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all, less useful than the pulpit; the THE CLERGYMAN IN SOCIETY. private, than the public preacher.”

This extract states the difficulty Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. fairly: and I should suppose that

difficulty is susceptible of solution The last class, which I transcribed, by no general rule, except it be of the observations of my reverend this ; That in whatever particular correspondents, related to the cler case the character of the parlour gyman in his family: the present preacher is sustained with great refers to his conduct in society. difficulty, it ought to be very cau. “Perhaps few points," says one of tiously attempted; and of course, them, "are more difficult to decide the opportunities of making such than this; How far it is desirable to an attempt should be as cautiously associate with our flock; and how embraced. I find all my corresto conduct that intercourse so as to pondents not only thus on the caube productive of spiritual benefit. tious side, but with all their caution, It is

very difficult to introduce reli- apparently exercising a misgiving gious conversation, or at least to self-examination on the point. "Have maintain it, where little is felt, and we,” says one,

“ been all things to therefore nothing more than mere all men lawfully ? Or have we not assent is expressed. Yet again, in- conformed to some men unlawfully? stances are to be found (as in the Have we been sufficiently instant, case of the late Mr. Robinson, of in season and out of season ?" AnoLeicester) where there is such a ther inquires, “Do we not mingle talent for profitable conversation as with the world too much, and fail renders the parlour scarcely, if at of carrying with us, wherever we

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upon three Sundays preceding the solem- vice; but when there is only evening ser-
nization of marriage, during the time of vice, after the second lesson. We see no
morning service, or of evening service, (if reason that the legislature could possibly
there be no morning service in such church have for changing the time in the morning:
or chapel,) upon any of those Sundays, all that was necessary was to appoint the
immediately after the second lesson." time for the evening. But we write only
Here the clergyman is referred to the as the matter occurs to us hastily on read-
words of the rubric before the marriage ing our correspondent's paper, and without
service, without any alteration being made consulting any authority; and we shall
in that rubric, in whole or in part. Now readily insert a correction of our mistake,
that rubric says, that banns are to be pub- if any of our correspondents can shew that
lished "immediately after the sentences it is one. We have not the recent Marriage
for the offertory;", whereas the latter part Acts by us at this moment to ascertain
of the clause of the act, as currently con whether the clause is now rendered definite
strued, says, “after the second lesson." as respects the second lesson in the morn-
But we think it probable that, as respected ing, as well as the evening; but, so far as
morning service, the legislature intended we recollect, they merely refer the matter
no change in the time; but only added a to the Act of George theSecond, adding no-
permission that when there was no morning thing new on the subject. We have known,
service as unhappily was and still is the years since, some of our elder clergymen
case alternately, or oftener, in some determinately, and some younger ones
churches, then the banns might be pub- inadvertently, following the post-Nicene
lished after the second lesson of the even rubric, and have heard lawyers state that
ing service. The clause, we think, may they thereby incurred penalties, and that
be read thus :-“ Banns shall be published the marriages so contracted were illegal ;
as heretofore during the time of morning but if our construction of the clause be cor-
service, according to the form of words 'rect, this is not the case.
prescribed by the rubric prefixed to the On the other topics of the Country
office of matrimony (which rubric says, Rector's letter we say nothing ; leaving

immediately before the sentences for the the discussion to our several correspondoffertory'];-or of evening service (if there There is, however, a wide distincbe no morning service in such church or tion between unavoidable or long-sanction. chapel upon any of those Sundays), after ed discrepancies, and others which may be the second lesson.” That is, after the easily avoided ; such as announcing the Nicene Creed, as rubrically directed and · Lessons, Epistles, or Gospels, in an irrenever revoked, when there is morning ser- gular form.-EDITOR.

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go; our ministerial character ; losing generally taken from the middle, or thereby that distinction which it sometimes even the lower, ranks would be our honour ever to main- of society, which renders that intertain as the servants of Christ?”. course natural and easy; or, whether

Such remarks as these from ex- it be that their support depends on perienced, able, and excellent men, the kind feelings which their people such as are my correspondents; have for them; or, whether it arise hold out the most serious admoni- from both combined "-(he might tion to younger ministers. What have added the circumstance also younger minister indeed, who pos- of their being the people's own sesses any sensibility, has not felt choice); “ certain it is that they are what one my

clerical friends has more at home with their congrega. expressed to this effect? “I feel tions than most of us are, and wind bold in the pulpit, and ardent for themselves more easily into their the truth; but when I descend from good will and affections. Their it, I seem descending at the same private meetings, also, for prayer time from that vantage ground on and expounding the Scriptures, and which I am fully able to maintain for free conversation on doctrine, my mental independence.” This is conduct, and Christian experience, the language of the heart.

are calculated to promote mutual The fallacy, that much good may confidence and probably general be effected by a good natured con- edification.” formity to the world, is justly ex Might I be allowed to add, that posed by another of my corre another circumstance which may spondents :-“ Visiting much with conduce to the success of Dissenting worldly company, even though pa- ministers, is, that they have some rishioners, will give offence, and the excellent rules among them on this ministry will be blamed. Besides, point? For instance, Dr. Watts, in the very circumstance which may his "rules of conduct,” says, “Let contribute to fill his church, namely, your conversation in the world be that the minister is social, will be blameless and inoffensive ; let it be the means of frustrating his hopes, exemplary, that you may say, Be ye if he hopes to do much good. Their followers of me, even as I also am minister goes with the world to a of Christ.Be grave, and manly, certain extent. They will take the and venerable. Keep up the hohint. Their consciences, in the

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office among men by mean time, being quieted by hear a remarkable sanctity of manners. ing confessedly Gospel sermons, Remember that our station does they will satisfy themselves that all not permit any of us to set up for a is well, and that they have disco- buffoon; nor will it be any glory in vered the indiscoverable secret of us to excel in comedy and farce. A uniting the love of the world with pleasant story may proceed without the love of God.”

offence from a minister's lips; but According to another of my re he should never aim at the title of verend correspondents, Dissenting a man of mirth, nor abound in such ministers appear to have some ad- tales as carry in them no lessons of vantage over us in this point. He piety, or wisdom, or virtue. Yet describes the intercourse which they put on no forbidding airs, nor let have with their people as being of the humblest soul be afraid to speak a decidedly religious kind. “I can to you.-When vicious or unbenot but remark,” says he, " that the coming speeches arise in conversagreat advantage which our Dissenting tion, a sudden silence, with an asbrethren, in the ministry, seem to sumed gravity, will often be a senhave over us, chiefly consists in their sible and a sufficient rebuke. Or familiar intercourse with the people. where words of admonition may not Whether it be owing to their being be proper because of the company,

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sometimes a sudden departure may we think of a physician who was in be the best way to acquaint them the house of sickness only as with your disapprobation.—Be meek: common visitor, without a particular suppress rising passion early. application to the case of his paWherever you come, use your ut- tient ? It is true that the world are most endeavours that the world apt enough to take offence at the may be the better for you. Take distant manners of the clergy, and occasion, from common occurrences not always, I fear, without reason ; that arise, artfully and insensibly to but often they are as unreasonable introduce some discourse of things in their dislikes, as they are when sacred. Let it be done with pru- they refuse the skill of a physician dence and holy skill, that the com because they dislike his manners : pany may be led into it ere they this is a degree of absurdity for

The ingenious Mr. which there is no help. Norris's little discourse on religious There can be no doubt that our conversation, and Mr. M. Henry's business lies in the world, and as sermon on friendly visits, have many little that we ought always to be valuable hints in them for our use. “about our business," which is, "to It is to be confessed, that the best seek for Christ's sheep that are disof ministers sometimes fall into such persed abroad, and for his children company that it is hardly possible who are in the midst of this naughty to speak a word for God and the world, that they may be saved Gospel among them. Try, then, through Christ for ever.” In prowhether you cannot lead the dis- portion as we have the grace and course to some useful theme in opportunity given us, by personal matters of science, art, and ingenu.. ability and authority, to be posiity, or to rules of prudence, morals, tively advancing that great object, and human conduct. There is a (for the negative good of merely retime of keeping silence, and re- straining by our presence improper straining our lips as with a bridle. conversation is more than a quesThe best men sometimes are dumb, tionable advantage,) in that proporand dare not cast their pearls before tion we not only may but ought to swine. But I doubt this caution has be in society. Facilities are genebeen carried much farther by our rally afforded us in proportion as own cowardice and carnality of Spirit our experience, character, and inthan David practised it, or the Lord fluence are enlarged. It should intended.(Ps. xxxix; Matt. vii.)- seem, therefore, that the younger So, then, we have Dr. Watts also men should be more at home, and confessing the difficulty of main- the elder more abroad. The younger taining our Christian and official minister, who is engaged in his parish character in the trials of social life. and in his study as much as he

When Swift, in his project for the ought to be, will not have much advancement of religion and morals, surplus time to subject him to the says, That for the clergy to visit snares of society. only with the clergy is as absurd It is quite plain, that we must as if the physicians should spend all first learn to live for ourselves, betheir time in visiting the apotheca- fore we can live for others. And ries, or each other, instead of the it is in retirement only that this sick; his illustration is capable of learning can be advanced. There a better application than he has it is that the mind learns to avoid given it. Every clergyman should precipitation and to sustain attenconsider himself as a physician in tion; there, the heart to commune full practice: all his flock are his with itself and with its God. In patients, and he has no time for retirement we become what we visits of ceremony. What should should be. Society, indeed, disco

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vers to us what we are ; both our of official pride) its positive dangers. weakness and our strength. For a

For a It is not only that the meagre chat long time, probably, it will discover of such a circle may become as to us so much weakness as to return mere a dissipation as the amuseus back to our retirement humbled ments of the world, but worse. To and mortified; but dismayed we some individuals, such a circle may should not be.

become, in some sense, a circle of On the other hand, never ought inferiors, a little court, which, withit to be forgotten, that retirement out the advantages of society, may itself is not without its disadvan- have all the disadvantages of solitages. Pride may grow even in a tude. It is not in such a circle retreat; and it is not the less distant that the mind learns to determine from humility, because it may be a promptly and exactly, and to profit more quiet pride. Solitude itself by objections ; nor the heart to has its vanities and affectation, as bear contradiction, and to dare both well as the world. There a man to speak and to hear the truth. may avoid himself; that is, the cor But it is in such a circle, that it is rection of himself; and acts of de- trained, by idleness and the love of votion, losing the spirit of devotion, presiding, to decide lightly and to may degenerate into a habit of dise mistake obstinacy for argument. It traction. Solitude and society differ is in such a situation, that the heart not much if we cannot, at pleasure, is tempted, by concerning itself calm the passions of the heart, and much with the faults of others and excite the attention of the mind. little with its own, to despise others It is possible too, when our duty and to admire self. We have alcalls us into society, for the mind ways a sufficiently advantageous to have its secret pavilion even opinion of ourselves; and if however there.

small a circle, and of whatever meThere is one situation more which diocrity, be it in town or country, belongs to this subject. What a shall conspire to flatter our mediomodern writer calls, “ a narrow and crity, we find little difficulty in permonotonous circle," has not only suading ourselves to accept it. “Cito its disadvantages, but to the clergy nobis placemus, et si inveniamus (always exposed, as they are, to the qui nos bonos viros dicat, qui prutemptation, if not of spiritual, yet dentes, qui sanctos; agnoscimus."

TERTIUS.

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THREE YEARS. IN ITALY.

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testant piety; of devotedness to

of love to the Redeemer ; of Our readers will have perused with early preparation for the mansions lively interest the copious extracts of eternal blessedness; with the in our Appendix from “ Three vain unedifying mummeries of PoYears in Italy,” and, we doubt not, pery, as displayed in the transwill be glad to find us fulfilling our actions of the 66

Holy Week” at promise of inserting in the present Rome. Number, some interesting particu "Palm Sunday. The ceremonies lars relative to a young relative of of the holy week comnience at the the writer, contrasting this lovely Quirinal Chapel, with the blessing specimen of Scriptural and Prom of the palms. The ceremony was

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Three Years in Italy.

23 the same as the blessing of the they were earning a pardon for past candles : the pope was carried in offences.) The ladies of the Boand out in procession.

naparte family particularly distinWednesday.--I went to St. Peter's guished themselves in their obserto hear the Miserere, which was vance of these ceremonies. We fine beyond my expectation. We were next conducted into a long sat opposite to the altar, before gallery, from whence we saw several which thirteen candles burnt bright cardinals going through the same for a time: by degrees they were ceremony with male pilgrims. The all extinguished but one, which was gentlemen of our party had perplaced burning behind the altar, to mission to enter the room where represent the undying faith of the they were, but we were only alVirgin, whilst that of the Twelve lowed to behold them at a distance. Apostles entirely failed.

Thursday. I have now to relate “ In this evening we saw a curious to you the occurrences of a most ceremony at the Church of the fatiguing busy day. Immediately Pilgrims ; princesses and ladies of after breakfast we drove to St. Pethe first consequence, washing the ter's, having first obtained tickets of feet of female pilgrims, and after- admission; and went with the crowd wards attending them at supper. to the door of the Sistine chapel, For the first, warm water was which did not open for half an hour; brought in large tubs or buckets : and then the squeezing and pushing the ladies, dressed in black, tucked became quite dreadful. At last, up their gowns, and girded them we all got in, and procured seats on selves with napkins; after which, high benches, erected on purpose they pulled off the stockings of the for foreign ladies, the gentlemen poor women; and having placed standing below. The pope and their feet in the tubs, washed and cardinals went through some cererubbed them carefully, and then monies, which I could not, in the . wiped them with the towels. least, understand; and then passed

66 When this was over, we were on in procession, bearing the Host ushered into a grand sala, where to the Pauline chapel, where there long tables were laid out for supper. is some ceremony of burying it, In a few minutes, a number of wo. which I did not see, the crowd men entered, dressed as pilgrims, being too great for us to approach. with staves in their hands, and As soon as the procession began to bundles girt to their backs, and move, the people, eager to obtain arranged themselves, standing round a good situation for seeing, pressed the table. It occurred to me, that forwards until repelled by the Swiss this

ceremony is a commemoration guards, who shouldered them un: of the passover which the Israelites mercifully. ate hastily before their sudden de “Both to-day and yesterday, durparture from Egypt. The same ing the interval when the music ladies who had been employed in ceased, there was a noise like the washing the feet, served the pilgrims clashing of swords, to represent the at table, handing round macaroni, Jews coming with swords and staves vegetables, and such other provi- to take our blessed Lord. After sions as Lent permitted. Between burying the Host, the pope was the tables, at a convenient distance, carried up to a balcony, from whence a long form was filled with spec- he pronounced the blessing ; which tators, many of whom were de scene I also lost, having missed my scanting upon the meritorious deeds party, and being pushed along by of the princesses.. A little Italian the crowd, I knew not whither, until girl, who sat next me, observed, I saw again the poor feeble pope that those ladies would obtain carried through the long galleries many indulgences;' (in other words, to the place where he washed the

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