to they were immediately surrounded by a associate with armed men. " He told his great number of soldiers. Their appear- connexions that they would all be murance was very frightful; they were just dered if they remained in such a defencecome from the heat of the battle; their less state in the country; and, taking with faces besmeared with gunpowder, and the him some papers of consequence, he fled expression of their countenances corres to a neighbouring garrison-town. . But ponding with the work of death in which it so happened, that the very town he their hands had just been engaged. One chose as a place of refuge was attacked and of them said he wanted to see if he ap

taken by the insurgents: it appears that, peared devil-enough-like :' he looked when the test was over, and he was at his face in the glass, and observed - wantonly firing out of a window upon *he thought he did appear quite enough them, the door of the house was forced 80.'. They inquired, if all the individuals open by the enraged enemy; and in terror of the family were present, and if any

of his life, he sought to conceal himself in strangers were in the house. Some of an upper chamber, where he was soon them were going up stairs to search: but discovered, and put to death.” pp. 143 an officer who lived near told them, they

-146. should not make

that the On the causes, the progress, or Quakers were people that would not tell a lie--that their words might be taken the general circumstances of these and, therefore, if any strangers were in the

dreadful scenes of horror, we shall house, that they would not be denied.' not now expatiate; wishing to con

“ The town presented an awful appear- fine ourselves wholly to the partiance after the battle : the bodies of men

cular point inmediately before us. and horses were lying in the blood-stained streets; and the people were to be seen

It is with sincere joy we reflect that here and there saluting their neighbours one chief cause of the widely-spread -like those who survived a pestilence disaffection of Ireland is now reor an earthquake-as if they were glad moved; and we would confidently to see each other alive, after the recent calamity.

trust, that such scenes will never " The same night nearly a troop of return. We anticipate brighter

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days for this our beloved sister bad them in, custody then took Samuel isle !

aside, and on certain conditions offered Dr. Hancock states, that he by of these conditions, he firmly rejected

bin his life; but, whatever was the nature no means intends, on the one hand, them; and when the holy water, as, they to intimate that the security he termed it, was brought to them, he turned speaks of was confined to the soci- his back upon it. ety of Friends, since the Moravians, brother, whom he very much encouraged,

“ The insurgents then shot his elder for example, who professed similarly fearing his stedfastness might give way peaceable principles, escaped in a -for John had shewn a disposition to similar manner : nor, on the other turn Roman Catholic if it might be the hand, does he mean to assert, that latter encouraged his brother to faithful

means of saving Samuel's life: but the in every instance peaceable con ness, expressing the words of our blessed duct will necessarily be followed Saviour, They that deny me before men, by preservation. To argue thus, he them will I also deny before my Father justly considers would be presump- the 39th verse of the same chapter in his

who is in heaven;" and he again revived tion. He indeed relates, with ex remembrance. See Matthew, chap. x. emplary fairness, the following ap “ Samuel then desired his love to be parent exception to the general given to different friends, whom he namresult.

ed; on which some of the rebels, with a

view to depress his spirits, told him, that “ Two brothers, named John and these friends had been made prisoners Samuel Jones, were put to death by the before he was, and shot at the camp at insurgents, on the day of the burning of the Three Rocks. This communication Scullabogue-barn, where more than two had partially the effect they intended: he hundred Protestants were burned or meekly replied, “They died innocent." shot.” p. 148.

He then took an affectionate farewell of " On the day when the barn was set his wife, who, with admirable fortitude, on fire, as the Jones's were reading in the stood between the two brothers, holding New Testament, Samuel's wife inquired a hand of each, when they were shot; of one of their guards the cause of the and his last words were reported to be peculiar smell, like burning animal matter, those expressions of our Lord and Saviwhich she perceived. He told her it pro our, which he repeated for the third time ceeded from some beef steaks they were in the hearing of his murderers“He that preparing for breakfast! To a further findeth his life shall lose it, and he that inquiry she made, · What was meant byloseth his life for my sake shall find it.' the firing of guns ?' he replied, "'Tis some It was cause of mournful reflection to his criminals we are shooting.' And will friends, that he was fired at three times they shoot us ?' said the poor woman. before his death took place. He was an

Oh! may-be they will spare you till the innocent young man, much beloved by
last,' was his answer. In about five min his neighbours.
nutes after this, the three were taken out. " It seemed as if his wife would have
The rebel officer, who commanded there, shared the same fate, had not the officer
had been reminded by Samuel of their who commanded interposed in her favour.
having been school-fellows; and the latter She was permitted to convey their bodies
had given his watch and money to keep to their former dwelling on a car; but not
for him: it is even stated that the officer being able at that time to procure coffins
slept in the same bed with him part of for them, she buried them in the garden.
the previous night. Having proposed to On the death of their aged father, which
Samuel that he should conform and turn to took place in the following month, and
the Roman Catholic profession, he replied, was probably hastened by the untimely
• Where shall I turn, but where my God end of his two only sons--the bodies of
is ?' And, when he was urged to have the three were taken to the burying-ground
his children sprinkled, he said, My chil of Friends at Forrest, and there interred,
dren are innocent, and I will leave them

about seven weeks after.” pp. 152–155. “When the two brothers, with Samuel's We might offer many observations wife, were brought out into the lawn in on this affecting narrative, as well front of the dwelling-house where they

as on others which we have quoted. were imprisoned, to be put to death, some person said, “They were Quakers.' It

In one sense it corroborates Dr. was replied, that if they could make it Hancock's general view, as it would appear they were Quakers, they should

appear, that if these two martyrs not be killed. As they were not in reality had been known to belong to a members of the society, (though they had been much connected with it,) this was

society founded upon principles not attempted to be done. Those who adverse even to self-defence by

so.'

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arms, they might have escaped. or his own life with arms; nor will
But God 'knew both their princi- it derogate from this general prin-
ples and their conduct; and he ciple of self-defence, that we depre-
might, if he had seen fit, have de- cate hostile aggression, or admit,
livered them; nor was it necessary, that, under all circumstances, the
in order for his power to accom- neutral conduct of the Society of
plish this, that they should have Friends was marked by exemplary
been Moravians or Friends, It is wisdom, forbearance, and Christian
clear therefore, as Dr. Hancock principle. They might have been
admits, that it would be presump- justified in contending when at-
tion to draw any general inference. tacked; but they acted with far
The only sound universal maxim higher wisdom in preventing attack
from such narratives is, “Do what by a course of conduct which caused
is right, and trust in the providence them to be venerated by men of all
of God." In such a case, temporal parties, and to be looked upon as
deliverance is to be viewed as a messengers of mercy to all, amidst,
blessing where it is afforded; but the horrors of rebellion and the
where it is not, still all is for the conflictions of civil war.
best. The two martyrs just men- respected author, and to all who
tioned had doubtless a more blessed entertain the same consistent, self-
lot than if they had been spared to denying, and benevolent sentiments,
struggle a few years longer with we cordially tender, even where we
the afflictions of this mortal life. may think them in excess,
We would not say, that amidst the warmest Christian regards and es-
troubles in Ireland a man acted teem. 6 Blessed are the peace-,
otherwise than Christianly, who, makers, for theirs is the kingdom
when attacked, defended his family of heaven."

To our

our

LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE,

&c. &c.

I

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GREAT BRITAIN.

tributions. The great utility and importPREPARING for publication, and in the ance of the institution is proved by nupress : --The Family Chaplain ; or St. merous facts stated at the meeting; and Mark's Gospel, for expounding to we lament to learn that any difficulty Family Circle ; by the Rev. S. Hinds, should have occurred in filling up the subM. A. :-The Offering, a new Annual, to scriptions of stock. The friends of educaillustrate the Connection between polite tion, of religion, and of the Established Literature and Religion ; edited by the Church, will surely not allow this noble Rey. Thomas Dale, M. A.

undertaking any longer to languish at the

outset for want of the necessary funds. A public meeting has been held of the A College is proposed to be founded in friends of King's College, at which it was the vicinity of the London University, stated, that a charter of incorporation has capable of receiving not less than one been obtained; one of the provisions of hundred resident students, with a chapel, which is, that no Roman Catholic shall, and a house for a principal; in order in virtue of official station or otherwise, to provide more effectually religious inhave any concern in the management of struction for students of that university the institution. This provision will effec- who are members of the Established tually meet the honest fears of any who Church ; and where, while receiving clasmight entertain apprehensions as to the sical and scientific instruction at the possible effect of the admission of Catho- university, they may have the advantages lics to political offices, and who have not of moral and religious discipline. The professed such scruples merely from pique funds are to be supplied by shares of 501. or for a pretence to withdraw their con and 1001., each bearing a yearly interest of

4. per cent. The London University one contributing a little. And I believe already numbers more than six hundred the experience of many ages has proved, students.

that there is no other way by which any A circular has been issued by some be- large exigency can be supplied.” nevolent persons anxious for the abolition Mr. Spittal, who has devoted much of capital punishments, (except in the attention to the habits of several camecase of murder,) in which occur the fol. lions in his possession, thinks that their lowing important considerations. “No changes of colour arise from the action of punishment inflicted by human laws ought the lungs; the greater or less flow of the to be wholly vindictive; but rather puni- blood, and its different degrees of oxigenative and corrective; the great object, pro- tion, rendering the animal more or less perly considered, being not to retaliate on transparent. He has seen one of these the offender, but to chastise, with a view animals, of about five inches long, dart out to amendment. Our present system seems its tongue that length to catch its prey. to be founded on pride, passion, and

FRANCE. cruelty [mingled with fear and revenge). A new theological work is announced We take the shortest method of disposing for publication in Paris. It is to be enof the criminal, we dispatch him on the titled The Gazette des Cultes, and will scaffold, and put him out of sight, without be published twice a week. Its motto a single attempt at his correction, whether is “Civil and Religious Liberty throughhis offence be burglary, forgery, or simple out the World.” One professed object larceny; whether he be young or old, a of the work is to expose the machinations hardened offender, or one who has lately of the Jesuits; to detail the superstitious entered on a course of crime. The fre- rites at the planting of crosses, and other quent spectacle of public executions has Popish ceremonies ; and to reveal the ina hardening tendency, and serves to per- trigues of Rome. The civil disabilities petuate, among the lower orders at least, of British and Irish Catholics were intendsome of the barbarous dispositions of an ed to have formed a prominent feature of cient times, besides being utterly incon- discussion, but this topic is of course susistent with the refinement, integrity, and perseded. humanity of a nation calling itself Chris Dr. Esquirol, the first authority in tian. It does not appear that capital France upon the subject of insanity, states, punishments tend to diminish the number that in no country is it so frequent as in of crimes, and in those countries where England, which he attributes to irregular punishments are mildest there are gene habits of life; the excesses attending an rally the fewest atrocities. The experi- advanced state of civilization; marriages ment of the sanguinary method has been contracted solely from motives of interest tried for 'ages, with little apparent effect. or ambition; anxieties attending speculaIt is now time to try the other method. tions; the idleness of riches; and the If those persons whose crimes are such as abuse of spirituous liquors. The changes to render their liberty dangerous to so in manners in France within the last ciety, were placed in perpetual, or even thirty years, he says, have been more proin limited confinement, and put under a ductive of insanity than all the political regular and severe course of labour, they turmoils. He remarks : might still render some benefit to society, Religion no longer intervenes, but as and enjoy a season for reflection and re a mere form, in the most solemn transacformation, which would often result in the tions of life : she is no longer a source of happiest effects.”

consolation and hope to the unfortunate ; Dr. Paley, as long ago as 1792, in a her principles have ceased to direct the sermon preached for the French emigrants, understanding in the narrow and difficult. pointed out the great importance of the path of life : every source of kindly feeling plan, now so generally employed, of col- has been dried up by cold egotism; the lecting small regular subscriptions for domestic affections, respect, love, authocharitable purposes.

“Application," he thurity, and the consequent mutual desays, was made to the bounty of the pendence on each other, have lost their rich and great of the English clergy, and influence; every one lives entirely for with such effect, that 26,0001. was raised self. Marriage is only regarded in the by about four thousand benefactors. It light of a formal unimportant ceremony; was soon, however, found, that the una education has become vitiated, cultivating voidable wants of such a number of men the mind but neglecting the heart. If the

formed a demand which could be support- habits of life of the women in France, ied only by general contribution ; every their almost exclusive devotion to the

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