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the darling of both her parents, who We all stood watching her for some studied her gratification in all things. time, believing that her intellectual The whole of her conduct and prin. powers had subsided for ever : but, ciples made her, indeed, their com to our astonishment, she recovered fort. During her infancy, no in- them, and asked me to read to her ducement which could be held out, some of Dodd's Consolations. I no persuasion or threatening could read to her of the patience of Job, force her to swerve in the slightest who, when deprived of all his chilinstance from promised obedience. dren and earthly possessions, said, which I have often seen severely • The Lord gave, and the Lord hath tried. As she advanced in years, taken away: blessed be the name this principle was so firmly rooted of the Lord.' Anny said, very dis. in ber mind, that her parents placed tinctly, but slowly, from difficulty in her the most implicit confidence, of breathing, A stronger instance setting her as a watchfulguardian over of patient resignation was never her little brother and sister, to whom known. After I had finished the her loss will be indeed incalculable; section, finding her attention was for she had so entirely gained their still engaged, I read from the same affections that they gladly looked up book about the sufferings of the to her as an example. She dozed martyrs, and at the following words, most of Wednesday, but towards *But when the kind hand of our mid-day had a dreadful struggle, Father and Redeemer applies the which her poor mother could not scourge, let us receive it submiswitness without being much affected; sively, let us improve by the chas. and, perceiving her in tears, the dear tisement,' her emphatic Yes,' will child appeared greatly distressed, never be forgotten by those who most anxiously, inquiring if she had were present.

Her attention was done any thing to hurt her mamma. most extraordinary at a time when Towards evening my sister asked her agony appeared extreme, and her if she knew that she was going life to ebb fast : yet still it kept to heaven : she answered tranquilly, a strong hold, as if loth to part. “No, mamma, I did not.' A little All Thursday she suffered dreadafter, she said, “Mamma, I am fully; but not one impatient word trying to recollect the penitent thief.' or look escaped her; and her senses She begged to have the raising of remained perfect. In the evening, the son of the widow of Nain read her mother asked her, “Who loves to her, and asked in what chapter it you better than mamma?' ' And was contained. She requested that whom are you going to?' She reher mamma would sit up with her plied, To God.' Then turning all night, first inquiring from the her dying eyes to me, she said, as doctor, whether it would injure her if to comfort me, (and oh! what mamma's health to sit up with her, greater comfort could she have and whether it would do her papa given me !) • I am going to God.' any harm to remain with her that “I watched that darling child, night beyond his usual hour. Thus who from infancy was dearer to me solicitous was she about those whoin than my own existence, passing she had always loved, when, as the through the dark valley of the shadoctor said, the dew of death was on dow of death; and I did not shed her forehead; and, from the dread

a tear.

An immortal spirit had ful heaving of her breast, he thought been permitted to make a transient it not probable that she would hold abode amongst us; and, washed out till morning.

from its earthly contaminations by “ From the middle of the night, the blood of the Saviour, was now until about four in the morning, she struggling to escape from its prisonremained in a lethargic stupor: then house, that it might re-ascend to its she seemed as in the agony of death. native regions. I read the thirty

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fourth Psalm ; and, falling low on lion who goeth about seeking whom
my knees, I offered up my sup: he may devour, can never, never,
plications, that my darling might reach her. She is gathered into
depart peacefully from this tur- the fold of Christ: she is one of His
bulent world, and that the Lord own lambs, and He is her Shepherd!
Jesus might receive her spirit. Why are we anxious to detain those
My sister begged me to do no whom we love, to struggle with the
thing to excite her, which had waves of a tempestuous ocean?”.
been the particular desire of the
doctor. She answered for me,
• My aunt is right, mamma: let her
go on.' She became quite calm,
and joined me in prayer, repeating
over and over again, 'Lord Jesus,
receive my spirit.' She looked at Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.
my sister with an unutterable ex-
pression of fondness, and said, My Your correspondent T. R. is quite
mother, my good mother, my dear right in stating that the excellent
mother; God bless my mother, hymn, " Jesu, lover of my soul,” is
and God bless my dear father.' not from the pen of Charles Wes-
She then prayed for each of us re- ley: but I think he is misinformed
peatedly, saying, Lord, grant we as to its being the composition of
may all meet in heaven.' She also Mrs. Madan. I believe I am cor-
prayed for the maid-servant, whom rect in stating, that it was composed
she saw standing at the foot of the by the too well known Mr. Robinson
bed. Then every breath was prayer of Cambridge. The circumstance
-Lord, help me! Lord, save me!' was related to me, connected with
until she could no longer articulate. a painfui anecdote which should
At half-past six o'clock on Friday deeply impress on our minds those
morning, the purified spirit fled to words of the Apostle, “Let him
the bosom of its Redeemer.

that thinketh he standeth take heed 16 On Monday morning, January lest he fall.” Mr. Robinson was a 8, we accompanied her sorrowing man of considerable talent, and was father to see her laid in the grave; for some years a useful and much and a little earth soon covered for respected Dissenting minister, till ever from our eyes what, for nearly in the latter part of his life he unfourteen years, had been our delight happily lapsed into the Socinian and admiration, our joy, and the system. It was stated to me, that object of our fondest solicitude. on some occasion when this hymn But she died in the Lord, and her was sung in compliment to him, far rest is glorious.

from being gratified, as was expect“Oh! if the young and inexperi- ed, he observed, « Oh, that I were enced traveller could look forward in the same state of mind as when over the rugged and thorny path of I composed that hymn!”–Mr. Rolife, how joyfully would he hail the binson's congregation being dissamessenger of mercy who removes tisfied with his evident change of him from the dangerous trial, and sentiment, he went to Birmingham bears him away to a place of safety! to consult Dr. Priestley, and preachOur child was the object of the Re- ed for him, using very strong landeemer's love: he would not allow guage against the Divinity of our her to be exposed to storms with Lord. The next morning he was which her delicate mind could not found dead in his bed. struggle. He pitied her ; He watch Digressing from this immediate ed over her; He dried her tears; subject, yet in some connexion with He bath received her, and she is it, will you allow me to inquire on safe ! Oh, how safe! The roaring what authority it is sometimes

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stated, that Dr. Whitby, the author but discussion, give us but truth, of the Paraphrase on the New Tes- give us but Christianity, and slavery tament, towards the close of his cannot long survive. We do not life, imbibed Socinian sentiments ? charge the Society for the ProThroughout his work, he seems to pagation of the Gospel we have have had his eye steadily fixed upon never, even by implication, charged that theory, and carefully notices them, far from it--with cruelty to every text which can bear upon the their slaves : they mean well and controversy. I cannot believe that virtuously; they wish to better their there is any evidence to prove that condition, and to save their souls, he became a Socinian : though, even though they refuse to liberate their if the fact were so, it would not bodies: but we do charge them with authenticate that unscriptural sys- not having known, as a body, what tem; but it might well lead us was going on upon their own estates; to exclaim with renewed humilia we do charge them with the crime of tion, “ Lord, what is man?" Mr. being voluntary slave-holders, who Robinson formerly published a most have not expressed even a wish to satisfactory treatise against those free their captives; who have held in very sentiments which he afterwards bondage immortal beings for several adopted.

generations, from father to son, with every possible facility for instructing and liberating them ; but who yet,

upon the confession of their own MR. RILAND ON THE CODRINGTON agents, have left them in a state

in which, worse than heathens, and

like brute beasts, they have not The following communication hạs learned even the nature of the instibeen sent to us by a highly respect. tution of marriage, but have been ed and excellent clergyman, the living in the most abandoned senRev. J. Riland, who has had the sualities. We speak not of captured Christian candour and manliness Africans, but of men and women born for considering how greatly the on the Society's own plantations, and friends of the unhappy slaves in our educated under their own eye; that colonies are maligned, it requires is, under the eye of their confidential some courage to affix his name to agents, for whose statements they his statements, as he did also to have made themselves responsible; those in the January Number of -as if there was any property in the our last volume. We are already West Indies, the colonial managers so far rewarded for our exertions in of which would not maintain that this cause of piety and charity, that the slaves are well fed, well clothed, the Society for the Propagation of the moderately worked, and assiduously Gospel, and other religious societies instructed. We again say that we connected with the West Indies, impute no charge of cruelty, as have had their attention directed to has been not very candidly alleged examine into the question, and to against us; but we impute past demand of their colonial corres- neglects not yet compensated for; pondents explicit accounts of the we impute the ferocious driving actual state of their affairs. The whip, not even yet banished as the interest already excited, and the stimulus to labour ;. we impute the facts elucidated, more than com crime of holding the present race in pensate us for any portion of mis- slavery, and of making no provision representation or reproach which we even for the emancipation of the may have been thought worthy of next; we impute it as a heinous sin enduring in this truly honourable in acharitable, a religious, a Church cause. This will pass away, but of England, a Christian, a missionthe benefit will remain. Give us ary society, that, far from doing all

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that they ought to have done, they God, and inheritors of the kingdom
have not even performed all that of heaven.". The sentiment which
the British legislature thought ne becomes Britons and Christians, as
cessary to be enforced upon the respects their own liberties, and
most ignorant and hard hearted those of others, is admirably ex-
manufacturer of rum and treacle: pressed in Pollok's splendid poeni
we charge them with supporting- (See Review, in our Appendix),
we heed not bequests, if bequests Who blush alike to be, or have a slave.
involve immorality—a . college for The following is Mr. Riland's
the education of White men, by communication.
the toil and blood of hundreds of
miserable victims brought to the Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer.
West Indies by the most atrocious Dispatches from the Rev. John
pillage and piracy, and retained Packer, chaplain to the Negroes on
there-- they or their posterity- the Codrington plantations in Bar-
by force, without being so much badoes, and from Mr. Foster Clarke,
as paid wages for their labour : or, agricultural attorney for the same
to pass over all these charges, and property, having appeared in the
by no means to make the present Report of the Society for the Pro,
members of the Society responsible pagation of the Gospel, lately pub.
for past acts or neglects in which lished, as an official account of the
they had no concern, we yet charge present condition of the slaves on
them with this, that years have the Society's estates; I beg leave, in
elapsed since they were apprised of my own defence, and—if you will
the facts of the case; and that, not- accept my aid-in vindication of
withstanding, the helpless child born the Christian Observer, to gather a
but yesterday on the Society's es few illustrations, from the papers
tates is as much a slave, and as now submitted to public. exami-
likely, for any thing the Society has nation, of the reasonableness of our
done, to continue a slave till the former allegations and complaints.
hour of its death, as were its fore. It is but equitable, however, to ac-
fathers before the guilt and abomi- knowledge, at the outset, that the
nations of the system had been elements of a synopsis of the edu-
pointed out to the horror of a Chris- cational plan, pursued on the plan-
tian națion. We say nothing of the tations, are given in Mr. Packer's
present race of slaves; for the So- letter. Eighty-three children, di-
ciety frankly tell us they have not vided into five classes, it is stated,
educated them so as to be fit to be are receiving instruction. It is also
made freemen ;-let that pass—but stated, that fourteen baptisms, and
with regard to the future race, the ten burials, have taken place within
infant yet unborn, we have no scru the


of Mr. Clarke ple in saying that the British public is, on the other hand, extremely unnever will be satisfied, their own satisfactory. I urge only the folsubscribers never will be satisfied, lowing proofs among others :religion and justice never will be

“ By the late slave satisfied, till they have passed a vote consolidation act,” they (the slaves) that all children born for the time « have, I think, the same advantage to come upon their estates, shall of investing money as White and enjoy the liberty which their Crea- Free persons, by putting it out at tor gave them, and be educated interest, on security.”. Now, our as free virtuous and Christian la- inquiry, Mr. Editor, was, 6. Have bourers, fairly paid wages for reap- they, the Society, established a ing down their fields, a blessing savings bank, and taken pains to to themselves, their families, and teach the slaves its use?”

To this their employers; and above all, question Mr. Clarke replies, « I ( members of Christ, children of think." It is supposed that an agent

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residing on the spot, and, as an of its value and efficiency. He is attorney, conversant with colonial permitted himself to be the owner law, might have known the pro- of slaves ; an indulgence which, for visions of the act; and certainly, very obvious reasons, ought not to that he might readily have consulted be granted. It would be in vain to it, for the express purpose of satis- suppose that a law, thus imperfectly fying the society at home without constituted, would ensure an effec. 6 I think.”

tual protection to the slaves, or the 2. Mr. Clarke asserts, that the punctual execution of the laws in slaves " are enabled through their their favour.' owners, or by the protector of 3. In the course of 1827, applislaves, to recover at law from their cation was made, says Mr. Clarke owners or others.” A statement " by the driver on the estate, to of this kind, to say the least of it, is purchase his two daughters; which trifling with the feelings and com was also consented to by the So. mon sense of any one concerned in ciety, and is about to be carried the inquiry. Suppose, even in our into effect immediately.". If the own free country, that the confiden- driver of 1827 be the same man tial attorney of some powerful poble- who carried the whip, or other man had successfully employed the symbol of office, in 1825, he is, by authority, and the treasury, of his Mr. Coleridge's account, the parent principal, to defraud a day-labourer of twelve children. Are the re of his savings ; what would the pub- maining ten to be retained in bonlic think of the adviser, who should dage; and what is the regulation console the poor helpless man by price of redemption? Is it for a telling him, that he might recover Missionary Society to accept the his pittance through his lordship’s price of blood to promote the edulegal agent ! The difficulties of cation of White men, or any other such things, even in á land of equal purpose, however excellent? And rights, with regard to person and by what regulation does it come to property, are become proverbial, pass, that a father, who, in 1827, * The law is open--90 is the Lon- applied for the manumission of his don tavern." ; But it seems, that a two daughters, is unable to coma rifled and lacerated Negro has a plete the contract before the 7th of farther resource in the protector of May 1828, the date of Mr. Clarke's slaves. On this point," Mr. Hus- letter? Is it necessary, on these kisson says,

in his memorable dis- occasions, to send for the concurpatch of Oct. 18, 1827, « On the rence of the Society in London ? subject of protection of slaves, it is 4. “ No registry of punishments impossible to regard the establish- has ever been kept on the estate," ment, formed by the present law, says Mr. Clarke. I make no comas an effectual substitute for the ment on this fact. There


have office of protector and guardian of been no cruelty or severity; but as slaves, as suggested by Lord Baw the lashes are unrecorded, this at thurst. There is a very serious ob- least is a mere matter of inference, jection to entrusting the selection from the good character of the higher of the acting protector to any other agents down to the lowest driver on authority than that of his Majesty. the estates. It is also highly inconvenient that 5. In the next place, on the the governor should be associated vexata quæstio of the whip, our with other persons, on a footing of accuser, S. H. P., in the Christian precise equality in discharging any Remembrancer for January 1828, duty connected with the executive writes thus : " What are the means government......His powers are li- taken to enforce labour I know not: mited in such a manner as to de. that it is not the whip, is certain ; prive the office of the greater part for corporal punishment is abolished CHRIST OBSERV. No. 325.


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