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Moral Application of Phrenology:

[MAY, to the Bible Society to print the madverted some time since upon whole of the Book of Psalms on one an advertisement, in which the con. side of a large sheet of paper, or ductors of an Infant School announce two or more sheets; if necessary, to their intention of educating their be joined together at the edges like pupils upon the principles of cranimaps. The four Evangelists might ology (to say phrenology is begging be printed in the same manner. A the question). But still more abfew such sheets stuck up, or hung on surd, if possible, would it be to apply rollers, in cottages, workshops, nur the system to theological instrucseries, kitchens, and clergymen's tion; yet such has been the case, as libraries, would be invaluable for I find by the speech of a clergyman prompt reference. The eye would at the dinner given by the Phrenosoon be so familiar with the sheet logical Society to Dr. Spurzheim. that any passage would be glanced On that occasion one of the foundat with the utmost facility, and ers of the institution, the Rev. David scores of quotations might be made Welsh, stated that phrenology had without the labour, distraction of afforded him “unspeakable advanmind, and loss of time of turning tages in his professional capacity ." over a variety of pages. Let the “ I think it right,” he added, “to experiment be tried, and I doubt declare, that I have found the greatnot it would be found highly popular est benefit from the science as a and useful. I should not think the minister of the Gospel. I have been whole of the four Gospels contain led to study the evidences of Chrisany thing like as much printing as tianity anew in connexion with appears in one of the enormous Atlas phrenology, and I feel my confidence double-sheets, which have lately in the truth of our holy religion inbeen published.

creased by this new examination.
A PANOPTICAN. I have examined the doctrines of

our church also, one by one, in con-
nection with the truths of our new

science, and I have found the most ON THE MORAL APPLICATION OF wonderful harmony subsisting be

tween them. And in dealing with

my people in the ordinary duties of Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. my calling, the practical benefic I

have derived from phrenology is I AM not one of those who would inestimable.” make ridicule the test of truth, even But it is not schoolmasters only in the matter of craniology, which it seems, or clergymen, who are to has been assailed almost entirely by be benefited by this “ new science;" that

weapon. There is nothing more for on the above occasion Dr. Spurzabstractedly ridiculous in supposing heim stated, that women were better that different parts of the brain may gifted than men, to become practical be handmaids to different affections phrenologists; and the vice-president of the soul, than that the brain, as a said he had seen, both in London whole, is the handmaid to the soul; and Edinburgh, 66 crowds of female but whatever of abstract truth or auditors breathless listeners to truths error there may be in this general destined, and not least in female position, the system at all events is hands, to ameliorate incalculably loo indigested to admit of any thing the condition of mankind.” “ Yes," like certainty in its application ; and he added, “ the good work is begun. even were it perfected, it would still Mothers are managing with ease a be absurd to make it a basis for moral engine, by the side of which moral or religious cultivation. all the practical fabrics of all the .

It was with justice, therefore, that schools shrink into insignificance. one of your correspondents ani- Children are lisping at a mother's

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knee the lessons of true practical
self-knowledge, and are made aware RELINQUISHED MISSIONS
of their besetting impulses, and
come to confession of the faculties
they have abused. What will not For the Christian Observer.
social men, what will not Chris-
tians gain by this so much wanted The anomalies of the moral sce-
moral foundation ?"

nery of the enchanted islands of I thought the matter at first only the Bermudas, have resembled their absurd ; but if it advances after physical condition. As amidst the this fashion, it is mischievous also. amenities of a climate, breathing Craniolngical schools! craniological almost perpetual spring, where vepulpits ! and craniological nurseries! getation never loses its verdure, We have only to introduce this the foliage of one year surviving

new science” into all our public till succeeded by that of the followestablishments, to make its triumph ing; where there are no venomous complete. What a world of labour reptiles, and where the feathered would it save! “ The organist of race sport and sing, unconscious your parish is dead: I am a candi- of winter, there prevail the most date for the office, and have the frightful desolations of storms and very highest testimonials of com hurricane; so are the moral aspects petency from ten of our leading of an insulated society that might, musical professors." “ You, sir under the guidance of true religion, let me feel-avaunt—not a particle be virtuous and happy, deformed of music in you ; testimonials for- and ravaged by the baleful presence sooth! I have testimony enough ; of slavery,-not, indeed, in its most you musical! murderous more like- horrific form. But in what form is ly.” “What an active, zealous, not slavery horrific? to what comaffectionate, and heavenly-minded munity has it ever worked its way parish priest is Y. Z.!” “Y. Z! did without blighting all around it, deyou say? a mere ruffian. Heavenly- grading and brutalizing the master, minded ! Look at the vertex of his while it pierced the heart of the scull—not a trace of veneration."- slave?

a candidate for such an To these lovely islands, since Sir office ; your vote and interest, sir." George Somner's shipwreck upon

No, indeed; we want a mathema- them in 1609, and their subsequent tician." “ True; and I was senior occupation by Great Britain, seve. wrangler at Cambridge."

- You

ral missions have been sent. We you a wrangler! a liar, you mean; might painfully notice, under the out of my house instantly.” “My head of Relinquished Missions, the lord, I bring my papers for deacon's magnificent scheme of the benevoorders, and should be glad to know lent Berkeley, who went out in when the examination takes place." person, in 1732, to America, to “You need not trouble yourself, sir, establish a college in Bermuda for about the matter : I examined you the conversion of the Indians, and the moment you


hat off : who did not quit his enterprize of you will make a very good civil en mercy, to which he had devoted gineer.”—Is this caricature? I can unwearied zeal and energy, and all not see that it is. I only apply what the resources which his private forMr. Welsh and Dr. Spurzheim say tune or influence could obtain, till is applicable, and ought to be ap- the breach of faith of the British plied. Let the phrenologist (so government in not granting the called) take the fair consequences? promised assistance, rendered his A PHRENOPHILIST. plans abortive. A recent effort has

been made by the venerable Society for the Propagation of the Gospel,

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to establish a mission in the islands, the enemies of religion ; and as which is yet but in its infancy, and, they found themselves incapable of we trust, will not come under the checking its progress without the title of these papers till it shall no aid of law, they procured an edict longer be needed by its object having to be passed by the house of asbeen accomplished.

sembly, prohibiting all persons, not The relinquished, or we should ordained according to the rites of say suspended, mission, which we the Church of England or Scotland, are about to notice, is that esta- from preaching, lecturing, or exblished by the Wesleyan Method- horting, any collected audience, ists in 1799 ; an abridged account public or private, under a penalty of which we shall copy from Mr. of 501., and six months' imprisonWilliams's valuable Missionary Ga- ment for every offence; and inzetteer.

ficting a similar punishment on the In the beginning of the year just person in whose house the meeting mentioned, a Methodist missionary, should be held. Mr. Stephenson, the Rev. J. Stephenson, a native of considering this law as hostile to the Ireland, proceeded to the Bermudas. spirit of toleration-as an infringeComing from Ireland at that parti- ment upon the birthright of every cular juncture, it was instantly con- subject of the British crown, and cluded that he must be a rebel, and as diametrically opposite to the that he was about to introduce dis- avowed sentiments of the reigning affection among the slaves. Under monarch,-continued his ministerial this preposterous notion, many of labours as formerly; but though he the inhabitants were unwilling that was suffered to proceed for a few he should come on shore, and weeks without interruption, he was would probably have exerted them- at length apprehended, carried beselves to prevent it, if an enlight-fore the magistrates, and committed ened magistrate, who happened to to the common gaol, to take his be standing on the quay, had not trial at the next assizes. The perdisarmed their prejudices and dis son in whose house he had preached pelled the gathering storm.

was also committed with him. Mr. After waiting upon the governor, Stephenson, however, procured bail, and laying before his excellency and obtained his liberation on the the certificate of his ordination as a fifteenth day of his imprisonment, Methodist preacher, and the testi as his companion had done some monial which he had received prior days before. He was at length to his quitting Dublin, certifying brought to trial for the crime of that he was appointed as a mission- having preached the Gospel, or as ary to the island of Bermuda, le one of the principal evidences swore, commenced his ministerial labours ; of having "read prayers from a book and, though at first his hearers were which he held in his hand, and sung but few in number, and of those the Psalms to a congregation.” And greater part appeared hostile or for this offence he was sentenced to indifferent to the subjects intro- be confined six months in the comduced to their notice, the violence of mon gaol, to pay a fine of 501. and prejudice and opposition soon began to discharge all the fees of the to subside ; his congregation visibly court. After he had been impriincreased; subscriptions were raised soned about five weeks, the goverfor the erection of a chapel ; and by nor offered to set him at liberty, on the year 1800, seventy-four Whites condition of his promising to quit and thirty Blacks had joined the the island within sixty days; but as society.

be conceived such a proposition The prosperity which now began dishonourable to the cause for which to shine upon the infaut mission he had suffered, he declined acceptwas viewed with a jealous eye by ing it, and remained a prisoner till

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the period of his incarceration ex thus described by Mr. Marsden: pired. He continued on the island - The Bibles which you sent to some months after ; but his health this place, were as the sun rising was so seriously impaired that he upon a dark and benighted land. was no longer equal to the exer The poor Blacks, who could read, tions he had formerly been accus- eagerly inquired for them; and tomed to make; and, as the inter- those who could not, began to diction of the law precluded him learn, that they might peruse the from uniting in public or social word of God. To this new employworship with the members of the ment, their intervals of rest, their society, he was recalled from Ber- meal-times, and their Sabbaths, muda in 1802, and those who had were devoted. Passing through a formerly heard the word of God field or a lane, with a spelling-book with gladness from his lips, were in their hands, they would solicit left as sheep without a shepherd. little boys coming from school to

Applications, in the mean time, teach them; and would frequently had been made to his Majesty's beg of me, upon the road, that I government in England, to disallow would stop a few moments, and the intolerant edict which had hear them repeat their lessons. To driven Mr. Stephenson from the be able to read, was to them like scene of his labours ; but though being placed in a new world, as the request of the petitioners was they beheld things in a different readily granted, nearly three years light, and a train of new ideas elapsed before the repeal of the act sprang up in their minds. In à was publicly announced. And even short time many of them understood subsequently to that period, so de- the word preached, and a work of termined a spirit of hostility con- reformation was immediately visible tinued to be exhibited, that no among them. Profane oaths and missionaries could be induced, for imprecations were now laid aside; some time, to venture among the the polygamist left all his wives but inhabitants. The mission was, the one who had a prior claim*; however, at length resumed; for the evening worship called them in the spring of 1808, the Rev. from the licentious dance, and the Joshua Marsden sailed from New midnight theft; the stupid and Brunswick to Bermuda, with the slothful became pliant and diligent; view of re-establishing it.

After monsters

transformed into repeated interviews with the gover- men; and the voice of religious nor, Mr. Marsden was permitted melody sounded from huts and cotto

his ministration; tages, formerly blackened with the and though at first he was at- vilest pollutions.” tended only by twenty or thirty It is not our province to follow hearers, his congregation soon in- up the account of this mission to creased ; and in the beginning of the present moment, That it has September, he had the satisfaction * And yet the chaplains, catechists, and of uniting about fifty persons to other agents of another society, have not

effected even this initial reform upon the society, most of whom were

estates under their own care, which for Negroes or People of Colour, who

many generations have been wholly under appeared anxious for spiritual in- their controul

, and with all the weight of struction. A chapel was afterwards the society's authority to urge them to erected, and some of the most re

the effort. What can these individuals,

and their predecessors, urge in extenuation spectable persons in the island be- of their negligence ; when a few Bibles came regular attendants.

and tracts, and the labours of a despised In. 1811, a quantity of Bibles Methodist missionary, could, by the blessand religious tracts were sent to ing of God, so speedily effect what they Bermuda, and the happy effects Methodists never tolerate polygamy, in

have represented as impracticable? The resulting from their distribution are any of the islands, among their members, CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 329.

2 R





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done much good, especially among that it was not merely because the
the poor neglected Slaves, and the missionaries above named were Me-
People of Colour, is clear; and though thodists or Dissenters, that they
we could have wished that ministers incurred the displeasure of West-
of our own church lad been the India communities. A bishop him.
Jabourers in this field of Christian self, if he would act in the West-
mercy, we feel no inclination on Indies, up to the demands of his
that account to disparage the labours holy office, must go out in the spirit
of others, where ours are not be- of a martyr.
stowed. The chief justice of the
island, the Hon. J. Esten, pub-
licly stated, in 1824, that

Methodist Missionaries in Bermuda FRIENDSHIP'S OFFERING.
and in the West Indies in general,
had entitled themselves to the thanks We conclude our poetical extracts
of the Established Church, which from the Annuals with a few passages
they could not, without calumny, from “ Friendship's Offering;" of
be accused of undermining; that, on course selecting those which most
the contrary, they were the humble befit the nature of our work. The
but useful pioneers, to remove im general character of the volume we
pediments, and prepare the way for have noticed in a former Number. .
the West-Indian church establish-

SAUL, THE PERSECUTOR. ment; that they had laid the foun

By T. Roscoe. dation upon which the fabric of the Whose is that sword-that voice and eye of flamechurch will be reared among the

That heart of inextinguishable ire?

Who bears the dungeon keys, and bonds, and fire? slaves; and that what they have Along his dark and withering path he camesowed in tears, the church will Death in his looks, and terror in his name, reap in joy." We are informed

Tempting the might of Heaven's eternal Sire.

Lo the Light slione! the sun's veiled beams exthat a Bermudan slave, a man of piredeep piety, exemplary character,

A Saviour's self a Saviour's lips proclaim! and good abilities, has been recent

Whose is yon form, stretched on the earth's cold

bed, ly emancipated gratuitously by his With smitten soul and tears of agony master, in order to enable him to Mourning the past? Bowed is the lofcy head

Rayless the orbs that flashed with victory. accept a situation as an itinerant

Over the raging waves of human will preacher, or missionary, in con The Saviour walked-and all was still! nexion with this society; and that he is now labouring with zeal and


By Miss Strickland. success in one of the West-India

There's joy ! above-around-beneathislands. Would that we could add But 'tis a Meeting ray; that the intolerant and persecuting

The world's stern strife, the hand of death,

Bid mortal hopes decay: spirit which expelled Stephenson But there's a deeper joy than earth from Bermuda, and Shrewsbury With all her charms cau give, from Barbadoes; which glutted it

Which marks the spirit's secoud births,

When man but dies to live! self with the virtual murder of Smith in Demerara, and Grimsdale VERSES ON THE LATE REV. DR WAUGH. in Jamaica, were extinct. In me

(By one who knew and loved him.)

Whoe'er thou art whose eye may hither bend, lancholy proof that it is not, our

If thou art human, here behold a friend. readers need only refer to the Anti Art thou of Christ's disciples? he was one

Like him whose bosom Jesus leant upon : Slavery Reporter appended to our

Ast thou a sinner burthened with thy grief? Number for last March; or to the His life was spent proclaiming siu's relief: case of Grimsdale himself, and his Art thou an unbeliever? he could feel

Much for the patient whom he could not heal. companions, in that for last Decem

Whate'er thy station, creed, condition be, ber. The respected names of Aus This man of God has cared and prayed for thee. tin and Harte, who also have been Do riches, honours, pleasures, smile around?

He could have shewn thee where alone is found honoured in bearing a portion of

Their true enjoyment-op the Christian plan their Master's reproach, will shew Of holiness to God and love to man.

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